94 Works

A design technique for geometric optimisation of resonant coil sizes in low to mid frequency inductive power transmission systems

Maryam Heidarian
Wireless power transfer (WPT) is a well-established method of energising electrically-powered devices. Among the different available WPT techniques, Resonant Inductive Power Transfer (RIPT) has been adapted for use in a wide range of applications. The primary reason is the relatively higher Power Transfer Efficiency (PTE) that RIPT can provide. RIPT systems operate on the principle of magnetic resonance coupling between a Transmitter (Tx) and a Receiver (Rx) coil. Maximising the PTE is a key driver...

Exploring acceptability and feasibility of a wearable device to facilitate home phototherapy treatment for newborn jaundice in rural Scotland: an interpretive description study

Jo Lironi
Jaundice is a common condition in newborn infants, turning skin colour yellow due to the build-up of bilirubin. Internationally, jaundice continues to result in newborn infants' hospital admission, forcing separation of family units at the pivotal point for breastfeeding initiation and bonding. The aim of this research was to explore - with healthcare professionals and parents - the acceptability and feasibility of a wearable device to facilitate home phototherapy treatment for newborn jaundice in rural...

The importance of the protection of micro enterprises in B2B international commercial contracts

Oyefunke Adetoba
This thesis examines the growing disparity in the application of the doctrine of freedom of contract in international commercial contracts, because of the need to protect perceived weaker parties. Using the qualitative doctrinal legal research and adopting an interdisciplinary approach to enquiry, it weighs the current protection available to micro enterprises against the vast protection given to consumers in international commercial contracts, under the relevant EU Directives and Regulations, and under English law (pre- and...

The analysis of stock returns in the London Stock Exchange in the context of the cyclical adjusted price to earnings ratio signals

Waleed Alshaer
This thesis aimed to analyse the signalling capability of the Cyclically Adjusted Price to Earnings (CAPE) ratio and to analyse the performance of asset pricing models in the context of different market sentiments, as highlighted by the CAPE ratio. The behaviour of stock returns in the light of different asset pricing models is evaluated and compared in different subsamples classified as under priced, fairly priced and overpriced markets. The two main models used in this...

The relationship between the social licence and law in the context of the Scottish fracking debate: a textual, thematic and comparative analysis of environmental and planning law governing onshore oil and gas authorisations in Scotland

Andrew Jones
The Governments of the constituent parts of the UK have, in recent years, considered promoting the exploitation of UK shale formations via fracking in order to recover oil and gas. In all jurisdictions, this has been met with opposition groups citing environmental risks. Various groups have called for either an outright ban on this process or for regulatory reform to address specific concerns. In Scotland, this led to an impasse, with the Scottish Government eventually...

The analysis of environmental information: a study of the dissemination, mediation and interpretation of news

Fiona Catherine Brown Campbell
The project arose out of the fact that information changes as journalists gather, interpret and disseminate environmental information. A model was developed describing the flow of environmental information in the media, which shows that journalists retrieve information from a complex range of sources before repackaging it into an apparently simplified format. The preliminary stage of this model was enhanced to a secondary level by the data elicited from interviewing journalists, media librarians and scientific personnel....

Enhancing service delivery for chronic low back pain: evidence for patient-centred physiotherapy and the objective measurement of outcome

Kay Cooper
This thesis incorporates two studies, whose combined aims were to inform and improve the physiotherapy management of chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients in primary care. A qualitative study explored patients' perceptions of physiotherapy for CLBP, in order to influence service redesign. Twenty-five people who had received physiotherapy for CLBP were purposively sampled. They participated in semi-structured interviews that explored their physiotherapy experience. Framework analysis was conducted on the data. The findings demonstrated that CLBP...

Practising well: conversations and support menu

Nicola Naismith
Participatory arts are proven to support our heath and wellbeing, as evidenced in the "Creative Health: The Arts for Health and Wellbeing" report from the All Party Parliamentary Group on Arts Health and Wellbeing, published in 2017. The arts are an opportunity for individuals and communities to explore, celebrate, and confront difficult topics and uncomfortable truths. The work that takes place between creative practitioner and participant can be collaborative, intuitive and exciting; it can also...

