12 Works

Assessing the Intention, Attitudes, and Social Influences on COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors Among Non-rural Black and Rural Appalachian White Populations: A Faith-Based Community Study

Maria L. Gomez, Tofial Azam, Jean Edward, Hannah Bowman & Lovoria B. Williams
Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has had detrimental impacts in non-rural Black and rural Appalachian populations. Yet despite the pandemic’s magnitude, there is a scarcity of research exploring potential influences of attitudes and social influences within these populations on their adherence to COVID-19 public health preventive behaviors. Purpose: This study examines the intention, attitudes, and social influences to adhere to COVID-19 preventive behaviors among non-rural Black and rural Appalachian congregants in Kentucky by integrating the Theory...

A CFD-based scaling analysis on liquid and paint droplets moving through a weak concurrent airflow stream

Masoud Arabghahestani, Nelson Akafuah, Tianxiang Li & Kozo Saito
We conducted volume of fluids (VOF) multiphase model numerical simulations to obtain the interaction among all the major governing forces identified in our previous paper. Our numerical experiments are intended to assess the droplet generation process and the jetting behavior by providing specific input conditions, offering CFD as a tool to study scaling correlations instead of physical experiments. Water droplets that can represent waterborne paints were generated by piezo-generated sinusoidal waveforms at the inlet of...

Exploring COVID-19 Case Fatality in Relation to the Prevalence of Chronic Conditions and Health Behaviors in Appalachian Kentucky

Warren Christian
Background: Research has demonstrated that common chronic conditions, especially those related to cardiovascular health, are important risk factors for severe COVID-19 symptoms or hospitalization. Population prevalence rates of such conditions have not previously been examined in relation to COVID-19 case fatality rates in the Central Appalachian region. Purpose: This study examined prevalence rates of selected chronic conditions and COVID-19 case fatality rates to determine whether the relationship between them is consistent across Appalachian and non-Appalachian...

Hearing Health Healthcare Disparities in Appalachia

Matthew L. Bush
Hearing loss is a global public health issue with disproportionate negative impacts on those who live in rural regions, such as Appalachia. This commentary provides an overview of hearing health and healthcare disparities in rural regions along with discussion of the significance of recent research findings which highlight the incidence of hearing loss and the shortage of hearing specialists in Appalachia.

Access to and Use of Technology for Health

Robin C. Vanderpool, Lindsay R. Stradtman, Anna Gaysynsky, Quan Chen, Meghan Johnson & Bin Huang
Introduction: Technology may increase the availability of health information and enable health promoting behaviors. However, lack of access to and use of technology may also exacerbate disparities, particularly in rural communities with limited Internet access. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare Internet access, device ownership, and use of technology for health between Appalachian Kentuckians and the general U.S. population. Methods: Findings from the 2017 Assessing the Health Status of Kentucky (ASK) survey...

Rural Re-entry and Opioid Use

Joseph Calvert, Megan F. Dickson, Martha Tillson, Erika Pike & Michele Staton
Introduction: Despite improved knowledge of the health care needs of formerly incarcerated women, there exists a gap regarding the relationship between health, health care access, and relapse among rural women returning to the community during the opioid epidemic. Purpose: With an emphasis on health care access, this study examined health-related factors associated with opioid relapse among women reentering the community in rural Appalachia. Methods: As part of a larger study, 400 rural women reporting a...

Change Happens

F. Douglas Scutchfield
The Journal of Appalachian Health is going through some changes that are reflected in the masthead and banner. We say farewell to some colleagues and welcome the new faces.

Reviewer Acknowledgments

F. Douglas Scutchfield, Charlotte S. Seidman & Robert M., II Shapiro
We offer these reviewers our heartfelt thanks for a task that usually goes unrewarded in the academic environment. This year, we are especially grateful for those people listed below. They have assisted us in reaching the start of our 4th year, by guiding our decisions with your knowledge and capabilities.

The Importance of Time, Place, and Person

Linda Alexander & F. Douglas Scutchfield
Since the 1800s this traditional triad of descriptive epidemiology has allowed for effective interventions to deal with epidemics. A focus on time, place, and person also provides a critical framework for interventions in controlling the epidemic by focusing on those populations with the highest risk for disease.

On We Go, with Hope: Remembering Our Founding Editor-in-Chief, Dr. F. Douglas Scutchfield

Rachel E. Dixon & Randolph F. Wykoff
With the passing of our founding Editor-in-Chief, Dr. F. Douglas Scutchfield, the Journal of Appalachian Health team reflects on a life well lived and a monumental public legacy left behind. We thank "Scutch" for enriching the lives of so many, and we commit to growing the Journal in his honor.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Vaccine Intentions in Kentucky

Kevin A. Pearce, Emily Messerli, Mary E. Lacy, Brittany L. Smalls, Diane B. Francis, Sukruthi Yerramreddy & Marc Kiviniemi
Background: At the time of our writing, the COVID-19 pandemic continues to cause significant disruption to daily lives. In Kentucky, the burdens from this disease are higher, and vaccination rates for COVID-19 are lower, in comparison to the U.S. as a whole. Understanding vaccine intentions across key subpopulations is critical to increasing vaccination rates. Purpose: This study explores COVID-19 vaccine intentions in Kentucky across demographic subpopulations and also investigates the influences on vaccine intention of...

Evaluating Social Support and T2D Risk Factors Among Members of Rural-Dwelling Grandparent-Headed Households

Brittany L. Smalls, Abebola Adegboyega, Kelly N.B. Palmer & Jennifer Hatcher
Purpose: This study examines the associations of social support and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk factors among members of rural-dwelling, grandparent-headed households (GHH). Methods: Prospective data were collected from rural-dwelling members of GHH with no known diagnosis of T2D. Data collected on family characteristics, T2D clinical risk factors, and social support were assessed. Results: Sixty-six grandparents and 72 grandchildren participated in the study. The average age and HbA1Cs were 59.4 years and 6.2% ± 1.4...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    7
  • 2021
    5

Resource Types

  • Journal Article
    12

Affiliations

  • University of Kentucky
    12
  • West Virginia University
    1
  • University of Arizona
    1
  • Kentucky Department for Public Health
    1
  • East Tennessee State University
    1