4,583 Works

American Monsters: Tabloid Media and the Satanic Panic, 1970-2000

American Monsters: Tabloid Media and the Satanic Panic, 1970-2000," analyzes an episode of national hysteria that dominated the media throughout most of the 1980s. Its origins, however, go back much farther and its consequences for the media would extend into subsequent decades. Rooted in the decade's increasingly influential conservative political ideology, the satanic panic involved hundreds of accusations that devil-worshipping pedophiles were operating America's white middle-class suburban daycare centers. Communities around the country became embroiled...

METHODOLOGY AND NATURAL PRODUCT SYNTEHSIS: (A) NOVEL GLYCOSYL DONORS; (B) N-SULFINYL METALLODIENAMINES AND THEIR APPLICATION TO THE TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF (–)-ALBOCYCLINE

My research involved in two different areas, development of novel glycosylation methodology and scope in oligosaccharide synthesis. A new scaffold for antibiotic development targeting the bacterial cell wall: Total synthesis of Albocycline and its analogs to see the mechanism of action in cell wall biosynthesis. Developed novel gem-dimethyl analogs of Fraser-Reid’s NPGs from 3,3-dimethyl 4-pentenol and 2,2-dimethyl 4-pentenol. These donors are stable toward acidic and basic conditions, which makes them step-efficient when compared to other...

Emotions and Cognitions in Consumer Health Behaviors: A Model of Hope and Control Applied to Chronic Illnesses

This dissertation examines the effects of hope and perceptions of control on compliance and satisfaction with medical regimens recommended to patients living with a chronic illness. The present research advances a model that attempts to predict compliance health behaviors and satisfaction with health treatments by incorporating perceptions of control conceptualized using locus of control and self-efficacy, and hope as identified by appraisal theories of emotions and measured using the Herth Hope Index. The proposed model...

Examining Mental Imagery and Post-event Processing among Socially Anxious Individuals

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by an intense fear of negative evaluation from others in social and/or performance situations. Research has demonstrated that socially anxious individuals' post-event processing, or post-mortem review of social situations, often affects their levels of anxiety, negative emotions, interpretations, and memories of events (Brozovich & Heimberg, 2008). Furthermore, research has shown that processing negative descriptions using imagery is more emotion-evoking than semantic processing of the same material (Holmes & Mathews,...

An Inquiry Into Relationships Between Spirituality and Language Pedagogy

Some psychologists (e.g., Bergin, 1997) have contended that if individuals neglect the world of the spirit, they ignore a foundational aspect of themselves. This must especially be true for language educators, who come from all corners of the globe and thus bring into their classrooms many spiritual views. I define spirituality, following Palmer (2003) as “the eternal human yearning to be connected with something larger than our own egos” (p. 377). Spirituality need not, then,...

Activating the Power Within: Sponsorship Among Black Women Professionals

This study examined how Black women professionals activate their power by sponsoring other Black women to remediate the chronic problem of the underrepresentation of Black women in positions of organizational leadership. This qualitative, multi-case, exploratory study animated the quantitative data about Black women professionals by giving them a voice and an opportunity to share their lived experiences as they related to the findings about studies on the leadership development of Black women. The firsthand insights...

Effect of Morphine on Immune Responses and Infection

Opioids have been shown to modulate immune function in a variety of assays and animal models. In a more limited number of studies, opioids have been shown to sensitize to infection. Heroin, the prototypical opioid drug of abuse, is rapidly metabolized to morphine in the body. Morphine has been used as an analgesic for hundreds of years, and continues to be a drug of choice for treating pain in ICU and trauma patients. The continued...

The Conceptions of Literacy of New Graduate Instructors Teaching Composition

This study explores the variety of understandings of literacy, or conceptions of literacy, that exist among graduate instructors in the fields of English literature, rhetoric and composition, and creative writing in their first semester of teaching and what the implications are for having these conceptions, particularly with regard to their teaching. I collected two kinds of data from seven participants who were enrolled in a fall 2010 composition practicum at a large, public university in...

PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS OF THE STATE COURTS: HOW PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS AND JUDICIAL SELECTION METHOD AFFECT CITIZENS' TRUST IN THE COURTS

This dissertation examines two main questions. First, what are the sources of public trust in the state courts? Second, how do judicial elections condition citizens' perceptions of the courts? To examine these questions I consider theories of trust in the government. I argue that institutional performance affects citizens' trust in the state courts. I control for the effects of culture and trust in other institutions of government to isolate the effects of institutional performance. I...

Capabilities, Strategic Intent and Firm Performance: An Empirical Investigation

This dissertation consists of three papers that are linked through the topic of organizational capabilities. The first paper, entitled "Organizational Core Capabilities, Strategic Intent and Performance: A Study of the Pharmaceutical Industry," looks at the association between capabilities, strategic intent and performance. Employing capabilities theory and the strategic intent literature, I model (i) the association of firm-level capabilities and rigidities on performance, (ii) the association of strategic intent and performance and (iii) the interaction effects...

Founding Force, Forgotten Focus: A Case Study of Gender Influence Within the Preservation of Historic House Museums, with Emphasis on the Jacobsburg Historical Society's Boulton Historic Site in Pennsylvania

Historic house museums are the focus of an ideological tension between preservation and interpretation within the public history community. At a time where many house museums are failing, preservationists advocate for solutions to the house museum dilemma focused on saving the building. Historians and other museum professionals point to the importance of the value of the collections, memories, and documents preserved within the house as critical tools for understanding and teaching American history. Of specific...

LONGITUDINAL PREDICTORS OF SUBJECTIVE WELLBEING AND ADAPTIVE FUNCTIONING IN EARLY ADULTHOOD: INTERNALIZING AND EXTERNALIZING BEHAVIORS, EMOTION REGULATION, PARENTING, AND SUBSTANCE USE

In psychological research, positive developmental outcomes in young adulthood are often conceptualized as the absence of psychological symptoms. However, positive outcome may be better understood as high levels of subjective wellbeing and adaptive interpersonal, occupational, and educational functioning. Nevertheless, a comprehensive model that takes into account multiple facets of youth behavior and transactional relations between youth and their environments as predictors of adjustment in young adulthood is lacking. Prior evidence implicates internalizing and externalizing behaviors...

Gregory of Nazianzus's Use of Creation in the Trinitarian Controversy: Theological Hermeneutics as Polemic

In this dissertation I argue that Gregory of Nazianzus implements an allegorical interpretation of biblical creation texts in order to uphold the divinity of the persons of the Trinity against his later fourth-century Trinitarian opponents. Gregory’s polemic is motivated by his own theology and is anchored both in Scripture and in the Alexandrian tradition which he received. My approach of discussing Gregory’s thoughts on creation and the Trinity within his own context is new to...

Co-occurrence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder with Generalized and Separation Anxiety Disorders Among Inner-city Children

There is a paucity of research that has examined co-occurring oppositional defiant disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (ODD+GAD) symptoms and oppositional defiant disorder and separation anxiety disorder (ODD+SAD) symptoms among children. To address this gap, I investigated multiple explanations for the co-occurrence of ODD+GAD and ODD+SAD. Specifically, I investigated whether (a) GAD symptoms prospectively predicted ODD symptoms and SAD symptoms prospectively predicted ODD symptoms (Explanation 1), (b) ODD symptoms prospectively predicted GAD symptoms and ODD...

Zine Narratives: Subjectivities and Stories of Five Influential Zine Creators

The goal of this research is to examine how zines--self-published alternative magazines that are part of Do It Yourself (DIY) independent media scenes-- are used to assert subjectivities. This research examines the entire bodies of work of five zinesters. It situates the work in New Literacy Studies, narrative research, and other zine scholarship. By exploring zinesters' works as they use it to perform literacy over time, this research redefines zines. It moves zines away from...

The Question of Ijtihad

The question of whether the door of ijtihad is open, closed, or ever did close, has been around for centuries. The answer to this question is crucial for our times. The research will present a chronological overview of the historical development of the concept of ijtihad, how it developed, became limited in certain circles, and if it ever ceased to be practiced. It can be concluded from the research that the doors of ijtihad were...

Becoming Nothing to Become Something: Methods of Performer Training in Hijikata Tatsumi's Buto Dance

ABSTRACT This study investigates performer training in ankoku buto dance, focusing specifically on the methods of Japanese avant-garde artist Hijikata Tatsumi, who is considered the co-founder and intellectual force behind this form. The goal of this study is to articulate the buto dancers preparation and practice under his direction. Clarifying Hijikata's embodied philosophy offers valuable scholarship to the ongoing buto studies dialogue, and further, will be useful in applying buto methods to other modes of...

