829 Works

Kierkegaard on Decision and Married Love

Charles Comey
On the face of it, the transition a couple makes when they marry is to go from two persons who love each other spontaneously, to two persons for whom sharing a life of love becomes something that they are committed to. But what can this commitment amount to? Everyone has heard the news that the human heart cannot be commanded. You can't fall in love on purpose, and you can't remain in love just because...

Music Analysis as a Practice of the Self in Nineteenth-Century Germany

August Anderson Sheehy
Analyzing music involves figuring out “how it works.” This oft-repeated description is a curious one, for it assumes that the analyst already knows what work the music does. Music, however, “works” only under certain forms of practice: listening, performing, composing, theorizing, dancing, and so on. This dissertation investigates, in both theoretical and historical terms, the sort of work music does under the set of practices referred to as analysis. It argues that analysis can produce...

On the Intellectual Love of God in Spinoza

Erik Dreff
In the following dissertation I argue that Spinoza’s concept of the intellectual love of God (ILG) is a – if not the – cardinal concept and value in all of his thought and works. I begin with a discussion of the obstacles to understanding the concept as such, a review of the literature evidencing the various though consistent shortcomings in the scholarly engagements, and a typology of the problems facing a coherent understanding of the...

Understanding Student Behavior: Causes and Implications of School Practice

Rebecca Jean Hinze-Pifer
Managing distracting, disruptive, and dangerous student behaviors is often identified as a central concern for teachers and school systems. In the most recent Schools and Staffing Survey, some 40% of teachers reported that student misbehavior interfered with their teaching, and roughly one in five teachers reported having been threatened by a student (US Department of Education, 2016). In both official policy and daily practice, schools and teachers identify specific student behaviors as problematic. The motivations...

Genetic Analyses of Pavlovian Conditioning in Outbred Models

Alexander Frank Gileta
Addiction is a heritable trait. There is substantial inter-individual variability in the susceptibility to the development of addiction. Environmental cues that have been repeatedly paired with rewards are believed to be major contributors to the progression to and maintenance of addiction. These reward-associated cues are attributed with incentive salience, which makes them attractive, desirable, and capable of prompting motivated, reward-seeking behaviors. It is thought that the variability in individuals’ susceptibilities to addiction is due in...

Evolving Photography: Naturalism, Art, and Experience, 1889–1909

Carl Fuldner
In the final decades of the nineteenth century, Darwin’s theory of evolution reverberated across nearly every part of culture, giving rise to new movements in philosophy, psychology, the social sciences, literature, and the visual arts, which collectively took up “naturalism” as their rallying cry. Rather than embodying a single idea, however, naturalism formed a contested terrain, wherein a mixture of old and new ideas about nature and human agency vied for cultural authority. For British...

Methods for Studying the Neural Control of Natural Behaviors Using Unconstrained Marmosets

Jeffrey Walker
There is growing interest in the marmoset as a model species for systems neuroscience inspired by the prospect of genetic tools like those available for mice. Such tools provide opportunities to record, control and modify neural circuits and to model human disease. Phylogenetically situated between key model organisms, the marmoset also provides a unique comparative perspective on the organization of the neural components of voluntary motor control. Methods for behavioral training and neural recording to...

From Molecular Electronics to Quantum Control - Reduced Density Matrix Approach

Manas Sajjan
Over the past few decades, constrained minimization of the energy with respect to the two- electron reduced-density-matrix (2-RDM) has emerged as a tantalizing alternative to study electronic structure of strongly correlated molecular and atomic systems at favorable polyno- mial scaling. In this thesis, we extend this variational minimization procedure to conducting systems in presence of a non-zero charge flux to mimic situations in single-molecular de- vices. We replicate the exponential length scaling of zero-bias conductance...

