732 Works

Exploitation of Diversity: Seleucid Strategy of Cultural Interaction in Mesopotamia, 311 - 261 BC

Jonathan Tao
In 323 BC, the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great died in Babylon. In his life, he conquered the powerful Achaemenid Persian Empire. With his death, however, he left the Macedonian Empire without an heir that could command the confidence and loyalty of the entire army. Shortly thereafter, the empire was torn apart between Alexander's ambitious generals. Seizing an opportunity in 312 BC, the Macedonian general Seleucus embarked on a daring journey to reclaim Babylon, laying...

Eating the Rice Bowl of Youth: Gender, Migration, and Service Labor in China Golf Industry

Yuqing Li
The term ‘rice bowl of youth’ first appeared in the late 1980s with China’s opening-up policy. The rice bowl of youth refers to the urban trend in which a range of new, highly paid positions have opened almost exclusively to young women. the meanings ‘rice bowl of youth’ has altered in the media and daily use since the early 21st century. The ‘rice bowl of youth’ has been gradually developed a new version from the...

Politics of Titular Identity and State-Legitimization: The Unique Case of Post-Colonial and Post-Communist Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

This paper seeks to analyze the composite intersection of numerous identity parameters to answer the empirical puzzle of how did these Central Asian countries' administrations approach the construction of their post-Soviet identities through the installment of a titular ethnic group as they were faced with decolonization in a post-communist space and in a period of Islamic turmoil?

The Making of the Chinese “Gay Wives”: Technology, Authenticity, and Identity in the Digital Age

Yiyi Wu
This paper explores the narratives and stories of a population of Chinese women who identify themselves as tongqi (同妻), meaning gay's wives. They consider themselves as heterosexual women who unknowingly marry gay men who purposefully hide their same-sex attraction and trick women into marriage to fulfill their societal obligations of fatherhood. While the majority of tongqi describe themselves as the victims of “marriage fraud” commited by “closeted” gay men whose homosexuality has discounted the “realness”...

One Belt One Road As A Diversification Strategy: An Alternative Explanation of Foreign Support for China’s Economic Leadership

Jiaqi Wang
Since the inception of President Xi Jinping’s regime, it is widely believed that he abandoned Deng Xiaoping’s “hide your strength and bide your time philosophy”, actively flexing China’s muscles in multiple policy areas in the hope of shaping the international world order decisively in favor of his country, a rising superpower. Under this context, China launched an important economic project aimed at regional and Eurasia economic integration, the One Belt One Road Initiative. Backed by...

Driving the Opening Wedge: The 1948 Anti-Lynching Bill and the Fracturing of the Solid South

Andrew J. Cerise
The expansion of civil rights for Black Americans was a crucial driver of the South’s political realignment with a national conservative movement. As early as 1948, Southern opposition to civil rights, fueled by President Harry Truman’s civil rights agenda, created the first cracks in the “Solid South.” Of the three major civil rights legislative initiatives in 1948, the anti-lynching bill has remained the most unstudied and underappreciated by historians as compared to its anti-poll tax...

Displaced by a Damn Dam: The Impact of Hydroelectric Development on Localized Conflict

Siobhan Finnerty
The development of large-scale infrastructure, including electricity generation projects (EGPs) like hydroelectric dams, often displaces entire local communities with little retribution for the loss of homes or livelihoods. While these projects are portrayed as beneficial to the state overall, in some cases, the resulting displacement can exacerbate grievances and intensify conflict in the areas surrounding them. But why does the construction of certain EGPs result in violent conflict, while others result in lower intensity conflicts...

Who Should Take Care of the Baby? Understanding How American Families Decide Their Division of Labor in Parental Leave in the Pre-birth Period

Yehong Deng
Based on Gary Becker's analytical tools—the family production model and the interdependent preferences—for family economics and the later criticisms regarding Becker's auxiliary assumptions, the study attempted to answer how American people's calculation of perceived benefits and costs could mediate the effects of economic factors and gender ideology regarding their parental leave norms during the pre-birth period. With data collected through an online survey on MTurk, the study revealed that male respondents in the survey included...

