804 Works

Collaborative Governance in the Rideau Canal: Barriers and Opportunities

Isha Mistry
The environmental management of watersheds presents a complex governance issue due to their large spatial scales that include overlapping jurisdictions, competing interests in resource use, and lack of coordination among stakeholders. The Rideau Canal, spanning 200 km between the cities of Ottawa and Kingston, is an interesting case study as it is a multi-watershed system over which municipal, provincial and federal governments have authority. However, these governments have been unsuccessful in addressing system-wide issues such...

The (In)Coherence of Canadian Education Policy Regimes with the United Nations' Refugee Education Strategy

Valerie Rose Schutte

Anti-Immigrant Attitudes, Internet Use, and Radical Right Voting: A Cross-National Study in Eight Western European Countries

Jia Kim
This thesis seeks to challenge the dominant modes of conceiving the empirical link between citizens’ negative perceptions of immigrants and electoral support for Western European radical right parties, and in doing so, to offer a deeper understanding of the dynamics of radical right voting behavior based on an analysis of radical right parties’ online activities. Despite radical right parties' great popularity and important presence online, little scholarly attention has been paid to their activities in...

Essays in Economic History

Joanne Haddad
The first chapter relates the size of the present-day LGBT population to the discovery of gold during the nineteenth century gold rushes. Comparing the surroundings of gold rush counties to other mining counties, we find that there are currently 15% more same-sex couples in former gold rush counties and that residents of these counties have more favorable attitudes toward homosexuality. Gold rush counties were initially isolated, mostly uninhabited and lacked strong formal institutions, which helped...

Sowing Seeds on Fertile Ground – Towards a Catechumenal Model of the Christian Initiation of Children in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pembroke

Jason George Dedo
Can moving toward a catechumenal model in the Christian initiation of children enable full, active and conscious participation of young families in the life and mission of the Church? This Doctor of Ministry thesis explores this question in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pembroke as it continues the transition from a school based preparation model towards the catechumenal model. This study is of consequence to the Diocese of Pembroke in examining the current situation of...

Affective Alteration: Co-Constructing Resilience in Alternative Psychotherapy Counselling Practice

Chloé Desjardins
The conceptual use of resilience has gained much popularity since the 1970s, positioning post-trauma resilience parallel to the paradigm of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder to offer a new possibility for healing and a new understanding of illness and suffering during the course of a neoliberal turn in psychiatry. In this thesis, it is shown how suffering and vulnerability becomes a source of authenticity rather than a source of a pathological illness. Through fieldwork with Resilience Summit,...

Canonical Considerations in Pastoral Care of Persons in Marriages Between Roman Catholics and Buddhists in Thailand

Prajak Boonphao
Marriage is an institution based on natural law. Every person has the natural right to marriage which is, however, affected by cultural and social conditions. The pastors of the Church, therefore, have to make every effort to understand the particularity of situations within which marriage and family are lived today and respond accordingly through their pastoral action. Thailand is considered a Buddhist country due to the fact that the vast majority of its population is...

Community, Crowdsourcing, and Commerce: WhatsApp Groups for Agriculture in Kenya

Cailean David
WhatsApp’s growing presence in the developing world has led to a grassroots movement of messaging groups designed to serve relevant needs for small scale farmers in Kenya. These groups provide the means for as many as 256 members to ask questions, share experiences and solutions, gain access to information, and access markets for their products. This research project examines the use of these WhatsApp groups for agriculture in Kenya. The project seeks to understand the...

Investigation of an Oncolytic MeV Cell-Cell Fusion Phenomenon Induced by an siRNA

Russell Barkley
Oncolytic measles virus is a promising cancer therapeutic in clinical trials which possesses multiple characteristics that are advantageous over traditional therapies. Currently, clinical oncolytic measles virus vectors are unmodified or express reporter transgenes that benefit its therapeutic efficacy. The next phase in its development will see genetically engineered vectors encoding transgenes that enhance its antineoplastic effects. To this end, preclinical research has focused on studying novel transgenes which favour viral replication, cytotoxicity, and the anti-cancer...

