41 Works

Kingsley's Muscular Poetics

Herbert Tucker
Although Kingsley acknowledged his own deficiency in the visionary gifts of the greatest poets, not only he but numerous contemporaries held poetry to be his true literary calling. This judgment has not been confirmed by posterity, which receives Kingsley as a writer of fictional and controversial prose. Yet a poetics of strenuous compensation informs much of his output, at both thematic and prosodic levels. His grapple with the sensed but inarticulate meaningfulness of worldly phenomena...

Walking Dissonance in Delhi: Intersections Among Daily Mobility, Environmental Exposures, and Wellbeing

Andrew Mondschein
Despite the rapid pace of change and investment, most Delhi residents continue to struggle to get where they need to go, often depending on simply walking to get where they need to go. During travel, residents are directly exposed to the urban environment, with its air pollution, noise, and natural and built features that vary significantly in their quality and maintenance. How these exposures affect residents, both in how its shapes their travel and its...

Cohabitation Register of Louisa County, Virginia

Jean Cooper
This is a transcription of a Freedmen's Bureau Cohabitation List from Louisa County, Virginia. It served as a legal marriage record for newly freed men and women who wished to register their marriages under the auspices of the United States government.

Architecture Review for Advancing Hyku Project

Rathin Sundar
This report is a deliverable of the Advancing Hyku: Open Source Institutional Repository Platform Development” project, funded by Arcadia—a charitable fund of philanthropists Lisbet Rausing and Peter Baldwin The purpose of this document is to review the architecture and design of the Hyku implementation of British library, with reference to the capabilities of the platform and requirements of the Library. The current implementation of Hyku for the British Library’s (BL) shared research repository project would...

Setting a Standard for a “Silent” Disease: Defining Osteoporosis in the 1980s and 1990s

Caitlin Wylie
Osteoporosis, a disease of bone loss associated with aging and estrogen loss, can be crippling but is “silent” or symptomless prior to bone fracture. Despite its disastrous health effects, high prevalence, and enormous associated healthcare costs, osteoporosis lacked a universally accepted definition until 1992. In the 1980s, the development of more accurate medical imaging technologies to measure bone density spurred the medical community’s need and demand for a common definition. The medical community tried, and...

Overcoming the underdetermination of specimens

Caitlin Wylie
Philosophers of science are well aware that theories are underdetermined by data. But what about the data? Scientific data are selected and processed representations or pieces of nature. What is useless context and what is valuable specimen, as well as how specimens are processed for study, are not obvious or predetermined givens. Instead, they are decisions made by scientists and other research workers, such as technicians, that produce different outcomes for the data. Vertebrate fossils...

Socialization through stories of disaster in engineering laboratories

Caitlin Wylie
The initiation of novices into research communities relies on the communication of tacit knowledge, behavioral norms and moral values. Much of this instruction happens informally, as messages subtly embedded in everyday interactions. This study uses participant-observation and interviews to investigate how engineers socialize future engineers by studying how undergraduate students who work in an engineering laboratory learn their research community’s social and technical norms. I found that a key method of conveying knowledge about social...

Gravitational Wave Spin Memory Effect and Detectability with LISA

Yara Yousef
The Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) is a space-based gravitational wave observatory currently projected to launch in the 2030s. Its frequency range will be lower and broader than LIGO’s, allowing it the capability to observe mergers and events we have still been unable to detect. Its increased sensitivity also allows for the potential to observe other effects of gravitational waves, such as gravitational wave memory. The memory effect we are focused on in this project...

What is Libra: 2020 Open Access Week

Sherry Lake
Recorded talk on "What is Libra? UVa's Scholarly Institutional Repository" created for 2020 Open Access Week. Slides with notes are included Libra is a set of repositories that provides open access to publicly available content such as journal articles, monographs, conference proceedings, presentations, posters, reports, pre-prints. It also contains data and other products of research. AND Libra is the online source for UVA's Theses and dissertations. Libra, as the institutional repository for UVa, is the...

