168 Works

Mapping Homer’s Catalogue of Ships

Courtney Evans & Benjamin Jasnow
This article provides a brief description of Mapping the Catalogue of Ships, which maps the towns and contingents of Homer’s Catalogue of Ships, analyzing the poet’s knowledge and use of ancient Greek geography. We offer a brief account of the questions that drive our research, detail our novel method to analyze Homer’s poetry in terms of geospatial organization, and summarize the geospatial organizational principles that we have discovered. We discuss the necessity of a digital...

Examining the Pathologic Adaptation Model of Community Violence Exposure in Male Adolescents of Color

Noni Gaylord-Harden, Suzanna So, Grace J. Bai, David B. Henry & Patrick Tolan
The current study examined a model of desensitization to community violence exposure, the Pathologic Adaptation Model, in adolescent males of color. Method: The current study included 285 African American (61%) and Latino (39%) male adolescents (W1 mean age = 12.41) from the Chicago Youth Development Study to examine the longitudinal associations between community violence exposure, depressive symptoms, and violent behavior. Results: Consistent with the Pathologic Adaptation Model, results indicated a linear, positive association between community...

At the Bottom Line: How Hardy Tries Conclusions

Herbert Tucker
(:unav)

Skunks in the Library: a Path to Production for Scholarly R&D

Bethany Nowviskie
Library-based digital humanities “skunkworks” are semi-independent research-and-development labs staffed with librarians who act as scholar-practitioners. The creation of skunkworks labs is an uncommon, yet uncommonly potent, organizational response to new opportunities opened up by digital scholarship. This article describes the Scholars’ Lab at the University of Virginia Library and asserts a critical role for library-embedded digital centers in forging new paths for knowledge work in the humanities.

\"Inventing the Map\" in the Digital Humanities: a Young Lady's Primer

Bethany Nowviskie
In 1823, at a small school in western Vermont, Frances Alsop Henshaw, the 14-year-old daughter of a prosperous merchant, produced a remarkable cartographic and textual artifact. Henshaw’s “Book of Penmanship Executed at the Middlebury Female Academy” is a slim volume containing – in addition to the expected, set copy-texts of a practice-book – a series of hand-drawn, delicately-colored maps of our nineteen United States, each one paired with a geometrically-constructed and embellished prose passage selected...

Marxism, Romanticism, Postmodernism: An American Case History

Jerome McGann
PROF. J: Then what can it mean, to practice a Marxist literary criticism? (1st line)

The Funerary Transformation of the Great Perfection (Rdzogs chen)

David Germano
The Great Perfection (Rdzogs chen) is one of the most important tantric traditions to develop in Tibet, but much of its early history has been obscured by the tradition’s visionary narratives of revelation, concealment, and excavation regarding its core scriptures. In addition, the over-reliance on the rubric “Great Perfection” itself obscures a broad diversity of distinct traditions, each with its own distinct rubric of self-identification and often quite divergent characteristics. This includes at the most...

Agony, Ecstasy, and the Mulekeeper's Wife: a Reading of Heptameron 2

Mary McKinley
The second story of Marguerite de Navarre’s Heptaméron, the tale of a mulekeeper’s wife who is raped and murdered by her husband’s servant, incorporates many elements of Marguerite’s mystical poetry. Precise details of the woman’s ‘agony’ and death echo the mystic’s gradual sublimation of the body as she progresses toward ecstatic union with Christ. Passages in Les Prisons describe the death of Louise de Savoie, Marguerite’s mother, as a mystical ecstasy. In Le Miroir de...

“The Grand Heretics of Modern Fiction”. Laura Riding, John Cowper Powys, and the Subjective Correlative

Jerome McGann
An essay on twentieth century figures.

NINES: a federated model for integrating digital scholarship

Bethany Nowviskie & Jerome McGann
NINES is a scholarly initiative to establish a coordinated network of peer-reviewed content and useful tools (both organizational and interpretive) for pedagogical and research materials developed by educators and scholars working in 19th-century British and American literary and cultural studies. The goal is to establish this aggregated body of scholarly and educational materials within those existing professional frameworks and organizations that monitor and accredit professional publication. NINES is designing a working model for a federated...

1996 AMS-IMS-MAA Library Survey

James Rovnyak, Nancy Anderson, Karl Dilcher & Martha Tucker
In 1996 the Library Committee of the American Mathematical Society carried out a survey of mathematics research libraries in doctoral-granting institutions in the United States and Canada. This combined file contains the summary report, the detailed full report, and budget figures from the survey. The 1996 survey was a follow-up to a similar 1990 survey by the American Mathematical Society: http://libra.virginia.edu/catalog/libra-oa:712.

