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Human Resources in Community Services: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Evidence

Adam Jamrozik & Cathy Boland
This report has been written in two parts. The first, Sections 2-4, provides a conceptual framework for the analysis of human resources; analyses the data on the trends in the Australian labour market so as to show the trends in the allocation of human resources, in most cases since 1966; it gives a more detailed analysis of the use of human resources in community services; and then examines some data on education, to show how...

SPRC Newsletter No 39 - December 1990

Jennifer Young
SPRC Newsletter; No 39

Welfare Fraud, Work Incentives and Income Support for the Unemployed

Bruce Bradbury
Recent years have seen an increasing prevalence in Australia of the view that many of those receiving unemployment benefit are 'cheating' the system, either by direct fraud, or by lack of willingness to find employment. This paper addresses these issues in three sections. First, via a review of available information on the work incentive effects of unemployment benefits; second, with an analysis of statistical trends which some commentators claim show evidence of increasing fraud; and...

Social Policy and the Challenges of Social Change, Proceedings of the National Social Policy Conference, Sydney, 5-7 July 1995, Volume 2

Peter Saunders & Sheila Shaver
This year's conference was divided into broad social policy themes: Work and Welfare; Social and Economic Inequality; Family, the Life Course and the State; Community Services; Citizenship and the Mixed Economy of Welfare; and an Open Section which covered a variety of themes not included in the above categories. This volume of papers from the Conference includes the keynote address, the first of the plenary papers and thirteen contributed papers. There is no connecting theme...

SPRC Newsletter No 73 - May 1999

Sharon Hancock
SPRC Newsletter; No 73

Welfare Issues and Policy Challenges at the End of the Millennium

Peter Saunders & Tony Eardley
The five papers delivered at the conference are included in this report. Peter Saunders reviews some of the principle arguments advanced by critics of welfare state performance and examines the demographic challenge facing it, its affordability and the crisis of legitimacy in welfare before considering the reforms that are being introduced. Jim Ife goes further afield and looks at the tension between globalisation and localisation and the ways in which they are meeting human need,...

Mortgaging Our Future? Families and Young People in Australia

Roisin Thanki & Cathy Thomson
The papers brought together here address a range of issues relating to families and young people. The seminar began with Peter McDonald's paper, which presents a broad and troubling overview of the changing circumstances of young people in Australia and the problems they face. The paper by Stein Ringen and Brendan Halpin examines the effect of children on disposable income and consumption produced in families. Peter Travers reports on the findings of research in the...

Diary of Social Legislation and Policy 1981

Mari Davis, Margaret McAllister & Ian Manning
This Diary summarises the legislative and administrative changes made in the social policy field during 1981 by the Commonwealth government, and to a lesser extent by the State governments. It provides a ready reference for research workers, and can also be used as a succinct and factual account of policy during the year. Unlike its predecessors, this Diary attempts to cover the main policy changes at a State level in the social policy field. It...

Defining Social Exclusion in Western Sydney: Exploring the Role of Housing Tenure

B Randolph, D Murray & K Ruming
Over the past decade social exclusion has increasingly been positioned at the forefront of political, academic and lay discourse as the cause of disadvantage (Marsh, 2004). While the definition, measurement and solutions to social exclusion remain open to debate, housing has progressively been positioned as a central variable creating neighbourhoods of exclusion. Much of this debate has positioned areas of public housing as the most disadvantaged and socially excluded neighbourhoods. However, the multiplicity of social...

Global Pressures, National Responses: the Australian Welfare State in Context

Peter Saunders
The welfare state remains the subject of intense debate over its effects and effectiveness. How has it responded to changes in community values, political priorities and global economic forces? Statistics on the size of the welfare state must be treated with care, particularly those which compare developments across different countries. The Australian data confirm that spending by government on welfare programs continued to rise over the 1990s, as had employment in those industries that provided...

Issues in Social Welfare Policy 1985: Perceptions, Concepts and Practice. (SWRC Papers at ASPAA and ANZAAS)

Adam Jamrozik
The areas of enquiry covered by the four papers are concerned with issues of social policy and social welfare related to young people, children and families, minority groups, and the unemployed. Although ranging over such wide areas, the issues addressed by the authors are similar in many respects. The common theme that can be discerned in the four papers is the concern with the perceptions of the Welfare State and of the functions performed by...

