6,252 Works

How the Psychosocial Effects of Serious Injuries are Related to the Academic Lives of Student-Athletes

Competing within the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) involves an inherent risk of injury. For the student-athletes who experience serious injuries, the subsequent difficulties can be hard to navigate. While most research focuses on the athletic identity of recovering student-athletes, little is known about how they are affected within the classroom. This study utilizes qualitative methodology and Wiese-Bjornstal et al.’s integrated model of response to sport injury (1998) to explore this gap in the literature,...

ROLE OF INTERLEUKIN-17 IN ENDOTHELIAL CELL ACTIVATION AND VASCULAR FUNCTION

Endothelial cell (EC) activation is a change of the endothelium from a quiescent state to one that is involved in immune reactions. Activation of ECs is associated with the inception of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that involves adaptive and innate immunity. There are many pro-inflammatory stimuli which activate the endothelium. The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) has been shown to activate lung microvascular ECs. Enhanced expression of the IL-17 receptor by synovial ECs...

FINANCIAL LITERACY AND THE FINANCIAL DECISION MAKING OF INDIVIDUALS IN UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES

Better access to financial literacy programs in underserved communities has the potential to improve financial decision making and to help individuals and families escape poverty. This multimethod dissertation explores some of the challenges of developing financial literacy programs for underserved individuals and provides insights into the cultural and institutional factors that discourage financial literacy and sound financial decision making. This research re-examines the construct of financial literacy, reviews relevant past research, and presents a conceptual...

THE IMPACT OF RE-ACCREDITATION PROCESSES AND INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT UPON A COMMUNITY COLLEGE'S EFFORTS TO MEET MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR ASSESSING GENERAL EDUCATION

As one result of the accountability movement in American postsecondary education, accrediting agencies have increased their emphasis on student learning outcomes assessment. Among other consequences, this change has impacted the manner in which institutions of higher education (IHEs) plan, implement, assess, and revise the general education portion of their curricula. Yet, although accreditation has promoted the practice of general education assessment, studies suggest that it has not necessarily helped IHEs to use assessment effectively for...

Using Quantum Mechanics to Investigate the Photophysical Properties of the DNA and RNA Bases and their Fluorescent Analogs

The ability of the nucleic acids to absorb ultraviolet light and remain relatively photostable is a property upon which life depends. The nucleobases, which are the primary chromophores, when irradiated display rapid radiationless decay back to the ground state, in general faster than is needed for photoreaction. Fluorescent analogs of these bases have structures similar to the nucleic acid bases, but display much longer excited state lifetimes. Theoretical investigations using quantum mechanical methods can provide...

Learner Attitudes Toward Studying English in a Rural Japanese University: Motivation, WTC, and Preferences for Instructional Activities

This study is a multi-faceted analysis of the English learning motivation of one particular population: first-year non-English-major Japanese university students in a rural area of Japan. In addition to traditional motivation measures, measures of group dynamics thought to be relevant to classroom motivation and L2 Willingness to Communicate (WTC),which has recently caught interest both as an influence on and valued outcome of second language (L2) learning, were also included. The participants' English proficiency was measured...

RESTRUCTURING BIRTH: NEOLIBERAL SHIFTS IN MATERNITY CARE, THE ROLE OF NGOS, AND THE IMPACT ON MIDWIVES AND BIRTHPARENTS IN THE PHILADELPHIA COMMUNITY

Over the past twelve years, Philadelphia has undergone an unparalleled large scale shift in the way maternity care is provided, accessed, and considered. Key aspects of the changes to the landscape of birth in Philadelphia include: the closure of the majority of hospital-based maternity units, the activities of local women's health non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the new set of pregnancy care and birth choices that parents navigate. One of the most striking results of the...

Paleoindian Chronology, Technology, and Lithic Resource Procurement at Nesquehoning Creek

Nesquehoning Creek (36CR142) is a stratified, multicomponent site situated on a late Wisconsin age terrace in Lehigh Gorge State Park, Carbon County, Pennsylvania. Cultural occupations represented at Nesquehoning Creek include Colonial (late 17th-early 18th century); Late, Middle, and Early Woodland; Transitional, Late, Middle and Early Archaic; and Paleoindian. The Paleoindian component is deeply buried, contextually secure, and produced a Crowfield fluted point with associated radiocarbon dates of 12,422 ± 164, 12,255 ± 177, and 11,398...

The Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli and the Formation of Spanish Identity in Sixteenth Century Rome

Over the past decade scholars have begun to examine in greater depth the pivotal role that foreigners played in the development of the Early Modern European city. In Rome foreign communities had a major part in shaping the urban landscape, more permanently with national churches, hospitals, chapels, neighborhoods, and temporarily through public processions and festivals. This dissertation examines the Spanish National Church, San Giacomo and San Ildefonso degli Spagnoli, founded in 1450 to provide a...

PROTOTYPE OF AN INTELLIGENT TUTORING SYSTEM USING THE JAVA EXPERT SYSTEM SHELL

In a technology driven world, efforts are being made to make education/learning available to individuals at any time with no compromise in the quality of teaching/training. To make learning flexible, different techniques such as distributing learning material, uploading audio lectures on the web, and creating intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) are being used. The technique considered here is an adaptive ITS, a system that replicates the learning that occurs in a student teacher relationship. This thesis...

Smart Surgical Needle Actuated by Shape Memory Alloys for Percutaneous Procedures

Background: Majority of cancer interventions today are performed percutaneously using needle-based procedures, i.e. through the skin and soft tissue. Needle insertion is known as one of the recent needle-based techniques that is used in several diagnostic and therapeutic medical procedures such as brachytherapy, thermal ablations and breast biopsy. The difficulty in most of these procedures is to attain a precise navigation through tissue reaching target locations. Insufficient accuracy using conventional surgical needles motivated researchers to...

Performance Evaluation for Full 3D Projector Calibration Methods in Spatial Augmented Reality

Spatial Augment Reality (SAR) has presented itself to be an interesting tool for not only interesting ways to visualize information but to develop creative works in performance arts. The main challenge is to determine accurate geometry of a projection space and determine an efficient and effective way to project digital media and information to create an augmented space. In our previous implementation of SAR, we developed a projector-camera calibration approach using infrared markers. However, the...

TREATMENT OF CHILDHOOD APRAXIA OF SPEECH: A SINGLE-CASE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN STUDY OF INTENSITY OF TREATMENT

Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) is a pediatric motor-speech disorder which has been controversial due to its difficulty to diagnose and little progress in treatment. The purpose of the present study was to examine a principle of motor learning (PML) within the context of an evidence-based treatment for this disorder, as a way to improve outcomes for children with CAS. In particular, this study examines the role of intensity, specifically, massed versus distributed practice, when...

INTRACELLULAR UNBOUND CONCENTRATIONS OF ATORVASTATIN AND BOSENTAN: PREDICTION USING MODELING AND SIMULATION, AND EFFECT OF METABOLISM AND TRANSPORT

Accurate prediction of target activity of a drug and rational design of dosing regimen requires knowledge of concentration-time course of the drug at the target. In vitro in vivo correlation (IVIVC) successfully predicts activity and pharmacokinetics of some drugs but is unsuccessful with many others due to poor permeability, transporter activity and use of plasma drug concentrations for determination of PK parameters. According to the free drug hypothesis, at steady state, the unbound drug concentration...

Media Framing as Brand Positioning: Analysis of Coverage Linking Phish to the Grateful Dead

This dissertation uses mass communication research about framing and positioning to explore media framing as brand positioning and analyze coverage that links the band Phish to the Grateful Dead. Based on content analysis, textual analysis, and interviews, this dissertation explores the framing of Phish--formed in Vermont in 1983 and often compared or connected to the Grateful Dead, a band formed in California in 1965-- in a popular mainstream music magazine and beyond, placing particular interest...

N-METHYL-D-ASPARTIC ACID RECEPTOR SUBUNIT NR2A REPEAT

During a concussion, mechanical forces cause neuron cell strain that initiates dysfunction through the indiscriminate movement of ions through protein channels. Extracellular glutamate binds with cell membrane proteins (e.g. NR2A), which exacerbates the Ca2+ ion influx and prolongs neuron dysfunction. Genetic variation may be a factor in regulating glutamate binding and therefore cell recovery time. The NR2A subunit of NMDA contains a variable (GT)n nucleotide tandem repeat (VNTR) within GRIN2A promoter region. This VNTR has...

Utilizing novel dose equivalence methodologies to examine cocaine's effects on the vasculature

ABSTRACT: UTILIZING NOVEL DOSE EQUIVALENCE METHODOLOGIES TO EXAMINE COCAINE'S EFFECTS ON THE VASCULATURE Neil S. Lamarre Doctor of Philosophy Temple University School of Medicine, 2013 Doctoral Advisory Committee Chair: Ronald J. Tallarida, Ph.D. Cocaine abuse and addiction is a serious health problem, resulting in thousands of emergency room visits and deaths each year in the United States. It is particularly toxic to the cardiovascular system, including deleterious effects on the peripheral vasculature. These effects are...

