### From National Accords to Bilateral Agreements: Transforming Canadian Health Care Intergovernmentalism

Tom McIntosh & Alanna DeCorby
This paper examines the transition from the “era of the health accords” (from 2000 to 2017) to the new regime of individual bilateral agreements between Ottawa and each of the provinces and territories, allocating federal health transfers and setting agreed-upon health-reform priorities in each jurisdiction. The paper argues that the health accords of 2000, 2003 and 2004 were essentially unsuccessful for a number of reasons. First, they tended to raise expectations among the public, health...

### Social Policy Trends: The Holidays and Social Policy Issues

Ronald Kneebone
Most social trends show little in the way of monthly variation. Rates of poverty and measures of inequality show little in the way of variation from one month to another. However, some issues of concern to social policy advocates, researchers, and governments take a noticeable turn during the holiday season. Favourable breaks in these trends remind us that the choices we make, when coordinated and acted upon simultaneously, can have noticeable effects on the lives...

### Healthcare Funding Policies for Reducing Fragmentation and Improving Health Outcomes

Jason Sutherland
This policy paper examines potential roles of ‘funding policy’ to address yawning gaps in continuity of healthcare delivery and inequality in health outcomes across Canada. Funding policy is but one tool available to healthcare decision makers to affect the volume, type, timeliness and cost of healthcare services, products and devices provided to a country’s residents. Healthcare funding policies involve trade-offs and conflicts that may drive the ‘price’ of change to be too high. As Canada...

### Northern and Arctic Security and Sovereignty: Challenges and Opportunities for a Northern Corridor

P. Whitney Lackenbauer & Katharina Koch
Key Messages • Key issues related to Canada’s security and defence agenda, which involve critical and essential infrastructure development, must be considered in the development and implementation of a Canadian Northern Corridor (CNC). • Canada’s northern and Arctic security and defence agenda is related to several key policy domains that are relevant from a CNC perspective. These include infrastructure development, climate change, Indigenous sovereignty and natural resource development. • A CNC will gain international attention...

### The oil production response to Alberta's government-mandated quota

Amir Hallak, Adam Jensen, Gilbert Lybbert & Lucija Muehlenbachs
Two years ago, the Alberta government put in place a temporary oil-production quota. However, the quota’s impact could well be felt in the province’s oil production for years to come. The quota applied only to firms producing more than 10,000 barrels of oil per day and was instituted as a response to pipeline constraints that caused Alberta oil prices to be much lower than prices elsewhere. Production from both oilsands mines and oil wells dropped...

### Goal Orientation and Learning Readiness: Evidence Among Freshmen in Selected Kenyan Universities

Evelyne Kwamboka Mose, Peter JO Aloka & Benard Mwebi
This study, which adopted an ex post facto research design, investigated the relationship between goal orientation and learning readiness among first year students in three public universities in Kenya. A sample size of 372 first years from the three universities were obtained using both stratified and simple random sampling techniques. The Goal Questionnaire for Students (GQS) and the Learning Readiness Questionnaire (LRQ) were used to collect data. The findings reported Eta squared (.547) which implied...

### AJER Issue 68.2 Front Matter

AJER Editor
Alberta Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 68 No. 2 (2022): Summer

AJER Editor
Alberta Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 68 No. 2 (2022): Summer

### Educational Leadership at District Level: Women’s Reflections on Their Self-Perceptions

Mercy Kutu & Connie Zulu
Self-perception constitutes an indispensable component of social life that might significantly contribute to one’s leadership ability. This study examined the perceptions that women in educational leadership at the district offices in one of the provinces in South Africa have about themselves and their leadership roles. It formed part of qualitative research aimed at exploring women’s experiences of career advancement into educational leadership positions at the district level in the North West Province of South Africa....

