407 Works

Pioneer Harmonies: Mormon Women and Music in Utah, 1847-1900

Jennifer L. Fife
By drawing on local newspapers and the diaries, journals, and autobiographies of nearly fifty pioneers, this thesis examined the varied musical experiences of Utah's Latter-day Saint women during the years 1847-1900, and sought to determine whether they followed national gender trends in music during this era. Women in nineteenth-century Utah participated in a wide variety of musical activities, including using music in their homes, taking lessons, and teaching. Women also composed and wrote song lyrics....

Effects of Student Self-Management on Generalization of Student Performance to Regular Classes

Lloyd Douglas Peterson
The use of a student self-monitoring and self-rating/teacher matching strategy to assist generalization of social skills use and decrease off-task behavior of five inner-city at-risk middle school students was investigated. A multiple-baseline design was used to assess the effects of the intervention in up to six different class settings. Results indicated that the self-monitoring and self-rating/teacher matching intervention led to an increase in correct social skills use and a decrease in off-task behaviors with all...

The Roles of Mechanical Stress and Ethylene in Clinostat-Induced Leaf Epinasty and Gravitropic Response of Dicot Shoots

Raymond M. Wheeler
Aminoethoxyvinyl glycine (AVG) and silver thiosulfate, antagonists of ethylene biosynthesis and action in plants, both delayed onset of leaf epinasty in Xanthium strumarium L. (cocklebur) plants rotated on horizontal clinostats. Xanthium plants mechanically stressed by continuous horizontal or vertical shaking, or continuous twisting back and forth, did not develop any significant epinasty, while plants inverted every 20 minutes (upside down half the time) did develop epinasty. From this it appears that clinostat-induced epinasty is a...

The Relationship Among the Contributing Factors to Anorexia Nervosa

Stephanie S. Plunkett & David M. Stein
Anorexia nervosa is now being viewed as a multidimensional disorder in terms of predisposing factors such as genetics, biology, and environment. Results from twin studies suggest that part of a susceptibility to AN may lie in genetic factors (Holland et al., 1984, 1988; Treasure and Holland, 1991). However, the nature of a genetic contribution, if any, remains unclear. Neurochemical alterations have been found to be associated with AN, but it is difficult to assess what...

Quest for Political Legitimacy; Utah 1896-1933

Kirk V. Shepherd
FROM 1896 until the early 1930's, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS or Mormon), executed what was in my opinion a quest to regain and establish it's own political legitimacy as an institution. Since early in the Church's comparatively brief history, the very mention of their religion in the majority of modern societies carries negative connotations. I hypothesize that the quest to eliminate or at least "back seat" this stereo type was...

At the New Yorker

Therese Anderson
The following essays and letters grew from a notebook I kept while interning at The New Yorker last summer. Each night, in my room at the boardinghouse on 36th Street, I recorded the decorations of the day, like the conversation I had with a prominent writer in the lunchroom, or the sight of a startled shorebird on the front of the office building.

Moral Development Theories: Controversy, Bias, and A New Perspective

Julie Ann Robinson
This thesis examines the well-established Kohlberg hierarchical model of moral development and allegations of bias within the model. The Cognitive-Development approach to moral development, the Kohlberg model, and a counter-model proposed by Carol Gilligan are presented. The interview methodology commonly used by moral development researchers as well as the applicability of interview data to actual moral decision-making is questioned. A web model that includes the interactions of culture and education in moral modifications is presented...

Undergraduate Writing in the Sciences: A Case Study

Susan Browning & Jon Bruce Obray
This research project is an attempt to understand the role of writing in undergraduate science education, including the development of writing's current role in scientific education, the present nature of writing in the scientific disciplines, and its value. With this understanding, we feel it is possible to successfully improve the communication skills of undergraduates students in the scientific disciplines, which in turn will benefit both the scientific community and society itself. A case study of...

Banking in China: Fiscal Policy Under Pressure

Thor Roundy
The radical changes occurring in China can be both exciting and frightening. Attempting to keep in reign a skyrocketing economy, Chinese Leaders such as Liu Hongru and Zhang Wei have become modern day entrepreneurs in creating a new national economy. Like typical entrepreneurs, Chinese leadership is making decisions by the seat of their pants, attempting to control growth under volatile new conditions of reform.

Iron-Dithiothreitol Dependent Production of 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine in DNA

David Allan Cook
Oxidative damage to DNA in a metal-thiol system was studied. Calf thymus DNA was incubated in an iron(IIl)-dithiothreitol system prepared in various buffers. Damage was measured by monitoring the production of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine. DNA oxidation was proportional to the concentration of dithiothreitol (DTT) in HEPES and tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (Tris) buffers while it was only roughly related to DTT concentration in sodium chloride. Incubation in potassium phosphate buffer produced no damage. The results indicate that hydroxyl radicals may...

The Proposed Use of an Anatomically Marked Presurgically Fitted Prostheses With Infants Who Have Unrepaired Cleft Palates

Amy Moser
Approximately one out of every 750 children are born with some type of an oral cleft (McWilliams, Morris, & Shelton, 1984) Children with clefts of the palate in general have a higher incidence of articulation disorders than do children without clefts. Typical speech problems which tend to occur are hypernasality and multiple articulation errors, often consisting of atypical tongue placement in the mouth or nontypical articulation at sites in the larynx or pharynx. These speech...

Collaborative Research: Elements: Advancing Data Science and Analytics for Water (DSAW)

Jeffery S. Horsburgh

Stormtime thermospheric neutral winds obtained from a data assimilation model

Ludger Scherliess

MEPS Data Assimilation System

Robert W. Schunk & Larry Gardner
For the current funding opportunity we propose to develop a master system that will enhance the user interface to the MEPS model and enable the scientific community to efficiently use the model. Furthermore, we will build and automate validation tools and improve the efficiency and robustness of the MEPS ensemble averaging scheme. Finally, we will explore the nest step toward a major advancement in MEPS b significantly improving the spatial resolution of one of the...

REU Site: Tomorrow's Nanomanufacturing: Engineering with Science (TNEWS)

Keith Roper

Soil and Vegetation Survey of Antelope Pasture, Curlew Grazing Allotment, Oneida County, ID

Merran Owen, Kari E. Veblen, Thomas A. Monaco & Janis L. Boettinger

The Times They Are A-Changin'

Terry A. Messmer
This is the Letter from the Editor.

Mechanism of Photochemical N2 Reduction

Lance Seefeldt

Herbicide Control of Broom Snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae)

Clinton A. Stonecipher, Corey Ransom, Eric Thacker & Kevin D. Welch
Broom snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae [Pursh] Britton & Rusby) is a native invasive species that is widely distributed across western North America. It is very competitive with other vegetation and can reduce or displace desirable grasses and forbs. Removal of snakeweed from rangelands can result in increased forage production of desirable plant species. The evaluation of new herbicides to determine their efficacy in controlling broom snakeweed assists in providing land managers with alternatives to control broom...

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