159 Works

COACHING PRE-SERVICE ABA STUDENTS TO CORRECTLY RESPOND TO CHALLENGING BEHAVIORS DURING A FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS

Gabrielle Lonnemann
As Board Certified Behavior Analysts, we are responsible for training and implementing a variety of skills including a functional analysis. Bug in Ear teaching is an effective way to teach a variety of skills to a variety of professionals in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), as well as related fields. This study examined the effectiveness of using a Bug in Ear treatment package to teach preservice ABA masters students how to implement a functional analysis with...

Pitch-Based Carbon Fiber Derived from Coal Extract Liquids

Cierra Crowe
Limited coal coking operations and the use of coal-tar pitch as a binding agent in the production of metallurgical anodes has led to a limited availability of coal tar pitch for carbon fiber products. This has sparked interest in utilizing non-metallurgical coal-based liquids as an alternative to traditional coal tar from metcoke operations. This can be achieved by low severity solvent extraction, with heavy aromatic solvents, to produce coal liquids that act as precursor to...

Interdisciplinary Collaboration

Rose Campbell
In this study, a multi-component, rapid coaching intervention that included providing rationales, modeling, coaching during brief practice sessions, and performance-based feedback to train parents of children with communication delays to use naturalistic strategies during play. In addition, this study modeled successful interdisciplinary collaboration. A multiple baseline design across behaviors was used to evaluate the intervention and subsequent changes in the parent’s behavior. Results indicated that hat the rapid coaching model can be effective when it...

Leveraging Community Health Workers’ Expertise in the Community to Address Food Insecurity in Appalachia

Alexis Kimbro Scott
Residents of the Appalachian region of Kentucky are disproportionately affected by poor social determinants of health that contribute to the persistence of food insecurity and diet related diseases in this region. Poverty levels persist in rural areas of the Appalachian region while they improve throughout the rest of the United States. As this further perpetuates food insecurity in rural Appalachia, it is critical to identify culturally sensitive solutions to food insecurity. Utilizing Community Health Workers...

Tracks/traces

Piotr Wojcik
Lexington, Kentucky is a key node in the global thoroughbred horse industry. This archival research examines the transformation of its horseracing and housing geographies during the 1930s by comparing the redevelopment of an old urban racetrack into federal public housing with the simultaneous development of a new racing plant in the nearby countryside. It analyzes the social and economic relations underlying this shift in addition to how these relations were naturalized by the new landscapes...

TEACHING CHILDREN TO USE INTERACTION STRATEGIES WITH THEIR YOUNGER SIBLINGS THAT ARE MINIMALLY VERBAL

Abby Rucker
Children that are minimally verbal often lack same- or near-age peer interaction outside of the home environment. This study attempted to bridge that gap by training older siblings of minimally verbal children to use interaction strategies during play sessions. Through this, researchers were able to examine both the fidelity of use of the trained interaction strategies as well as their effect of the younger siblings’ communication skills.

EFFECTS OF PHYSIOLOGICAL STAGE AND DIET ON DROSOPHILA SUZUKII OLFACTION

Aerianna Littler
Massive economic damage by spotted-wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, results from their unique egg laying behavior. Gravid SWD flies employ a complex suite of behaviors to find fruit with the optimum firmness and chemistry. We tested for SWD attraction to various fruits and found overripe raspberries to be most attractive to gravid flies which was unexpected since they oviposit in ripe fruit. We next tested the same choice assay in a T-maze and found that...

SIGNIFICANT LIFE EXPERIENCES OF KENTUCKY YOUTH CLIMATE ACTIVISTS

Jeri Howell
The purpose of this study is to better understand Kentucky youth climate activism. The research questions explore how youth define their climate activism in Kentucky, their Significant Life Experiences (SLE) that motivated them to commit to climate activism, and what challenges and sustains their involvement. This qualitative study utilizes a blended framework of social/environmental positionality and political ecology to analyze 7 semi-structured interviews with participants between the ages 18 to 24 years old who are...

EXAMINING SOCIAL MISSION IN KENTUCKY SOCIAL ENTERPRISES

Bo Milburn
Social Enterprises are business entities that incorporate social value creation into their business operations. This study aims to investigate, explore and share key insights gained through the lived experience of owners or managers of these organizations. The reputational method of sample selection was used to identify informed individuals who participated in interviews to share phenomenological knowledge by telling the stories of their organizations, describing how they manage the balance between profitability and sustainability, sharing observations...

DEMAND SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF BEER IN THE U.S. MARKET

Laxmi Adhikari
The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic has stimulated remarkable changes in consumer purchasing and consumption behavior of food and beverages. This inherently raises the question of what the demand for beer differentiated by brands in the U.S. during the pandemic is? To answer this question, we used the recent Nielsen scanner data and employed the Linear Approximated Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) model to jointly estimate the demand for the five major brands: Budweiser, Coors,...

FANTASIES OF RACE AND PLACE

Mark Hines
Representations of fantasy settings in roleplaying games often draw upon understandings of the medieval and early Renaissance world. This dynamic often extends to racial politics in such worlds. For the contemporary roleplaying game, this often means that game mechanics are built around race, species, or gender. Often, players interpret such mechanics as a means of bioessentializing race or practicing stereotypes rooted in Eurocentric morality and values. This thesis examines the underlying rhetoric and implicit stakes...

