817 Works

Oru for Sinfonietta and Objects

Timothy Markham Page
Oru (japanese: to fold, to weave) is a composition for chamber orchestra and objects, exploring sonic, visual, and narrative implications of an action carried out by performers during a performance of the work: A large ball of yarn is passed between the performers, creating a pattern that resembles a butterfly wing.

Speculative Capacitation: Remediation, Bioinformatics, and the Politics of Empathy Games

Daniel Lipson
Since 2010, there has been a rapid proliferation of political advocacy videogames tackling serious subject matter, particularly issues surrounding class, gender, and disability. Some, eager to champion such games as signs of the medium’s maturation, have been quick to declare such “empathy games” as exemplars of what they laud as one of gaming’s medium specific virtues: its supposed ability to “put players in another's shoes.” Others, particularly critics within Queer Game Studies, have been quick...

Arts Education in America: What the declines mean for arts participation

Nick Rabkin & Eric Hedberg
In June 2009, the Cultural Policy Center and NORC were awarded two of five competitive research grants from the National Endowment for the Arts to examine and interpret data from the 2008 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts and previous SPPA surveys (1982, 1992, 2002). Nick Rabkin headed a project investigating the relationship among arts learning (both past and current), overall educational attainment, and all forms of arts participation. Vince Welch, a senior statistician...

Set in Stone: Building America's New Generation of Arts Facilities, 1994-2008

Joanna Woronkowicz, D. Carroll Joynes, Peter Frumkin, Anastasia Kolendo, Bruce Seaman, Robert Gertner & Norman Bradburn
This study looks at a major building boom of museums, performing arts centers and theaters in the United States from 1994 to 2008. It is the first scientifically prepared study of its kind and was requested both by cultural leaders and major foundations that had, in many cases, provided support for these building projects. The primary goal of the study was to establish research that would serve as a basic and essential resource for any...

Mamlūk Studies Review Vol. XXI (2018)

Between Venice and Alexandria: Trade and the Movement of Precious Metals in the Early Mamluk Period

David Jacoby

Medieval Arabic Islam and the Culture of Gender: Feminine Voices in al-Suyūṭī’s Literature on Sex and Marriage

Daniela Rodica Firanescu

Between Function and Fiction: The Representation of Women in al-Ibshīhī’s Mustaṭraf

Mirella Cassarino

The Inception of Capitalism Through the Lens of Firms

Krisztina Orban
Using firm-level data, I analyze one of the largest economic experiments of the twentieth century, the fall of communism. After communism ended, post-communist economies experienced a sharp decline and slow recovery of output. This paper studies the output pattern of these countries using microdata from Hungary from both communist and market economy times (1986-1999). I propose a novel decomposition of output change which allows me to quantify the role of productivity, inputs and allocative efficiency...

An Ambivalent Peace: Mistrust, Reconciliation, and the Intervention Encounter in Colombia

Erin Katherine McFee
The abundance of ongoing armed conflicts and ailing or failing peace processes in the world throws into sharp contrast the disparity between the billions of dollars invested into resolving systemic division and the extent to which societies have been able to effectively build sustainable peace. Most notably since the South African Truth & Reconciliation Commission (1996), reconciliation has figured centrally in post-conflict programs. However, academics and practitioners have largely ignored the topic of interpersonal trust...

Modulus of Continuity Method for the Muskat Problem and Fractional Mean Curvature Flow

Stephen Philip Cameron
In this work, we consider two nonlinear, nonlocal, parabolic equations and show that under appropriate growth assumptions, solutions regularize. The first is the 2d Muskat problem, which models the evolution of the interface between oil and water in a tar sand. In the stable regime, the equation was known to be well-posed for smooth, flat initial data, but the slope can blow up in finite time for some large initial data [CCF+12]. It was conjectured...

Population Structure and Local Adaptation in the Olympia Oyster (Ostrea lurida)

Katherine Elizabeth Silliman
Effective management of threatened species requires an understanding of both the genetic connectivity among populations and adaptive population divergence. For the numerous coastal marine species with planktonic dispersal, high connectivity can obscure population boundaries and oppose the diversifying effects of natural selection through homogenizing gene flow. Using an ecologically and commercially important marine bivalve as a model system, my dissertation aimed to characterize the spatial scales of neutral and adaptive differentiation in the face of...

Engineering the Immune System to Improve Vaccines: From Molecular Probe Design to Translational Applications

Brittany Anne Moser
Vaccines are one of the greatest achievements to public health allowing almost complete eradication of small pox and polio and dramatically reducing the incidence of a variety of other diseases. However, many diseases still exist without a vaccine. To create vaccines for these diseases we need to understand and create enhanced responses that enable proper immune activation. This organized activation can be achieved using adjuvants, components added to the vaccine to enhance the immune response....

Conceptualized Peace: A Study of Colombian Adolescents' Meaning Making and Civic Development

Gabriel Mateo Velez
In societies ravaged by conflict, younger generations are often invoked as critical to building peace. Policies and programs, drawing on research, tend to focus on external factors and interventions associated with prosocial or violent outcomes. Less attention has been paid to young people’s psychological processes in these settings, and specifically how they interpret, make meaning, and respond to norms, discourses, and expectations. In this dissertation, I outline a framework for the development of identities as...

