39 Works

Scholarship without Publication: The Case of the Mayan Epigraphic Database Project

Rafael Alvarado

Responsible Research and Innovation in the Classroom: A workshop report

Beverley Gibbs, Rider Foley & Paul Martin
Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) recently gained traction in science, engineering and technology (SET) policy in the European Union and United Kingdom and is currently an important initiative for both researchers and educators to consider as they pursue public funds. While attention is often paid to the implications of RRI in the research arena, fewer conversations have explored how this SET policy affects educational and curricular efforts within research-intensive universities. This workshop was an opportunity...

How to Re-Tool Librarians for Data Curation

Andrew Sallans & Sherry Lake
The University of Virginia Library has begun a process of “re-tooling” subject librarians to meet emerging demands of scientific data management. In leading this new initiative, the Scientific Data Consulting Group (SciDaC) focuses on two main activities: 1) “Data Curation Brown Bag” discussions, and 2) data interviews. Through this process, we hope to gradually help traditional subject librarians develop literacy in issues surrounding scientific data management. Each brown bag session focuses on a very specific...

Hair Loss in Women of Color Toolkit: A step toward closing the gap

Landon Hobbs
Hair loss is a primary reason for women of color to seek dermatologic care. In addition to physical disfigurement, patients with hair loss are more likely to report feelings of depression, anxiety, and low self- esteem. There exists a critical gap in advocacy efforts and educational information intended for this demographic. We investigated the American Academy of Dermatology resources and advocacy efforts and found that none of the six main public programs (https://www.aad.org/public/public-health) nor any...

Remote Social Determinant of Health Screening for University Medical Associate Patients

Zuhayr Shaikh
University Medical Associates (UMA) is one of the largest clinics at UVA with 13,000 established patients. The medical group sees over 150 patients per day and over 35,000 visits per year and serves a diverse patient population that experiences many social determinants of health (SDOH). Social determinants of health are nonmedical factors like housing and food insecurity, cell/internet access, access to transportation, feelings of loneliness, and health literacy, that can significantly impact medical outcomes. Despite...

Transgender Community Beauty Event in Charlottesville

Laura Fuhr & Krishna Patel
The estimated transgender population of Virginia is 34,500 (0.55% of the state population). As an academic health center, UVA Health serves a large proportion of transgender patients from Central Virginia. According to recent statistics, approximately 800 transgender patients are served through gender-affirming care clinics at UVA. However, transgender Virginians continue to experience widespread discrimination in both healthcare and daily life. Given UVA Health’s widespread reach in providing gender-inclusive care across Central Virginia, there remains an...

Working with the Monticello Area Community Action Agency to reduce disparities in central Virginia

Ani Chandrabhatla
Introduction: The Monticello Area Community Action Agency (MACAA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the lives of low-income individuals throughout central Virginia. Intervention: As part of the School of Medicine’s “Social Issues in Medicine” curriculum, we engaged in three initiatives to improve MACAA’s operations. First, we completed an asset mapping project to update MACAA’s database of local organizations’ capabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Second, we conducted resource analyses to quantify the areas in which...

Compounding Inequity: Structural Racism, Allostatic load, and Implications for Behavior Change

Dawson Brown
The impact of modifiable health behaviors (smoking, alcohol consumption, lack of exercise, etc.) on downstream health disparities has become a subject of magnified interest amongst researchers, practitioners, and policymakers alike. This interest stems from the significant impact that modifiable health behaviors have on the total burden of disease in the United States, with almost 40% of deaths each year attributed to these behaviors. This burden of harmful health behaviors disproportionately impacts Black Americans - as...

Differences in treatment and outcomes among racial and highest-attained education level in Peripheral Arterial Disease patients in an imaging study performed at UVA

Helen Sporkin
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a prevalent atherosclerotic disease characterized by atherosclerotic lesions in the limbs. Patients with PAD have been shown to have a delayed phosphocreatine recovery due to chronic ischemia. Patients with PAD may be candidates for revascularization, but outcomes are variable. CrCEST allows for creatine concentrations to be monitored at high spatial resolution, while ASL quantifies perfusion into tissue. We use this combination to assess revascularization in patients undergoing both endovascular and...

