94 Works

The application of a human factors approach to the evaluation of a novel outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy service in Malta

Sara Jo Bugeja
The application of a human factors approach to healthcare has been gaining traction ever since its first mention in the early 1960s. The need for this synergistic collaboration stems from the poor safety and quality outcomes that have been plaguing the history of healthcare, despite continuous efforts by stakeholders to offer patient-centred care at all costs. In recent years, healthcare practitioners have positively contributed to bridging the gap between clinical practices and systems-based approaches. To...

An investigation into contemporary tobacco smoking behaviour in Nigeria: the impact of cultural transference on consumer behaviour and usage intentions

Idowu Adewusi
Tobacco has continued to be a global threat, particularly in developing countries. While it appears that the demands for tobacco products have continued to fall in many developed countries, tobacco growing and consumption is posited to become increasingly concentrated in developing countries. Studies have consistently linked the increase to its commercialisation by the tobacco industry and globalisation is acknowledged to play a vital role in its evolution. Although the emerging area of study to understand...

Improving the human rights accountability of multinational corporations in the oil and gas industry: a case study of Nigeria

Amede Orieso
If we think that the environment is less important than the economy, then we should try holding our breath while we count our money. This thesis examines the legal framework governing the oil and gas industry in Nigeria. The oil and gas industry in Nigeria is beset by many institutional ills, including a lack of political will by regulators to be accountable for enforcing laws and regulations, to be accountable for environmental degradation in the...

Social capital and engagement in Nigerian small business marketing

Imaobong James
This study explores social capital and engagement in Nigerian small business marketing. It examines how Nigerian small business owner-managers develop and use social capital in the network of relationships to overcome marketing constraints. Social capital can be viewed as a marketing asset available in network relationships. The process perspective of social capital enables understanding of the formation and use of social resources in networks. Social resources in networks are accessed through relationships built on trust...

An investigation of poor women's micropreneurship and their experiences of microfinance in rural south-east Nigeria

Irene Ukanwa
This study set out to understand how one of the poorest, most disadvantaged groups - rural African women - perceive and experience microfinance in the context of extreme poverty. The study employed a qualitative method and purposefully sampled thirty poor rural women entrepreneurs in five villages of South-East Nigeria. Data collected from participant observation, five focus groups and thirty interviews were analysed thematically using the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) to develop insight about the many...

Defect detection and condition assessment of adhesively-bonded joints using acoustic emission techniques

Alasdair Crawford
The aim of this study is to investigate the application of acoustic emission (AE) techniques to the defect detection and monitoring of adhesively-bonded joints. Pencil Lead Breaks (PLBs) have been used as a simulated AE source to experimentally investigate the characteristics of AE wave-propagation in adhesively-bonded joints, and have been combined with Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to provide a novel method of defect detection and sizing. Modal AE analysis has been applied to destructive testing...

Proceedings of the 3rd Research Support Games Day (RSGD #3)

George Bray & Valerie McCutcheon
These materials were presented at "Research Support Games Day #3", an online event that was hosted on Tuesday 15th February 2022, 14:00-16:00 GMT. The event was targeted primarily at people who support researchers (for example, library and research office staff). It aimed to promote the use of games-based learning, both when training researchers and also when research support staff are undertaking professional development themselves.

Changing society: pioneering women entrepreneurs in Saudi Arabia

Sosan Algahtani
The research examines the role of institutions influencing Saudi female entrepreneurs, and how they became enabled to be social agents and institutional entrepreneurs in a very traditional, family-orientated society - albeit facing pressures to change. In acknowledging the uniqueness of the social-cultural context in Saudi Arabia, this study adopts a qualitative design. Specifically, purposive and snowball sampling techniques were implemented to gather primary qualitative data. The data draw on 31 interviews with female entrepreneurs residing...

The education of undergraduate product designers in the principles and practice of sustainable design

Kirsty Amanda Cull
There is a growing recognition that product designers have a responsibility to ensure that their designs are intrinsically sustainable and do not add to the growing pressures on the environment. Developing sustainable products requires designers to be aware of the conflicting issues and constraints that need to be taken into account as part of the design process. Finding appropriate ways to provide the essential knowledge to support designers so that they can develop sustainable products...