Albemarle County's Equity Roadshow: A Report on Findings and Recommendations

Carolyn Heaps, Tyler Hinkle, Kevin Kask, Mikayla Woodley & Nicholas Wittkofski
Albemarle County is located in central Virginia. Its partly suburban, partly rural composition serves a variety of land uses: from residential, to recreational, to commercial. In 2019, Albemarle County’s Office of Equity and Inclusion (OEI) launched an Equity Roadshow to determine the level of access its diverse residents had to various resources and services in the community. The Equity Roadshow consisted of a short survey for residents to complete in person with representatives from the...

The Matter with Verse: What Victorian Poetry Wasn’t, and Was

Herbert Tucker
The status of verse as a minor partner in poetry’s nobler enterprise is as generally untheorized in principle as it is as widely acknowledged in practice – and for reasons stemming from a certain ambivalence, which we still share with the Victorians, about the formal poetic medium itself. Poetry nowhere exposes this ambivalence more clearly than when flaunting its dependency on verse’s material mediation. Victorian poems written for, or as, inscription (W. Morris, R. Browning,...

Living Shorelines and the Efficacy of Oyster Reefs in Mitigating Wave Action and Erosive Processes

Cece Hopkinson
Global climate change poses a significant threat to coastal communities worldwide, with sea level rise, flooding, intense and frequent storms, accelerated erosion, and storm surge, resulting in billions of dollars of damage. A critical part in addressing these threats lies in coastal adaptation strategies, which will grow in importance as climate change and sea level rise continue. Living shorelines are a nature-based approach to coastal adaptation that utilize native species to increase resilience against erosion...

Balladry in Motion

Herbert Tucker
The mythic fancy that minstrels wandered, and the bibliographic fact that versions of their oral ballads migrated to print in strikingly different variants, run proxy for each other as analogous expressions of a modern ambivalence over the ballad form. This analogy is also played out prosodically, in the great freedom with which ballads permute, even as they observe, metrical conventions that identify them. Analysis of examples from Percy’s Reliques and Chatterton’s Rowley forgeries sets the...

An Investigation of a Tax on Second Homes and Its Ability to Foster Affordable Housing

Nick Gomer
This project was created during a capstone seminar for the Global Environments and Sustainability undergraduate major. This project explores the role of second homes in communities; how they both contribute to local economies and inflate local housing prices. It then explores vacancy taxes and how such a tax could be placed upon second homes to promote affordable housing for full-time citizens.

Survey of Indigenous Materials in The Archives

Hanni Nabahe
Following the 2018 federal recognition of six Virginia tribes, this Survey of Indigenous Materials sought to identify holdings within the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library relevant to local indigenous groups; our goal was to ensure the ethical stewardship of these objects while supporting outreach efforts as well as emerging research and teaching needs. The project team assessed a total of 185 manuscript collections and 52 theses and dissertations (TDs). Of the archival collections...

Chaos to Consensus: A Team-Based Approach to Developing Holistic Workflows

Jennifer Roper, Jeremy Bartczak, Jean Cooper, Christina Deane, Michael Durbin, Kara McClurken, Elizabeth Wilkinson & Lauren Work
Using Kotter's Eight-Stage Process of Leading Change as a framework, this chapter describes the motivations for, process of, and outcomes from an effort at the University of Virginia Library to analyze and update the multifaceted digital production workflow.

Beyond Technological Literacy Open Data as Active Democratic Engagement?

Caitlin Wylie, Kathryn Neeley & Sean Ferguson
We consider scholarly conversations about digital citizenship as a continuation of centuries of discourse about citizenship, democracy, and technoscience. Conceptually, we critique portrayals of citizenship from Jeffersonian polities to technical literacy to critical health and environmental justice movements. This analysis forms the basis for proposing an alternative, normative theoretical perspective on citizens’ engagement in governance: the ethics of care. This framework enables a move from citizens’ civic engagement as motivated by duty and risk perception...

