619 Works

Impact of Public Transit Access on Chicago Housing Prices

Grant Crum
This paper seeks to uncover the fiscal relationship between public transportation access, particularly the rail stations of the Chicago Transit Authority, and the Chicago housing market. In addition to determining the fiscal relationship between public transportation access and housing in Chicago, I’ll analyze how crime rates at the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) stations impact their usage. To solve these questions, I built multivariable regressions for each research question. The regression for the first research question...

Exploring the Potential Role of Telehealth in the Expansion of Mental Health Access for an Inner-City Latinx Population

Luisa Sepulveda
This paper explores the potential role of telehealth in the expansion of mental health access for an innercity Latinx population by engaging with providers and stakeholders of various community health centers in the South Lawndale community of Chicago—a community whose population is predominantly Latinx, lowincome, and uninsured. While the literature and stakeholders cannot see telehealth surpassing or replacing standard face-to-face care, they see a lot of potential to make processes more efficient. Through analyzing the...

Haunting History: Virginia Woolf, Vivian Maier, and the Twentieth-Century Flâneuse

Abbie Reeves
This paper will examine the work of two female artists who attest to the historical presence of the flâneuse and exemplify the practice of flânerie at various points during the twentieth century: Virginia Woolf and Vivian Maier. In her 1930 essay “Street Haunting,” Woolf challenges the convention that flânerie is a male practice. Taking on the persona of the flâneuse, she engages in the same type of imaginative ambulation usually reserved for the male flâneur,...

On the Topology and Arithmetic of Spaces of Non-degenerate Maps between Complex Projective Spaces

Claudio Jacobo Gomez-Gonzales
This thesis sets out to develop a general method for inductively studying spaces of maps into complex projective space in terms of subspaces of (non-)degenerate functions and to exhibit unexpected phenomenon therein. For historical reasons, we describe this method using the quasiprojective variety of degree d algebraic morphisms (a.k.a. holomorphic maps) ℂℙ^m → ℂℙ^n. for m ≤ n, as a primary example. In Chapters 3 and 4, we compute the associated ℚ-cohomology ring explicitly in...

Essays on Financial Intermediaries and Monetary Policy

Stefano Pegoraro
Chapter 1. Previous literature documents that mutual funds' flows increase more than linearly with realized performance. I show this convex flow-performance relationship is consistent with a dynamic contracting model in which investors learn about the fund manager's skill. My model predicts that flows become more sensitive to current performance after a history of good past performance. It also predicts that the effect of past performance on the current flow-performance relationship is weaker for managers with...

The Politics of Public Transportation: Public Transit Design and Black-White Neighborhood Segregation in Chicago

Alex Theodosakis
This research aims to explore many commonly asserted connections between public transit routes and ethnic separations in Chicago neighborhoods. It investigates potential political intentions behind design decisions and aims to examine isolative effects of both transit design to limit movement and transit design to create boundaries. The relationships between the government, the transit authorities, local political culture, existing ethnic divisions, and route designs are also discussed.

Assessing Human Information Processing in Lending Decisions: A Machine Learning Approach

Miao Liu
This paper studies factors that determine efficient information processing. I exploit a unique small business lending setting where the entire codified information set that loan officers use in their decision-making is observable (to the researcher). I decompose the loan officers’ decisions into a part driven by codified hard information and a part driven by uncodified soft information. I show that a machine learning model substantially outperforms loan officers in processing hard information. Using the machine...

Attitudinal Ambiguity and Dehumanization

Jessica Lopez
People generally enjoy acts of self-expression, going out of their way to share their preferences and opinions even absent a decision. However, people are nevertheless not always forthcoming with how they truly feel, fearing that their views will be judged negatively by others or that they will be seen as unprofessional. In other cases, they may simply lack a preference altogether. Is failing to state how one feels, in terms of one’s preferences and opinions,...

Banking Globalization and Cross-border Capital Flows to Emerging Market Economies

Bo Jiang
In this dissertation, “Banking Globalization and Cross-border Capital Flow in EMEs”, which consists of five chapters, I study how banking sector globalization can generate profound real impact on emerging market economy in an increasingly inter-connected world. Specifically, I investigate the question through the lens of financial contracting between banks that channel foreign credit into emerging market economies. In Chapter 1, I provide an overview of the big-picture question and the motivation of the whole dissertation....