Shaking Table Testing of Cyclic Behaviour of Fine-Grained Soils Undergoing Cementation: Cemented Paste Backfill

Imad Hazim Alainachi
Cemented paste backfill (CPB) is a novel technology developed in the past few decades to better manage mining wastes (such as tailings) in environmentally friendly way. It has received prominent interest in the mining industry around the world. In this technology, up to 60% of the total amount of tailings is reused and converted into cemented construction material that can be used for secondary support in underground mine openings (stopes) and to maximize the recovery...

Electrophysiological Correlates and Predictors of the Antidepressant Response to Repeated Ketamine Infusions in Treatment-Resistant Depression

Sara De La Salle
Traditional antidepressants, which act on the serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine systems, require many weeks to produce a therapeutic effect and are not effective for every patient. A sub-anesthetic dose of the anesthetic agent ketamine, a glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, has been shown to produce a rapid and robust antidepressant effect in treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD). As depressive symptoms typically return after one week following a single infusion, recent work has begun to focus on...

Creating an Audit and Feedback Loop to Monitor and Enhance Data Sharing in Canada

Felicity Tayler, David Moher & Kelly Cobey
Submitted to the NDRIO: Call for white papers on Canada’s future DRI ecosystem, 14 December 2020: Data sharing is an integral part of open scholarship and research integrity (i.e., trustworthiness of research). Canada is embracing data sharing practice and will roll out data management mandates in the near future. The success of these policies can be assured if discipline specific training in data sharing is provided, local infrastructure is created, and a data sharing dashboard...

Real-time 2D Static Hand Gesture Recognition and 2D Hand Tracking for Human-Computer Interaction

Pavel Alexandrovich Popov
The topic of this thesis is Hand Gesture Recognition and Hand Tracking for user interface applications. 3 systems were produced, as well as datasets for recognition and tracking, along with UI applications to prove the concept of the technology. These represent significant contributions to resolving the hand recognition and tracking problems for 2d systems. The systems were designed to work in video only contexts, be computationally light, provide recognition and tracking of the user's hand,...

Hollow Hydrogel Cocoons for the Encapsulation of Therapeutic Cells Using a Microfluidic Platform

Nicholas Soucy
Microencapsulation of stem cells in hydrogel for use in therapeutic applications has been shown to improve cell retention at the site of injuries due to their mechanical and immunoprotective properties. These microscale droplets (cocoons) can be produced at high throughputs within microfluidic channels. Currently, the ability for cells to egress hydrogel cocoons is under investigation. This egress can correlate with therapeutic efficacy, and so promoting or inhibiting the egress of cells can be a vital...

A Low-Cost Social Companion Robot for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Tosan Velor
Robot assisted therapy is becoming increasingly popular. Research has proven it can be of benefit to persons dealing with a variety of disorders, such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and it can also provide a source of emotional support e.g. to persons living in seniors’ residences. The advancement in technology and a decrease in cost of products related to consumer electronics, computing and communication has enabled the development of more...

La criminalisation de la possession simple de drogue au Canada : Un modèle constitutionnellement fragile?

Nicolas Rioux
Ce mémoire vise à étudier la constitutionnalité de la criminalisation de la possession simple de toutes les drogues au Canada au regard de l’article 7 de la Charte canadienne des droits et libertés. En appliquant un cadre positiviste, nous abordons les différentes atteintes au droit à la vie, à la liberté et à la sécurité qui peuvent découler de l’application de l’article 4(1) de la Loi réglementant certaines drogues et autres substances. Nous vérifions par...

Looking Inward / Looking Outward: Experiences of White Teacher Candidates Encountering Civic Education, Social Justice, and Anti-racist Pedagogy in Two Canadian Teacher Education Programs

Jennifer Bergen
In teacher education, critical civic education and anti-racist education are often disconnected in practice, despite increasing overlap in theorizing and goals: to resist and dismantle the settler colonial realities of education, to promote working for social justice, and to challenge racist and White supremacist structures. This comparative case study examined how White teacher candidates’ civic, social justice, and anti-racist knowledge development during Bachelor of Education foundations courses affected their pedagogical growth. Through surveys, co- researcher...