Perspectives on Creating an Inclusive Clinical Environment for Sexual and Gender Minority Patients and Providers

Jasraj Raghuwanshi
Background: Sexual and gender minorities (SGMs) face discrimination based on their sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI). This discrimination permeates healthcare and hinders SGM patients and providers. Objectives: The aim is to determine if discrimination against SGM providers is present in hospice and palliative care (HPC). An auxiliary goal is to determine how to improve HPC for SGM patients. The ultimate goal is to create an inclusive environment for patients and providers. Methods: A convenience...

Multidisciplinary Course on Medical Care for LGBTQ+ patients

Dana Redick
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ+) -identified patients comprise a large proportion of the overall patient population: 4.5% in the United States (1). Patients who identify as LGBTQ+ often face unique health risks, requiring an individualized approach to cancer screenings, infectious disease screenings, and vaccinations. LGBTQ+ patients are also more likely to have mental health needs, due to the significant minority stress they experience. Discrimination by healthcare providers and lack of provider knowledge about...

Humanities Unbound: Supporting Careers and Scholarship Beyond the Tenure Track

Katina Rogers
As humanities scholars increasingly recognize the value of public engagement, and as the proportion of tenure-track faculty positions available to new graduates continues to decline, many humanities programs are focusing renewed attention on equipping graduate students for careers as scholars both within and beyond academe. To support those efforts, the Scholarly Communication Institute has carried out a study investigating perceptions about career preparation provided by humanities graduate programs. The survey results help to create a...

The Impact of Free Clinic Services on Healthcare Utilization among Charlottesville Residents Experiencing Homelessness

Steven Neal
The UVA Community Outreach Clinic is a free clinic run by UVA physicians and medical students that provides access to healthcare for Charlottesville residents currently experiencing homelessness. The study population includes patients experiencing homelessness who have had at least one visit at this free clinic. The primary objective of this study is to assess changes in the frequency of emergency department visits before and after a patient’s initial UVA Community Outreach Clinic visit. Secondary objectives...

Academic Productivity Among Underrepresented Minority Urologists at Academic Institutions

Caleigh Smith
Background: This study compares academic productivity among underrepresented minorities (URMs) and genders within urology. Methods: A database of residents and faculty was created from 145 urology residency programs including demographics, URM status, and publications (pubs). URM equals Black, Hispanic, or Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander. Multivariable analysis included URM status, gender, years of practice, and Doximity institution rank. Results: Among 1,644 residents, 145 (9%) were URMs, with a median of 2 (IQR 1,5) pubs for URMs and...

COVID-19 Vaccination Status Surveying and Education

Cam Stadlin & Caroline Cotton
We travelled throughout Charlottesville and the surrounding counties to conduct research regarding why community members chose not to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, where they obtained vaccine information, and what the demographics were of this population. We collected this information through anonymous, voluntary paper surveys. Concurrently, we also distributed informational handouts on the virus, vaccine, free rides to vaccinations, and lists of vaccination sites nearby. 215 surveys were completed by community members and 264 online surveys...

Covid-19 in Native America

Brianna Baldwin
According to CDC data, American Indians, and Alaskan Natives (AI/AN) have insofar experienced the highest rates of COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations, and deaths among any ethnic group in the U.S., despite the highest rate of vaccinations among any ethnic group. AI/AN peoples suffer 1.7x cases, 3.5x hospitalizations, and 2.4x deaths when compared to White, Non-Hispanic persons. In June 2020 in particular, the Navajo Nation reported a 3.4% COVID-19 infection rate, higher than any U.S. state. The...

The APTrust Story

Martha Sites
The Academic Preservation Trust (APTrust) is an innovative consortium committed to the creation and management of a sustainable environment for digital preservation and aggregate repository services for academic and research content. This paper responds to a number of questions that were voiced when APTrust was established: What led to the formation of APTrust? What does APTrust hope to accomplish? Most important, why should it be a top priority for academic libraries? After considering these questions...