Facilitating Analysis of Toxoplasma gondii Bradyzoite Metabolic Activity via Image Processing and Multivariate Logistic Regression for High Throughput Classification of Mitochondrial Morphologies

Brooke Place
Approximately a third of the population worldwide is chronically infected by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. During chronic infection the parasite resides within tissue cysts as the poorly understood bradyzoite form. Observation of these bradyzoites via microscopic imaging within tissue cyst purified from infected mouse brains has shown metabolic activity with heterogeneous replication potential. With fluorescence microscopy imaging targeting the parasite’s actively respiring mitochondria, the parasite’s metabolic state can be further investigated as the morphology of...

A Holy Tug of War

Mark Maxwell Brown
After the Sandinista revolution of 1979 ousted the longstanding Somoza dynasty of Nicaragua, the small Central American nation became an obsession of US foreign policy as the Reagan administration committed its efforts to deposing the leftist revolutionary government through the funding and training of the Contras, a counter-revolutionary guerrilla group. With the Cold War at a boiling point, continued control and influence over Central America became a pillar of US anticommunist agenda. Uniquely, many of...

READING COMPREHENSION CONSTRAINS WORD READING

Xueying Wang
Numerous research studies show word reading performance influences reading comprehension. Few studies investigate how reading comprehension influences word reading. The current study explores whether alleviating the attention required for reading comprehension correlates with a better word reading performance. Three types of tongue twister reading tasks that involve recall (RR), semantic priming (PP), and instructional focus on the phonological information (PF) all have a high demand for attention on word reading. Differently, the attention demanded by...

THE UTILITY OF THE UNIFIED PROTOCOL IN TREATING BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER

Martina Fruhbauerova
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by maladaptive levels across three personality domains: Neuroticism, (low) Agreeableness, and (low) Conscientiousness. The Unified Protocol (UP) is a transdiagnostic treatment that targets neuroticism and has demonstrated promising effects with BPD. However, not all individuals with BPD respond to UP treatment. The aim of the current study was to explore the extent to which the UP is an efficacious treatment for BPD symptoms. This study represents a secondary analysis...

SEDIMENT NITROGEN DYNAMICS IN BACKWATER WETLAND CONFLUENCES OF A REGULATED RIVER

Gina DeGraves
As harmful algal blooms in regulated river systems have increased in the past decade, the importance of understanding sediment nutrients has also increased. Research linking nutrient processes and fine sediment dynamics to harmful algal blooms in confluence wetlands along regulated rivers has recently become apparent. However, the relationship between sediment nutrient dynamics in confluence wetlands has been understudied. Utilization of sediment fingerprinting, high-frequency water quality monitoring, and tracer unmixing mass-balance modeling, was able to suggest...

LES REPRÉSENTATIONS FÉMININS DANS LE CINÉMA MAGHRÉBIN

danimills Mills
It is evident that in the realm of gender studies concerning the Maghreb, many scholars have studied literary texts from prominent female Maghrebi writers such as Assia Djebar and Fatima Mernissi. However, certain forms of expression have been neglected, such as film. The purpose of this work is to analyze and evaluate how cinema has portrayed the situation of women in the postcolonial Maghreb. I will be examining two examples of Maghrebi cinema which include...

FACE MASKS AND SPEECH PERCEPTION

Monica Chulde
Speech perception in unfavorable conditions reduces the intelligibility of the message. The use of face masks may be one factor that degrades the comprehension of target words in transcription tasks and the recognition of emotional prosodies. Different researchers have proposed the influence of visual stimuli in the comprehension of the linguistic message (e.g., Tuomainen et al., 2005; Schwartz et al., 2004; Llamas et al., 2008; McGowan, 2015). This study reports the results of an experiment...

Structural Optimization of Space Transit Vehicle Concept, Hercules

James Rogers
Hercules is a vehicle concept developed by NASA Langley's Vehicle Analysis Branch to satisfy the need for sustainable transit between Earth, the moon, and Mars. Hercules features unprecedented abort capabilities and mission flexibility to aid in NASA's Mars campaign. By utilizing modern software to perform structural analysis and optimization for a large selection of stiffened panel concepts, beam concepts, and materials trends in the structural optimization emerge. These trends will be invaluable for the design...

Constellations of Strange Bodies: Engaging with the Concept of Mess and its Shifting, Swirling Conditions

Martin Manalansan IV, Jed DeBruin, Lee Mandelo & Sydney Mullins

Translating Across Difference: Affect, Animal Studies, and Anthropology

Radhika Govindrajan, Qingfei Zhang & Morgan Keith Stewart

Whose Ethics?: Thinking Multispecies Relationships Through the Pandemic Classroom

Dierdra Reber, Erin Koch, Aylin Castro, Jed DeBruin, Kelly Ferguson & Jacob Saindon

“Write Something that Somebody can Use”: Openness, Porosity, and Opportunities for Others to do Their Own Things

Roderick Ferguson, Alessandra Del Brocco & Ivy F. Monroe

Increasing Initiations of Communication for Students with Moderate and Severe Disabilities Using a Prompt Hierarchy

Ryan Elizabeth Queenan
The purpose of this study was to increase initiations of communication for high school students with moderate and severe disabilities using a prompt hierarchy in the context of environmental arrangements. A multiple probe across participants design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing a prompt hierarchy with an environmental arrangement. The results showed that when using a prompt hierarchy in the context of an environmental arrangement were effective in increasing initiations of communication for...

Context Classification of Roadways Using Nationally Available GIS Data

Laura Wright
A Context Classification System based on context attributes of the area surrounding a roadway provides detailed information about the environment of a roadway corridor, while enabling practitioners to cater roadway projects to the community they are within. This study sought to create a system that would automatically classify roadway segments into the correct context, using data sources that are available nationwide. The proposed approach was tested by classifying the roadways in Highway District 7 of...

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