Development and evaluation of computer-based self-study materials using multimedia

Valerie Cooper
Advances in technology such as increased Internet access and digital multimedia provide opportunities for developing innovative teaching and learning materials. Learning theory supports the use of computer-based learning materials in providing flexible access to self-study materials, which can be tailored to the needs of specific courses and may appeal to students with a wide range of learning styles. There is some evidence to support the use of these technologies in facilitating learning, but evaluations apply...

Implementing environmental policy in Scotland: an analysis of water pollution regulation and government support for the voluntary environmental sector

Calum MacLeod
This thesis presents an empirical analysis of the implementation of environmental policy in Scotland as undertaken through the use of specific regulatory and distributive policy instruments. In particular, it examines the implementation of regulatory water pollution control policy by one of Scotland's former River Purification Boards (RPBs) through the policy instrument of the Control of Pollution Act 1974 (COPA 1974). The thesis also examines The Scottish Office's implementation of distributive environmental policy towards the voluntary...

An environmental-psychological study of sustainable housing: a transactional approach

Tony Craig
The main aim of this thesis is to utilise the transactional approach from environmental psychology for the study of sustainable housing. The interdisciplinary field of environmental psychology has recognised for some time the importance of considering human behaviour not only in terms of personal psychological processes, but also in terms of the broader social and physical context in which behaviour occurs. This need to consider phenomena at different levels of analysis sits comfortably with the...

Designing an enhanced web user experience: the use of \"emotional probes\" as a user-centred methodology for designing emotionally-engaged web interaction

Tsen-Yao Chang
This research project explores the importance of balancing aesthetics and usability of Web design to enhance user experience. It aims to develop an effective methodology to better understand the dimensions of users' emotions, experienced in interaction with Web pages. The proposed methodological approach, called "Emotional Probes" (EPs), combines ethnographic surveys with the Cultural Probes (CPs) approach. The EPs method is applied to investigate the ongoing phenomenon of Web communication, for the impact of emotional factors...

Investigation into the effect of wind power based embedded generators on distribution networks

Ibrahim Moh'd Ali Rida
Wind turbine-generators are usually integrated into utilities' electrical networks at distribution voltage levels, and they are commonly known as "Embedded Generators" (EGs). Recently, it has been reported that the integration of wind power-based embedded generators (WPBEGs) into distribution networks could cause maloperation of automatic voltage control (AVC) relays. Further investigation is therefore required to improve the performance of AVC relays in the presence of EGs. On the other hand, the dynamic effects of WPBEGs on...

Physical literacy: impact and cost effectiveness in primary school settings

David Kidd
Physical activity and academic attainment of children are internationally regarded as some of the most significant areas of public concern and interest (World Health Organisation, 2010; Scottish Government, 2018). There are a range of interventions discussed in literature seeking to enhance both outcomes, as well as a growing body of literature regarding the ability of enhanced physical activity to improve the attainment and development of children. There is a growing demand for cost effectiveness analysis...

Investigating prescribers' experiences of direct-acting oral anticoagulants for the management of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation

Daria Generalova
Direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have relatively recently been licensed for stroke and systemic embolism prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and have replaced warfarin as the first line agent of choice. The aim of this research was to determine prescribers' views and experiences of the use of DOACs for the management of non-valvular AF. The first phase was a PROSPERO-registered systematic review of clinicians' views and experiences of DOACs for the management of...

An exploration of the influence of the Research Excellence Framework on the implementation of responsible management education in UK business schools

Nkeiruka Ndubuka
A previous work by Doherty et al. (2015) identified the Research Excellence Framework (REF) as one of the barriers to embedding Responsible Management Education (RME) within six UK business and management schools. Since the study concluded, no other study had attempted to single out the REF to explore in-depth if and how it may be influencing RME advancement in UK business schools. This study therefore seeks to explore the possible influence of the REF on...