The Warner Affair: Indigeneity and Intimate Networks in a Colonial Caribbean Archive

Augustus Mosse
In this thesis, I engage scholarship on Caribbean Indigeneity, archival construction, and intimate networks to explore shifting dynamics between Kalinago and English peoples in the seventeenth century Lesser Antilles. The central figure is Thomas “Indian” Warner, who operated as both an Indigenous leader and an English colonial governor until his murder, potentially at the hands of his half-brother, in 1675. I use depositions taken from a variety of English colonists during the investigation into Indian...

'Lived Experience' and its Eurocentrisms: Elucidating Colonial Violence in Filipino American Mental Health

Coleen Del Rosario
This paper draws on postcolonial theory, critical mental health literature, and Filipino American psychology to examine the ways in which colonial legacies figure in the contemporary mental health and healthcare experiences of first- and second-generation Filipino Americans. I argue that American colonial rule laid the blueprint for the development of a Filipino American identity rooted in and always striving towards white American ideals. Generations later, these effects continue to be articulated through Filipinos’ complex experiences...

Ethnography and Economy at the Confluence of Empires: Historicizing the Collaborative use of Ethnographic Biopower in Xinjiang

Liam Rybicki-Kler
Concerns over the treatment of China’s Uyghurs population in Xinjiang sit at the center of furious contemporary debate in both academia and politics. The justifications for this attention are numerous, from Xinjiang’s deep implication in the global economy to evolving discussions of technology’s role in enabling totalitarian regimes. Amidst the feverish attention, however, the current discourse has lost sight of an essential truth: The situation in Xinjiang is not monolithically a problem of the modern...

The Rise of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Growth, Internal Politics, Foreign Affairs and Overextension, 1868-1941

Wilson Tang
Well known as the powerful opponent of the United States Navy and the other Allied navies during the Second World War, the Imperial Japanese Navy have a long-storied career through time. However, most works are written about the Japanese Navy’s combat actions during the Second World War. This paper would examine the Japanese Navy from the inception in 1868, up to the beginning of the American entry of the Second World War in 1941, as...

We Must Stop Running Now: Neighborhood Change, Metropolitan Politics, and the Jewish Council on Urban Affairs in Chicago

Rachel Sass
In 1951, nearly all of the Chicagoland Jewish population was concentrated in the city. Just 30 years later, a strong majority of the population had moved to the suburbs, chasing better housing and schools, and fleeing the growing Black populations on Chicago’s South and West Sides. Despite the newfound luxuries of the community’s increasing affluence and distance from urban life, however, many Chicago Jews strove to maintain a connection to the city and a commitment...

A Proposal: How Sensory Inputs from Different Relationship Groups Affect Loneliness in Juveniles and Adults – A Biological Measure on Zebra Finch model

Yucheng Lu
This experiment proposal is designed to research how different sensory inputs (visual, auditory, and tactile) from different social relationship groups (peers, parents, spouse) may affect perception of loneliness. The importance of peers and parents for juveniles, and spouses for adults will be addressed. The experiment will use zebra finch songbirds as the model to provide further insight into human research. Circulating cortisol will be measured as higher loneliness is associated with greater stress, and therefore...

Plebeian Passions and Judgement and the Aestheticization of Politics in Machiavelli’s Discourses on Livy

Zhou Jiayi
Without proper elite intervention, the Roman plebeians tended to be impressed by political appearances rather than the true nature of political deeds. Political appearances could cause the plebeians to shift to a different emotional condition which altered their previous judgment. Such an impressionistic mode of cognition of the Roman plebeians was an exploitable weakness for the Roman patricians. Knowing the plebeians’ limited judgement capability and susceptibility to appearances, the Roman patricians consciously manipulated political appearances...

(Not) Knowing how to know others: Getting perspective in China and the United States

Yin Li
People often fail to employ the best strategies to understand the minds of others. One such overlooked strategy includes perspective getting (i.e., directly asking others what they think). In one experiment conducted virtually, I tested interpersonal accuracy and confidence among participants in the United States and China. Participants were recruited in pairs. One person within each pair was randomly assigned to the role of predictor and asked to predict how their partner would respond to...