Tuneable magnetic nanocomposites for remote self-healing?

Ranjeet Gupta, Charles Footer, Gavin Stenning, Jawwad Darr & Ketan Pancholi
The aim of this research is to develop a method to prepare a multiferroic-Polyamide 6 (PA6) nanocomposite with tuneable magnetocaloric properties for self-healing structure. It was shown that maintaining the low interaction radius through the dispersion of the low coercivity MNPs, could allow tuning of the bulk magnetocaloric properties of the resulting mesostructures. An in-situ polymerisation method improved dispersion and reduced maximum interaction radius value from ca. 806 to 371 nm as well as increased...

Automated assessment of non-objective textual submissions

James Rennie Christie
The author sought to explore the methodology of automated marking of non-objective textual submissions. In so doing he tasked himself to discover how far automated assessment of text could be applied in the range of submissions from the single word to a multi-sentence, multi-paragraph piece of text. In the course of his research, the author had to determine the extent and severity of any problems associated with manual marking of such submissions. In fact, the...

The influence of organisational typology, strategy, leadership and psychological forces on UK offshore oil and gas industry safety performance

Philip Spence
The UK Offshore Oil and Gas Industry is recognised as having made significant safety performance improvement progress, following the Piper Alpha disaster (6th July 1988), subsequent Public Inquiry and 106 recommendations made by the Cullen Report. However, accidents continue to occur on offshore assets due to leadership and organisational failures, poor behaviours, lack of operating discipline, asset integrity challenges and an absence of aligned safety strategy. Research was conducted through a strategic lens, looking across...

An investigation of gendered institutions and the ideal worker narrative in the Scottish ICT industry

Lauren Riley
This study critically investigates gendered organisational barriers in the Scottish technology industry, in an effort to understand the impact on gender-minority workers and the most effective ways to support those workers at the firm level. Aspects of organisational culture, gendered discourses between workers and horizontal and vertical job divisions are considered in the formulation of an ideal worker narrative, which privileges some workers and marginalises others. The Scottish ICT sector presented opportunities for the study...

Overcoming art

Jon Blackwood, Ivana Samandova, Angela Vitanovska & Bojan Ivanov
The origins of this project are in the pre-COVID world. It grew in part out of a desire to map and understand visual culture beyond Skopje; the conflation of contemporary art in North Macedonia with contemporary art in Skopje has been something of a frustration for some time. The original ambition was to travel around regional centres beyond Skopje, engaging citizens in Bitola, Gevgelija, Kumanovo, Prilep, Strumica and Veles. We intended to work with emerging...

Novel nanoparticle drug delivery systems: application in the in vitro study of Bisnaphthalimidopropyl derivatives against human colorectal cancer cell lines

Mathieu Brunet
Colorectal cancer is one of the most severe causes of mortality worldwide accounting for 10% of total cancer cases. Although recent advances in early diagnosis have reduced the mortality rate associated with CRC, patients suffering from the later metastatic stage of the disease have a 5-year survival rate of only 14%. To enhance the current treatment options, bisnaphthalimides (BNIPs) were developed as a new group of chemotherapeutic agents. Presenting promising results in vitro against colon...

A mixed methods study of factors influencing health managers acceptance of eHealth services in the Kingdom OF Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Mohammed Alshahrani
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is a country with one of the largest land masses and most difficult geographical terrain in the Middle East. The accessibility of advanced health services, especially for people in rural areas, has been considered one of the main health challenges. Health services across the country are accessible through three categories of providers. The Ministry of Health (MOH), which is the dominant health provider, is responsible for 60% of all...

A computational visual saliency model for images

Manjula Narayanaswamy
Human eyes receive an enormous amount of information from the visual world. It is highly difficult to simultaneously process this excessive information for the human brain. Hence the human visual system will selectively process the incoming information by attending only the relevant regions of interest in a scene. Visual saliency characterises some parts of a scene that appears to stand out from its neighbouring regions and attracts the human gaze. Modelling saliency-based visual attention has...

