5,034 Works

ϒ production in U + U collisions at sNN =193 GeV measured with the STAR experiment

© 2016 American Physical Society. We present a measurement of the inclusive production of ϒ mesons in U+U collisions at sNN=193 GeV at midrapidity (|y|<1). Previous studies in central Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV show a suppression of ϒ(1S+2S+3S) production relative to expectations from the ϒ yield in p+p collisions scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions (Ncoll), with an indication that the ϒ(1S) state is also suppressed. The present measurement extends the number...

e-GRASP: An integrated evolutionary and GRASP resource for exploring disease associations

© 2016 The Author(s). Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have become a mainstay of biological research concerned with discovering genetic variation linked to phenotypic traits and diseases. Both discrete and continuous traits can be analyzed in GWAS to discover associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and traits of interest. Associations are typically determined by estimating the significance of the statistical relationship between genetic loci and the given trait. However, the prioritization of bona fide, reproducible...

Limits on Active to Sterile Neutrino Oscillations from Disappearance Searches in the MINOS, Daya Bay, and Bugey-3 Experiments

© 2016 American Physical Society. Searches for a light sterile neutrino have been performed independently by the MINOS and the Daya Bay experiments using the muon (anti)neutrino and electron antineutrino disappearance channels, respectively. In this Letter, results from both experiments are combined with those from the Bugey-3 reactor neutrino experiment to constrain oscillations into light sterile neutrinos. The three experiments are sensitive to complementary regions of parameter space, enabling the combined analysis to probe regions...

Parton fragmentation functions

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. The field of fragmentation functions of light quarks and gluons is reviewed. In addition to integrated fragmentation functions, attention is paid to the dependence of fragmentation functions on transverse momenta and on polarization degrees of freedom. Higher-twist and di-hadron fragmentation functions are considered as well. Moreover, the review covers both theoretical and experimental developments in hadron production in electron–positron annihilation, deep-inelastic lepton–nucleon scattering, and proton–proton collisions.

Exploiting social influence to magnify population-level behaviour change in maternal and child health: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial of network targeting algorithms in rural Honduras

© 2017 Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. Introduction: Despite global progress on many measures of child health, rates of neonatal mortality remain high in the developing world. Evidence suggests that substantial improvements can be achieved with simple, low-cost interventions within family and community settings, particularly those designed to change knowledge and behaviour at the community level. Using social network analysis to identify structurally influential community members and then targeting them for intervention shows...

Impaired perception of surface tilt in progressive supranuclear palsy

© 2017 Dale et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Introduction Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is characterized by early postural instability and backward falls. The mechanisms underlying backward postural instability in PSP are not understood. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that...

WearSense: Detecting Autism Stereotypic Behaviors through Smartwatches

Autism is a complex developmental disorder that affects approximately 1 in 68 children (according to the recent survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-CDC) in the U.S., and has become the fastest growing category of special education. Each student with autism comes with her or his own unique needs and an array of behaviors and habits that can be severe and which interfere with everyday tasks. Autism is associated with intellectual disability,...

Renormalization functions for Nf=2 and Nf=4 twisted mass fermions

© 2017 American Physical Society. We present results on the renormalization functions of the quark field and fermion bilinears with up to one covariant derivative. For the fermion part of the action, we employ the twisted mass formulation with Nf=2 and Nf=4 degenerate dynamical quarks, while in the gluon sector, we use the Iwasaki-improved action. The simulations for Nf=4 have been performed for pion masses in the range of 390-760 MeV and at three values...

MBE Emerging Classics 2021

TRANSCENDENTAL IDEALISM AS A FRAMEWORK FOR AGENT-CAUSAL LIBERTARIANISM

ABSTRACT In this dissertation, I occupy two realms of philosophy that have not been commonly associated. On the one hand, I enter into debates about the proper interpretation of Kant, specifically having to do with the very fractured debate on the nature and applications of transcendental idealism. I adjudicate on the matters of the relationship between appearances and things in themselves, i.e. whether it is epistemological or ontological, the way in which TI resolves the...

Relational Effects of Data Networks: How Strategically Aligned Data Networks Impact Digital Transformation

Digital Transformation (DX) has become a pervasive global phenomenon that is having a profound effect at all levels of an enterprise. The umbrella term DX is supported by nascent technologies such as blockchain, Internet of Things (IoT), and cloud-based computing and networking. The speed by which these new DX technologies have emerged has challenged current technical infrastructures, budgets, and skillsets as organizations attempt to incorporate and implement these technologies as part of pervasive digital operational...

The Role of HIV Proteins in Mediating Neuronal Mechanisms Implicated in Age-Related Cognitive Dysfunction

While the proportion of aged individuals is increasing across populations, therapeutic advances have resulted in a particular increase amongst aged persons living with HIV, who maintain an elevated risk for developing HIV-Associated Neurological Deficits (HANDs). To determine the neurobiological mechanisms of HAND, the current experiments assessed if mechanistic insights from Alzheimer’s Disease, such as oxidative stress and protein quality control (i.e. stress granules, BAG chaperones), may similarly contribute to neuronal dysfunction in response to HIV...

RE-ESTABLISHING MASCULINITIES IN EARLY TO MID-20TH CENTURY AMERICAN FICTION

How has the concept of masculinity been revised and adapted by different writers over the course of the early to mid-20th century? How and why did the authors respond to the question of masculinity differently? To answer these questions, this dissertation navigates the contested nature of masculinity in works spanning the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. I juxtapose two to three writers and their selected works in each chapter divided by the authors’ race...