Glass-boxing science: Laboratory work on display in museums

Caitlin Wylie
Museum displays tend to black-box science, by displaying scientific facts without explanations of how those facts were made. A recent trend in exhibit design upends this omission by putting scientists to work in glass-walled laboratories, just a window away from visitors. How is science being conceived, portrayed, and performed in glass-walled laboratories? Interviews and participant observation in several “fishbowl” paleontology laboratories reveal that glass walls alter lab workers’ typical tasks and behavior. Despite glass-walled labs’...

‘The artist’s piece is already in the stone’: Constructing creativity in paleontology laboratories

Caitlin Wylie
Laboratory technicians are typically portrayed as manual workers following routine procedures to produce scientific data. However, technicians in vertebrate paleontology laboratories often describe their work in terms of creativity and artistry. Fossil specimens undergo extensive preparation – including rock removal, damage repair, and reconstruction of missing parts – to become accessible to researchers. Technicians called fossil preparators choose, apply, and sometimes invent these preparation methods. They have no formal training, no standard protocols, and few...

Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Software Preservation

Brandon Butler, Patricia Aufderheide, Peter Jaszi & Krista Cox
The Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Software Preservation helps ensure that the subjects, products, and tools of scholarship will continue to be accessible despite evolving technology. The code expresses a consensus view of how fair use—the legal doctrine allowing the use of copyrighted materials without permission from the copyright holder under certain circumstances—applies to core, recurring situations in software preservation. Fair use has become an increasingly vital tool for permitting cultural heritage...

The Twin Cities Innovation Ecosystem: A Study of Stakeholder Perspectives

Rider Foley
In the early 1980s, the Office of Naval Research sponsored a novel research project led by Andrew Van de Ven and colleagues (1986) called The Minnesota Innovation Research Program. That study investigated thirteen subject areas from microelectronics and medical products to multi-hospital systems and programs to commercialize outer space, all of which were underway in the state. Van de Ven and colleagues (1989) issued an edited volume that shared the lessons learned from that longitudinal...

Supporting Teaching with Primary Sources

Krystal Appiah & Brenda Gunn
In June 2019, the University of Virginia Library joined Ithaka S+R’s study, “Supporting Teaching with Primary Sources,” which examines the pedagogical practices of humanities and social sciences faculty at participating institutions who teach with primary sources at the undergraduate level. By participating in this study, the investigators from the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library seek to better understand our faculty’s use of primary sources in the classroom in order that our staff may...

\"Feminine\" Bestsellers: Gender and the Question of Modernity in the Spanish Short Novel (1907-1936)

Thomas Antorino
This study analyzes the ways in which women writers of early twentieth-century Spain explored the complex relationship between gender and modernity. Between 1907 and 1936, the novela corta became one of the most popular and lucrative ways to publish for writers in Spain, and it is a useful medium through which scholars can track the ways in which women writers engaged with the most pressing questions about women's social, political, and cultural roles in a...

Authoring Otherwise: Ambivalence and Imagination in African American Democratic Thought

Daniel Henry
This dissertation concerns the work of democrats in undemocratic times, tracing an understudied strand of African American democratic thought through the impasse of the Jim Crow era. As political theorists in recent years have sought to move beyond a “liberal consensus” picture of American political development, they have often approached African American political thought through the framework of a politics of recognition, emphasizing the ways thinkers in this broad tradition have imagined, and strove toward,...

Non-invasive Imaging and Single-cell Analysis of Three-dimensional Bacterial Biofilms

Mingxing Zhang
Tissue-like 3-dimensional (3D) microbial communities called biofilms colonize a wide variety of biotic and abiotic surfaces and, in aggregate, constitute a major component of bacterial biomass on earth. As such, biofilms have a tremendous impact on the biogeochemistry of our planet and the biochemistry of higher living organisms. However, how macroscopic biofilm properties, such as its tolerance up to 1000 times higher concentrations of antibiotic drugs, its mechanical adhesion/cohesion and its biochemical metabolism, emerge from...

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