279 Works

Female Identity and Agency in the Cult of the Martyrs in Late Antique North Africa

Heather Barkman
This thesis investigates the dual roles that women played in the cult of the martyrs in Christianity in Late Antiquity: as martyrs worthy of admiration and as venerators engaged in acts of celebration. The investigation is driven by questions regarding the identity, agency, and power of women in the cult of martyrs, focusing on late antique (second- to fifth-century) North Africa. Late antique Christians expressed their veneration of the martyrs in a variety of ways,...

Language Mixing in Northern and Western Belize: A Comparative Variationist Approach

Nicté Fuller Medina
This thesis examines the bilingual discourse of a cohort of Belizean Spanish speakers who engage in robust language mixing between Spanish, English and to a lesser extent Belize Kriol, an English-lexified creole. The speakers selected for the current study have been identified as the “highest language mixers” in a corpus of 51 interviews conducted in northern and western Belize, areas which have been classified as two distinct dialect regions (Cardona Ramírez 2010; Hagerty 1979). While...

Experimental Testing and Reliability Analysis of Repaired SMA and Steel Reinforced Shear Walls

Mohammed Zaidi
Superelastic Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) are being explored as alternative reinforcing materials to traditional deformed steel reinforcement for seismic applications. The main advantage is the ability of the SMA to recover large nonlinear strains, which promotes the self-centering phenomenon. The primary objective of this research is to present the performance, before and after repair, of slender reinforced concrete shear walls, one reinforced internally with SMAs in the boundary zones within the plastic hinge region and...

Educational Park Planning in Berkeley, California, 1965-1968

Matthew Brillinger
Promoted as state-of-the-art desegregation devices, educational parks were large campus-like schools designed and sited to draw students from many neighborhoods. In the mid-1960s, the educational park movement featured prominently in debates about race and education in the United States, winning the support of numerous influential individuals and organizations, yet today the educational park movement is nearly forgotten, akin to a wave that swelled, crested, and crashed, leaving only a muddy wash. How could so many...

MicroRNA-200b Signature in the Prevention of Skin Cancer Stem Cells by Polyphenol-Enriched Blueberry Preparation (PEBP)

Nawal Alsadi
The incidence of melanoma and non‐melanoma skin cancer is continuing to increase worldwide. Melanoma is the sixth most common cancer in the United States, making skin cancer a significant public health issue. Photo chemoprevention with natural products is an effective strategy for the control of cutaneous neoplastic. Polyphenols from fruits have been shown to protect the skin from the adverse effects of solar UVR, cancer, and the growth of cancer stem cells. In particular, blueberries...

Effects of Maternal Stress and Cortisol Treatment on Offspring Anxiety Behaviour and Stress Responses In Zebrafish (Danio rerio) and Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides)

Julia Redfern
In fish, maternal stress prior to spawn has been reported to have effects on offspring phenotype. Cortisol, the main glucocorticoid (GC) stress hormone, has been proposed as a potential mediator of such effects because of its organizational role in early teleost development. The present thesis tested whether maternal social stress or treatment with cortisol (as a proxy for maternal stress) prior to spawn affects the cortisol response to stress and anxiety-related behaviours in offspring. In...

Landscape Permeability Improves Climate-Based Predictions of Butterfly Species Persistence

Rosana Nobre Soares
Habitat modification alters species' capacities to track shifting climatic conditions. Broad-scale analyses that explore demographical responses to on-going climate change tend to neglect the influence of the underlying landscape pattern. However, many landscapes are fragmented by human activities, which might make dispersal for many species more challenging. Determining the extent to which landscape factors affect broad-scale distributional patterns has implications for our ability to predict realistic climate change impacts on species. Here, we constructed species-specific...

Utility of Toxicogenomics Tools for the Toxicological Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Complex Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures

Sarah Labib
Human exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occur as components of complex mixtures. Evaluations of health risks posed by complex mixtures containing PAHs rely on the toxicological knowledge of prioritized PAH mixture components, assuming that these PAHs share a common mode of action and that the sum of the contributions of these PAHs equals the toxic potency of the mixture (i.e., additivity). Traditional toxicity testing methods emphasizing apical endpoints have had limited success at evaluating...

