5,843 Works

Monitoring QI Maturity of Public Health Organizations and Systems in Minnesota

Kimberly J. Miner Gearin, M. Elizabeth Gyllstrom, Brenda M. Joly, Renee S. Frauendienst, Julie Myhre & William Riley
Public health departments and systems are increasing investments in quality improvement. This paper presents methods used to identify a select number of items from a previously validated QI Maturity Tool as the basis for calculating organizational and system-level QI maturity scores that could be followed over time. Findings suggest that the abbreviated tool measures variation in QI maturity across LHDs, and differences in scores among divisions within a state health department. Minnesota has incorporated the...

Best Practice Use to Address Tobacco-Related Disparities By California Community Coalitions

Rodney K. McCurdy
Tobacco-related disparities (TRDs) are a major public health concern. This study surveyed community tobacco coalition project directors in California to determine the usage of 11 CDC-published best practices to address TRDs. Response rate was 80 percent. Communities had implemented, on average, one-half of the 11 practices surveyed. Differences were observed between rankings for best practice implementation and perceived level of importance in addressing TRDs in the community. Resource constraints and community context were the highest...

What’s in a username?

Jenine K. Harris, Ryan C. Maier & Nina Jolani
Social media platforms such as Twitter may be useful for local health departments (LHDs) in providing the essential service of educating and informing constituents.1 However, health departments have relatively few Twitter followers overall.1 One of the challenges that may be associated with following LHDs on Twitter is knowing how to find an LHD Twitter feed. With no suggested or required conventions for LHDs adopting social media, practitioners are left to independently develop their name and...

Commentary: Hospital Tax-Exempt Policy

Laura L. Hitchcock
In Hospital Tax-Exempt Policy: A Comparison of Schedule H and State Community Benefit Reporting Systems, Rosenbaum et aldescribe the numerous variations between current state law in 24 states and federal requirements regarding nonprofit hospitals’ community benefit activities. The potential for nonprofit hospitals to help shape community health is great, and how states choose to address requirements regarding community benefit, and potentially reinforce the new federal requirements to incentivize hospital participation in addressing root causes of...

Perceptions of School and Health Department Emergency Preparedness Collaboration

Kaitlin A. O'Keefe, Katharine D. Arrington, Michael Prelip & Kimberley I. Shoaf
Background: School systems often have the vital responsibility of protecting students during emergency situations. Collaborations with the local health department (LHD) can be invaluable in helping schools effectively fulfill this responsibility. Purpose: An evaluation of existing organizational collaborations is needed to describe attitudes toward current efforts and to form recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of future joint programs. Methods: Questionnaires regarding perceptions of existing collaborations were distributed to a sample of LHDs and schools districts...

Commentary: Models of Dissemination and Implementation in Public Health

Glen Mays
As public health researchers and public health practitioners, we need to become much more skilled in applying dissemination and implementation models within our research designs and within our delivery systems if we want the accumulating scientific knowledge to result in improvements in population health. Many of our standard public health tools can be affective in facilitating D&I – regulation, education, measurement and reporting, peer pressure, social media, and economic incentives – but context really matters....

State Traffic Volume Systems Count Estimation Process

Doug Kreis & Angie Quigley
The Kentucky Transportation Cabinet has an immense traffic data collection program that is an essential source for many other programs. The Division of Planning processes traffic volume counts annually. These counts are maintained in the Counts Database (CTS), which contains over 20,000 separate station locations and some traffic counts from as early as 1963. The Division of Planning currently collects traffic volume counts for all non-interstate routes on a revolving three year basis. Years wherein...

Kentucky Highway User Survey 2004

Ronald E. Langley & Ted Grossardt
The purpose of this study was to continue the efforts begun in 1997 to monitor Kentucky public opinion regarding the quality of highway systems, including a portion to measure satisfaction with current drivers’ license and registration renewal processes. Kentucky’s 2004 public opinion is compared to data colleted in previous years to gauge the state’s progress.

Maintenance and Operations Plan for Intelligent Transportation Systems in Kentucky

Jennifer R. Walton & Joseph D. Crabtree
This report presents a Maintenance and Operations Plan for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) in Kentucky. It was developed using substantial stakeholder input and provides recommendations and specific strategies for supporting and coordinating ITS maintenance and operations activities throughout the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. A literature review and national survey helped to identify other states and urban areas that had already completed work on ITS maintenance and operations. From this information, best practices were developed that represented...