Governor Pio Pico, the monster of California…no more: lessons in neuroendocrinology

Ivan S. Login & Jessica Login
We hypothesize that Pio Pico, the last Mexican Governor of California, had acromegaly between at least ages 43 to 57, from 1844 to 1858, before Pierre Marie published the clinical description of acromegaly in 1886. Pico’s probable growth hormone-secreting pituitary tumor likely infarcted spontaneously after 1858. The tumor infarction resulted in burnt-out acromegaly and probably restored normal pituitary function. Pearce Bailey published the first account of pituitary tumor infarction only in 1898. Pico’s undiagnosed, misunderstood,...

Globalization of agricultural pollution due to international trade

Clark O'Bannon, Joel Carr & David Seekell
Almost 90% of freshwater resources consumed globally are used to produce plant and animal commodities. Water-scarce countries can balance their water needs by importing food from other countries. This process, known as virtual water transfer, represents the externalization of water use. The volume and geographic reach of virtual water transfers is increasing, but little is known about how these transfers redistribute the environmental costs of agricultural production. The grey water footprint quantifies the environmental costs...

Regional and landscape-scale variability of Landsat-observed vegetation dynamics in northwest Siberian tundra

Howard Epstein & Gerald Frost
Widespread increases in Arctic tundra productivity have been documented for decades using coarse-scale satellite observations, but finer-scale observations indicate that changes have been very uneven, with a high degree of landscape- and regional-scale heterogeneity. Here we analyze time-series of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) observed by Landsat (1984–2012), to assess landscape- and regional-scale variability of tundra vegetation dynamics in the northwest Siberian Low Arctic, a little-studied region with varied soils, landscape histories, and permafrost...

Moderating diets to feed the future

Kyle Davis
Population growth, dietary changes, and increasing biofuel use are placing unprecedented pressure on the global food system. While this demand likely cannot be met by expanding agricultural lands, much of the world's cropland can attain higher crop yields. Therefore, it is important to examine whether increasing crop productivity to the maximum attainable yield (i.e., yield gap closure) alone can substantially improve food security at global and national scales. Here we show that closing yield gaps...

An Experimental Examination of the Volunteer’s Dilemma

Charles Holt
An Experimental Examination of the Volunteer’s Dilemma Jacob K. Goeree, Charles A. Holt, Angela M. Smith Abstract In a volunteer’s dilemma, only one “volunteer” is needed to obtain a benefit for all. Volunteering is costly, and the symmetric Nash equilibrium involves randomization. These predictions have the intuitive property that volunteer rates decline with larger groups, but surprisingly, the probability of obtaining no volunteers is increasing with group size, even as the number of players goes...

Review of Isobel Armstrong, \"Victorian Poetry: Poetry, Poetics and Politics\"

Herbert Tucker
(:unav)

The Pressures of PATCO: Strikes and Stress in the 1980s

Rebecca Pels
(:unav)

Wanted Dead or Alive: Browning's Romanticism

Herbert Tucker
(:unav)

Logics of Self-Love

Patricia Spacks
(:unav)

Teaching manuals and the blackboard: Accessing historical classroom practices

Caitlin Wylie
The blackboard, a useful teaching tool in nineteenth-century England, was transformed into a teaching necessity in the decades from 1870, when the Education Acts made school free and mandatory for all children. The resulting huge population of schoolchildren inspired the development of teaching techniques appropriate for large-group learning. Many of these techniques relied on the blackboard as a reusable demonstration space visible to the entire class at once, unlike a book or slate. To share...

The Victorian Problem with Joy

Herbert Tucker
(:unav)

Spanish Romanticism and Spanish Romantic Drama Shaw, Donald Conversion to

Donald Shaw
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New Paths, New Directions: Reflections on Forty Years of Holocaust Studies and the GSA

Waitman Beorn
The Western Association for German Studies (WAGS) was founded in 1976 on the cusp of a public reawakening to the horrors of the Holocaust. A year later, neo-Nazis in the United States argued before the Supreme Court for the right to march in Skokie, IL (a right they won in 1978, though the march took place in Chicago). This spurred the creation of a Holocaust museum there and led many survivors to begin breaking their...

The Matter with Verse: What Victorian Poetry Wasn’t, and Was

Herbert Tucker
The status of verse as a minor partner in poetry’s nobler enterprise is as generally untheorized in principle as it is as widely acknowledged in practice – and for reasons stemming from a certain ambivalence, which we still share with the Victorians, about the formal poetic medium itself. Poetry nowhere exposes this ambivalence more clearly than when flaunting its dependency on verse’s material mediation. Victorian poems written for, or as, inscription (W. Morris, R. Browning,...

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