The Investment and Insurance Effects of Unreliable Electricity: Evidence from Indian Manufacturing

Karthik Nagarajan
Although unreliable electricity is a substantial burden on producers in India, the long-run effects of electricity shortages have received little attention. In this study, I study the long-run output and welfare costs of electricity shortages by examining the dynamic investment responses of producers. Specifically, I examine two dynamic margins of adjustment: (1) investment in productive capital, and (2) adoption of generators as insurance against these shocks. Using state-level power-sector data and plant-level manufacturing data from...

I Get By With a Little Help From My Friends: Examining the Development of Street Efficacy Among Urban Black Youth

Margaret Carroll
Street efficacy, a young person’s belief in their ability to successfully avoid violence, is critical for growing up in an economically disadvantaged neighborhood. This “street” encompasses more than simply traveling to school, but also making friends or walking down the hallway at school. Existing theory explains that this process requires youth leverage their perceptions of risk as well as their fear of victimization in a social cognition process that creates strategies of risk avoidance. With...

Lacking Incentives, Technologies, or Both? Valuing Productivity Thresholds Using a Novel Educational Field Experiment

Hee Kwon Seo
Providing students with either "demand-side" incentives (such as performance-based rewards) or "supply-side" materials (such as books) often produces null effects; might there be complementary returns to providing both, and if so, why? In a three-year field experiment with 170 high schools in Tanzania, where mathematics pass rates remain below 20 percent nationally, students were provided with (1) money pegged to math test scores; (2) technologies to ease effort costs of learning; or (3) both of...

Renters, Buildings and Scale: A Spatial Analysis of Urban Tree Cover in Chicago

Samuel Joyce
Trees play an important role in the function of urban ecosystems. Beyond their role as a habitat for birds and other animals, trees provide an array of essential ecosystem services: stormwater management (Berland et al. 2017), temperature control (Coseo and Larsen 2014), air pollution reduction (Nowak, Crane and Stevens 2006), and carbon sequestration (Kendall and McPherson 2012), among other ecosystem services. Recent research has focused on the relationship between rentership rates and the distribution of...

Assessing Bank Deposit Market Power Given Limited Consumer Consideration

Eliot Abrams
Accurate assessments of bank deposit market power are essential for antitrust and monetary policy. Regulators and researchers currently assess market power under the assumption that all consumers consider every bank operating in a given geographic region. However, in practice, consumers only consider a small fraction of the available banks. I propose a new model of bank deposit competition that specifically accounts for this limited consideration. I estimate the model for the twenty largest US Metropolitan...

A Geometric Approach to Equivariant Factorization Homology and Nonabelian Poincaré Duality

Foling Zou
Factorization homology is a homology theory on manifolds with coefficients in suitable $\mathrm{E}_n$-algebras. In this paper, we use the minimal categorical background and maximal concreteness to study equivariant factorization homology in the $V$-framed case. We work with a finite group $G$ and an $n$-dimensional orthogonal $G$-representation $V$. The main results are: \begin{enumerate} \item We construct a $G\mathrm{Top}$-enriched category $\mathrm{Mfld}^{\mathrm{fr}_{V}}_{n}$. Its objects are $V$-framed $G$-manifolds of dimension $n$. The endomorphism operad of the object $V$ is...

Songs of Science: Musical Worlding in the American Space Age

Elizabeth Alvarado
This dissertation investigates the relationship between American mass-media soundscapes and everyday experiences of scientific meaning and truth-value during the Space Race. Agitated by seismic social and political shifts, the years between 1957 and 1975 provide fertile ground for investigating slippages between environment, aesthetics, and social practice. I look at objects that seem imbued with the shifting spatial-temporalities of a nation whose self-ascribed spiritual calling to protect and revere nature met the rapid capitalist-technological innovations of...

When Shrouded Prices Signal Transparency: Consequences of Price Disaggregation

Shannon M White
This dissertation explores the impact of price disaggregation on disclosure preferences and consumer choices. Rather than competing on price, firms may make prices more complex and hence more difficult to compare. One method for increasing price complexity is disaggregating (or partitioning) prices, which can effectively hide prices in plain sight. But how do consumers react to this type of complexity? In Chapter 1, I first demonstrate across a variety of products that consumers can have...