Coopetition as an emerging organisational strategy for supply chain resilience: an exploratory study of the UKCS oil and gas sector

Eunice Y Oke
Coopetition, a form of inter-organisational relationship that combines competitive and collaborative theories, has gained the interests of academics and practitioners of inter-organisational studies. However, despite numerous extensive coopetition reviews, several questions remain unanswered - especially with regards to the formation of the strategy. Although studies have acknowledged that coopetition can occur unintentionally, particularly among organisations in pre-existing collaborative relationships, it remains unclear how or if the nature of formation affects the performance or outcome of...

Evaluation of the effect of urbanization on urban thermal behaviour using urban heat island indicators: the case of the CBD of Accra

James Gyasi-Addo
Various studies have shown that urban heat island (UHI) can significantly affect the local climate of the built environment. Extreme air temperatures and heat waves adversely affect people's health, their overall well-being and productivity. Tropical urban sites are constantly under the threats of the harsh urban heat island (UHI) effects – a situation which is aggravated by climate change. Several urban morphological factors can potentially modify urban climate and, consequently, the potential energy demand and...

The evolving nature of mobile telecommunications and its impact on mobile phone entrepreneurship in Ghana: 1998-2008

Patricia Opoku-Wusu
The aim of this thesis is to examine the evolving nature of the mobile phone industry, and its impact on Ghanaian mobile phone entrepreneurs and their businesses. The rapid evolution of mobile phones has significantly changed the telecom industry and impacted on society more generally. In Ghana, as is typical in Africa, the use of mobile phones now surpasses fixed-line telephones. Hence understanding the process involved is useful, not just for its own sake, but...

Terminalia ivorensis and human health: the impact of Terminalia ivorensis on biomarkers of cyto- and genotoxicity in human cells in vitro

Aliu Moomin
Terminalia ivorensis (TI) is a tree found in the tropical and sub-tropical zones of the world. It is used in ethnomedicine for the treatment of diuresis, body pains, malaria and wound healing. There are no data investigating the impact of TI on human liver cells and cancer. Cancer is a global health problem causing an estimated 10 million deaths worldwide in 2020. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the commonly used methods for the management of cancer...

The impact of environmental forces on Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation's growth strategy and profitability

stephen Sule isa
The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) operates under unprecedented environmental uncertainties, and their response to this dynamism and turbulence will determine the Corporation's success or failure. These environmental uncertainties are categorized into internal and external environmental forces. For instance, politics, regulatory, funding and technology are human aspects that can significantly impact profitability and growth strategy in the oil and gas industry. In anticipation of- and in response to the frequent changes and uncertainty facing the...

Enhancing individualised learning and interaction in online learning environments

Dawei Wang
The quality of the student learning experience in an online learning course has raised many debates in educational studies. Evidence found in current literature indicates that individualised learning and interactive learning do contribute to the student learning experience in online learning courses. However, there is little evidence of any major studies that have tried to explore the impact of both individualised learning and interactive learning on the students' experience. Drawing on the constructivist "student-centred" learning...

The dynamics of female offending: case studies in Scotland

Linda Tyler
This research examines female offending in Scotland, and assesses our current understanding of its nature and causes. It acknowledges the importance of work carried out in the area of female criminality in the last twenty years, but stresses that our knowledge of the subject is still limited in comparison to the amount of work carried out in the area of male criminality. The thesis is in three parts. Firstly, it provides a review of the...

Present and future patterns of energy usage in rural areas

H. Martin Edge
The hypothesis presented in this study is that: "There exists considerable potential for a greater degree of rural energy autonomy, especially through the medium of increasing integration between agricultural/forestry and domestic sectors, to make better use of rural energy resources". This is investigated by two basic lines of inquiry. A study of the future of rural areas and their energy resources and use was carried out, firstly by reference to the available literature, and then...

Effective business strategies for energy service companies in the East Asian business environment

Tan Yi
This study investigates effective business strategies for energy service companies in the East Asian business environment. The research purpose has three foci. First, it seeks to examine the dominant business environment conditions that impact upon the oil and gas service sector in China, and to a lesser extent, Singapore and Malaysia. Second, the study investigates business strategies adopted by oil and gas service companies in response to the business environment in which they operate. Third,...

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