822 Works

Do South African Consumers have an Appetite for an Origin-based Certification System for Meat Products? A Synthesis of Studies on Perceptions, Preferences and Experiments

Johann F. Kirsten, Hes Vermeulen, Karlien Van Zyl, Gerrie Du Rand, Henrietta Du Plessis & Tessa Weissnar
The introduction of Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) type certification schemes in countries outside Europe is a recent phenomenon as the philosophy of origin based foods obtains global traction. It is therefore interesting to understand whether consumers in these countries have a similar appreciation for these certification schemes and whether they are willing to pay a premium if the origin of the product is guaranteed. The Karoo Lamb case in South Africa provides an ideal...

Private Requirements by European Retailers : Impact on French Exporters

Karine Latouche, Emmanuelle Chevassus‐Lozza, Vanessa Persillet & Monique Harel
Based on recent development of international economics, this paper aims to evaluate in what extent private standards impact trade, and more precisely trade of French agri food firms. Our paper explores an original "handmade" database identifying French agri‐food firms which are certified with the International Food Standard – IFS– and/or the British Retail Consortium standard – BRC. From this dataset, one can analyse the characteristics and the export behaviour of certified firms compared to that...

Sustainable Relations in International Development Cooperation Projects: The Role of Human Resource Management and Organizational Climate

Cesare Zanasi & Cosimo Rota
The importance of organizational issues to assess the success of international development project has not been fully considered yet. An analysis of the literature on the project success definition, focused on the success criteria and success factors, was carried out by surveying the contribution of different authors and approaches. Traditionally projects were perceived as successful when they met time, budget and performance goals, assuming a basic similarity among projects (universalistic approach). However, starting from a...

Naturalness and Consumer Choices: The Case of Microfiltered Milk

Adele Coppola & Fabio Verneau
Food is a very sensitive area and the most intimate form of consumption. Consumer choice is known to be strongly affected by emotional factors usually not taken into account in economic analysis. At the same time it is clear that such emotional factors can affect consumer behaviour and market reactions above all when there are scandals and concerns. One of the emotional aspects that seems to dominate consumer behaviour in the food sector is so...

Value Creation Strategies in Credence Food Productions: The Case of Organic Farming in Italy

Stefano Pascucci, Fabian Capitano & Teresa Del Giudice
In this paper we analyse different strategies used by Italian organic farmers to create value from credence food production. More specifically, we consider the following strategies: participation in policy support programmes (i.e. rural development measures and agro environmental schemes), direct marketing (i.e. shortchains, onfarm businesses, agrotourism), onfarm processing and being a member of a marketing and/or processing cooperative. We use data from the 2006 Italian FADN (Farm Accountancy Data Network) related to 981 organic farmers....

Bioenergy and Food Security: Markets, Institutions and Regulation

Bernardo M.T. Reynolds S. Pacheco De Carvalho
The discussion about bioenergy solutions and respective interaction with food security concerns continues to be a difficult subject in the international arena. The academic efforts to address the issue should be based on facts and models that allow a sound decision process. However, beyond theoretical considerations and model implications, the facts based on case studies provide, probably, the most powerful arguments, mainly when they are supported by some rationalization and a chosen reference model. The...

Solvency and Performance of French Wineries in Times of Declining Sales: Co‐operatives and Corporations

Francis Declerck & Jean-Laurent Viviani
The paper assesses the ability of French wineries to prevail over the crisis of French wine in the years 2000. Corporations are distinguished from co operatives: Over the 2000/2006 period in spite of sales fluctuations, French wineries did not increase their financial debt level substantially. Such result supports the traditional static tradeoff theory (TOT). Cooperatives were able to absorb part of the impact of the wine crisis at the expense of their members, in increasing...

Networking in Meat Production Systems: The Influence of Cooperative Structures on Farmers’ Participation

Mark Deimel & Ludwig Theuvsen
Increasing competitive pressures as well as growing requirements with regard to quality and safety pose a continuous challenge for farmers in European agrifood netchains. Against this background, the significance of network ‐wide collaboration has been pointed out in recent years, especially for German livestock farming (Petersen et al., 2007). In the literature, it is generally agreed that participation in specialized networks can be beneficial to the competitiveness of individual farms and firms (Gellynck, Vermeire and...

Expectations, Experiences, Trust in the Case of Short Circuit Food Supply Networks

Gaetano Martino & Melanie Fritz
Farmers Markets are receiving an increasing attention by both food chains actors and social scientists. Economic and sociological studies are contributing to the comprehension of these forms of exchange. Both consumers and producers are fostering their expectations about the renewal of a mode of exchange which sustained local production/ consumptions linkages. The main economic function of these organizational structures seems to be the reduction of the price paid by the consumers and the enhancements of...

Customer Communication of Regional Quality Efforts: A Case From the Grain Sector

Christian H. Meyer, Melanie Fritz & Gerhard Schiefer
Usually, marketing communication efforts in the agrifood sector address the end consumers and concentrate on products that are processed and ready for consumption, thus quality efforts often concentrate on the final product. Moreover, there’s a widespread view that agricultural commodities like wheat aren’t suitable neither for product focused marketing nor branding. However, recent developments in the in agrifood sector challenge this view. The increasing use of biotechnology, the globalisation of markets and changing consumer demands...

Efficiency and Integration in the Food Supply Chain

Sebastian Jarzebowski, Agnieszka Bezat-Jarzebowska & Bogdan Klepacki
Due to the nature of the food supply chain, an increase of the integration's degree in the chain may be an important aspect in the context of increasing the efficiency of agri-food companies. Therefore, exploring the relationships among these variables was found as an important research area and adopted as the goal of the paper. The paper is focused mainly on the theoretical background showing the relationship between integration and performance. A description of the...