Pause time: a multi-perspective exploration of person-centred care in an acute hospital: an interpretative phenomenological analysis study with older people, families and staff

Katrina Whittingham
Since the turn of the 21st century, the term 'Person Centred Care' (PCC) has become integral to healthcare language in policy, education, research and practice. In several healthcare arenas, PCC has become synonymous with the delivery of high-quality care along with multiple drivers - politically motivated, research driven and from the health-related voluntary sector - to incorporate a variety of models of PCC in healthcare. Additionally, a growing body of evidence supports embedding PCC-focused approaches,...

Away from end product or genre: a protocol as artistic language: evolving a critical framework for contemporary visual art practice in the public (or social) realm, 2000-2003

Stéfanie Bourne
For contemporary visual art to be visible and exist as art in peer networks it usually depends upon its transformation into objects. Can we define and test out an alternative visibility more adequate to a production that is 'an act of supplying'? I propose a method to help us understand the artwork, not as a one-off object, but as 'an experience of supply', through the construction of a specific artistic protocol. Process based works "in...

Numerical and experimental study of the impact of temperature on relative permeability in an oil and water system

Yakubu Balogun
Relative permeability is affected by several flow parameters, predominantly operating temperature and fluid viscosity. Fluid viscosity changes with temperature, which correspondingly affects the relative permeability. Temperature is believed to have a considerable effect on oil–water relative permeability and thus is a vital input parameter in petroleum reservoir development modelling. The actual effect of temperature on oil–water relative permeability curves has been a subject of debate within the scientific community. This is based on contradictory experimental...

A theoretical exploration of hospital clinical pharmacists' perceptions, experiences and behavioural determinants in relation to provision of optimal and suboptimal pharmaceutical care

Amanda McLean
Pharmaceutical care describes a range of patient-focused activities delivered by pharmacists. The activities aim to optimise medicines use for patients and to reduce harm from adverse events with medicines. This study was conducted in an NHS Scotland organisation, where the clinical pharmacy service has an established quality management system. It was evident that some gaps existed in the quality assurance parameters for clinical pharmacy services and pharmaceutical care, with there being no clearly defined route...

The relationship between the social licence and law in the context of the Scottish fracking debate: a textual, thematic and comparative analysis of environmental and planning law governing onshore oil and gas authorisations in Scotland

Andrew Jones
The Governments of the constituent parts of the UK have, in recent years, considered promoting the exploitation of UK shale formations via fracking in order to recover oil and gas. In all jurisdictions, this has been met with opposition groups citing environmental risks. Various groups have called for either an outright ban on this process or for regulatory reform to address specific concerns. In Scotland, this led to an impasse, with the Scottish Government eventually...

The analysis of stock returns in the London Stock Exchange in the context of the cyclical adjusted price to earnings ratio signals

Waleed Alshaer
This thesis aimed to analyse the signalling capability of the Cyclically Adjusted Price to Earnings (CAPE) ratio and to analyse the performance of asset pricing models in the context of different market sentiments, as highlighted by the CAPE ratio. The behaviour of stock returns in the light of different asset pricing models is evaluated and compared in different subsamples classified as under priced, fairly priced and overpriced markets. The two main models used in this...

The importance of the protection of micro enterprises in B2B international commercial contracts

Oyefunke Adetoba
This thesis examines the growing disparity in the application of the doctrine of freedom of contract in international commercial contracts, because of the need to protect perceived weaker parties. Using the qualitative doctrinal legal research and adopting an interdisciplinary approach to enquiry, it weighs the current protection available to micro enterprises against the vast protection given to consumers in international commercial contracts, under the relevant EU Directives and Regulations, and under English law (pre- and...

The development of an electrochemical sensing device for controlled drugs

Stuart Waddell
Forensic chemists can be faced with a wide array of substances to test when attending clandestine drug manufacture crime scenes. Whilst many techniques exist at their disposal - such as chemical colour test reagents and immunoassays - these methods are at best semi-quantitative and often subject to false positives. Electrochemical methods of detection offer a potential solution to this problem, as the equipment is portable, cheap and robust. The analysis is quantitative and, if the...

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