Blood Microflow Characterization Using Micro-Particle Image Velocimetry and 2-Beam Fluorescence Cross-Correlation Spectroscopy

Andy Vinh Le
Blood flow through microcirculation in both simple and complex geometry has been difficult to predict due to the composition and complex behavior of blood at the microscale. Blood is a dense suspension of deformable red blood cells that is comparable in dimensions to the microchannels that it flows through. As a result, rheological properties at the microscale can vastly differ from bulk rheological properties due to non-continuum effects. To further develop our understanding of blood...

Freedoms and (Un)freedoms: Migrant Worker Experiences in the Thai and Vietnamese Fishing Industries

Brianna Dasilva
Over the past four years both the media and academia have highlighted the labour conditions and human rights issues prevalent in Thailand’s offshore fishing industry. Even so, little has been written from the perspective of fish workers, and far less is known about fish work in the Southeast Asian region. This thesis contributes to these gaps by exploring the experiences of fish workers in several ports across Thailand and Vietnam, along with former migrant fish...

Simulation of Progressive Shear Failure in Railway Foundation

Xu Dong Li
Railways are one of the largest transportation networks in the world that play an important role in the mass transportation of both the passengers and freight. The speed of trains and as well as the axial load carrying capacity have been increasing significantly during the past few decades to keep in pace with the population and economy growth and to compete with other modes of transportation such as the road, air and water transportation system....

Pressure Sensitive Mat: An Alternative Sensor to Detect Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders

Hilda Azimi
Abstract Sleep Apnea (SA) is a common disorder that affects approximately 2% of middle-aged women and 4% of middle-aged men. It is characterized by repetitive cessation of breathing during sleep. SA has significant health and social consequences such as daytime sleepiness, impaired quality of life, and in the worst case, myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death. It has been estimated that approximately 80% of individuals with moderate to severe SA syndrome have not been diagnosed....

Acoustic Beamformers and Their Applications in Hearing Aids

Hala As'ad
This work introduces new binaural beamforming algorithms for hearing aids, with a robustness to errors in the estimate of the target speaker direction of arrival (DOA) and a good trade-off between noise reduction and preservation of the noise/interferers spatial impression. Three robust designs are proposed, and their robustness is confirmed by simulation results. These robust designs are a combination of binaural and monaural beamformers using two different microphone configurations: one for low frequency components and...

Invasive plant removal strategies and native plant community recovery in Ontario, Canada

Lindsay Bennett
The introduction and spread of invasive species are of major conservation concern. Invasive plant species are hypothesized to impact the population dynamics of native flora, including species at risk (SAR), and may disrupt the functioning of the plant communities which they invade. Some native plant populations may be more vulnerable due to pre-existing factors such as fragmented habitat, poor competitive nature, and/or limited geographical ranges. Because of this, the presence of one or more invasive...

Modeling Defective Epigenetic Inheritance in Vascular Aging Using Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Zhaoyi Chen
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death due to its prevalence in tandem with the propensity of atherosclerosis to worsen and cause myocardial infarction and stroke. The greatest risk factor for CVD development is age. The multifactorial etiology of atherosclerosis has made CVD difficult to model and consequently little is known about CVD onset and progression. Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) is a severe human premature aging disorder caused by a mutation in Lamin...

State of the Heart: Neurophysiological and Neuropsychological Sequelae of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest In Good Outcome Survivors

Aziza Byron-Alhassan
Survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are at risk for hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, which can cause a broad range of effects from death to subtle cognitive impairment. This dissertation includes two studies of OHCA patients who had made good neurological recovery after OHCA. In both studies, patients were evaluated near the time of hospital discharge, when crucial decisions such as rehabilitation plans are made. In addition, OHCA survivors were compared with a myocardial infarction (MI)...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    804

Resource Types

  • Text
    466
  • Other
    2

Affiliations

  • University of Ottawa
    2
  • Ottawa University
    2
  • Université de Sherbrooke
    1