### The Mutual Assessment System in Teamwork: The Value of the Individual Grade

Sandra Vázquez Toledo, Cecilia Latorre Cosculluela, Marta Liesa Orús & Pilar Rivera-Torres
Teaching-learning based on cooperative learning is grounded on a methodology that is currently one of the most widely used within formal education classrooms. Recently, special attention has begun to be paid to a fundamentally relevant aspect of the assessment of the learning of university students within their group performance: their individual grades obtained from teamwork. In addition to describing the individual grading system that is used to assess individual contributions, this study analyses the perceptions...

### A Practical Guide to Instrument Development and Score Validation in the Social Sciences: The MEASURE Approach

Michael T. Kalkbrenner
The research and practice of social scientists who work in a myriad of different specialty areas involve developing and validating scores on instruments as well as evaluating the psychometric properties of existing instrumentation for use with research participants. In this article, the author introduces The MEASURE Approach to instrument development, an acronym of seven empirically supported steps for instrument development, and initial score validation that he developed based on the recommendations of leading psychometric researchers...

### Graduate Training in Educational Measurement and Psychometrics: A Curriculum Review of Graduate Programs in the U.S.

Jennifer Randall, Joseph A. Rios & Hyun Joo Jung
This mixed-methods study included a curriculum review of 118 graduate (masters & doctoral) programs in educational measurement, assessment, evaluation, psychometrics, and/or quantitative psychology in the United States to examine both the content and skills prioritized in graduate training. In addition to required content, programs/program curricula were coded with respect to intellectual home (psychology v. education departments), level of program (M.A. v. EdD or PhD), total credits, and number and rank of faculty. Patterns with respect...

### Anti-Black Agencies: Maria Archer's Colonialist Feminism

Daniel F. Silva
This essay critically explores the colonialist racial and gender politics of Portuguese writer Maria Archer (1899-1982), specifically in her book Brasil, fronteira da África (1963). Though she is often remembered within the scholarly and canonizing circles of Portuguese literature for her contributions to an emerging national women’s literature in the 20th century, a substantial part of both her literary work and essayistic non-fiction regarding the roles of women in society and cultural production is profoundly...

### As donas da Zambézia na ficção narrativa: da imaginação colonial à imaginação nacional

Fátima Mendonça
O texto analisa a forma como as chamadas Donas da Zambézia e os acontecimentos históricos em que participaram, são representados quer na ficção colonial portuguesa quer em narrativas pós-coloniais da autoria de escritores moçambicanos. Pretende mostrar, com o exemplo de Zambeziana, publicado em 1927 em Portugal, a intersecção existente entre o discurso exótico e o discurso colonial, incidindo sobre os tópicos raciais e sexuais, entre outros. Numa perspectiva comparada mostra igualmente como os mesmos acontecimentos...

### “Gardaz vostre garnir”: Garin Lo Brun’s El termini d’estiu and the Composition of the Obscene Mini-Anthology of Songbook G

Courtney Joseph Wells
In this note, the author demonstrates that, although the ensenhamen of Garin lo Brun serves as a metrical and formal model for the anonymous obscene cobla “De bona domna voill,” it is also parodied by another cobla in the same anthology of parodic and scatological coblas contained in songbook G. While scholars have studied coblas of this anthology individually, there is much that can be learned about the cultural and literary importance of this small...

### Data in Crisis: anticipating risk, vulnerability, and resilience through communication infrastructures

Katrina Petersen & Agata Gurzawska
This paper explores the implications of having interactions around crises progressively based in information and communication technology (ICT), data, and their infrastructures. Drawing on applied research from multidisciplinary projects to design crisis ICT, we describe the how these tools become fundamental to how crisis communication and governance can and does work. Crisis ICT facilitate collaboration and interoperability in ways that make it possible for crisis managers to share each other’s strategies, processes, goals, and perspectives....

### Babel and Babble in Benjamin and Burke

Samuel McCormick & John Durham Peters
Drawing on the works of Walter Benjamin and Kenneth Burke, this essay argues that the philosophical conditions and conclusions of rhetoric and translation are the same: both trace their origins to the primal fall of language, whether after the Fall from Eden or the curse of Babel, and both find their horizons in an ultimate linguistic motive that, oddly enough, typifies ordinary language use.