Development of Procedures for Identifying High-Crash Locations and Prioritizing Safety Improvements

Kenneth R. Agent, Lenahan O'Connell, Eric R. Green, Doug Kreis, Jerry G. Pigman, Neil Tollner & Eric C. Thompson
The objectives of this study were to review and analyze the current procedures for identifying high-crash locations and evaluating and prioritizing roadway safety improvements at high-crash locations, and to recommend improved methods. Several tasks were undertaken to accomplish these objectives, including the following: Review of program guidelines and procedures used by other states to prioritize improvements at high-crash locations Review and documentation of Kentucky’s current procedures Update of Kentucky’s Crash Buildup Program software to be...

Analysis of Traffic Crash Data in Kentucky (1998 – 2002)

Kenneth R. Agent, Jerry G. Pigman, Monica L. Barrett & Eric R. Green
This report documents an analysis of traffic crash data in Kentucky for the years of 1998 through 2002. A primary objective of this study was to determine average crash statistics for Kentucky highways. Average and critical numbers and rates of crashes were calculated for various types of highways in rural and urban areas. These data can be used in Kentucky’s procedure to identify locations that have abnormal rates or numbers of crashes. The other primary...

Contractor Performed Quality Control on KyTC Projects

Donn E. Hancher, Yuhong Wang & Kamyar C. Mahboub
This report addresses issues related to transferring the responsibility for quality control from the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet (KyTC) to construction contractors. Surveys of the KyTC, other state departments of transportation, and Kentucky highway contractors were done to identify the advantages, concerns, and modifications of the Contractor Performed Quality Control (CPQC) program. An advisory committee of experienced KyTC engineers, FHWA representatives, and contractor representatives met periodically to identify approaches for handling key issues of the program....

Toward Enhancing Estimates of Kentucky’s Heavy Truck Tax Liabilities

Andrew V. McNeill, Suzanne Perkins & Merl Hackbart
Kentucky has established a Road Fund tax structure that is partially based on the principle that the system users pay their fair share of the costs associated with maintaining a safe and efficient highway system in Kentucky. Several of the most important sources of Kentucky’s road fund revenues derived from commercial trucking are dependent on the self-reported tax liabilities submitted by trucking firms. Self- reporting and the interstate nature of this industry allows for the...

Countermeasures for Fatal Crashes on Two-Lane Rural Roads

Kenneth R. Agent, Jerry G. Pigman & Nikiforos Stamatiadis
In the first phase of this study, characteristics of crashes on two-lane rural roads were summarized and compared to all crashes. Also, one-mile sections having high crash rates were identified. In this phase of the study, a detailed analysis was conducted for a random sample of 150 fatal crashes which occurred on a two-lane rural road. Recommendations were made for countermeasures to reduce the number and severity of crashes on this type of roadway. The...

Baseline Modeling of the Maysville Cable-Stayed Bridge over the Ohio River

Issam E. Harik, Jindong Hu, Suzanne Weaver Smith, Wei-Xin Ren, Tong Zhao, Jennie E. Campbell & Clark Graves
This report presents the baseline modeling of the Maysville cable-stayed bridge which connects Maysville, Kentucky and Aberdeen, Ohio over the Ohio River. The objective of this study is to establish the bridge baseline model via the dynamics-based technique and finite element method. The scope of research includes finite element modeling and modal analysis, field free vibration testing, finite element model calibration using field test results, and cable dynamic testing and modeling. It is demonstrated that...


Kamyar C. Mahboub, Paul M. Goodrum, Andy Glasgow, Jason Enlow, Nick Hendrix & Moin Uddin
Quality control and quality assurance in the highway industry is going through a cultural shift. There is a growing trend toward using the contractor data for acceptance and payment purposes. This has led to serious concerns about conflicts of interests. The question remains: are there adequate safeguards in place? To address these concerns, a number of asphalt and concrete QC/QA projects in Kentucky were examined and statistical analyses were conducted. This report presents a summary...

Compost for Steep Slope Erosion

Sudhir Palle, Stephen F. Higgins & Theodore Hopwood
This study was initiated to develop guidelines for maintenance erosion control measures for steep slopes. The study focused on evaluating and monitoring KY-31 fescue germination rates using two media treatments 1) 100 percent by weight compost and 2) 70 percent compost with 30 percent soil) with different seeding rates on a pilot project to establish vegetation on slopes with grades of 3:1 or steeper. The pilot program demonstrated that weed infestation and erosion problems on...

