12 Works

Systems of Systems Perspectives on Critical Infrastructure Management in Response to Climate Change and Sea Level Rise

Yacov Haimes & Eugene Stakhiv
Since 1980, the U.S. has experienced 151 weather disasters with damages exceeding one billion dollars each. With changing climate and development patterns and the severity and frequency of extreme weather events increasing, the United States must address the vulnerability of its complex critical infrastructure, which is largely a fragmented system of systems. The nation’s critical infrastructure provides the essential services that underpin the American way of life. A vast array of interdependent infrastructure and information...

\"But Who Looks East at Sunset?\" Gerard Manley Hopkins and Scientific Perception

Bethany Nowviskie
This essay examines published scientific writings of Gerard Manley Hopkins in the context of his poetry, journal-writing, and correspondence on subjective and objective cognition, or “unusually observant” perception. Hopkins’ response to special atmospheric conditions (the after-effects of the Krakatoa eruption, and the phenomenon of rayons du crepuscule at sunset) is considered in a matrix of Victorian scientific amateurism, conflicting views on observational agency and perspective, and precision in poetic and descriptive language. Key to valid...

How to Re-Tool Librarians for Data Curation

Andrew Sallans & Sherry Lake
The University of Virginia Library has begun a process of “re-tooling” subject librarians to meet emerging demands of scientific data management. In leading this new initiative, the Scientific Data Consulting Group (SciDaC) focuses on two main activities: 1) “Data Curation Brown Bag” discussions, and 2) data interviews. Through this process, we hope to gradually help traditional subject librarians develop literacy in issues surrounding scientific data management. Each brown bag session focuses on a very specific...

Scholarship without Publication: The Case of the Mayan Epigraphic Database Project

Rafael Alvarado
(:unav)

Responsible Research and Innovation in the Classroom: A workshop report

Beverley Gibbs, Rider Foley & Paul Martin
Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) recently gained traction in science, engineering and technology (SET) policy in the European Union and United Kingdom and is currently an important initiative for both researchers and educators to consider as they pursue public funds. While attention is often paid to the implications of RRI in the research arena, fewer conversations have explored how this SET policy affects educational and curricular efforts within research-intensive universities. This workshop was an opportunity...

The APTrust Story

Martha Sites
The Academic Preservation Trust (APTrust) is an innovative consortium committed to the creation and management of a sustainable environment for digital preservation and aggregate repository services for academic and research content. This paper responds to a number of questions that were voiced when APTrust was established: What led to the formation of APTrust? What does APTrust hope to accomplish? Most important, why should it be a top priority for academic libraries? After considering these questions...

Faster Secure Two-Party Computation Using Garbled Circuits

Yan Huang, David Evans, Jonathan Katz & Lior Malka
Secure two-party computation enables two parties to evaluate a function cooperatively without revealing to either party anything beyond the function's output. The garbled-circuit technique, a generic approach to secure two-party computation for semi-honest participants, was developed by Yao in the 1980s, but has been viewed as being of limited practical significance due to its inefficiency. We demonstrate several techniques for improving the running time and memory requirements of the garbled-circuit technique, resulting in an implementation...

Humanities Unbound: Supporting Careers and Scholarship Beyond the Tenure Track

Katina Rogers
As humanities scholars increasingly recognize the value of public engagement, and as the proportion of tenure-track faculty positions available to new graduates continues to decline, many humanities programs are focusing renewed attention on equipping graduate students for careers as scholars both within and beyond academe. To support those efforts, the Scholarly Communication Institute has carried out a study investigating perceptions about career preparation provided by humanities graduate programs. The survey results help to create a...

The Hydraulics Project: Empowering Communities to Build a Digital Library Utilizing Fedora and an Event-Driven Service-Oriented Messaging Framework

Andrew Curley
Recent collaborative efforts including the Hydra Project and development of Blacklight have made significant strides towards creating revolutionary tools for indexing and accessing digital content managed by a Fedora repository. Comparatively, less attention has been paid to creating applications and standardized workflows designed to easily ingest content into repositories. This issue demands attention because a key measure of a repositoryʼs usefulness is the quality and quantity of digital content made available to the public. A...

National Network of Libraries of Medicine Hurricane Summit Report

Susan Yowell & Daniel Wilson
On Wednesday, February 8, 2012, the Louis Calder Memorial Library of the University of Miami’s Miller School of Medicine hosted a summit meeting to share best practices, discuss roles for libraries following a disaster, and facilitate communication and cooperation among librarians and emergency planners in the Miami/Dade County area. The meeting was sponsored through an award by the Southeastern/Atlantic Region of National Network of Libraries of Medicine’s (NN/LM) Emergency Preparedness & Response Initiative.

An Algorithm for State Constrained Stochastic Linear-Quadratic Control

Zhou Zhou & Randy Cogill
Here we consider a state-constrained stochastic linear quadratic control problem. This problem has linear dynamics and a quadratic cost, and states are required to satisfy a probabilistic constraint. In this paper, the joint probabilistic constraint in the model is converted to a conservative deterministic one using multi-dimensional Chebyshev bound. A maximum volume inscribed ellipsoid problem is solved to obtain this probability bound. We then design an optimal affine controller for the resulting problem. The convexity...

Managing Competing Interests with Off-Site Storage

Esther Onega & Kara McClurken
The University of Virginia Library has had a twenty-year history of off-site storage for its growing collections. As our need to store things off-site has grown, so have the growth of a comprehensive preservation program and the preservation goals of off-site storage. Ivy Stacks, the Library’s off-site repository, opened in 1994, with books stored in boxes. A major renovation from 2010-2012 expanded that building’s capacity by installing both high density shelving and sorting the books...

Registration Year

  • 2017
    12

Resource Types

  • Conference Paper
    12

Affiliations

  • University of Virginia
    12