### Researching Understandings of the Child in Intercultural Marriages: Trying Out a Hermeneutic Interview Protocol

Janine Tine & Julia Ellis
In interpretive inquiry, researchers need interviewing approaches that will create possibilities for insight and holistic understanding. A hermeneutic interview protocol was developed and refined over a number of years in the context of an interpretive inquiry course. In this study, one of the authors examines her experience with using this interview framework in a practice inquiry for her research on “understandings of the child” in intercultural marriages. The study identifies the misgivings and doubts she...

### Starred Italian domination in graphs

Abel Cabrera Martinez
An Italian dominating function on a graph $G$ is a function $f:V(G)\rightarrow \{0,1,2\}$ such that $\sum_{u\in N(v)}f(u)\geq 2$ for every vertex $v\in V_0$, where $V_0=\{v\in V(G) : f(v)=0\}$ and $N(v)$ represents the open neighbourhood of $v$. A starred Italian dominating function on $G$ is an Italian dominating function $f$ such that $V_0$ is not a dominating set of $G$. The starred Italian domination number of $G$, denoted $\gamma_{I}^*(G)$, is the minimum weight $\omega(f)=\sum_{v\in V(G)}f(v)$ among...

### The Tutte Polynomial of Complex Reﬂection Groups

Hery Randriamaro
The story ”Tutte Polynomial of Reﬂection Group” begins in 2007 when Ardila computed the Tutte polynomials of the hyperplane arrangements associated to the symmetric groups Sym(n), and to the imprimitive groups $G(2,1,n)$ and $G(2,2,n)$. One year later, De Concini and Procesi computed the Tutte polynomials associated to the primitive groups $G28,G35,G36,G37$, as well as Geldon in 2009. Then, we computed those associated to the imprimitive groups $G(m,p,n)$ in 2017. This article aims to close the...

### Flag vector pairs, fatness, and their bounds for 4-polytopes

Jin Hong Kim & Park Nari
Recently Sjoberg and Ziegler showed a remarkable result that completely characterizes the flag vector pair $(f_0, f_{03} )$ of any $4$-dimensional polytopes. Motivated by their results and techniques, in this paper we show some necessary conditions for other remaining flag vector pairs such as $(f_0 , f_{02})$, $(f_{02}, f_{03})$, $(f_{1}, f_{02})$, and $(f_1 , f_{03})$ to be flag vector pairs of $4$-dimensional convex polytopes. Results of this paper give some partial answers to the questions...

### Reconstructing the topology on monoids and polymorphism clones of reducts of the rationals

John Truss & Edith Vargas-García
We extend results from an earlier paper giving reconstruction results for the endomorphism monoid of the rational numbers under the strict and reflexive relations to the first order reducts of the rationals and the corresponding polymorphism clones. We also give some similar results about the coloured rationals.

### Fraïssé theory and the Poulsen simplex

Martino Lupini
We present a Fraïssé-theoretic perspective on the study of the Poulsen simplex and its properties.

### Conant's generalised metric spaces are Ramsey

Jan Hubička, Matěj Konečný & Jaroslav Nešetřil
We give Ramsey expansions of classes of generalised metric spaces where distances come from a linearly ordered commutative monoid. This complements results of Conant about the extension property for partial automorphisms and extends an earlier result of the first and the last author giving the Ramsey property of convexly ordered $S$-metric spaces. Unlike Conant's approach, our analysis does not require the monoid to be semiarchimedean.

### What's At Stake in Emerging Horizons

Journal of Applied Hermeneutics, 2022: 2022

### Emerging Horizons, Part Two. Harmony’s Story: Answering the Big Question

&
This second installment of the Emerging Horizons series explores Harmony’s digital storytelling (DST) experience (please see the introductory editorial to the series, Crafting Meaning, Cultivating Understanding, to access the film). In this article I lean on the philosophy of Paul Ricœur to suggest that 1) the metaphorical possibilities of DST could enable Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) cancer survivors to come to a deeper understanding of their own cancer experiences and 2) the process of...

