279 Works

Cloud Computing Service Discovery Framework for IaaS and PaaS Models

Farzad Firozbakht
Cloud service discovery is a new challenge which requires a dedicated framework in order to approach it. Over the past few years, several methods and frameworks have been developed for cloud service discovery but they are mostly designed for all cloud computing models in general which are not optimal. The three cloud computing models are Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS), each computing model has...

Localization and Terminometrics: Measuring the Impact of User Involvement on Terminology

Baris Bilgen
Online collaborative translation has received increased attention from Translation Studies, mostly with a focus on explaining the various models it exhibits and the factors that shape these models. This study takes a new perspective on this phenomenon by focusing on its outcome through the lens of terminology. A terminometric analysis is carried out on the terminology used in the discussions of Francophone users on online forums of the Ubuntu-Québec open-source software community. The implantation of...

Assessment and Learning of Self-Regulation in Olympic Athletes Using Biofeedback and Neurofeedback

Margaret Dupee
It is understood that in order for athletes to perform to their potential consistently they must learn to optimally self-regulate their psychological and physiological states. Yet, the process by which this is accomplished is not well understood. The purpose of this doctoral dissertation was to explore the concept of self-regulation in the Olympic athlete population through the use of biofeedback and neurofeedback. To address this purpose, two studies were conducted. Study One (Article 1) used...

School-Based Food Programming in the Northwest Territories: Working Towards More than Just Food Security

Meagan Ann O'Hare-Gordon
There are an estimated 370 million culturally diverse Indigenous people worldwide. However, among this cultural diversity, there is one commonality that all Indigenous populations share; disparities across all dimensions of health indicators. Food access is one of primary indicators of health and despite this, Canada’s Indigenous population, especially in the North, remains overrepresented in household food insecurity statistics. This research aims at telling the story of one Northern community, Fort Providence, and the experiences around...

Smart Meters Big Data : Behavioral Analytics via Incremental Data Mining and Visualization

Shailendra Singh
The big data framework applied to smart meters offers an exception platform for data-driven forecasting and decision making to achieve sustainable energy efficiency. Buying-in consumer confidence through respecting occupants' energy consumption behavior and preferences towards improved participation in various energy programs is imperative but difficult to obtain. The key elements for understanding and predicting household energy consumption are activities occupants perform, appliances and the times that appliances are used, and inter-appliance dependencies. This information can...

Understanding Small-Scale Fisheries in Thailand: Ecological Change and Local Governance Systems

Courtney Kehoe
With the state of the world’s marine fisheries in decline and an ever increasing global demand for seafood products, there is rising concern for the future of both our oceans and the more than 180 million people living in the developing world who depend on fisheries for their livelihood. In a country like Thailand, where approximately 3.3 million individuals are working within the fishing industry either full-time or part-time and where catch per unit effort...

Things Kids Think With: The Role of the Physical Properties of Mathematical Tools in Children's Learning in the Context of Addition of Fractions

Yasaman Abtahi
This research was designed to examine the role of the physical properties of the mathematical tools, in children’s learning in the context of adding two fractions. My two research questions were: (1) How does the feedback from the mathematical tools play a mediating role between the physical actions of the child with respect to the mathematical affordances of the tools and the child’s thinking about and learning and knowing of solving addition of fractions problems?...

Investigating the Effects of Physical Activity Counselling on Depressive Symptoms, Affect and Physical Activity in Female Undergraduate Students with Depression: A Multiple Baseline Single-Subject Design

Taylor McFadden
Background: In Canada, women aged 15-24 report the highest rate of depression, an age group which represents a significant proportion of undergraduate students (Hanlon, 2012). Although pharmacology remains the primary treatment for depression, it may not be the most sufficient (Stanton et al., 2014). Physical activity has been demonstrated to have a large and significant antidepressant effect in individuals with depression (Schuch et al., 2016), though what remains challenging is identifying the most effective way...

Legalization of Privacy and Personal Data Governance: Feasibility Assessment for a New Global Framework Development

Singh Ravinder
The International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners has been actively engaged in the development of a new, legally binding international framework for privacy and data protection. Given the existence of three international privacy and data protection regimes (i.e. the OECD Privacy Guidelines, the EU data protection framework and the APEC Privacy Framework) and the availability of other bilateral venues to resolve transnational data flows issues (e.g. the EU-US Safe Harbor agreement, the Umbrella...