In Limbo Between Cultures: A Qualitative Study of American and German Diplomats' Everyday Life and Confrontations with Foreign Cultures

Lena Kunjan
Considering diplomats to be caught in a permanent space between different cultures, the question asked in this paper is: How do diplomats create a stable life in limbo between cultures? This question aims to understand the practices and entities involved, which create structural conditionsthat allow the diplomat to function in the permanent space between different cultures. The empirical basis of this discussion is the analysis of 11 qualitative, semi-structured interviews with German and American diplomats,...

The New Left vs. Liberal Debate in China: How Ideology Shapes the Perception of Reality

Yu-Hsuan Sun
The tragic June 4th Crackdown on the Tiananmen Student Movement dealt a devastating blow to the hope of China’s democratization. In the 1980s, the majority of young Chinese students expressed overwhelming support for the democracy movement and the New Enlightenment thought trend which preceded the 1989 protests. The homogeneity of the 80s intellectual sphere, however, is a stark contrast to the intense debate between the “New Left” and “Liberal” camps in China which began in...

Local Solutions to National Security Challenges: Bridging the Center-Periphery Information Sharing Gap

Maxwell Markusen
An enduring feature of politics and international security is the ability of nation states to respond to transnational threats. National governments often share protected information on these threats, especially when sharing such information would pre-empt a national security crisis. Inevitably, however, the failure of nation states to share information can lead to catastrophic disaster. While previous research has focused on intelligence and information sharing between nation states (international information sharing), and within national government organizations...

Ridesharing and Public Transit: How has the Covid-19 pandemic affected the relationship?

Luxin Tian
The emergence of ridesharing services has transformed the shape of urban transportation and brought impacts on the traditional public transit system. While many previous studies have shed light on the relationship between the two transportation modes from a qualitative perspective, there has not been enough quantitative evidence to characterize the pattern thus far. The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic in late 2019 further raises interests in the role of ridesharing services under the public health...

False Positive Brought by Fat-tailed Weights? Re-examine the Impact of China’s Retaliatory Tariff to US House Election

Ye Sun
This paper scrutinizes the possible violation of some WLS presumptions in empirical projects. In general, for the WLS estimator to be consistent, asymptotically normal and Eicker-Huber-White’s heteroskedastic standard error to converge to a non-random limit, one needs to make sure that the first and second moment of the interaction of weights, regressors, and noise are finite. This paper aims to raise the concern of the contamination of fat-tailed weights in a series of papers that...

Finding Sense of Self: Understanding the Experiences of Black Students at Predominantly White Institutions

Lashon Miller
Higher education is a unique experience for all students as a place where students grow, nurture their passions, build on their knowledge, and learn more about who they are as individuals. As Black students enroll into higher education, specifically predominantly white higher education institutions, what is their experience? This research captures the experiences of Black students that are educated in predominantly white institutions and hopes to capture a clearer understanding of their racial identity. Does...

THE ROLE OF THALAMIC CONNECTIVITY IN WORKING MEMORY IMPAIRMENT IN SCHIZOPHRENIA: MERGING EVIDENCE FROM FMRI AND EEG

Luz Maria Alliende Serra
Visual working memory impairments have been consistently found in people with schizophrenia, however, there is no consensus on the neural mechanisms behind these deficits. The current study aims to build a more cohesive conceptualization of the neural correlates of visual working memory impairment in people with schizophrenia (PSZ) by taking advantage of the strengths from different types of recording methodologies. To do this, non-simultaneous EEG and fMRI recordings of neural signatures were performed in a...

Is the Implementation of Hong Kong’s National Security Law a Chinese Version of “Rule of Law”?

Xinyi Cai
This thesis uses Hong Kong's National Security Law (NSL) as a case study to examine how the idea of "rule of law" is used in contemporary China, determining its theoretical contours, and situating it in relation to Western understanding. It begins by laying the fundamental conceptual basis for rule of law by exploring various definitions from law and political science, before moving on to a detailed examination of the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) definition as...

The Social Effects of the Nazi Occupation on the Polish Catholic Church

Aaron Charles Byrne Morse
The Nazi occupation of Poland was one of the most destructive events in European history. This study will analyze the effect that this occupation had on the institution of the Catholic Church in Poland, as well as contextualize the nature of the Nazi persecution of the Polish Catholic Church. Due to the close association which had been built up by Polish nationalists in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the Polish Catholic Church was tied to...

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