829 Works

Medieval Arabic Islam and the Culture of Gender: Feminine Voices in al-Suyūṭī’s Literature on Sex and Marriage

Daniela Rodica Firanescu

Between Function and Fiction: The Representation of Women in al-Ibshīhī’s Mustaṭraf

Mirella Cassarino

Aberrant Synaptic Plasticity Underlying Parkinsonian Motor Behaviors

Meera Janak Patel
The long-lasting deterioration of motor output in Parkinson’s disease (PD) is thought to arise from the degeneration of midbrain dopamine neurons and the subsequent loss of dopamine signaling in the striatum. While much is already known about dopaminergic modulation of striatal activity, few studies have directly linked aberrant synaptic plasticity to PD motor symptoms. Here, I examine the striatal synaptic plasticity mechanisms that contribute to parkinsonian motor behaviors. To establish a technique for examining plasticity...

Design, Control, and Characterization of Solution-processed Semiconductors for Optoelectronic Applications

Margaret Hervey Hudson
The deposition of functional semiconducting materials from solution and processing under mild conditions can lower manufacturing costs and expand device versatility. In this document, we examine three classes of solution-processable inorganic semiconductors to gain a better understanding of these materials and plan a route for their optimization. Chapters 2 and 3 focus on the characterization and applications of chalcogenidocadmates, soluble precursors for II-VI semiconductors. Single crystal x-ray diffraction and extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS)...

Motion Tuning to Drifting Gratings and Water Flow

Vaughn Spurrier
In murine primary visual cortex, simple cells extract edge orientation from visual inputs, while complex cells extract motion direction. These properties are classically measured using synthetic psychophysical visual stimuli, typically drifting gratings. Natural movies contain complicated distributions of edge orientation and motion statistics, vastly differing from the edge and motion content of drifting gratings. It remains unclear the extent to which single neuron properties measured under synthetic stimuli extend to responses to natural movies. In...

Investigating the Hydrology of Ice Shelves, and Its Implications for Ice-Shelf Stability

Grant John Macdonald
Studies show that surface lakes that form on ice shelves can promote ice-shelf instability, which has consequences for wider ice-sheet stability. Meltwater on ice shelves will become increasingly pervasive due to climate change and it is therefore crucial that we improve understanding of ice-shelf hydrology and its implications for ice-shelf stability. First, we use remote sensing to analyze the seasonal evolution of surface lakes on Peter- mann Glacier’s floating ice tongue (a narrow ice shelf)....

Distinct Cell Death Sensitivity and Adaptivity in T Cell Subsets Following Manipulation of the BCL-2 Family of Proteins

Lindsey Michelle Ludwig
The BCL-2 family comprises an essential network of proteins that govern a cell’s decision to live or die. An increasingly diverse number of BH3 mimetics have been developed to manipulate interactions between BCL-2 family proteins within diseased and normal cells. Based on lymphocyte dependency on these proteins for ontogeny and survival, we hypothesized that T cells would have unique differences in their BCL-2 repertoire at baseline and in response to BH3 mimetic treatment. Long-term targeting...

Selective Renewal: Choice, Community, and School in Post-Civil Rights Chicago

Nicholas Kryczka
From its inception in the mid-1960s, the concept of “voluntary integration” had a twin motive: to provide urban American school systems with targeted sites for racially integrated education and to promote centers of academic innovation and distinction. Mounting pressure from civil rights activists and the federal government had driven the desegregation goal. The latter mandate was designed, as Chicago school planners put it, “to anchor the whites that still reside in the city.” “Selective Renewal”...

Sensorimotor Representations of Manual Behavior

Aneesha Suresh Sahu
The hand is an exceptionally versatile effector that enables a wide range of behaviors, ranging from picking up a coffee cup to playing the piano. From a neural standpoint, the versatility of the hand depend on a sophisticated motor system that has evolved to give rise to dexterity (Bortoff and Strick 1993; Lemon 1999). Manual interactions also require sensory feedback, including vision, proprioception, and touch. Proprioceptive afferents provide weak sensitivity to mechanical fingertip contact (Macefield...

Correlations and Self-Assembly in Ionic and Nematic Liquids

Nicholas Benjamin Ludwig
One characterization of human scientific and industrial development is in terms of the increasing ability to control the physical world at smaller and smaller length scales. As control has increased, we have advanced from chemistry, to nuclear physics, to particle accelerators. But control over individual particles is different from control over many~\cite{Anderson72}. In this work, we study how particles of size between nanometers and micrometers, called colloids or solutes, interact within complicated solvent systems (or...

Investigating Inflammation on the Cellular Level Using Machine Learning

Adam Robert Sibley
Linked recognition of antigen by T cells and antigen presenting cells (APCs) through direct cell-to-cell contact underlies most adaptive immune responses that both protect from infection and drive tissue damage in autoimmunity. To objectively assess this linked recognition of cells, our research studies the morphology and interaction of individual immune cells relative to inflammatory immune response. We utilize multi-channel immunofluorescence imaging (cellular confocal microscopy) in presentations of lupus nephritis incorporating nuclear stains and cell membrane...

