12,388 Works

The cavalier remounted; a study of the origins of Virginia's population 1607-1700

John E. Manahan
A study and presentation of immigration by ships and by years and decades in Virginia.

Review and Study of Aerodynamic Simulations of Lifting Bodies with Ice Accretion

Spencer Stebbins
To ensure substantial progress in airframe safety with icing, it is important to understand icing effects in realistic aerodynamic geometries. The first objective of this research is to review and classify previous three-dimensional computational studies that have analyzed the impact of ice accretion of lifting surface geometries over the past three decades. The classification has considered and discussed aspects of: airfoil/wing geometry, ice shape, prediction accuracy (via experimental validation), flow conditions, meshing type/technique, numerical schemes,...

Myth-making and the Historical Imagination: An Investigation of the Historiography of Islamic Iberia through Castilian Literature

Gaston Arze
This thesis examines the role of medieval Castilian literature in the formation of the Spanish national identity by investigating the historiography of two of its foundational myths. Both the ancient and recent historiographical and philological study of the Prosa Histórica and the Poema de Mio Cid helped support the creation of a hegemonic Catholic Castilian national identity. This shift in national identity is tracked through texts and their reception. This method of tracking utilizes both...

\"Entry Decisions and Incumbents' Responses: Evidence from the Outpatient Surgery Market\"

Siying Liu
Ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) are small-scale facilities that focus on a few specialties of outpatient surgeries. As the number of ASCs increases, hospitals face increasing competition in the outpatient surgery market. Different from other markets, surgery prices are largely based on the Medicare reimbursement rates, which are directly set by the government. Given inflexible prices, hospitals compete with ASCs by investing in surgery quality levels. The Medicare outpatient facility fee change for ASCs in 2008...

Guilds, structure and dynamics in the forest on Barro Colorado Island, Panama

Sean Thomas O'Brien
The structural and dynamical characteristics of 56 species offree-standing woody plants in 50 ha oftropical forest on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, were studied to test the hypothesis that tropical forest tree species can be organized into guilds, or groups of species with similar characteristics. The overall structure ofthe forest was analyzed by studying basal area and diameter distributions at several scales. Regressions oftree height, height to crown base, and crown area ofthe species were calculated...

The development of Virginia taxation: 1775-1860

Frederick Tilden Neely
This study follows the development of Virginia taxation from 1775-1860. The purpose of this procedure is to acquire an understanding of the causes of change in the structure of taxation and to gain an insight into the basic principles of Virginia taxation during this period.

\"A character to establish\": personal and national identity in the new nation

Andrew Spencer Trees
Washington Irving once complained that the United States was "a pure unadulterated LOGOCRACY or government ofwords." From the beginning oftheir national history, Americans have looked to define themselves with the written word. My dissertation explores various textual attempts to define a self and a nation in the postrevolutionary landscape, a world in which boundaries between public and private were fluid and ill-defined. Who one claimed to be said a great deal not simply about one's...

Millimeter Observations of Molecular Interstellar Medium from Parsec to Kiloparsec Scales

Lauren Bittle
Star formation is a fundamental driver of galaxy evolution. Understanding the intricacies of star formation requires a keen understanding of the physical makeup of their natal molecular material. Probing the molecular gas content of the interstellar medium, we aim to better determine the internal physical properties of the molecular structures to thus have a better grasp on the proceeding star formation. We aim to utilize millimeter/submillimeter observations to determine the impact of galaxy environment, both...

Topological Object Localization in a Visual Light Communications Application

Emmanuel Denloye-Ito
In this thesis, we develop a technique for object localization in an up-link optical wireless system for, most generally, indoor applications. In contrast to other works (e.g. [1]), wherein the authors exploit measures such as the line of sight peak power (LOS), the second power peak of the channel’s impulse response, and the delay between these aforementioned measures to localize an actively transmitting object, we instead localize a passively sensed object via a hitherto, to...

Development and implementation of a mechatronics curriculum for mechanical engineers

Gavin T Garner
The field of Mechanical Engineering is currently experiencing a revolution in its design and implementation of mechanical systems. The advent of inexpensive electronic intelligence in the form of microcontroller chips, which can easily be used to control electromechanical actuators based on sensory input, has allowed modem engineers to replace many complex mechanical devices of the past with simple electromechanical systems that perform the same functions more efficiently. The recent availability of such systems has also...

\"The blessed echoes of truth\": catechisms and confirmation in Puritan New England

Agnes Rose Howard
This dissertation analyzes the role of catechesis in Puritan New England. Although other studies of early New England have noted the importance of catechisms, they stop short of a systematic examination of these documents and their usage. Placing New England catechisms in their European Protestant context, I examine the content and practice of this form of religious instruction. Employed in colonial churches, families, and schools, catechisms taught children the fundamental elements of Puritan theology, including...