Polycomb-like 2 (Mtf2/Pcl2) is Required for Epigenetic Regulation of Hematopoiesis

Janet L. Rothberg
Polycomb proteins are epigenetic regulators that are critical in mediating gene repression at critical stages during development. Core and accessory proteins make up the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), which is responsible for trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone 3 (H3K27me3), leading to maintenance of chromatin compaction and sustained gene repression. Classically, Polycomb accessory proteins are often thought of as having minor roles in fine-tuning the repressive action of PRC2. Their actions have often been...

Prospective Memory Abilities In Aging and Mild Cognitive Impairment/ Early Alzheimer’s Disease

J. Michael Van Adel
This dissertation describes separate but related studies that explore the prospective memory abilities of older adults and individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment/Early Alzheimer’s disease. Prospective memory (PM) refers to the type of memory utilized to execute planned actions in accordance with a specific event. PM is critical to maintaining functional independence in older adults, as it can refer to such basic acts as remembering to turn off a stove or taking one’s medication. Research suggests...

Byron's Shakespearean Imitations

Benjamin Barber
Though Byron is known for his provocative denials of the importance of Shakespeare, his public derogations of the early modern playwright are in fact a pose that hides the respect he had for the playwright’s powerful poetic vision, a regard which is recorded most comprehensively in the Shakespearean references of Don Juan. Byron imitated Shakespeare by repeating and adapting the older poet’s observations on the imitative nature of desire and the structure of emulous ambition...

Design and Screening of Hypothetical Charged Metal-organic Frameworks for Carbon Dioxide Capture

Jason Wai-Ho Lo
Reducing anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants is an important step in mitigating climate change. To implement carbon dioxide capture technologies, materials capable of removing carbon dioxide efficiently are required. Currently, liquid amine technology is used for carbon dioxide capture. However, the mechanism for carbon dioxide removal in liquid amine requires extraordinary amounts of energy input. Alternatively, solid sorbents such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) show promising potentials as a type of material for...

Fatty Acids Profiles of Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens) in Lakes of the Outaouais Region with and without Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides) and Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu)

Karolanne Langevin
Fatty acids (FAs) are used as trophic markers in aquatic food web studies, but few studies have quantified individual variability in FAs profiles over several sites in a range of conditions. I investigated whether FAs profiles of yellow perch (YP), Perca flavescens, vary with body size and between lakes with and without largemouth (Micropterus salmoides), and smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu), the most common and abundant piscivores in lakes of the region. I analyzed the FAs...

Experiencing Resonance: Choral Singing in Medical Education

Laura Nemoy
Arts and humanities programming is becoming increasingly incorporated in the medical school, balancing the biomedical paradigm, and nurturing human and emotional qualities and understandings in medical students. Music is often listed among these arts and humanities disciplines; yet there exists an acknowledged gap in the literature pertaining to musical activities and programming in the medical school, despite the prevalence of choirs, a cappella groups, small instrumental ensembles, and musical theatre programs in medical schools. Literature...

The Influence of Muscular Fatigue on Human Multi-Joint Movement: Determinants of Sit-to-Stand Capacity with Aging

Megan Bryanton
The sit-to-stand (STS) is a multi-articular movement of daily living that requires significantly higher knee extensor (KE) efforts compared to ankle and hip musculature, which approach near maximal levels in older adults populations. As well, fatigue may develop more readily with repetitive actions. Consequently, it is understandable how KE strength reserves have been previously correlated with both functional independence and STS strategy characteristics in older persons, and why STS capacity is a significant predictor of...

Exploring the Role of a Strength Training Facility on Community Development: Cree Nation of Chisasibi

Andrew Randall
Community development (CD) is viewed as a way to improve the social, physical, organizational and economic outcomes of a community. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of a strength training facility on CD and provide an insight into its impact on the community. Qualitative research was conducted by two data collection exercises. The first was a 12-week period, while the second was one week long. A segmented thematic analysis was used...

A Continuous Analog of Run Length Distributions Reflecting Accumulated Fractionation Events

Zhe Yu
We propose a new, continuous model of the fractionation process (duplicate gene deletion after polyploidization) on the real line. The aim is to infer how much DNA is deleted at a time, based on segment lengths for alternating deleted (invisible) and undeleted (visible) regions. After deriving a number of analytical results for "one-sided" fractionation, we undertake a series of simulations that help us identify the distribution of segment lengths as a gamma with shape and...

