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SPRC Newsletter - May 2005

Peter Saunders, Karen Fisher, Cathy Thomson & Duncan Aldridge
SPRC Newsletter

New Approaches to Community-based Services for Younger People with Disabilities: The Evaluation of the Individual Needs Analysis Pilot Projects

Megan Mitchell & Sara Graham
The evaluation described in this report was commissioned by the Disabilities Services Program of the Commonwealth Department of Human Services and Health, to inform policies for people with disabilities. These policies are currently being developed within a framework which espouses the principles of equity and access. The report provides an account of the evaluation of the four pilot projects in Queensland, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria and South Australia. Although all very different in character,...

Contemporary Issues in Income Distribution Research

Bruce Bradbury
In December 1993, the Social Policy Research Centre (SPRC), in conjunction with the Centre for Applied Economic Research at the University of New South Wales, hosted a one-day seminar on ‘Contemporary Issues in Income Distribution Research.’ The six papers presented at the seminar covered a wide range of substantive and methodological issues in income distribution research, with a considerable empirical and international flavour. This volume contains revised versions of five of these papers, together with...

Community Support Services and Their Users: The First Eighteen Months. A progress report outlining the research methods and some preliminary results of the study

Michael Fine
There are three main questions underlying this study. The first concerns the needs for assistance at home by people identified as suitable for a community support program. What are the needs of people who remain at home, and to what extent are these currently being met? This question is concerned with identifying the population most directly affected by community support policies as well as with developing an understanding of the extent of their need for...

Social Policy in Australia: Options for the 1990s, Proceedings of National Social Policy Conference, Sydney, 3-5 July 1991, Volume 2: Contributed Papers

Peter Saunders & Diana Encel
This report contains the five Invited Plenary Session papers presented to the Second National Social Policy Conference held at the University of New South Wales on 3-5 July 1991. The theme of the Conference, Social Policy in Australia: Options for the 1990s forms the title of the report. The Social Policy Research Centre is also publishing two volumes of selected contributed papers in the SPRC Reports and Proceedings series as well as editing a Special...

The Fragmented Structure of Community Support Services: A Community Case Study

Michael Fine
SPRC Discussion Paper; 43

A Perennial problem, Employment, Joblessness and Poverty

Peter Saunders
The idea that unemployment is the principal cause of poverty among those of workforce age has been a central finding of poverty research. The precise nature of this key relationship has changed along with changes in the labour market, but unemployment remains a perennial cause of poverty among the working-age population. This paper, written in appreciation of the contribution made by Professor Peter Sheehan to work in the area, examines the links that exist between...

The Experience of Unemployment in Three Victorian Regions

Graeme Brewer
This report is one of the publications resulting from a joint project on unemployment which was planned, devised and carried out by staff at the Social Welfare Research Centre (in particular by Bettina Cass, Pauline Garde and Diana Encel) and by Graeme Brewer at the Brotherhood of St Laurence. The project examined unemployment both in New South Wales and Victoria. The object of the research was to collect information on the labour market, education and...

Meals on Wheels in New South Wales: A Discussion Paper

Randall Smith
This piece by Randall Smith is not an empirical study of a sample of Meals on Wheels services, it is not an evaluation of the performance of the services, it is not a study of those who deliver or receive Meals on Wheels. It is instead, an attempt to describe the development of the services in New South Wales, and to identify the policy interventions and activities which have given the services their present form...

Australian Drug Trends 2021: Key Findings from the National Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) Interviews

R Sutherland, J Uporova, A Peacock, C Udesha, O Price, A Karlsson, D Gibbs, R Swanton, S Lenton, E Woods, M Farrell, R Bruno, P Dietze, C Salom, N Thomas, C Daly, J Juckel, S Agramunt, Y Wilson, L Degenhardt & C Moon

Selectivity and Targeting in Income Support: The Australian Experience

Peter Saunders
The Australian income support system is often characterised as one of the most selective in the Western industrialised world. This paper examines the sense in which the Australian system is selective, and discusses the distinction between selectivity and targeting in income support provisions. The paper contrasts developments in social security outlays and recipient numbers over the last two decades with those occurring since the election of the Hawke Government in 1983 in order that the...

Comparing Living Standards Across Nations Real Incomes at the Top, the Bottom, and the Middle

Timothy M. Smeeding & Lee Rainwater
The types of yardsticks used by economists to measure living standards (or economic well-being across nations) are basically two. Macroeconomists use aggregate gross domestic product (GDP) per capita—a single value summary of economic output per person in a nation—to measure economic well-being. By converting currencies into comparable dollars (into real ‘purchasing power adjusted’ terms) one creates a ‘one number per country’ measure of economic wellbeing. In contrast, microeconomists compare the distribution of disposable income across...