### A New Framework for Enhancing (Academic) Integrity

Paul MacLeod
Why is academic integrity so important? This might seem like a frivolous question, but it really is not. Academic integrity is crucial if we consider that one of the prime missions of higher education is to help form the intellectual and moral outlook of the future leaders of our society. By so doing, higher education can contribute to societies whose members abide by the rule of law and maintain, for the most part, adherence to...

### Student Voices in Academic Integrity

Erin Hagen & Charlotte Sander
In the Spring 2021 semester, Langara College held a student contest inspired by a project created by a Dalhousie instructor, asking students to create fun, creative memes discussing the importance of academic integrity. The contest ran for two weeks, after which finalists were shortlisted and posted to the Langara College Instagram for the winners to be voted on by the College community. Starting with an introduction to the Academic Integrity Campaign and its goals, the...

### Journal of Applied Hermeneutics, 2022: 2022

War on Weight: Capturing the Complexities of Weight with Hermeneutics...1-12 What's At Stake in Emerging Horizons...1-4 Gadamerian Hermeneutics with Intersectionality as an Analytical Lens...1-19 Emerging Horizons, Part Two. Harmony’s Story: Answering the Big Question...1-8 Emerging Horizons, Part One. Amanda's Story: Wound Care ...1-9 Crafting Meaning, Cultivating Understanding: A Prologue to the “Emerging Horizons” Series ...1-15 An Ephemeral Light: The Question of Death in the Artwork of Children who are Dying...1-17 Guest Editorial: Beet Juice...1-3

### Contributions to Discrete Mathematics, Vol. 16 No. 3 (2021)

On the homotopy type of complexes of graphs with bounded domination number...139-160 On the real roots of domination polynomials...175-182 Polytopal balls arising in optimization...125-138 Homotopy Type of Independence Complexes of Certain Families of Graphs...74-92 Oriented unicyclic graphs with minimal skew Randić energy...93-110 Bailey and Daum's q-Kummer Theorem and Extensions...31-41 Starred Italian domination in graphs...139-152 Flag vector pairs, fatness, and their bounds for 4-polytopes...9-30 The Tutte Polynomial of Complex Reﬂection Groups...42-64 Degree conditions of nearly induced...

### Scaffolding the Learning Opportunities: Academic Integrity at Douglas College

Holly Salmon & Janette Tilley
Douglas College has recently developed a wrap-around (multi-touchpoint) model of student education for academic integrity at the college. This presentation will share the preliminary work being done, both college-wide and discipline-specific, including a recent policy language update to encourage faculty to consider whether an academic integrity issue might be regarded as a learning opportunity, rather than a violation. It will also provide a snapshot of preliminary data collected about students being reported in one of...

### Pay-to-Pass: Emerging On-Line Services that are Undermining the Integrity of Student Work

Ebba U. Kurz & Nancy Chibry
Students have been connected digitally from an early age and have been encouraged throughout their educational journey to turn to the internet for information. However, less emphasis is typically placed on educating students about the origin and appropriateness of these sources. For many post-secondary students, it can be challenging to distinguish between resources that are supportive of their academic development and resources that are undermining and questionable in their veracity. In this workshop, we discuss...

### Contract Cheating in Canada: National Policy Analysis Project Update and Results for 2021

Sarah Elaine Eaton, Brenda M Stoesz, Jennie Miron, Amanda McKenzie, Lisa Devereaux, Marcia Steeves, Jennifer Godfrey Anderson & Joanne LeBlanc-Haley
Join us for an in-depth look at how contract cheating is addressed in Canadian higher education policies. In this session we share results synthesized from 80 publicly-funded universities and colleges across Canada, where English is the primary language of instruction. Our results show why Canada is lagging behind in terms of addressing contract cheating pro-actively through policy and procedures. We offer concrete recommendations for improving the ways that Canadian schools can address contract cheating and...

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