4,155 Works

Live stop: a law of unintended consequences

The Live Stop law (Pennsylvania Vehicle Code §6309.2) instructs police officers to immobilize drivers’ cars for certain traffic violations including driving without a license, with a suspended or revoked license, and driving with expired or no registration. This law has a disproportionate effect on undocumented immigrants in Philadelphia, who have insurance and registration.

Obstructing justice: the chilling effect of ICE's arrests of immigrants at Pennsylvania's courthouses

This study finds that the problems related to ICE enforcement at courthouses are widespread across Pennsylvania. In particular: (1) ICE is effecting arrests in and around courthouses; (2) courthouse personnel are collaborating with ICE by asking about immigration status, providing information, or assisting with ICE arrests; and (3) immigrants fear going to court because of these ICE enforcement activities.

Clinical Study: Sustained Weight Loss with Vagal Nerve Blockade but Not with Sham: 18-Month Results of the ReCharge Trial

Background/Objectives. Vagal block therapy (vBloc) is effective for moderate to severe obesity at one year. Subjects/Methods. The ReCharge trial is a double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial of 239 participants with body mass index (BMI) of 40 to 45 kg/m or 35 to 40 kg/m with one or more obesity-related conditions. Interventions were implantation of either vBloc or Sham devices and weight management counseling. Mixed models assessed percent excess weight loss (%EWL) and total weight loss...

Obesity and Sexual Functioning

Infographic: Driver's licenses for all - the key to safety and security in Pennsylvania

This fact sheet reproduces key figures, findings, and recommendations from the Sheller Center Report, Drivers Licenses for All: The Key to Safety and Security in Pennsylvania.

Know your rights: when can you be ticketed for driving without a license?

This fact sheet briefly explains the law at play in a common encounter with law enforcement.

Fact Sheet: Benefits of the Pennsylvania Dream Act

This article details how implementing in-state tuition equity and financial aid for undocumented students via the Pennsylvania DREAM Act will benefit the students and the state.

Design Thinking

Design thinking can offer a new way of thinking about, acting on, and implementing our resources and services with a more thoughtful and creative approach that is focused on the design of the best possible library user experience. @ your library My first encounter with the application of design thinking in a library setting was the Maya Design firm's renovation and remodeling of the main branch of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. [...] librarians can...

ACRL’s Hall of Fame: An Analysis of the Academic/Research Librarian of the Year Award

The Association of College & Research Libraries’ (ACRL) Academic/Research Librarian of the Year awardees constitute a “hall of fame” for ACRL. This article reports research analyzing 30 years of awardees between 1978 and 2007. Studying the demographics and accomplishments of the awardees contributes to knowledge of how academic librarianship has evolved as a profession and how its values have shifted. As the profession begins to explore and better comprehend the outcomes of its award processes,...

Staying True to the Core: Designing the Future Academic Library Experience

In 2014, the practice of user experience design in academic libraries continues to evolve. It is typically applied in the context of interactions with digital interfaces. Some academic librarians are applying user experience approaches more broadly to design both environments and services with human-centered strategies. As the competition for the time and attention of students and faculty increases, along with expanding options for acquiring scholarly content that more frequently circumvent traditional libraries, academic librarians will...

Digital scholarship as a learning center in the library: Building relationships and educational initiatives

Hensley and Bell discuss digital scholarship as a learning center in the library. The technology in digital scholarship centers such as Arduino kits, laser cutters, virtual reality headsets, high-end scanners, visualization and video walls, and specialized software, provide an opportunity to build on the expertise of librarians, who are knowledgeable and passionate about sharing technology's connection to research but also willing to learn along with faculty and students as they explore possibilities presented by new...

Rumor and Gossip: The Social Psychology of Hearsay

Presents findings from a sociological and psychological study of rumor, gossip, and hearsay, showing that the distribution patterns of these communication forms closely parallel characteristics and rules of economic exchange, and that the consumption of rumor and gossip corresponds to the consumption of goods and services. Recommendations and guidelines for rumor control centers based on World War II clinics are presented.

