15 Works

Beyond Technological Literacy Open Data as Active Democratic Engagement?

Caitlin Wylie, Kathryn Neeley & Sean Ferguson
We consider scholarly conversations about digital citizenship as a continuation of centuries of discourse about citizenship, democracy, and technoscience. Conceptually, we critique portrayals of citizenship from Jeffersonian polities to technical literacy to critical health and environmental justice movements. This analysis forms the basis for proposing an alternative, normative theoretical perspective on citizens’ engagement in governance: the ethics of care. This framework enables a move from citizens’ civic engagement as motivated by duty and risk perception...

Glass-boxing science: Laboratory work on display in museums

Caitlin Wylie
Museum displays tend to black-box science, by displaying scientific facts without explanations of how those facts were made. A recent trend in exhibit design upends this omission by putting scientists to work in glass-walled laboratories, just a window away from visitors. How is science being conceived, portrayed, and performed in glass-walled laboratories? Interviews and participant observation in several “fishbowl” paleontology laboratories reveal that glass walls alter lab workers’ typical tasks and behavior. Despite glass-walled labs’...

‘The artist’s piece is already in the stone’: Constructing creativity in paleontology laboratories

Caitlin Wylie
Laboratory technicians are typically portrayed as manual workers following routine procedures to produce scientific data. However, technicians in vertebrate paleontology laboratories often describe their work in terms of creativity and artistry. Fossil specimens undergo extensive preparation – including rock removal, damage repair, and reconstruction of missing parts – to become accessible to researchers. Technicians called fossil preparators choose, apply, and sometimes invent these preparation methods. They have no formal training, no standard protocols, and few...

The plurality of assumptions about fossils and time

Caitlin Wylie
A research community must share assumptions, such as about accepted knowledge, appropriate research practices, and good evidence. However, community members also hold some divergent assumptions, which they—and we, as analysts of science—tend to overlook. Communities with different assumed values, knowledge, and goals must negotiate to achieve compromises that make their conflicting goals complementary. This negotiation guards against the extremes of each group’s desired outcomes, which, if achieved, would make other groups’ goals impossible. I argue...

Transforming Information Literacy Grants Program: A Case Study of the Course Enrichment Grants Program at University of Virginia Library

Abigail Flanigan, Wei Wang & Judith Thomas
This article describes the University of Virginia Library’s Course Enrichment Grant program, where small grants are awarded to faculty members interested in working with a team of subject liaison librarians, digital technologists, data specialists, and teaching & learning librarians to enhance new or existing courses. This paper will describe the history and development of the program, the logistics and outcomes, as well as opportunities and challenges that have arisen throughout its three years. We will...

The Effect of SNAP Work Mandates on Crime: Evidence from Ohio

Jackson Collins
Work mandates are a contentious component of most welfare programs in the U.S., meant to decrease dependence on the programs. Yet there is insufficient literature on their effectiveness, particularly on salient social outcomes like crime. This paper uses variation from SNAP work mandate waivers in Ohio to evaluate their effect on crime with a fixed effects model. Results indicate that work mandates have strong crime-reducing effects, robust to model specification. The broad nature of the...

The Matter with Verse: What Victorian Poetry Wasn’t, and Was

Herbert Tucker
The status of verse as a minor partner in poetry’s nobler enterprise is as generally untheorized in principle as it is as widely acknowledged in practice – and for reasons stemming from a certain ambivalence, which we still share with the Victorians, about the formal poetic medium itself. Poetry nowhere exposes this ambivalence more clearly than when flaunting its dependency on verse’s material mediation. Victorian poems written for, or as, inscription (W. Morris, R. Browning,...

Balladry in Motion

Herbert Tucker
The mythic fancy that minstrels wandered, and the bibliographic fact that versions of their oral ballads migrated to print in strikingly different variants, run proxy for each other as analogous expressions of a modern ambivalence over the ballad form. This analogy is also played out prosodically, in the great freedom with which ballads permute, even as they observe, metrical conventions that identify them. Analysis of examples from Percy’s Reliques and Chatterton’s Rowley forgeries sets the...

An Investigation of a Tax on Second Homes and Its Ability to Foster Affordable Housing

Nick Gomer
This project was created during a capstone seminar for the Global Environments and Sustainability undergraduate major. This project explores the role of second homes in communities; how they both contribute to local economies and inflate local housing prices. It then explores vacancy taxes and how such a tax could be placed upon second homes to promote affordable housing for full-time citizens.

Kingsley's Muscular Poetics

Herbert Tucker
Although Kingsley acknowledged his own deficiency in the visionary gifts of the greatest poets, not only he but numerous contemporaries held poetry to be his true literary calling. This judgment has not been confirmed by posterity, which receives Kingsley as a writer of fictional and controversial prose. Yet a poetics of strenuous compensation informs much of his output, at both thematic and prosodic levels. His grapple with the sensed but inarticulate meaningfulness of worldly phenomena...

Walking Dissonance in Delhi: Intersections Among Daily Mobility, Environmental Exposures, and Wellbeing

Andrew Mondschein
Despite the rapid pace of change and investment, most Delhi residents continue to struggle to get where they need to go, often depending on simply walking to get where they need to go. During travel, residents are directly exposed to the urban environment, with its air pollution, noise, and natural and built features that vary significantly in their quality and maintenance. How these exposures affect residents, both in how its shapes their travel and its...

Setting a Standard for a “Silent” Disease: Defining Osteoporosis in the 1980s and 1990s

Caitlin Wylie
Osteoporosis, a disease of bone loss associated with aging and estrogen loss, can be crippling but is “silent” or symptomless prior to bone fracture. Despite its disastrous health effects, high prevalence, and enormous associated healthcare costs, osteoporosis lacked a universally accepted definition until 1992. In the 1980s, the development of more accurate medical imaging technologies to measure bone density spurred the medical community’s need and demand for a common definition. The medical community tried, and...

Overcoming the underdetermination of specimens

Caitlin Wylie
Philosophers of science are well aware that theories are underdetermined by data. But what about the data? Scientific data are selected and processed representations or pieces of nature. What is useless context and what is valuable specimen, as well as how specimens are processed for study, are not obvious or predetermined givens. Instead, they are decisions made by scientists and other research workers, such as technicians, that produce different outcomes for the data. Vertebrate fossils...

Socialization through stories of disaster in engineering laboratories

Caitlin Wylie
The initiation of novices into research communities relies on the communication of tacit knowledge, behavioral norms and moral values. Much of this instruction happens informally, as messages subtly embedded in everyday interactions. This study uses participant-observation and interviews to investigate how engineers socialize future engineers by studying how undergraduate students who work in an engineering laboratory learn their research community’s social and technical norms. I found that a key method of conveying knowledge about social...

Trust in technicians in paleontology laboratories

Caitlin Wylie
New technologies can upset scientific workplaces’ established practices and social order. Digital imaging of rock-encased fossils is a valuable way for scientists to “see” a specimen without traditional rock removal. However, interviews in vertebrate paleontology laboratories reveal workers’ skepticism towards computed tomography (CT) imaging. Scientists criticize replacing physical fossils with digital images because, they say, images are more subjective than the “real thing.” I argue that these scientists are also implicitly supporting rock-removal technicians, who...

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Journal Article


  • University of Virginia