Paleoproterozoic Metamorphism, Deformation and Exhumation of Mid-Crustal Rocks of the Trans-Hudson Orogen on Hall Peninsula, Baffin Island

Diane Skipton
In the Paleoproterozoic Trans-Hudson Orogen, a well exposed section of mid-crust on Hall Peninsula, southeastern Baffin Island, offers an opportunity to improve our understanding of mid-crustal tectonothermal processes in hot, collisional orogens. Additionally, more robust age constraints on the tectonic history of Hall Peninsula are important for plate tectonic reconstructions of the North Atlantic region. Recent mapping shows that the section comprises Archean crystalline basement overlain by Paleoproterozoic supracrustal rocks, which host felsic plutons on...

Integrating Building Information Modelling (BIM), Cost Estimating and Scheduling for Buildings Construction at the Conceptual Design Stage

Jinmin Li
Estimating the construction time and cost of a building project is an essential task of construction manager, which benefits owners, engineers and contractors. Construction duration and cost, in particular, have profound influence on the outcome of a project at the conceptual stage of its life. The conventional methods used to estimate the time and costs of construction projects are based on 2D models, which need much time and effort from engineers, estimators and schedulers who...

Handicap intellectuel et sexualité : une analyse phénoménologique interprétative du vécu des personnes identifiées comme ayant un handicap intellectuel et de leurs proches aidants

Pierre Pariseau-Legault
Les questions associées à la sexualité en contexte de handicap intellectuel ont historiquement été au cœur de stratégies biopolitiques alliant santé collective et contrôle populationnel. S’étant distanciées de l’époque institutionnelle et des pratiques eugéniques la caractérisant, les interventions ciblant ce domaine se sont graduellement reconfigurées sous l’angle de la participation sociale, du partenariat de soin et d’approches normalisantes. Plus que jamais, cette dimension se situe à l’intersection de valeurs personnelles et collectives, la vie affective...

Les revues et les journaux canadiens-français face aux droites radicales européennes, 1918-1945

Hugues Théorêt
Cette thèse porte sur l’analyse des discours autour des droites radicales européennes dans les revues et les journaux du Canada français. Qu’est-ce que les publications canadiennes-françaises des années 1920, 1930 et 1940 (revues, journaux d’opinions et grands quotidiens) avaient à dire sur les cinq principales droites radicales de l’Europe de l’entre-deux-guerres incarnées par Benito Mussolini en Italie, Charles Maurras et l’Action française en France, Adolf Hitler en Allemagne, Franco en Espagne et Salazar au Portugal...

Exploring the Experiences of Infertile Arab Immigrant Women: A Qualitative Study

Lyne Jrade
Background: Infertility rates in the Middle East and North Africa are among the highest worldwide. Despite its elevated prevalence among men and women, infertility is mainly blamed on women’s reproductive health failures. Consequently, infertility threatens women’s social and marital security, social power, and status in society. In Canada, the Arab population constitutes the second largest group of newcomers, but very little research has explored Arab immigrant women’s experiences with and access to comprehensive reproductive health...

Analysis and Modulation of PACT, DICER and MBNL1 in the Context of Myotonic Dystrophy Type I

Mehrdad Azimi
Myotonic Dystrophy Type I (DM1) is a multi-systemic genetic neuromuscular degenerative disease, has a prevalence in most populations of about 1:8000 and is caused by the nuclear retention of pathogenically expanded DMPK mRNA. A previous DM1 RNAi-kinome screen in our lab has identified kinases that reduced both count and area of DMPK mRNA foci in vitro. One such discovered kinase is PACT, which has showed to decrease foci count and area in DM1 fibroblasts by...

Role of RNA Genome Structure and Paraspeckle Proteins In Hepatitis Delta Virus Replication

Yasnee Beeharry
The Hepatitis Delta Virus (HDV) is an RNA pathogen that uses the host DNA-dependent RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) to replicate. Previous studies identified the right terminal domain of genomic polarity (R199G) of HDV RNA as an RNAP II promoter, but the features required for HDV RNA to be used as an RNA promoter were unknown. In order to identify the structural features of an HDV RNA promoter, I analyzed 473,139 sequences representing 2,351 new...

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