On the optimal estimation, control, and modeling of dynamical systems

Wanting Xu
In Chapter 2, we consider a limited-memory multiple shooting method for weakly constrained variational data assimilation. Maximum-likelihood-based state estimation for dynamical systems with model error raises computational challenges in memory usage due to the much larger number of free variables. To address this challenge, we present a limited-memory method for estimation of state space models. We prove that the method is stable for increasing time horizon. We demonstrate our findings with simulations in different regimes...

Heterodoxies and the Historical Jesus: Biblical Criticism of the Gospels in the U.S., 1794-1860

David Francis Mihalyfy
Within the antebellum United States, the interpretative paradigm of the historical Jesus first gained traction in the milieu of oppositional subcultures (the cultic milieu), where it circulated as a heterodoxy and was combined with other unconventional ideologies like deism/Freethought, social reform (e.g. abolitionism and woman's rights), Transcendentalism, and spiritualism. Ancillary contributions of this dissertation include clarification of the term "biblical criticism" and competing interpretative paradigms for the gospels; emphasis on the importance of the Christian...

Tears in the Imperial Screen: Wartime Colonial Korean Cinema, 1936-1945

Hyun Hee Park
A study of a chosen set of the extant Korean films produced between 1936 and 1945, my dissertation examines the ways in which Japanese colonialism, gender politics, and Koreans’ aspiration for their own filmmaking interweave themselves on screen in the context of the empire’s increasing pressure in the drive towards total mobilization. Though I distance myself from the overtly nationalist perspectives, I do contend that the films of wartime colonial Korea should be located in...

\"Dare to be a Future Therapist”: Uncertainty and Apprenticeship in Mental Health for Immigrants and Refugees in Paris, France\"

David Aftab Ansari
Mental health professionals and clinical students face uncertainties when attempting to provide care and support to diverse patient populations, such as immigrants, refugees, and their children. These uncertainties may result in misunderstandings and failures to respond to the needs of patients. Uncertainties are due to the limits of clinical knowledge among clinicians and in the field (Fox, 1957), and may be heightened in encounters with patients who speak other languages, whose living conditions are extremely...

From Molecular Electronics to Quantum Control - Reduced Density Matrix Approach

Manas Sajjan
Over the past few decades, constrained minimization of the energy with respect to the two- electron reduced-density-matrix (2-RDM) has emerged as a tantalizing alternative to study electronic structure of strongly correlated molecular and atomic systems at favorable polyno- mial scaling. In this thesis, we extend this variational minimization procedure to conducting systems in presence of a non-zero charge flux to mimic situations in single-molecular de- vices. We replicate the exponential length scaling of zero-bias conductance...

\"Dare to be a Future Therapist”: Uncertainty and Apprenticeship in Mental Health for Immigrants and Refugees in Paris, France\"

David Aftab Ansari
Mental health professionals and clinical students face uncertainties when attempting to provide care and support to diverse patient populations, such as immigrants, refugees, and their children. These uncertainties may result in misunderstandings and failures to respond to the needs of patients. Uncertainties are due to the limits of clinical knowledge among clinicians and in the field (Fox, 1957), and may be heightened in encounters with patients who speak other languages, whose living conditions are extremely...

Host Determinants of Influenza Virus Replication

Julianna Han
Influenza viruses are constantly evolving targets. During their intracellular life cycle, influenza viruses usurp host pathways, and pandemic strains must be able to gain access to these pathways in new organisms during cross-species transmission. Therefore, uncovering the molecular basis of pandemic influenza A virus strains is central to our preparedness against pandemics. Throughout my thesis work, I have thoroughly explored the virus:host interaction network of the potentially pandemic strain H5N1 through a CRISPR genome-wide screen,...

Low Latitude Andean Glaciers: Climate Drivers of Past, Present, and Future Changes

Andrew Grady Oros Malone
Tropical Andean glaciers are an essential component of the alpine Earth System providing vital water resources for life in their vicinity. Glaciers are also archives of past climate change and barometers of present climate change, and tropical glaciers can provide a much-needed additional low-latitude terrestrial paleoclimate proxy. Despite their societal and scientific importance, the study of tropical glaciers is nascent. This dissertation provides new perspectives on the climate components most important for tropical glacier change,...