Evaluation of US 119 Pine Mountain Safety Improvements (Final Report)

Jerry G. Pigman & Kenneth R. Agent
The Transportation Center at the University of Kentucky was requested to perform an evaluation of the safety improvement project over a 7.1-mile section of US 119 on the Whitesburg side of Pine Mountain in Letcher County to determine whether the types of improvements undertaken affected the overall safety of the roadway. Specific attention was given to the effects of a ban on truck traffic that was implemented in March 2001. In addition, there was a...

2005 Safety Belt Usage Survey in Kentucky

Kenneth R. Agent & Eric R. Green
The objective of this study was to establish 2005 safety belt and child safety seat usage rates in Kentucky. The 2005 survey continues to document the results after enactment of a statewide mandatory safety belt law in 1994 and safety belt enforcement campaign. Data were collected at 200 randomly selected sites spread across Kentucky. Data from the individual sites were combined into a statewide percentage considering roadway functional classification, geographic region, and vehicle miles traveled....

Evaluation of Kentucky’s “Buckle Up Kentucky: It’s the Law & It’s Enforced” 2005 Campaign

Kenneth R. Agent, Eric R. Green & Ronald E. Langley
The objective of this report was to document the results of the “Buckle Up Kentucky: It’s the Law & It’s Enforced” 2005 campaign in Kentucky. The campaign involved a combination of earned media, paid media, and enforcement. The earned media started two weeks prior to Memorial Day 2005and continued through the enforcement period. Two separate paid media campaigns were conducted.One dealt specifically with pickups while the other was a general campaign for all drivers. The...

2007 Safety Belt Usage Survey in Kentucky

Kenneth R. Agent & Eric R. Green
The objective of this study was to establish 2007 safety belt and child safety seat usage rates in Kentucky. The 2007 survey continues to document the results after enactment of the original “secondary enforcement” statewide mandatory safety belt law in 1994 and the change to “primary enforcement” which was enacted in 2006. Data were collected at 200 randomly selected sites spread across Kentucky. Data from the individual sites were combined into a statewide percentage considering...

Evaluation of Kentucky’s “Buckle Up Kentucky: It’s the Law & It’s Enforced” 2007 Campaign

Kenneth R. Agent, Eric R. Green & Ronald E. Langley
The objective of this report was to document the results of the “Buckle Up Kentucky: It’s the Law & It’s Enforced” 2007 campaign in Kentucky. Data were also taken to document the change in usage after enactment of the primary enforcement law. The campaign involved a combination of earned media, paid media, and enforcement. The earned media started about five weeks prior to Memorial Day 2007 and continued through the enforcement periods. The paid media...

Evaluation of Geophysical Methods and Geophysical Contractors on Four Projects in Kentucky

David L. Allen
This report details four geophysical testing projects that were conducted in Kentucky for the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. The four projects were as follows: KY 101, Edmonson and Warren Counties, US 31-W, Elizabethtown Bypass, Hardin County, KY 61, LaRue County, and US 27, Pulaski County. Two contractors conducted the investigations for this study and they were as follows: KY 101 – (PELA) Electrical Resistivity and Microgravity, US 31-W – (CCKS) Microgravity, KY 61 – (CCKS) Electrical...

Evaluation of Current Incentive/Disincentive Procedures in Construction

Brad W. Rister & Yuhong Wang
This study was initiated to take an in-depth look at the current time and material incentive/disincentive program associated with highway construction projects in Kentucky. The current incentive/disincentive program was first initiated in the mid to late 90’s. However, not until recently had some of the original mechanisms of the program been revisited and/or up-dated. From the early stages of this study it was anticipated that many of the concerns regarding the use of both time/material...

Safety Implications from Design Exceptions

Kenneth R. Agent, Jerry G. Pigman & Nikiforos Stamatiadis
The objectives of this study were to: a) summarize past design exceptions to document their frequency and reason for their use and b) determine if any adverse safety implications can be related to adopting design policies and practices related to design exceptions. The design exception file maintained by the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet was obtained with data obtained relating to the types of project, exceptions requested, and the reasons for the various exceptions. A site visit...

Registration Year

  • 2022
  • 2021
  • 2020
  • 2019
  • 2018
  • 2017
  • 2016
  • 2015

Resource Types

  • Text


  • University of Kentucky
  • //ror.org/02k3smh20:University of Kentucky
  • Appalachian State University
  • University of California, San Diego
  • Center for Rural Strategies
  • West Virginia University
  • National Institutes of Health
  • University of Tennessee at Knoxville
  • Virginia Tech
  • Federal Communications Commission