Imidazolyl-phenyl (IMP) anions: a modular structure for tuning solubility and coordinating ability

The effect of counteranion upon a cation’s solution-phase reactivity depends on a subtle interplay of weak interactions. Although these effects are widely appreciated in synthesis and catalysis, probing and controlling anion-cation interactions remains a significant challenge. Here we report the synthesis, characterization and reactivity of the IMP anions, a family of anions with a coordinating ability that can be tuned for a given application. The anions are robust, compatible with both strongly basic and acidic...

The roles of Lewis acidic additives in organotransition metal catalysis

We describe recent examples of prominent reactions in organic synthesis that involve transition metal and Lewis acid cocatalysts. Introducing Lewis acid additives to transition metal catalysis can enable new reactivity or improve activity and selectivity of an existing process. Several studies are highlighted to illustrate the possible roles of Lewis acids in catalytic mechanisms. The uses of Lewis acid additives in bond-breaking catalysis (C–C activation, C–H activation, and hydrogenolysis reactions) and bond-forming catalysis (Au-catalysed alkyne...

Librarians Do It Differently: Comparative Usability Testing of Students and Library Staff

A paper presented at the Library Assessment Conference, which took place October 24-27, 2019, in Baltimore, MD.

Using mixed methods evaluation data to improve an anesthesiology resident research curriculum

Poster presented at Medical Library Association conference, Chicago, IL.

Integrating an Information Literacy Quiz into the Learning Management System

The Claremont Colleges Library Instruction Services Department developed a Quiz that could be integrated into the consortial learning management software to accompany a local online, open-source IL tutorial. The Quiz is integrated into individual course pages, allowing students to receive a grade for completion and improving buy-in at the faculty and student level. Piloted in nine first-year classes in Fall 2012 then revised and launched in Spring 2013, the Quiz has given the Library valuable...

Librarians Flip Out: Leveraging librarian's skills to teach self-directed learning competencies

Poster presented at Innovations in Medical Education conference, Los Angeles, CA.

Preoperative Medical Weight Management in Bariatric Surgery: a Review and Reconsideration

Bariatric surgery is the most robust treatment for extreme obesity. The impact of preoperative medical weight management sessions designed, in theory, with the primary goal of promoting preoperative weight loss, is unclear. This paper reviews studies that have investigated the relationship between preoperative weight loss and bariatric surgical outcomes, both with respect to postoperative weight loss and complications. We conclude that the most robust of preoperative interventions has not been implemented or evaluated in a...

Essential or Expendable Supports? Assessing the Relationship between School Climate and Student Outcomes

Sociologists of education argue that school organizational practices and climates influence students’ academic outcomes. The predominant measure of school climates are aggregated student and teacher survey reports, which are diffusing into official educational statistics. Unfortunately, most studies are unable to rigorously assess the causal effects of these measures of school organization. This study does so by examining the effects of school climate experienced in grades 4–8 by different cohorts of students in Chicago Public Schools...

Who was “Central” in the History of Chinese Buddhism?: A Social Network Approach

Hidden in the Buddhist biographical literature on eminent monks is a large amount of information about who knew whom. It is especially rich for the time between 300 and 1000 CE, when the four major collections of “Biographies of Eminent Monks” (gaoseng zhuan) allow us to date and locate the relationships of individuals to a degree unimaginable for the religious history of Europe or India in that period. Using open data from the Gaoseng Zhuan...

Geographic Imputation of Missing Activity Space Data from Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) GPS Positions

This research presents a pilot study to develop and compare methods of geographic imputation for estimating the location of missing activity space data collected using geographic ecological momentary assessment (GEMA). As a demonstration, we use data from a previously published analysis of the effect of neighborhood disadvantage, captured at the U.S. Census Bureau tract level, on momentary psychological stress among a sample of 137 urban adolescents. We investigate the impact of listwise deletion on model...

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