Hyperhomocysteinemia and Inflammatory Profile in the Central Nervous System

Homocysteine, an intermediate metabolite biosynthesized from the methionine cycle, is a homologue of cysteine. Homocysteine differs from cysteine by an additional methylene group, which makes it more reactive. Elevated homocysteine level is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular disease, brain atrophy, neurodegenerative diseases and cognitive dysfunctions. Recent studies suggest a bi-directional relationship between homocysteine levels and immune-inflammatory activation. Our studies sought to determine if hyperhomocysteinemia affects cell infiltrates in the Central Nervous System...

Design, synthesis and evaluation of 5-HT7 antagonists for the treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

The 5-HT7¬ receptor is the most recently discovered 5-HT receptor subtype. 5-HT7 is a GPCR that exhibits a regulatory role in many biological functions in both the central nervous system (CNS) and the periphery. Recent literature has demonstrated a connection between the 5-HT7 receptor and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) progression. IBD is a devastating disease that affects 1.4 million Americans. Patients suffer from life altering symptoms as a result of severe, chronic inflammation of the...

DIGITAL PAN-AFRICANSIM FOR LIBERATION: AN AFROCENTRIC ANALYSIS OF CONTEMPORARY TRAVEL DISCOURSES BY AFRICAN AMERICANS VISITING MODERN EGYPT

Utilizing Afrocentric thought, this dissertation examines digital Pan-Africanism as a new theory that demonstrates the liberatory potential of digital technology including internet-based writing and businesses. Focusing on the burgeoning Black travel industry, it specifically considers contemporary travel narratives written by African Americans visiting Egypt and includes a thematic analysis of travel blog posts. It highlights the role technology plays in making international travel more accessible to African Americans and the potential that diasporic travel has...

FUNCTION AND GOODNESS IN THE WORK OF PHILIPPA FOOT

Philippa Foot’s account of natural normativity relies on functions. For Foot, having a function is what distinguishes those traits that can serve as the basis for the evaluation of an organism from those traits that cannot. For example, Foot asserts that a blue-headed tit that lacks the blue spot on its head is merely unusual but a peacock that lacks a brightly colored tail is defective because while the blue spot does not have a...

DIGITAL MEDIA AND THE KOREAN DIASPORA: A JOURNEY OF IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION

This dissertation explores how developed digital media technology influences individuals’ daily lives and their everyday practices. Furthermore, it examines how digital media usage has impacted diasporic members’ identity construction process. With the example of the Korean diaspora in the United States as a case study, this dissertation focuses on the impact of digital media, first, in regard to the ways in which diasporic members communicate with others and respond to the national and social issues...

Poverty, Disease, and Port Cities: Global Exchanges in Hospital Architecture during the Age of Exploration

This dissertation examines the cross-cultural circulation of the cruciform design for hospitals as the early modern architectural response to charitable and urban crises, considering the emergence of the plan in Italy and its rapid dissemination during the Age of Exploration (1400-1700). Despite recent media attention on makeshift hospitals, refugee camps, and reconstruction efforts worldwide following natural disasters, wars, and pandemics, the urgency of devising architectural and urban responses to human crises associated with poverty, disease,...

SICKLE CELL CARRIER SCREENING FOR ADOLESCENTS IN SAUDI ARABIA: A MIXED-METHODS APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING SOCIETAL ACCEPTANCE

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most common genetic diseases in Saudi Arabia, possibly due to the high rates of intrafamily marriages. This blood disease is recessive; a child can develop SCD only if the two parents carry the abnormal gene. However, carriers are typically asymptomatic, so most do not know their carrier status, which poses potentially serious health implications for future children. A possible preventive measure is early carrier screening for adolescents...

DESIGNING MEETINGS TO DEVELOP A PLAN OF ACTION TO SUPPORT BLACK MALES ENABLED CONSTRUCTIVE CONVERSATIONS REGARDING ISSUES OF RACE

There are major student discipline disparities in schools because Black males are referred to the office and suspended at an alarming rate. They are referred for a multitude of reasons, related to teacher misconceptions, their educational environment, and domestic issues. For this reason, I worked to design a series of meetings that enabled a team to develop a plan of action to reduce students’ undesired behaviors and their underlying causes. An inquiry and action process...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    1,669
  • 2020
    4,583

Resource Types

  • Collection
    4,413
  • Text
    1,826
  • Dataset
    7
  • Image
    6

Affiliations

  • Temple University
    2