Guiding Principles for Designing an Accessible, Inclusive, and Diverse Library Makerspace

Fang Yi & Melinda Baumann
Accessibility, inclusion, and diversity are core library values. In this paper the authors share findings from small focus group interviews of students’ perceptions and preferences towards a new library makerspace, as well as their understandings of and expectations for accessibility, inclusion, and diversity. Building on findings from qualitative research at the University of Virginia (UVA) Library’s Robertson Media Center (RMC) and an interview with staff members from the UVA Student Disability Center, the authors also...

Faster Secure Two-Party Computation Using Garbled Circuits

Yan Huang, David Evans, Jonathan Katz & Lior Malka
Secure two-party computation enables two parties to evaluate a function cooperatively without revealing to either party anything beyond the function's output. The garbled-circuit technique, a generic approach to secure two-party computation for semi-honest participants, was developed by Yao in the 1980s, but has been viewed as being of limited practical significance due to its inefficiency. We demonstrate several techniques for improving the running time and memory requirements of the garbled-circuit technique, resulting in an implementation...

Putting Communities at the Center of Connected, Automated Mobility

Andrew Mondschein, Laura Nagle, Michael Salgueiro & Marnissa Claflin
This project explores ways that communities can reclaim control over their streets as Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) and associated technologies become part of the urban fabric. The historic loss of flexible public space associated with the introduction of cars in the early 20th century and emerging concerns about management of CAVs today indicate that local governments and communities must find new ways to assert control over the planning and operation of streets. We define...

Retrospective Chart Review of Melanoma Outcomes in Non-Hispanic Black Patients and Case-Matched Non-Hispanic White Patients

Nicole Edmonds
Background: It has long been studied that non-Hispanic black (NHB) patients have a lower incidence rate of melanoma but are typically diagnosed at a later stage and have poorer survival rates than non-Hispanic white (NHW) patients. No study has ever compared melanoma outcomes in NHB and NHW patients in our region, however. This study was performed to compare melanoma outcomes in NHB and NHW patients when melanoma depth of invasion is controlled. Methods: A retrospective...

Variability in Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) Between White and Black Patients is Not Explained by Environmental Impacts

Tiana Walker
Introduction: Training in sensitive discussions, such as the topic of race and discrimination, is necessary to help medical students develop skills to forge meaningful patient-physician relationships. However, there is little consensus about how to implement learning activities to promote skill development for use in clinical settings. A pilot activity incorporating a simulated patient encounter was implemented for clerkship phase students to meet the following learning objectives: practice strategies to reject racism expressed by patients and...

A Medical Student-Run Inpatient Homelessness Consult Service

Jacqueline Carson
Objective: The inpatient homelessness consult service at the University of Virginia was created to provide continuity of care, connect patients to local resources, facilitate safe discharges, and ultimately reduce length of stay, emergency department visits, and readmissions for this vulnerable population. Methods: A specific pager number was generated for the consult service. Any member of the inpatient care team can page a trained student team member once they identify their patient to be experiencing homelessness....

Diversity Representation On Integrated Plastic Surgery Residency Websites

Hannah Jacobs-El
Background: Recruitment and retention of a diverse healthcare workforce is a common residency program requirement as outlined by the American Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Surgical subspecialties (plastic surgery, orthopedic surgery, etc.) still face longstanding low racial and ethnic representation among healthcare providers. Diversifying the healthcare workforce is paramount to addressing healthcare disparities. Methods: The websites of all integrated plastic surgery programs acknowledged by the ACGME in December 2020 were analyzed. All websites attributed...

\"But Who Looks East at Sunset?\" Gerard Manley Hopkins and Scientific Perception

Bethany Nowviskie
This essay examines published scientific writings of Gerard Manley Hopkins in the context of his poetry, journal-writing, and correspondence on subjective and objective cognition, or “unusually observant” perception. Hopkins’ response to special atmospheric conditions (the after-effects of the Krakatoa eruption, and the phenomenon of rayons du crepuscule at sunset) is considered in a matrix of Victorian scientific amateurism, conflicting views on observational agency and perspective, and precision in poetic and descriptive language. Key to valid...

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