Corruption, Community, and the Urban Project: An Anthropology of Gentrification in Prospect Heights, Brooklyn

Sean Miller
Gentrification is popularly defined as a trend in the development of urban neighbourhoods that results in increased property values, and the displacement of lower-income families and existing small businesses. As a way of developing neighborhoods through urban projects, private development companies argue that the “ends justify the means” in their quest to “renew” and “revitalize” a “blighted” neighbourhood. This thesis asks what happens to those in the footprint of a development project. Taking a 22-acre...

Transnational Organizations' Cultural Shift Through Transcultural Communication Generated by E-learning via the Global Learning Organization (GLO) Model

Elodie Sung-Eun Song
Dynamic networking is a key factor for successful transnational organizations. The transcultural shift is a critical process that can enable cultural hybridization so as to inspire consensual identity and learning aptitude amongst worldwide members. The Global Learning Organization (GLO) model is re-conceptualized to bring about this cultural shift. E-learning seems an appropriate tool to generate effective transcultural communication for both culture and learning perspectives under the GLO model. A qualitative case study using document analysis...

Relationships Between Self-Regulated Learning, Deliberate Practice and the Consideration of Future Consequences for Developing Sport Experts

Dora Bartulovic
This thesis explored relationships (1) between composite and constituent processes of self-regulated learning (SRL) and three sport performance groups, (2) between SRL and different practice variables, and (3) whether these associations depended on an athlete’s consideration of future consequences (CFC). Athletes (N = 272; 200 males; 18-35 yrs; M practice = 13.55 hours/week) completed survey measures for SRL, weekly training including deliberate practice (DP), performance level and CFC. Higher scores in composite SRL were associated...

An Empirical Exploration of the Structure of Equality Rights Law and Its Effects on the Relational, Affective, and Creative Self

Maciej Mark Karpinski
The law is something that as individuals we live every day. From paying for our groceries, drafting purchase orders, to employment policies and practices, the law structures the way we interact with each other. In so doing, it shapes our behaviours, affects our autonomy, our emotional well-being, and the ability to resolve problems in creative ways. In effect, it has the capacity to shape who we are. Equality rights law is designed to remove barriers...

Whigs, Tories, and the Taxation of Augustan England, 1689-1715

Christopher Walsh
After the Glorious Revolution of 1688 the divisions within English society found additional expression through political parties as contemporaries staked out ideological positions on numerous issues and crises facing the nation. While the parties fought over issues of sovereignty and governance, the development of a taxation regime, required to pursue and support the nation’s almost constant wars on the continent, was also drawn into this contest. The nature of the debates over taxation on landed...

Energy Efficient Secure Key Management Schemes for WSNs and IoT

Wen Wen
Secret sharing is critical to most applications making use of security and remains one of the most challenging research areas in modern cryptography. In this thesis, we propose a novel efficient multi-secret sharing scheme based on the Chinese remainder theorem (CRT) with two verification methods, while the previous works are mostly based on the Lagrange polynomial. Key management schemes play an important role in communication security in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). While the previous works...

Étude des transformations des représentations des futurs enseignants issus de l’immigration, quant à leurs systèmes de valeurs en milieu scolaire franco-ontarien

Jean Roger Alphonse
Les futurs enseignants issus de l’immigration, inscrits dans un programme de formation initiale à l’enseignement dans une université canadienne, font face à de grands défis, au regard de leurs conceptions ancrées et de leurs représentations qui sont liées à leurs systèmes de valeurs, à leurs expériences et pratiques dans leur pays d’origine. Pour s’insérer dans la profession enseignante au Canada, ils doivent repenser et réviser leurs systèmes de valeurs pour embrasser celles du pays d’accueil....

Gain-Framed Messaging to Promote Adult Sport: An Exploration of the Effects of Efficacy-Enhancing Messages on Psychological and Behavioural Outcomes

Meagan Littlejohn
To understand how to better stimulate adult sport engagement, this study investigated effects of gain-framed messages (GFM; Rothman & Updegraff, 2010) on psychological/behavioural outcomes, with or without efficacy-enhancing messages (Latimer et al., 2010). Eligible adults (30-69 years-old) were randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions (‘GFM alone’ or ‘GFM plus efficacy-enhancing messages’), or a control condition. Participants (N = 232; 62.5% female) completed baseline/screening measures, watched their messaging intervention and reported outcomes one-week later...

Applying the RE-AIM Model to Asset-Based Community Health Interventions: A Multiple Case Study in Tower Hamlets, London, UK

Karolina Kaminska
Public health policy and practice principally acknowledge a needs-based approach when developing, implementing, and evaluating community health programs. This needs-based perspective receives criticism because it focuses too heavily on what is missing or wrong with communities as opposed to building on their strengths. As a result, community members are perceived as passive recipients, which is disempowering, and ultimately risks creating unsustainable and ineffective programs. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in achieving...