The impacts of intrusive advising on the persistence of first-year science, technology, and mathematics students identified using a risk prediction instrument.

Set in a large, urban, public university, this study explores the use of an institutionally specific risk instrument developed to identify students who had a high risk of attrition and the effectiveness of subsequent interventions deployed through advising. Though implemented throughout the institution, this study identified control and treatment groups in the University's College of Science and Technology in order to examine the impact of the risk instrument and advising interventions on first-year retention. The...

GENDERED PASSAGEWAYS IN FREEDOM SCHOOL: AN ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS' JOURNEYS TO WOMANHOOD

African American rites of passage (ROP) have historically contributed to adolescent gender socialization enabling Black youth to overcome the effects of racism and oppression. ROP in the schools provide lessons in Black history, traditions, and culture as they guide youth through the turbulent terrain of adolescence via the communal "coming of age" process. This study examined adolescent girls' experiences in weekly ROP classes at Ella Baker Freedom Academy (EBFA) Charter School over the course of...

Theme & Variations: a content analysis of syllabi in introduction to urban education courses

This qualitative study examines the teaching of urban education in introductory and foundational college courses. The research positions course syllabi as ubiquitous public documents that socialize students into discourse communities, and is framed within theories of social constructivism. An examination of course objectives, course assignments, and core required texts revealed varying levels of consistency in the stated learning outcomes on all (n = 31) syllabi. Overall, five conceptual approaches to introductory courses in urban education...

A Random-Linear-Extension Test Based on Classic Nonparametric Procedures

Most distribution free nonparametric methods depend on the ranks or orderings of the individual observations. This dissertation develops methods for the situation when there is only partial information about the ranks available. A random-linear-extension exact test and an empirical version of the random-linear-extension test are proposed as a new way to compare groups of data with partial orders. The basic computation procedure is to generate all possible permutations constrained by the known partial order using...

Every Cloud Has A Silver Lining: An Investigation of Cancer Patients' Social Support, Coping Strategies, and Posttraumatic Growth

This dissertation investigated social support, coping strategies, and posttraumatic growth among cancer patients in China. Study 1 examined sources of social support to explore helpful social support and unhelpful social support from different sources. Optimal matching theory (Cutrona & Russell, 1990) and Goldsmith’s (2004) social support theory served as the theoretical framework for Study 1. Twenty cancer patients in a cancer hospital were recruited to participate in phone interviews. An analysis of the detailed notes...

THE EFFECTS OF ACCEPTANCE, REAPPRAISAL AND SUPPRESSION STRATEGIES ON PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL REACTIVITY TO EMOTIONALLY PROVOCATIVE STIMULI IN THE LABORATORY

The present study examined the degree to which acceptance, reappraisal, or suppression based strategies are associated with changes in heart rate, eyeblink startle magnitude, Event-Related Potentials (ERPs), and self-reports of subjective experience in a sample of college undergraduates. Participants were randomly assigned to use one of these strategies during an associative learning task that contained stimuli that signaled either threat or safety from a noxious stimulus as well as during exposure to highly arousing pleasant...

Women of Color Navigating the Academy: the Discursive Power of Professionalism

This project examines the professional experiences of women of color faculty to uncover less visible mechanisms of inequality in the academy. It is a mixed-methods study with both qualitative and quantitative components. I address the limitations of past research by revealing how even despite the relative successes of women of color in academia, they continue to struggle daily with professional legitimacy and belonging. My main research question is: How do women of color faculty at...

EFFECTS OF A LINGUAL ARCH AS MAXIMUM ANCHORAGE IN ORTHODONTICS

Lingual arches are frequently used in orthodontic extraction treatment, with the intended purpose of achieving maximum anchorage in the mandibular arch; however, little evidence exists in the literature that supports this anchorage approach. The lingual arch is widely supported in the literature for space maintenance and sagittal correction. It has been proven effective at minimizing any decreases in arch depth and perimeter when there is early loss of primary teeth. Theoretically, the lingual arch as...

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