466 Works

Diary of Social Legislation and Policy 1987 and 1988

Anthony King
This Diary summarises the legislative and administrative changes made in the social policy field during 1987 and 1988 by the Commonwealth government. The Diary provides a ready reference for research workers, and can also be used as a succinct and factual account of policy during the years covered. For the first time, education policies are covered by the Diary. This issue also sees the separation of community services from social security into a separate new...

Redistribution by the State in Austria

Alois Guger
Although the size of the public sector is large in Austria, its redistributive impact from high to low income classes is limited: on the revenue side, indirect taxation is high and, on the expenditure side, the principle of horizontal equity is prevalent. In Austria, income and property taxation is low and only moderately progressive due to a number of tax concessions which lower the tax rate for high incomes substantially. Indirect taxes and social security...

A Perennial problem, Employment, Joblessness and Poverty

Peter Saunders
The idea that unemployment is the principal cause of poverty among those of workforce age has been a central finding of poverty research. The precise nature of this key relationship has changed along with changes in the labour market, but unemployment remains a perennial cause of poverty among the working-age population. This paper, written in appreciation of the contribution made by Professor Peter Sheehan to work in the area, examines the links that exist between...

Towards a Credible Poverty Framework: From Income Poverty to Deprivation

Peter Saunders
There have always been differences of view on what poverty means in conceptual terms, and even greater differences on how to measure it. These differences span a broad spectrum of normative and ideological positions and raise a number of technical issues surrounding the statistical measurement of poverty. This paper explains the role of poverty research and the value of a poverty line, while acknowledging that limitations exist with the current instruments. It argues that any...

Innovation and Change in the Child and Family Welfare System

Adam Jamrozik, Sarah Drury & Tania Sweeney
This report gives an overview of the developments in policies and services in child and family welfare in Australia over the past two decades. The data for the study have been drawn from the annual reports of welfare departments of three States (New South Wales, South Australia and Tasmania), and from other documents such as Commonwealth Government departments, Australian Bureau of Statistics, and earlier studies in that field of welfare. The aim of the report...

SPRC Newsletter No 44 - March 1992

Jacklyn Comer
SPRC Newsletter; No 44

Selectivity and Targeting in Income Support: The Australian Experience

Peter Saunders
The Australian income support system is often characterised as one of the most selective in the Western industrialised world. This paper examines the sense in which the Australian system is selective, and discusses the distinction between selectivity and targeting in income support provisions. The paper contrasts developments in social security outlays and recipient numbers over the last two decades with those occurring since the election of the Hawke Government in 1983 in order that the...

Economic Inequality in Australia Volume 2: Some Factors Causing Inequality

Phil Raskall & Peter Saunders
The idea that a Study of Social and Economic Inequalities (SSEI) should be undertaken in Australia was first proposed in 1988 by the then Minister for Social Security, Brian Howe. The main focus of the Study is to shed new light on various dimensions of inequality in Australia - both economic and social - and to investigate the factors causing them. The research involves the analysis of existing data rather than the collection of new...

Body Rights, Social Rights and the Liberal Welfare State

Sheila Shaver
SPRC Discussion Paper; 38

SWRC Newsletter No 2 - February 1981

Margaret McAllister
SWRC Newsletter; No 2

SWRC Newsletter No 17 - May 1985

Rosemary Hooke
SWRC Newsletter; No 17

The Welfare Interpretation of Family Size Equivalence Scales

Bruce Bradbury
Do family size equivalence scales have a welfare interpretation? Whilst many economists routinely use equivalence scales as a component of between-household welfare comparisons, others insist that choice over demographic composition means that such an interpretation is inappropriate. This paper discusses the conditions under which equivalence scales may be appropriately used for welfare comparisons, and concludes that they will often, but not always, be satisfied. In particular, the analysis suggests that distributional analysis should assume that...

Workforce in Transition: Implications for Welfare

Adam Jamrozik & Marilyn Hoey
In this exploratory study, changes in the structure of the Australian labour market during the 1970s are examined, with the aim to ascertain the effects these changes might have on the wellbeing of the workforce. Six issues have been selected for initial analysis: unemployment of youth; shift from full-time to part-time work; employment of women; early withdrawal from the workforce; low incomes in relation to the cost of living and taxation system; and the position...