### Technological Utopia, End Times and the SARS-CoV-2 Crisis: A Genealogy of Crisis Ideoscapes and Mediascapes

SARS-CoV-2 and the disease it produces, Covid-19, have not only produced a “public health crisis,” but also triggered a “crisis in public confidence,” exacerbating the extant “polarization crisis” seen as dividing the American public. In this charged context, knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 and Covid-19 has become highly politicized, with many counter-narratives circulating regarding the nature and heritage of viral risk and the intentions and effects of official responses. Fraught meanings prevent consensus on the nature of...

### DDoS: From Activist Event to Perpetual Crisis

Theo Röhle
This paper focuses on recent changes in the way Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are technically administered in order to reassess their role as an activist tactic. By contextualising current forms of attacks within the history of hacktivism, it is possible to discern a shift from DDoS as short-lived event to an enduring phenomenon. The paper discusses the implications of this temporal shift, in terms of a growing reliance on DDoS protection providers and...

### Introduction to \"Machine Communication\"

Zachary J. McDowell & David J. Gunkel

### International Association of Hospitality Financial Management Educators (iAHFME) Academic Member 2020 Total Annual Earnings

Raymond A. Schmidgall
This study uses survey research to determine the 2020 annual earnings of hospitality financial man- agement educators. Forty-four percent of iAHFME members affiliated with educational institutions responded. Survey results show that for 2020, annual base salaries of iAHFME members ranged from $63,000 to$200,000. The lowest-paid member was an assistant professor and the highest-paid mem- ber, a full professor. Many respondents supplemented their base salaries by teaching during summer school or consulting or both. The...

### Reliability Generalization Analysis of the Core Self-Evaluations Scale

Jisoo Ock, Samuel T. McAbee, Seydahmet Ercan, Amy Shaw & Frederick L. Oswald
As a multifaceted construct reflecting one’s self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, locus of control, and emotional stability, core self-evaluations has become popular to measure in applied psychology research, especially given its conceptual importance and empirical usefulness for understanding the dispositional effects on employee attitudes and behaviors. Yet, less attention has been paid to the internal properties of its measurement, relative to its criterion-related validity evidence. Thus, we believe that it is useful and timely to report on...

### Mind Mapping as a Pragmatic Solution for Evaluation: A Critical Reflection through Two Case Studies

Elbina Avdagic, Fiona May, Tom McClean, Fiona Shackleton, Catherine Wade & Karen Healy
Funders of social interventions that address complex child and family welfare concerns for highly vulnerable populations are increasingly seeking cost-effective and rapid mixed method evaluations of their services. This paper describes a mind mapping approach that was used to collect valid and reliable qualitative data from large numbers of informants across two separate evaluation projects. The mind mapping approach provided a rapid, credible solution to the need to extract and summarize views from a diverse...

### Rasch Measurement v. Item Response Theory: Knowing When to Cross the Line

Steven E. Stemler & Adam Naples
When students receive the same score on a test, does that mean they know the same amount about the topic? The answer to this question is more complex than it may first appear. This paper compares classical and modern test theories in terms of how they estimate student ability. Crucial distinctions between the aims of Rasch Measurement and IRT are highlighted. By modeling a second parameter (item discrimination) and allowing item characteristic curves to cross,...

### Conditional Standard Error of Measurement: Classical Test Theory, Generalizability Theory and Many-Fact Rasch Measurement with Applications to Writing Assessment

Alan Huebner & Gustaf B. Skar
Writing assessments often consist of students responding to multiple prompts, which are judged by more than one rater. To establish the reliability of these assessments, there exist different methods to disentangle variation due to prompts and raters, including classical test theory, Many Facet Rasch Measurement (MFRM), and Generalizability Theory (G-Theory). Each of these methods defines a standard error of measurement (SEM), which is a quantity that summarizes the overall variability of student scores. However, less...

### Feedback is a gift: Do Video-enhanced rubrics result in providing better peer feedback than textual rubrics?

High-quality elaborative peer feedback is a blessing for both learners and teachers. However, learners can experience difficulties in giving high-quality feedback on complex skills using textual analytic rubrics. High-quality elaborative feedback can be strengthened by adding video-modeling examples with embedded self-explanation prompts, turning textual analytic rubrics (TR) into so-called 'video-enhanced analytic rubrics' (VER). This study contrasts two experimental conditions (TR, n = 54; VERs, n = 49) with their version of the anonymized online tool...