American Graphicity: Postwar Ethnic Literature and Visual Culture

Oscar Chavez
James Baldwin once asserted, “before we can do very much in the way of clear thinking or clear doing as relates to the minorities in this country, we must first crack the American image and find out and deal with what it hides.” My dissertation takes Baldwin’s call to heart by examining ethnic images in postwar American literature, interrogating the ways that texts speak to the faculties of sight and racial perception. This project asks...

The Old University of Chicago in the New: The Library

Anne Knafl & Nancy Spiegel
The University of Chicago was incorporated in 1856 on ten acres of land at 35th and Cottage Grove, donated by Senator Stephan A. Douglas. The first classes were held on September 9, 1858. Like any “Institution of learning, of high order,” the newly formed University possessed a library. Over the next twenty-seven years, the University grew its collection to approximately 7,000 volumes. These 7,000 volumes formed the basis of the library of the University when...

Migration Stories Chapbook Series. Jumping In: A Story of Refugee Resettlement

Susan Augustine
A chapbook in the Migration Stories Chapbook Series published by Creative Writing. The chapbook gives reflections and practical insights from the point of view of a core volunteer with the Hyde Park Refugee Project in the period of 2016-2019 when the project supported two Syrian refugee families resettled in the Hyde Park neighborhood on the south side of Chicago. Also provides background information on the Syrian refugee crisis and practical information for those interested in...

To Be Deleted After Test

Charles Blair

kennethtindtechnologies/test: Test release 4

Test release 4

Arts Education in America: What the declines mean for arts participation

Nick Rabkin & Eric Hedberg
In June 2009, the Cultural Policy Center and NORC were awarded two of five competitive research grants from the National Endowment for the Arts to examine and interpret data from the 2008 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts and previous SPPA surveys (1982, 1992, 2002). Nick Rabkin headed a project investigating the relationship among arts learning (both past and current), overall educational attainment, and all forms of arts participation. Vince Welch, a senior statistician...

Mamlūk Studies Review Vol. XXI (2018)

Between Venice and Alexandria: Trade and the Movement of Precious Metals in the Early Mamluk Period

David Jacoby

Set in Stone: Building America's New Generation of Arts Facilities, 1994-2008

Joanna Woronkowicz, D. Carroll Joynes, Peter Frumkin, Anastasia Kolendo, Bruce Seaman, Robert Gertner & Norman Bradburn
This study looks at a major building boom of museums, performing arts centers and theaters in the United States from 1994 to 2008. It is the first scientifically prepared study of its kind and was requested both by cultural leaders and major foundations that had, in many cases, provided support for these building projects. The primary goal of the study was to establish research that would serve as a basic and essential resource for any...

Speculative Capacitation: Remediation, Bioinformatics, and the Politics of Empathy Games

Daniel Lipson
Since 2010, there has been a rapid proliferation of political advocacy videogames tackling serious subject matter, particularly issues surrounding class, gender, and disability. Some, eager to champion such games as signs of the medium’s maturation, have been quick to declare such “empathy games” as exemplars of what they laud as one of gaming’s medium specific virtues: its supposed ability to “put players in another's shoes.” Others, particularly critics within Queer Game Studies, have been quick...

Oru for Sinfonietta and Objects

Timothy Markham Page
Oru (japanese: to fold, to weave) is a composition for chamber orchestra and objects, exploring sonic, visual, and narrative implications of an action carried out by performers during a performance of the work: A large ball of yarn is passed between the performers, creating a pattern that resembles a butterfly wing.

The Inception of Capitalism Through the Lens of Firms

Krisztina Orban
Using firm-level data, I analyze one of the largest economic experiments of the twentieth century, the fall of communism. After communism ended, post-communist economies experienced a sharp decline and slow recovery of output. This paper studies the output pattern of these countries using microdata from Hungary from both communist and market economy times (1986-1999). I propose a novel decomposition of output change which allows me to quantify the role of productivity, inputs and allocative efficiency...

An Ambivalent Peace: Mistrust, Reconciliation, and the Intervention Encounter in Colombia

Erin Katherine McFee
The abundance of ongoing armed conflicts and ailing or failing peace processes in the world throws into sharp contrast the disparity between the billions of dollars invested into resolving systemic division and the extent to which societies have been able to effectively build sustainable peace. Most notably since the South African Truth & Reconciliation Commission (1996), reconciliation has figured centrally in post-conflict programs. However, academics and practitioners have largely ignored the topic of interpersonal trust...

Modulus of Continuity Method for the Muskat Problem and Fractional Mean Curvature Flow

Stephen Philip Cameron
In this work, we consider two nonlinear, nonlocal, parabolic equations and show that under appropriate growth assumptions, solutions regularize. The first is the 2d Muskat problem, which models the evolution of the interface between oil and water in a tar sand. In the stable regime, the equation was known to be well-posed for smooth, flat initial data, but the slope can blow up in finite time for some large initial data [CCF+12]. It was conjectured...

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