Submission to the Parliament of NSW, Legislative Council Standing Committee on Social Issues, regarding: INQUIRY INTO OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE

Eileen Baldry, Sue Green, Heidi Freeman & Sheila Langan
This submission provides recommendations for improvements to NSW services to overcome Indigenous disadvantage and close the large life expectancy gap. These recommendations are mainly based on research performed by two of the authors of this paper, Sue Green and Dr Eileen Baldry and their peers. This research was largely focused on human services, housing and incarceration and encompasses both analysis of the issues and evidence-based recommendations to improve services. Despite many previous reports outlining past...

Trends in the Disposable Incomes of Australian Families, 1982-83 to 1989-90

Bruce Bradbury, Jennifer Doyle & Peter Whiteford
This paper describes and assesses trends in the disposable incomes of Australian families between 1982-83 and 1989-90. The paper's results are based on the 1985-86 Income Distribution Survey adjusted by micro-analytic simulation techniques to reflect changes in employment and earned and unearned incomes, as well as developments in the personal income tax and social security systems. A model of factors influencing mortgage repayments is also developed and used to assess trends in housing costs and...

Family Care of Elderly People: 1983 Survey Results

Chris Rossiter, David Kinnear & Adam Graycar
The work of the Social Welfare Research Centre on family care of elderly people commenced in 1981 with a survey of carers in New South Wales and Tasmania. This first stage investigated the experience of 79 people who were looking after an elderly relative at home. A monograph published in 1982 laid out the theoretical issues in the analysis of family care and presented data from the first stage of the survey. In 1983, the...

Child Welfare: Current Issues and Future Directions

Jo Jarrah
"Child Welfare : Current Issues and Future Directions" is the title of the major, one-day seminar held by the Social Welfare Research Centre on 6 July, 1983, at the University of New South Wales. The subsequent demand for copies of the papers presented was so great that it was considered appropriate to publish them as an issue in the Centre's Reports and Proceedings Series. In reading these papers it is important to bear in mind...

A Probit Analysis of the Factors Influencing Labour Market Success of Aborigines in New South Wales

Russell Ross
Using data from the 1986-87 Survey of Working Age Aborigines in New South Wales, this paper presents the results of a probit analysis to determine the characteristics which differentiate employed Aborigines from Aborigines not in employment. The results of the probit analysis show the importance of the acquisition of human capital to the employment success of Aborigines. Increments in level of education, previous participation in formal labour market programs, and previous employment experience all have...

Defining Poverty and Identifying the Poor: Reflections on the Australian Experience

Peter Saunders
This paper provides an overview of the historical development of poverty research in Australia, focusing on the impact of Seebohm Rowntree’s first study of poverty in York, conducted one hundred years ago. It also reviews some of the recent Australian evidence on the extent of poverty and summarises the debates generated by that research. Finally, the paper discusses several developments currently in progress in the area of poverty and living standards research. These include the...

SPRC Newsletter No 48 - March 1993

Julia Martin
SPRC Newsletter; No 48

SPRC Newsletter No 45 - July 1992

Julia Martin
SPRC Newsletter; No 45

Family Policies in Australia: Contest over the Social Wage

Bettina Cass
This paper addresses a major theoretical debate in the sociology of the ‘welfare state’ to what extent do state interventions into the sphere of domestic relationships (e.g. by the implementation of ‘family policies’) either reinforce existing class and gender based inequalities, or establish progressive changes? This is a component of a more general theoretical and empirical issue: to what extent can and do income transfers and social services (through the tax/welfare system) redistribute income to...

SWRC Newsletter No 15 - December 1984

Rosemary Hooke
SWRC Newsletter; No 15

The Mixed Economy of Support for the Aged in Australia: Lessons for Privatisation

Peter Saunders & Michael Fine
SPRC Discussion Paper; 36

The Time Cost of Parenthood: An Analysis of Daily Workload

Lyn Craig
This paper uses the 1992 Time Use Survey by the Australian Bureau of Statistics to calculate the amount of time that parenthood adds to daily time commitment, and the impact of parenthood on the daily division of household labour. Because child care is most often performed simultaneously with other tasks, this paper includes secondary activity in calculating the time cost of children. It demonstrates that across the range of variation in labour force status, the...

New Relations of Welfare in the Contracting State: The Marketisation of Services for the Unemployed in Australia

Tony Eardley
A significant feature of the organisation of public affairs in the 1990s in liberal welfare states has been a rebirth of contractualism. In Australia, the provision of social security and employment assistance to unemployed people has been characterised by an incremental shift away from entitlement as a right once certain preordained eligibility requirements are met. Instead, payments are becoming more dependent on compliance with individualised quasi-contractual agreements between the unemployed person and the relevant agency....

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