Beyond the five senses: magical realisms in Haiti, Martinique, and Guadeloupe

Stephanie Nicole Hopwood
This dissertation, entitled "Beyond the Five Senses: Magical Realisms in Haiti, Martinique, and Guadeloupe," examines the catalystic role ofmagical realist fiction in the representation ofcreole culture in three former French Caribbean colonies. I argue that the writers whose prose works I analyze employ a magical realist fiction for historical, cultural, and aesthetic purposes. Though their methods and styles differ, the commonality between these French Caribb~an authors lies in their rewriting ofnational history to account for...

Self-esteem and depression in rural poor women

Claire Ellen Fuller
Factors associated with poor self-esteem and depressive disorders in a sample of 64 rural impoverished women in Virginia were investigated. A stress-diathesis model of associations among sociodemographic variables, history of abuse, self-esteem, negative life events, negative attributions, social support, marital adjustment, and depression was hypothesized. Based on a structured clinical diagnostic interview (DIS), subjects were classified as meeting criteria for major depression, minor depression, or no psychiatric diagnosis (control group). Using logistic regression modeling, the...

Anxieties of deception in English morality plays and Shakespearean drama

Michael David Torrey
This dissertation examines the representation of deception in English morality plays, Shakespearean drama, and various early modem discourses. Previous studies of morality plays have focused on didactic and allegorical themes; by contrast, I argue in my first chapter that the moralities cultivated anxieties about both spiritual and social life. They dramatized conflict within the soul, but they also revealed the perils of social experience; their depictions of deception in both the inner and outer worlds...

Transforming rage : the Nation of Islam as a counter-status system

Ryun Gilbert Pavlicek
This paper focuses on a the Nation of Islam's prison ministry. The sustained presence of the Nation of Islam's membership can be attributed in part to their ability to consistently draw new recruits from the jails and prisons of the United States. It is suggested that patterns and processes discerned from this study of the prison program will advance the sociological understanding of the movement as a whole.

Quality of attachment and borderline tendency among female hospitalized adolescents

Karen Beth Apsel
This study examined the relationship between adolescent attachment and borderline tendency in a sample of hospitalized adolescent girls. Previous studies have found that both insecure attachment and borderline pathology can be related to incidents of early childhood abuse and trauma, as well as adolescent behaviors including among other things suicidality, promiscuity, and drug use. Forty-six hospitalized adolescent girls were administered two measures of attachment, the Adolescent Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ) and the Bartholomew Attachment Measure, and...

The public service mission of urban and metropolitan state universities : an analysis of mission, policy, and practice

Larry L. Rowley
Public service.has often been considered the least important or recognized of the three primary missions of higher education (i.e., research, teaching, and public service). Moreover, a major criticism of higher education institutions has been that their commitment to addressing external societal concerns and problems has been rhetorical. Many universities profess a commitment to providing services to their communities and constituents. Prominent among these are universities commonly referred to as urban universities. However, some universities in...

Lost in translation : the encounter between Bruno Taut and the early Turkish Republic from 1936-38

Burak Erdim
This study focuses on the nature of the Faculty of Languages building in Turkey.

Refrain, again : the return of the villanelle

Amanda Lowry French
Poets and scholars are all wrong about the villanelle. While most reference texts teach that the villanelle's nineteen-line alternating-refrain form was codified in the Renaissance, the scholar Julie Kane has conclusively shown that Jean Passerat's "Villanelle" ("J'ay perdu ma Tourterelle"), written in 1574 and first published in 1606, is the only Renaissance example of this form. My own research has discovered that the nineteenth-century "revival" of the villanelle stems from an 1844 treatise by a...

The Efficacy of Counseling Services in Decreasing Behavior Problems of Elementary School Children

Harriet Clare Cobb
The primary objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of counseling services in reducing the behavior problems of children. A secondary purpose ·was to measure the impact of the intervention on the self-concepts of the children in the study. Subjects were selected from Grades 4 and 5 in a rural Virginia school system, and placed into two groups. Each subject was rated by his/her teacher and by an independent observer on 35 items...

United States-Peruvian policy toward Peruvian-Japanese persons during World War II

Warren Page Rucker
A study of the Latin-American internee program during WWII.

History of education in Fluvanna County, 1777-1940

Margaret Wallihan Hudson
A study and account of the development of education in Fluvanna County.

Abandonment in the eighteenth-century French novel : a call to feminine heroisms

Joanne Marie McKeown
By the eighteenth century, the abandoned woman was a literary convention. The predicament of the deserted heroine, a common literary type, is a popular subject of the more renowned male novelists including Diderot, Marivaux, Prévost, Crébillon fils and Laclos, and some female novelists Grafigny. including Riccoboni, de la Charrière, and de By focusing on the methods used to confront abandonment, we come to an appreciation of how the Enlightenment interpretations of this theme, whose popularity...

Causes of terrorism in Northern Ireland, 1969-1972

Karen Ann Knick
This study will attempt to illustrate how the interrelationship of the long-term and the short-term causes produced the political terrorism in Northern Ireland from 1969 to 1972. It interprets the effects of colonialism and its consequences upon both communities, including the resulting perceptions with which both communities were bequeathed. Both communities perceive of themselves as continuously besieged minorities, the Protestants within the whole of Ireland and the Catholics within Northern Ireland. The study then examines...

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