Walls of the Rulers: The Development of Monumental Enclosure Walls in Ancient Egypt Prior to the New Kingdom

Oren Siegel
This project investigates the emergence and development of monumental enclosure walls in ancient Egypt, drawing on a wealth of evidence from published excavation reports and new fieldwork conducted at the sites of Tell Edfu, Dendara, and Uronarti. Enclosure walls were defining features of ancient Egyptian communities: they divided sectors within settlements, delimited temples, administrative buildings, citadels, fortresses, mortuary monuments, or palaces, encompassed entire towns, and in rare instances restricted access across broader regions. This dissertation...

Painted Ceramic Traditions and Rural Communities in Hittite Anatolia

Josh Cannon
This dissertation examines the 2nd Millennium BC pottery from Çadır Höyük, a multi-period archaeological site in Yozgat, Turkey. The research shows that a painted ceramic tradition existed contemporaneously with the expected North Central Anatolian ceramic tradition (Hittite Ware). Through my ceramic analysis, I argue that the presence of this painted tradition is indicative of a significant and new understanding of Hittite rural communities. Specifically, it indicates a continuation of a pre-Hittite painted ceramic tradition (generally...

Model-Based Image Reconstruction for Multiple View Microscopy

Corey De'on Smith
Three-dimensional fluorescence imaging is an essential tool in biology, used for everything from long-term imaging in developmental biology to short-term, high-resolution imaging of single cells and molecules. In recent years, there has been an influx of new imaging techniques that push the limits on both resolution and the ability to perform extended time-course imaging. Many new techniques, like structured illumination microscopy (SIM), require multiple images of the sample or increased excitation intensity to create a...

The Needs of Reason: Kant, Metaphysics, and the Proofs for the Existence of God

Thomas Scott Ferguson
This dissertation investigates exactly what role the proofs for the existence of God, and rational theology more widely, played in the history of modern philosophy from Descartes up to our own day. If the proofs are poorly suited to the role of religious apologetics, just as little can they be read as straightforward philosophical “idolatry.” I argue that a better understanding of the proofs requires an exhaustive rereading of, and expansion upon, Kant’s approach to...

The Officers Are Run by the City

AK Alilonu
Police misconduct has long been a problem for residents of communities like Chicago’s majority-black South Side, but little research describes how these communities work towards solutions. This paper evaluates strategies that South Side residents use to address misconduct in the Chicago Police Department. These strategies were categorized using the exit, voice, and loyalty framework first proposed by economist Albert O. Hirschman, which describes how individuals respond when they are part of an organization that is...

Home Visits, Ivory Notices, and the Ideological Challenges Posed by “Unwed Mothers”: How the Chicago Housing Authority Approached Tenant Management from 1949-1969

Lindsay Nicholas
This thesis will take the reader through three distinct phases of the Chicago Housing Authority’s (CHA) engagement with low-income families seeking federally-assisted housing from 1949 to 1969: the selection process, tenant management, and tenant removal. This structure will allow the reader to understand how the CHA’s classification of “social problem families” posed a significant (and understudied) hardship toward single mothers which permeated every stage of CHA-tenant relations. In the selection phase, the CHA developed ways...

Learning Speeds and Labor Market Adjustments

Robert Wesley Graydon Jackman
As the economy changes, some workers confront a labor market that no longer demands their set of skills. While these workers can adapt by learning new skills, not all workers learn at the same rate. This paper asks how heterogeneous learning rates influence labor market outcomes and occupational choice, particularly under economic volatility. First, I document heterogeneous responses to job loss from establishment closures using Danish administrative data. For workers who earned high grades in...

Investigation of Deep Learning in Medical Imaging for Enhanced Workflow, Improved Diagnosis, and Explanatory Artificial Intelligence

Jennie Sandoz Marie Crosby
In the past few years, applications of deep learning have experienced explosive growth due to their role in solving complex problems. Deep learning has recently been gaining attention for use in medical imaging and applications of deep learning are being explored to enhance radiology practice, including for the selection and preparation of images for interpretation, analysis of image quality, and assistance for diagnostic decision-making tasks, among many other clinical applications. For the use of deep...

Registration Year

  • 2020

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  • University of Chicago
  • University of Antwerp
  • King Faisal University
  • University of Nottingham
  • University of Haifa
  • Bar-Ilan University
  • University of Florence
  • Lebanese University