873 Works

Working but Poor? Low Pay and Poverty in Australia

Tony Eardley
There has been talk of a new phenomenon of 'working poverty' in Australia, whereby the levels and concentration of low pay are combining to see incomes in a significant number of households fall below the poverty line even where family members are in paid employment. The links between individual low pay and family poverty, however, are complex. This paper uses Australian Bureau of Statistics survey data to examine the growth of working poverty in Australia...

SWRC Newsletter No 34 - August 1989

Jennifer Young
SWRC Newsletter; No 34

Social Policy in Australia: What Future for the Welfare State? Proceedings of National Social Policy Conference, Sydney, 5-7 July 1989, Volume 2: Concurrent Sessions, Contributions from Social Policy Research Centre

Peter Saunders
This report contains papers presented to the National Social Policy Conference held at the University of New South Wales from 5-7 July 1989. The overall theme of the Conference was, 'Social Policy in Australia: What Future for the Welfare State?' The Conference was structured around the following five specific themes: i) The Ideology, Philosophy and Political Environment of Social Policy ii) The Economic Environment of Social Policy iii) Income Maintenance and Income Security iv) Community...

The Rush Hour: The Quality of Leisure Time and Gender Equity

Michael Bittman & Judy Wajcman
The distribution of leisure time between the sexes is contested. Becker's theory of specialisation suggests that there is an underlying gender equity in leisure, while the competing view suggests that women are now bearing a 'dual burden' as both family providers and family carers. Using indicators of the quantity and quality of leisure, drawn from the Multinational Time Budget Data Archive and the Australian Time Use Survey, this paper finds some support for both views....

Theory and Practice in Australian Social Policy: Rethinking the Fundamentals, Proceedings of the National Social Policy Conference Sydney July 14-16 1993 Volume 3: Contributed Papers

Peter Saunders & Sheila Shaver
The Conference was divided into five broad social policy themes: Social Policy and the Economy; Ideas, Ideology and the Welfare State; Family, Community and the State in Social Care; Inequality; and Work and Welfare. In line with the overall Conference theme, paper-givers were encouraged to examine the fundamental purposes, frameworks and methods of Australian social policy, and put these in the context of the far-reaching changes taking place in Australia's society, culture and development. The...

Global Pressures, National Responses: the Australian Welfare State in Context

Peter Saunders
The welfare state remains the subject of intense debate over its effects and effectiveness. How has it responded to changes in community values, political priorities and global economic forces? Statistics on the size of the welfare state must be treated with care, particularly those which compare developments across different countries. The Australian data confirm that spending by government on welfare programs continued to rise over the 1990s, as had employment in those industries that provided...

Beyond Economic Rationalism: Alternative Futures for Social Policy, Proceedings of a Joint Conference with the Department of Social Work and Social Administration, University of Western Australia, 27 November 1992

Peter Saunders & Sara Graham
Together these papers present a picture of the economic background to the welfare state as it appears today, a description of the changes that have occurred over the last several years, with details of some developments in certain specific areas. In particular, the conference addressed the concept of economic rationalism, and considered its impact on social policies over the last decade. Laksiri Jayasuriya examines the notions of citizenship and welfare through the works of the...

New Relations of Welfare in the Contracting State: The Marketisation of Services for the Unemployed in Australia

Tony Eardley
A significant feature of the organisation of public affairs in the 1990s in liberal welfare states has been a rebirth of contractualism. In Australia, the provision of social security and employment assistance to unemployed people has been characterised by an incremental shift away from entitlement as a right once certain preordained eligibility requirements are met. Instead, payments are becoming more dependent on compliance with individualised quasi-contractual agreements between the unemployed person and the relevant agency....

SPRC Newsletter - April 2006

Karen Fisher, Cathy Thomson & Duncan Aldridge
SPRC Newsletter

SPRC Newsletter - November 2005

Cathy Thomson, Tony Eardley & Duncan Aldridge
SPRC Newsletter

Social Policy in Australia: What Future for the Welfare State? Proceedings of National Social Policy Conference, Sydney, 5-7 July 1989, Volume 4: Concurrent Session, Social Policies in Australia and New Zealand

Russell Ross
This report contains papers presented to the National Social Policy Conference held at the University of New South Wales from 5-7 July 1989. The overall theme of the Conference was, 'Social Policy in Australia: What Future for the Welfare State?' The Conference was structured around the following five specific themes: i) The Ideology, Philosophy and Political Environment of Social Policy ii) The Economic Environment of Social Policy iii) Income Maintenance and Income Security iv) Community...