SPRC Newsletter No 71 - November 1998

Sharon Hancock
SPRC Newsletter; No 71

The Fragmented Structure of Community Support Services: A Community Case Study

Michael Fine
SPRC Discussion Paper; 43

Error Analysis: Lexical Errors Produced by Australian KFL Learners

Seong-Chul Shin
This paper aims to investigate the key lexical areas of difficulty for Australian students of Korean as a foreign language (KFL). Specifically, this study intends to identify the lexical features that present particular difficulties to English native speakers learning Korean; to classify those lexical errors in terms of their type and frequency; and to provide possible explanation for the cause of those lexical problems. The subjects selected in this study are 71 second- and third-year...

Australia's Owner-Occupied Housing Wealth and its Impact on Income Distribution

Judith Yates
In 1977, the United Nations recommended that imputed income from owner-occupied housing be added to primary income to give a preferred measure of total household income for use in income distribution statistics. This research report provides the first attempt in Australia to implement this recommendation. The report uses data from the 1988 Household Expenditure Survey to determine the value of gross and net owner occupied housing wealth in Australia and to examine the impact that...

Anti-Intellectualism at the Lesbian Conference

Denise Thompson
This publication contains a number of pieces: a paper of the title listed, a book review (both published in the journal, Lesbian Network, no.19), some correspondence with a lesbian group in the UK who asked if they could publish them in the Lesbian Information Service Newsletter, a criticism of the paper, and my reply

The Changing Boundary Between Home and Market: Australian Trends in Outsourcing Domestic Labour

Michael Bittman, Gabrielle Meagher & George Matheson
It is widely believed that domestic outsourcing is booming. Many believe the growth of market services is a response to increasing time pressures arising from new responsibilities in the paid workforce, and to an inflexible sexual division of labour at home. The interpretation of the consequences of the purported growth of domestic outsourcing has been both divided and extreme. Paid domestic services have been declared: (1) a thing of the pre-industrial past; (2) a victim...

The Experience of Unemployment in Three Victorian Regions

Graeme Brewer
This report is one of the publications resulting from a joint project on unemployment which was planned, devised and carried out by staff at the Social Welfare Research Centre (in particular by Bettina Cass, Pauline Garde and Diana Encel) and by Graeme Brewer at the Brotherhood of St Laurence. The project examined unemployment both in New South Wales and Victoria. The object of the research was to collect information on the labour market, education and...

SPRC Newsletter - November 2006

Cathy Thomson & Duncan Aldridge
SPRC Newsletter

Poverty in Australia: Dimensions and Policies

Michael Bittman
This publication reports the proceedings of a one day conference, jointly organised by the Social Policy Research Centre and the Department of Social Work and Social Policy at the University of Queensland, held on the 26 November 1996 in Brisbane. The conference was organised to mark the fact that 1996 was designated by the United Nations to be The International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Papers presented dealt with current issues surrounding the measurement...

SWRC Newsletter No 31 - November 1988

Adam Jamrozik
SWRC Newsletter; No 31

Community Services Policy: Economic and Social Implications

Peter Saunders & Adam Jamrozik
This report contains the proceedings of the Conference held in Hobart, Tasmania, on 27 May 1988. The theme of the Conference, Community Services Policy: Economic and Social Implications. The seven papers in this report cover a wide range of issues in community services - issues of efficiency, redistribution, equity, equality, administration of services, service delivery, and occupational welfare. This nexus of interrelated issues lies at the heart of contemporary debate over the role of community...

Employment Benefits: Private or Public Welfare?

Adam Jamrozik, Marilyn Hoey & Marilyn Leeds
This report is concerned with the subject of occupational welfare, i.e. benefits received by employees in addition to wages or salaries, which are commonly referred to in various terms, such as employment or employee benefits, fringe benefits, non-wage benefits, or, more recently, as remuneration package. The examination of recent and earlier data indicates that employment benefits are widespread throughout industry but their distribution favours considerably higher level employees. Recent changes in the structure of the...

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