The Good Death: The New American Search to Reshape the End of Life

Marilyn S. Webb
Dying has been completely transformed by medical advances that can prolong our lives but have created confusion and difficulties at the end of life, obscuring a traditional art of dying. This manuscript looks at those medical and end-of-life changes, examining what they are and why they have occurred, and it posits ways to recreate a modern art of dying for current times. It addresses pain and symptom management, family support policy, physician assisted suicide, legal...

Woodland Natures: Knowing Vegetal Nature Through Sympathy and Anthropomorphism in Thomas Hardy’s The Woodlanders

Tasha Chanel Harris
This thesis proposes that the depictions of the trees in Thomas Hardy's novel "The Woodlanders" shares resonance with current posthumanist theory through its recognition of the trees as subjects entangled in mutual relationships with the humans and also through the humans' attempts to gain knowledge of and interact with the trees.

Essays in Macroeconomics and Production Networks

Nicolás Andrés Castro Cienfuegos
This thesis is separated in two chapters. In the first chapter I develop a multi-sector model with price frictions, production networks, trend inflation and different types of shocks to study how these conditions affect the properties of inflation and their implications for monetary policy. Calibrating the model to the U.S. economy my results show that in this setting inflation becomes 30\% less sensitive to the output-gap compared to a standard one-sector model. Furthermore, in the...

Statistical Machine Learning Methods for Complex, Heterogeneous Data

Mahtiyar Bonakdarpour
This thesis develops statistical machine learning methodology for three distinct tasks. Each method blends classical statistical approaches with machine learning methods to provide principled solutions to problems with complex, heterogeneous datasets. The first framework proposes two methods for high-dimensional shape-constrained regression and classification. These methods reshape pre-trained prediction rules to satisfy shape constraints like monotonicity and convexity. The second method provides a nonparametric approach to the econometric analysis of discrete choice. This method provides a...

High-Resolution Mapping of mRNA Modifications

Lisheng Zhang
Transcriptome carries a wide range of different chemical modifications. Among these modifications, RNA methylation is the most abundant, exerting important functions in multiple biological processes in eukaryotes. Especially, the recent discoveries of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) in transcriptome with reversible dynamics and regulatory roles have drawn considerable attentions from world-wide scientists. While N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is widely observed to regulate gene expression in mammals, our lab has also reasoned that positively-charged mRNA modifications such as N1-methyladenosine (m1A) could...

Genetic and Genomic Approaches to Investigate the Roles of Cis-regulatory Elements in Development and Disease

Lindsey Elizabeth Montefiori
Gene regulation describes the totality of molecular events that result in precisely orchestrated gene expression patterns which collectively drive organismal development and define cellular states. Much of this logic is encoded in the genome itself, which is subject to mutation and natural variation. Because of the fundamental role that gene regulation plays in cellular biology, perturbations to gene expression patterns may have pathophysiological consequences, and these are far from being well understood. In my dissertation...

Capable Agents and Just Institutions: A Reconstruction of Paul Ricoeur's \"Ethical Aim\" Using Anthony Giddens' Theory of Structuration

Darryl Scott Dale-Ferguson
This dissertation aims at greater justice in society by addressing questions of moral and institutional existence. In particular, this work focuses on the contributions to ethical thought made by the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur. Ricoeur’s “ethical aim” makes the just institution a central component of the ethical life. By appealing to key elements in the theory of structuration developed by Anthony Giddens, I will restructure Ricoeur’s initial “ethical aim” around the idea that institutions are...

Expectations, Perceptions, and Social Roles: The Effects and Performance of Gender in Campaigns for the United States Congress

Megan Marie Savel Hawryluk
I argue that the effects of gender on political actors must be considered within the context of other social identities, specifically motherhood. Motherhood, or the expectation that women will be mothers, places a distinct bind on women as candidates: women who emphasize motherhood and families too much may be evaluated as less capable of governing given their family commitments, while women who do not emphasize motherhood may fail to adhere to social norms regarding families....

The Relationship between Acute Psychosocial Stress, Hormones, Cognition, and Social Behavior in Men and Women

Nora Catherine Nickels
Human social endocrinology research has shown that hormones are sensitive to social stimuli and may show predictable fluctuations during brief social interactions. I present an investigation of the function of potential hormonal and cognitive changes that occur during a brief social interaction by manipulating both the ecological stimuli and physiological state of male and female participants before a potential courtship opportunity. Chapter 2 examines the relationship between psychosocial stress, social interaction, and hormonal reactivity (testosterone...

Race, Risks, and Responses: Mapping Black Americans' Reactions to Group Threat

Jennifer Marcella Jackson
My dissertation is concerned with socialization in American Politics and the role of group threat in Black Americans’ political behavior. In it, I analyze both quantitative and qualitative data to examine the forms of threat that instigate political action among young Black Americans between the ages of 18 and 35. Through survey experiments and questionnaires, I find that young Black Americans are more likely to express concerns about threat than non-Black groups. Additionally, when considering...

Curating Value: The Politics of Language and Leisure in Huangshan, China

Britta Elisabeth Ingebretson
This dissertation investigates the semiotics of state power in rural China through an ethnographic and linguistic examination of state influence in the daily lives of rural Chinese women in Huangshan, Anhui Province, China. I examine how large-scale processes like urbanization, globalization, and economic development are reshaping the political economy of rural China and, by extension, altering social class and gender roles. Rapid social transformation has created a perceived crisis of values, particularly for rural women...

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