Social Policy for the 21st Century: Justice and Responsibility, Proceedings of the National Social Policy Conference, Sydney, 21-23 July 1999. Volume 2

Sheila Shaver & Peter Saunders
At the century's end, Australians face a global environment fraught with uncertainty. Changes in taxation, employment, the financial relationships between the Commonwealth and the States and welfare reform are on the domestic agenda. The conference theme, Social Policy for the 21st Century: Justice and Responsibility, invites reflection on the policies, the means to fund them, and the kinds of delivery mechanisms that will most effectively contribute to the wellbeing of all Australians in the next...

Towards a Credible Poverty Framework: From Income Poverty to Deprivation

Peter Saunders
There have always been differences of view on what poverty means in conceptual terms, and even greater differences on how to measure it. These differences span a broad spectrum of normative and ideological positions and raise a number of technical issues surrounding the statistical measurement of poverty. This paper explains the role of poverty research and the value of a poverty line, while acknowledging that limitations exist with the current instruments. It argues that any...

Body Rights, Social Rights and the Liberal Welfare State

Sheila Shaver
SPRC Discussion Paper; 38

Diary of Social Legislation and Policy 1987 and 1988

Anthony King
This Diary summarises the legislative and administrative changes made in the social policy field during 1987 and 1988 by the Commonwealth government. The Diary provides a ready reference for research workers, and can also be used as a succinct and factual account of policy during the years covered. For the first time, education policies are covered by the Diary. This issue also sees the separation of community services from social security into a separate new...

Comparative Perspectives on Sole Parents Policy: Work and Welfare, Proceedings of a Seminar, 7 April 1992

Sheila Shaver
The papers share a common focus on the incomes of sole parents and the relation between income support and paid employment, but differ in approach and methodology. Julia Perry's paper is based on a comparative study of the social policy arrangements affecting labour force participation by sole parents in the countries of the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The research is the work of an international team of officers in the government departments...

The Costs of Children: Budget Standards Estimates and the Child Support Scheme

Marilyn McHugh
In 1998, the Department of Social Security released a report on the development of indicative budget standards for Australia, by a group of researchers at the Social Policy Research Centre. This paper explains the methodology used in the research, including a discussion of the strengths and limitations of the budget standards approach, and illustrates these by presenting estimates of the costs of children. A budget standard identifies the goods and services required to attain a...

Anti-Intellectualism at the Lesbian Conference

Denise Thompson
This publication contains a number of pieces: a paper of the title listed, a book review (both published in the journal, Lesbian Network, no.19), some correspondence with a lesbian group in the UK who asked if they could publish them in the Lesbian Information Service Newsletter, a criticism of the paper, and my reply

Developing Policy Planning and Research Capabilities in the Asia Pacific

Peter Saunders
The paper begins by summarising some of the economic, demographic and social trends that form the backdrop against which social security policies are operating. This is followed by a detailed discussion of the role of research in policy planning in the social security field. Specific issues addressed include the alternative forms and impacts of research on policy, research inputs, the utilisation of research and alternative models of research funding. Some of the discussion draws upon...

Workers' Compensation and Social Security: An Overview

Don Stewart
The report presents an overview of the workers' compensation scene, identifying a diversity of legislative and administrative arrangements currently existing in Australia. As the first report in this research programme, it takes the form of a discussion monograph, aiming to identify issues and problematic areas in the operation of the workers' compensation system (or systems) rather than attempting to arrive at definitive findings and conclusions. These, it is hoped, will be forthcoming in the future...

Homeless Young People and Commonwealth-State Policies and Services: A Victorian Case Study

Sheila Shaver, Marina Paxman & Cathy Thomson
In 1992, the Social Policy Research Centre published the report, Homelessness, Wardship and Commonwealth-State Relations. That report by the authors of the current report was the outcome of a study commissioned by the Department of Social Security in which the Centre was asked to examine the changing balance and fit between Commonwealth and State programs in meeting the needs of homeless young people, with a particular focus on wards of the state. It reviewed changing...

Cross-national Comparison of the Impact of Children on Adult Time

Lyn Craig
This paper uses a framework of welfare state typology pioneered by Gosta Esping-Andersen and developed by Walter Korpi, and data from the Multinational Time Use World 5 Series, to compare the impact of children on adult time-use in four countries (Australia, Italy, Norway and Germany) with different approaches to economic, social and family organisation. It quantifies three measures of the time effects of parenthood. These are 1) the gap between couple parents and non-parents in...

The Evaluation of Community Options in New South Wales

Sara Graham, Russell Ross, Toni Payne & George Matheson
The Community Options Program, initiated by the Federal Government in 1986, is an innovative approach to the care of dependent frail elderly people and people with complex care needs. It aims to plan services around the needs of clients rather than expecting individuals to fit into established service patterns. The opportunity to take part in a national evaluation of the program (by carrying out the evaluation in New South Wales) was welcomed by the Centre...

Errors in Learner Corpus: Pedagogical Implications for KFL Instruction

Seong-Chul Shin
This paper intends to address what implications the research findings have for teaching and make suggestions about how they can or should be utilised for pedagogical purposes. Along with this aim, it will look at, in passing, some methodological problems that appear to be present in the current EA studies in Korean.

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