### Editor's Note

Jeffrey L. Blevins

### \"Where We Go One, We Go All\": QAnon and the Mediology of Witnessing

When critics admonish their opponents for circulating mere conspiracy theories, they are disparaging them for subscribing to facile accounts of socio-historical phenomena that are more sophisticated and aleatory than such heavy-handed narratives apprehend. Unfortunately, this kind of disavowal has the unfortunate side-effect of precluding conspiracy theories from more serious philosophical consideration. Arguably the most notorious information age conspiracy theory of the moment is QAnon, a byzantine, messianic truther echo-system that has recently irrupted into mainstream...

### Domestic Tourism in Poland: State, Development, and Prospects before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Ewa Bąk-Filipek & Katarzyna Podhorodecka
The aim of the study was to show tourist movement in Poland and its importance in the tourism and national economy. The analysis of the results confirms a several-year trend of further increases in the number of arrivals for both foreigners and foreign tourists. In parallel to the positive trend in terms of the number of trips, unfortunately a decreasing trend is observed in the level of average spending of tourists and one-day visitors. Therefore,...

### Creating an Evaluation Factor for Group Work Assessment

Scott Mark
The idea of group work assessment is often seen as complicated, but necessary given the value of group work to learning. However, the traditional method involving a collective grade has been shown to be a less effective option, and raises questions about fairness for the students. Utilizing an evaluation factor provides a more inclusive assessment strategy, factoring in peer and self-assessment to enhance the reliability of the assessment. Through the evaluation factor, an instructor can...

### Count Data Regression Analysis: Concepts, Overdispersion Detection, Zero-inflation Identification, and Applications with R

Luiz Paulo Fávero, Rafael de Freitas Souza, Patrícia Belfiore, Hamilton Luiz Corrêa & Michael F. C. Haddad
In this paper is proposed a straightforward model selection approach that indicates the most suitable count regression model based on relevant data characteristics. The proposed selection approach includes four of the most popular count regression models (i.e. Poisson, negative binomial, and respective zero-inflated frameworks). Moreover, it addresses two of the most relevant problems commonly found in real-world count datasets, namely overdispersion and zero-inflation. The entire selection approach may be performed using the programme language R,...

### Variability In The Accuracy Of Self-Assessments Among Low, Moderate, And High Performing Students in University Education

Samuel Parra León, Antonio Pantoja Vallejo & James Byron Nelson
The present work empirically examines the validity of Student Self-Assessment (SSA) as an educational assessment in higher education. We briefly review the principle methodological factors that could affect SSA validity, as well as the main findings identified in the literature. One empirical study is presented that compares student-self evaluations on a test with the evaluation made by the course instructor while controlling for students' experience with SSA, criteria, rubric, and scales used by the student...

### Inspiration and motivation: The similarities and differences between critical and acritical media literacy

Nolan Higdon, Allison Butler & J. D. Swerzenski
This article addresses the theoretical and practical differences between acritical and critical media literacy as researched and practiced by United States’-based scholars. Drawing from the top-cited authors in the field of media literacy, the authors share their analysis of the similarities and differences in pedagogical approaches. Attention is paid to gaps in critical media literacy research and further research needed.

### \"'Persuasion, Precarity and the Professoriate': Communication Challenges on Contract Faculty Campaigns\"

H. F. Pimlott
As awareness of the situation of adjunct and contract faculty on campuses in Canada and the USA has grown over the last 20-plus years, so have struggles for better pay and working conditions. While the growing literature about the predicament of the precarious professoriate rightly condemns their exploitation and calls for solidarity on the part of regular faculty, there are far fewer accounts dedicated to discussing the campaign strategies and tactics employed to improve their...

• 2021
49

#### Resource Types

• Journal Article
49

#### Affiliations

• University of Massachusetts Amherst
3
• University of Central Florida
3
• University of Lisbon
2
• Yale University
2
• Northwestern University
1
• University of the Basque Country
1
• Trilateral Research & Consulting
1
• Hobart and William Smith Colleges
1
• Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education
1
• Rice University
1