The Use of Activity Schedules Among those with Autism within the School Setting: A Literature Review

Parents of children diagnosed with autism often report that their children lack the independent skills that typically developing children have that can help them succeed on their own throughout life, especially into adulthood. To increase task and daily independence and to decrease dependence on adults, and other people, there are a wide variety of interventions that can be implemented. This systematic literature review evaluated studies that had incorporated activity schedules; these activity schedules were implemented...

NONPROFIT BOARD GOVERNANCE: BARRIERS TO MILLENNIAL AND RACIAL MINORITY DIVERSITY IN BOARD SERVICE

Nonprofits need dedicated people to meet the mission of the organization and to address the social and societal conditions they were established to address. How are nonprofit organizations cultivating the next generation of leaders? With five generations of workers in the workplace, the field for new, nonprofit, board-level volunteers is large. However, research shows that young professionals and marginalized racial minorities are underrepresented or not represented in this area. Why is this our current reality...

Therapeutic alliance and treatment outcome in cognitive-behavioral and supportive psychotherapy for intermittent explosive disorder

Therapeutic alliance is widely considered one of the factors most associated with treatment success in psychotherapy across a variety of outcomes. However, these effects may differ based on treatment approach or who is rating alliance (client, therapist, or third-party observer). Notably, research on this relationship among individuals with primary aggression problems is limited, with no study to date investigating therapeutic alliance in psychotherapy among individuals with intermittent explosive disorder (IED), the only psychiatric disorder for...

Group identity versus Relational Identity: The influence of Identity Primes on Socio-political Attitudes

While numerous studies have examined the role of group identity, particularly partisan identity, in influencing individuals’ socio-political attitudes and policy preferences, the impact of relational identity — individuals’ self-concept rooted in interpersonal relationships, roles, and responsibilities — is rarely examined. This dissertation outlines the different effects of group identity and relational identity on message processing and attitude change in socio-political contexts. This dissertation first draws on the social identity approach and motivated reasoning to understand...

REACHING TOWARDS RESILIENCE: SCHOOL MOTIVATION MODERATES THE RELATION BETWEEN PROBLEMATIC PARENTING AND ADOLESCENT EXTERNALIZING BEHAVIORS

Fundamental adaptive systems such as achievement motivation have been identified as key mechanisms for affecting youth outcomes. These systems can be encouraged and supported in specific contexts, such as the school setting. This study explored whether school achievement motivation during mid-adolescence could protect against developing externalizing behaviors related to lax, psychologically controlling, or rejecting parenting experienced prior, in pre-adolescence. Motivation was defined and assessed according to adolescent behaviors displayed in the classroom. Data from the...

Examining the Effects of a High Fat, High Sugar Diet in Adolescence on Memory and Executive Functioning in Young Adulthood

Accumulating evidence from animal studies suggests that diets high in fats and sugar lead to poorer cognitive functioning. Importantly, animals exposed to a high fat, high sugar (HFHS) diet during adolescence show more pronounced deficits in cognitive performance than animals given this diet during adulthood, suggesting an age-specific vulnerability for diet-induced cognitive impairments. Given that the three primary sources of daily caloric intake for children and adolescents in the United States are dessert, pizza, and...

Social Anxiety and Contraceptive Use in a Non-Clinical Female Sample

Identifying psychological and behavioral factors that contribute to low or inconsistent contraceptive use is one important means by which to develop targeted interventions to promote this health behavior. The current study investigated social anxiety as a potential barrier to contraception-related communication and use among a sample of 499 undergraduate women (Mage = 20.81, SD = 3.63). Social anxiety was associated with increased likelihood of having never spoken to anyone about birth control, decreased likelihood of...

MITIGATION OF TEMPERATURE POLARIZATION AND MINERAL SCALING IN MEMBRANE DISTILLATION: THE IMPACT OF INDUCTION HEATED ELEMENTS

In the last decade, there is a growing interest in membrane distillation (MD) technology, a thermally driven membrane separation process, to treat high salinity water or contaminated wastewater. However, MD commercialization is still limited by technical challenges such as temperature polarization (TP), heat losses, scaling, and high energy consumption, as the feed solution requires continuous heating to provide an efficient driving force. The present work aims to develop and optimize a novel, efficient, and robust...

Deep-sea coral biogeography and community structure in tropical seamount environments

As the largest and most poorly environment on Earth, the deep-sea is facing global threats from climate change and anthropogenic disturbance further compounded by the lack of critical baseline data on seafloor species composition and community structure. Many data-deficient regions include those in geographically-isolated offshore environments, like low-latitude seamounts, where sampling and surveys have been limited, resulting in critical knowledge gaps that do not allow for effective conservation measures to be realized. This work seeks...

SEX-SPECIFIC FORAGING PATTERNS IN THE RARE EASTERN REGAL FRITILLARY BUTTERFLY, SPEYERIA IDALIA IDALIA

In studies of plant-pollinator interactions, much attention has been paid to interspecific variation in foraging behaviors among pollinators and their consequences for plant reproduction and the stability of plant-pollinator communities. In contrast, there has been little consideration of intraspecific variation and its consequences. Specifically, male and female pollinators may forage differently due to differences in phenology, nutritional requirements, and behavior. Here, we compare male and female foraging patterns of the rare declining eastern regal fritillary...

Examining the Effect of First-Generation Status on Use of Career Services

Previous studies have found that overall first-generation college students have lower levels of student engagement than non-first-generation college students in higher education (Pascarella, Pierson, Wolniak, & Terenzini, 2004; Pike & Kuh, 2005). However, more recent research has brought into question the extent of these differences in engagement (Dong, 2019). Additionally, while a growing body of literature has focused on the engagement of first-generation college students, fewer studies have addressed this population’s participation with support services...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    451
  • 2020
    4,583

Resource Types

  • Collection
    4,245
  • Text
    779
  • Dataset
    5
  • Image
    5

Affiliations

  • Temple University
    2