Immigrant Welfare: A Research Perspective

Michael Liffman
Liffman takes three analytical questions: what is encompassed by the term ‘immigrant’; how are immigrants affected by welfare systems; and what determines outcomes in immigrant/agency interactions. He discusses four factors which must always be taken into account in developing any services for immigrants; language and communication; culture; experience and knowledge; and resettlement. With a grasp of these issues Liffman deals illustratively with two "welfare fields", social security and child care, identifying: a) issues common to...

Energy Consumption and the Built Environment: A Social and Behavioural Analysis

B Randolph & P Troy
City Futures Research Centre Research Paper No. 7

Water Consumption and the Built Environment: A Social and Behavioural Analysis

B Randolph & P Troy
City Futures Research Centre Research Paper No. 5

Family Policies in Australia: Contest over the Social Wage

Bettina Cass
This paper addresses a major theoretical debate in the sociology of the ‘welfare state’ to what extent do state interventions into the sphere of domestic relationships (e.g. by the implementation of ‘family policies’) either reinforce existing class and gender based inequalities, or establish progressive changes? This is a component of a more general theoretical and empirical issue: to what extent can and do income transfers and social services (through the tax/welfare system) redistribute income to...

Welfare Fraud, Work Incentives and Income Support for the Unemployed

Bruce Bradbury
Recent years have seen an increasing prevalence in Australia of the view that many of those receiving unemployment benefit are 'cheating' the system, either by direct fraud, or by lack of willingness to find employment. This paper addresses these issues in three sections. First, via a review of available information on the work incentive effects of unemployment benefits; second, with an analysis of statistical trends which some commentators claim show evidence of increasing fraud; and...

Defining Poverty and Identifying the Poor: Reflections on the Australian Experience

Peter Saunders
This paper provides an overview of the historical development of poverty research in Australia, focusing on the impact of Seebohm Rowntree’s first study of poverty in York, conducted one hundred years ago. It also reviews some of the recent Australian evidence on the extent of poverty and summarises the debates generated by that research. Finally, the paper discusses several developments currently in progress in the area of poverty and living standards research. These include the...

SPRC Newsletter - October 2003

Karen Fisher, Cathy Thomson & Duncan Aldridge
SPRC Newsletter

Mortgaging Our Future? Families and Young People in Australia

Roisin Thanki & Cathy Thomson
The papers brought together here address a range of issues relating to families and young people. The seminar began with Peter McDonald's paper, which presents a broad and troubling overview of the changing circumstances of young people in Australia and the problems they face. The paper by Stein Ringen and Brendan Halpin examines the effect of children on disposable income and consumption produced in families. Peter Travers reports on the findings of research in the...

Aged Care - Whose Responsibility?

Adam Graycar
In March 1982, as a contribution to Senior Citizens' Week, the University of New South Wales sponsored an open symposium under the title "Age Care Whose Responsibility?". The symposium was attended by approximately 200 people and the papers presented that evening were both informative and provocative. The papers are not definitive statements about research findings, but rather reflect interests and concerns of the authors, and they highlight a small part of contemporary debates in social...

SPRC Newsletter No 68 - February 1998

Sharon Hancock
SPRC Newsletter; No 68

At the End of Eligibility: Female Sole Parents Whose Youngest Child Turns 16

Sheila Shaver, Anthony King, Marilyn McHugh & Toni Payne
This study is concerned with the life cycle transition of a group of sole parents from receipt of the Sole Parent Pension (SPP) to another source of livelihood, and with the role of Commonwealth income support and allied services in that transition. The group concerned are female sole parent pensioners who, because their youngest child has turned 16, have reached the end of their eligibility for this pension. The subject of the study is their...

Government Officers' Expectations of Non-Government Welfare Organisations: A Discussion Paper

Adam Graycar
This study is an attempt to explore the uneasy relationship between government officers and non-government welfare organizations (NGWOs) in Australia. These officers have a profound influence on the determination of funding outcomes for the many thousands of NGWOs which receive government funding. Those with the best knowledge of the NGWOs are not those officers in the top echelons of government departments, but rather the overworked, perpetually harassed middle ranking officers who work face to face...

Lesbian politics

Denise Thompson
An expanded version of the entry for the Oxford Companion to Australian Politics (2007). It argues that there used to be two strands to lesbian politics during the early 1970s—‘liberal pluralist’ and lesbian feminist—the first asking for mainstream recognition, the second claiming to pose a challenge to that mainstream. The clearest statements of lesbian feminism came from the US, the Australian accounts largely being critical. The paper discusses these accounts, as well as some of...

Universality and Selectivity in Income Support: A Comparative Study in Social Citizenship

Sheila Shaver
This paper is concerned with social citizenship as the basis of rightful entitlement to the benefits of the welfare state, and with differences in the way in which it is expressed in the income support systems of different countries. Citizenship is variously associated with equality of status, universality in the distribution of benefits and entitlement to a social minimum. The paper compares outcomes measures with respect to citizenship in the old age pension systems of...

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