The Lived Experiences of Parents of Children with Polyposis Diagnoses: Advocating Healing Relationships

Andrea Too
While much research has been conducted on the experiences of individuals with inflammatory bowel diseases, there remains a dearth of research conducted on those affected by polyposis conditions. As a result, little is known about the lived experiences of those with polyposis conditions, especially in the cases of parents of pediatric patients with these conditions. This study qualitatively explored the lived experiences of parents of children with polyposis conditions, specifically Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome and Peutz-Jeghers...

Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Fluidized Bed Reactor: Modelling and Experimental Validation

Johnny Matta
Of the many thermochemical conversion pathways for utilizing biomass as a renewable energy source, fast pyrolysis is a promising method for converting and upgrading carbonaceous feedstocks into a range of liquid fuels for use in heat, electricity and transportation applications. Experimental trials have been carried out to assess the impact of operational parameters on process yields. However, dealing with larger-scale experimental systems comes at the expense of lengthy and resource-intensive experiments. Luckily, the advances in...

Establishing Foundational Data on the Mental Health Functioning, Stress, Mood, Self-Regulation Capacity, and Perceptions of Coaching Climate of Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) Student-Athletes

Krista Van Slingerland
Mental health has become increasingly important on post-secondary campuses across Canada, as the majority of university students represent the cohort of the Canadian populace that is most vulnerable to mental illness, substance abuse, and suicide. Evidence suggests that student-athletes, a visible and diverse sub-population of university students, are at equal risk of experiencing a mental illness (Reardon & Factor, 2010), but could be even more vulnerable to mental health challenges than their non-athlete peers (Neal...

Concert rock et théâtralité : Secret World Live de Peter Gabriel

Ariane Bercier
Les recherches actuelles sur les rapports entre théâtre et musique dans une perspective interartistique sont très peu développées et les études théâtrales portant sur un corpus musical populaire, plus spécifiquement sur la théâtralité du concert rock, sont presque inexistantes. Cette thèse de maîtrise, qui portera sur un cas de figure précis, a pour objectif de développer les recherches sur la théâtralité des concerts de musique populaire et, plus particulièrement, de brosser les contours d’un genre...

Connectedness Properties of Self-Similar Graphs

Oleksii Volkov
This thesis is broadly concerned with two problems: obtaining the mathematical model of the specific infinite self-similar graph, and investigating the connectedness of the tree-like graph in order to show its relation to the associated hyperbolic space. Our main result concerning the former problem is that, in a variety of situations, the self-similar infinite structure obtained by using our method as the graph product of a disconnected finite graph and regular rooted tree can be...

Flow Structure Characterization and Performance Evaluation of Pin Fins Produced Using Cold Spray

Philippe Dupuis
Energy efficiency has become a growing concern in a world driven by a fossil fuel economy. Recuperated micro-gas-turbine systems offer the possibility of high efficiency power generation for low output power systems. To this end, increasing the performance while decreasing the cost, the weight and the volume of heat exchangers such as recuperators has become a critical research focus. Recent work done by Brayton Energy Canada (BEC) has renewed interest in Wire Mesh Heat Exchangers...

Multirobot Localization Using Heuristically Tuned Extended Kalman Filter

Ruslan Masinjila
A mobile robot needs to know its pose (position and orientation) in order to navigate and perform useful tasks. The problem of determining this pose with respect to a global or local frame is called localisation, and is a key component in providing autonomy to mobile robots. Thus, localisation answers the question Where am I? from the robot’s perspective. Localisation involving a single robot is a widely explored and documented problem in mobile robotics. The...

Investigating a Coach's Facilitation of Learning Situations Among Masters and Youth Athletes

Justin MacLellan
This thesis aimed to uncover age-related differences in a coach’s approaches to facilitate learning for Masters athletes (MAs) and youth athletes, using the Andragogy in Practice Model (Knowles et al., 2012) as a guide. Data in this instrumental case study were gathered from three semi-structured coach interviews, four focus group interviews (two with each cohort), and moderate participant observation (Spradley, 1980) to inform interview content. Results of qualitative analyses suggested, through the coach and athletes’...

Registration Year

  • 2016
    279

Resource Types

  • Text
    279