SERMONS IN SONG: RICHARD SMALLWOOD, THE VAMP, AND THE GOSPEL IMAGINATION

Braxton Deonte Shelley
This dissertation develops an analytical paradigm for African American gospel music. By examining the music of Richard Smallwood in relation to the work of sixteen other gospel composers, this project reveals the complex of belief, performance, and reception that I term “the gospel imagination.” This interdisciplinary study braids musical analysis—focused on issues of form, repetition, rhythm, meter, and groove—together with discourses from cognitive theory, anthropology, phenomenology, theology, and homiletics. Over the course of the dissertation’s...

Evolving Photography: Naturalism, Art, and Experience, 1889–1909

Carl Fuldner
In the final decades of the nineteenth century, Darwin’s theory of evolution reverberated across nearly every part of culture, giving rise to new movements in philosophy, psychology, the social sciences, literature, and the visual arts, which collectively took up “naturalism” as their rallying cry. Rather than embodying a single idea, however, naturalism formed a contested terrain, wherein a mixture of old and new ideas about nature and human agency vied for cultural authority. For British...

Representations of Women in the Mamluk Period (preface)

Antonella Ghersetti

Review of Adam Talib, How Do You Say \"Epigram\" in Arabic? Literary History at the Limits of Comparison

Hakan Özkan

The Woman as a Construct: Reconsidering Men’s Image of Women in the Arabic-Islamic World—the Case of Seventeenth-Century Cairo

Paulina B. Lewicka

Socializing Hospitals: Welfare, Medicine and The Rise Of Tzu-Chi, 1966-1990

Chengpang Lee
The privatization of the health care system in many countries has led to the transformation of the medical field dominated by private for-profit hospitals controlled by large business corporations. A similar privatization effort pursued by the Taiwanese government occurred since the middle of the 1970s. Influenced by the neoliberal economic thoughts and the tightening financial budget, the Taiwanese government began to shift its health care policy from the previously state-operating hospitals to encouraging the large...

Individualized: An Ethnography of Translation in Genomic Medicine

Colin Michael Egenberger Halverson
This dissertation investigates how people manage to communicate complex information to individuals who lack the background to understand it. At least, that is its “plain language” synopsis. In fact, I have worked to complicate most of the terms in that first sentence: What does it mean to have successfully “communicated with” (or “informed”) someone when one fears the semantic content of the message was not taken up? How is “information” constituted as sufficiently “the same”...

Mapping the Apachería: American Indian Sovereignty and State Power in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands, 18th-19th c.

Daniel Webb
This dissertation examines one of the more sustained interactions between Indian nations and European colonists in North America. It traces the history of the diverse populations of Athapaskan-speaking people constituting the Apache and Navajo nations and their relations with the governments of Spain, Mexico, and the United States in the geographical expanse known as the Apachería—a vast region stretching across the present-day states of Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas in the American Southwest as well...

Hot Button Topics in Cultural Policy

Ellery Biddle, Kathleen Grogan, Jane Hanna, Christian Lopez, Jasmine Mahmoud, James Murdoch, Leah Reisman, Rupal Soni, Bianca Vilanova, Danielle Wrobel & Sophia Yan
These essays were researched and written by University of Chicago students enrolled in the Harris School of Public Policy Studies course, “Hot Button Topics in Cultural Policy,” during Winter Quarter (January to March) 2011. Contents: Katie Grogan and Leah Reisman, “Encore! Encore! Increasing Demand for the Nonprofit Arts in a Changing World” Ellery Roberts Biddle and James C. Murdoch, “Open for Participation: U.S. Arts Communities in Neighborhoods and Networks” Jane Hanna and Jasmine Mahmoud, “Producing...

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