A Latent Class Model to discover Household Food Waste Patterns in Lisbon City in Support of Food Security, Public Health and Environmental Protection

Jaime R.S. Fonseca
In the middle of a great world financial crisis that also affects food security, it is important to characterize the habits of households concerning the buying and wasting food. With this study we intend (1) to uncover the patterns of Portuguese citizens concerning food waste by using a mixed research approach and (2) to identify demographic factors that can influence the production of food waste and that may support initiatives towards the education of society...

Factors Underlying Farmers’ Decisions to Participate in Networks

Bianka Kühne, Evelien Lambrecht, Filiep Vanhonacker, Zuzanna Pieniak & Xavier Gellynck
The objective of this elicitation study is to provide insights into farmers’ beliefs which influence their participation in knowledge exchange and innovation networks to enable the enhancement of network participation. A set of facilitating and impeding factors was obtained. Participants identified (a) 13 categories of behavioural beliefs (e.g. ‘You learn something’ and ‘Low perceived return on investment’), (b) 4 groups of normative beliefs (influence of colleagues, spouses, network coordinators and chain partners) and (c) 11...

Future Internet for Safe and Healthy Food from Farm to Fork

Sjaak Wolfert
At the present time, we are facing an emerging problem which will become even more urgent and critical in the coming decades: the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) estimates an increase of the world population from the current 6 billion people to 9-11 billion people by 2050 leading to a doubling of world-wide food demand. It is generally believed that that smart, data-rich ICT-services and applications, in combination with advanced hardware,...

Argentine Beef Demand and Household Choices of Retail Channels

Gustavo Rossini, Rodrigo García Arancibia & Edith Depetris Guiguet
Household choices of outlet retail channels in beef purchases depend on several characteristics related to the quality of the product, convenience and ease of purchase, and economic factors such as price, income and payment methods. The aim of this paper is to study the influence of demographic and socio-economic attributes in the choice made by argentine consumers using a Multinominal Logit Model. The results show that the total number of purchases, the type of household,...

Supply Chain Control Principles in Local Food Production: A Norwegian Case Study

Heidi C. Dreyer, Jan O. Strandhagen, Maria K. Thomassen, Anita Romsdal & Erik Gran
Based on an analysis of the supply chain of four producers of local specialty foods, we explore how planning and control principles can be applied to align supply chain capabilities and market requirements. It has been shown that local food struggles with market access, and that the supply chain is one of the obstacles preventing local food producers from gaining a solid market position. We identify a number of features of the local food chain,...

Agri‐environmental Policies to Meet Consumer Preferences in Japan: An Economic‐Biophysical Model Approach

Tetsuya Uetake & Hiroki Sasaki
Promoting environmentally friendly farming products is crucial to meeting consumer demand. Although governments implement policy measures to improve the environmental performance of the agriculture sector, their impacts are difficult to assess. This study analyses the performance of agri‐environmental policies in Japan, by using the OECD’s policy impact model and reference level framework. In particular, it identifies the environmental impacts of three simulated agri‐environmental policies based on farms’ characteristics. The results suggest that a policy mix...

Stated Preferences for Consumption of Sea Urchin: A Choice Experiment in Sardinia (Italy)

Roberto Furesi, Fabio A. Madau, Andrea Palomba & Pietro Pulina
In Sardinia sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus) roe is a basic ingredient for several dishes (e.g. pasta, pizza, croutons) and its demand is constantly increasing. However marketable value of local sea urchin appears to be potentially higher than the current value. This paper aims to estimate the value of a based sea urchin dish according to the stated preference of consumers. A Choice Experiment (CE) analysis on 475 consumers was carried out in order to estimate...

Mark Online, a Full Scale GIS-based Danish Farm Management Information System

Jens Bligaard
With its oceanic climate with moderate summers and mild winters in combination with a highly organized infrastructure, farming has traditionally been very intensive in Denmark. The cultivated land constitutes 26,000 km² out of a total of 43,000 km². Most of the arable land is used for intensive plant production with a high level of mechanization and management practices. For more than three decades The Knowledge Centre for Agriculture (KCA) has developed and implemented ICT Farm...

Small Business Marketing Capability in the Food Sector: The Cases of Belgium, Hungary and Italy

Allesandro Banterle, Laura Carraresi & Stefanella Stranieri
The purpose of thie paper is to assess the marketing management capabilities of SMEs producing traditional food products in the EU through thge development of a self-evaluation tool. SMEs represent the greater part of European food firms and they find it very difficult to adapt to market changes, and to compete with big enterprises. In this context, marketing management capabilities play a key role in good SME performance in the market. The self-evaluation tool is...

Food Safety, Market Power and Private Standards: An Analysis of the Emerging Strategies of Food Operators

Christophe Charlier & Egizio Valceschini
Together with expected implications on food safety, the European Regulation 178/2002 has important consequences shaping the agrifood sector. This regulation gives latitude to operators in front of specific food safety objectives and promotes self-control. Private standards are a way of addressing this problem. The paper shows that as soon as producers and retailers have different private standards, a problem of coordination among operators has to be solved. This coordination is important for the sanitary aims...

The Role of Consumer Acceptance in the Food Innovation Process: Young Consumer Perception of Functional Foods in Italy

Teresa Del Giudice & Stefano Pascucci
This paper analysed the factors influencing the acceptance of functional foods (FFs) of three distinct groups of young Italian consumers. We implemented an ordered probit model based on data collected in a field survey carried out in southern Italy in 2008. The results showed that different sources of information and knowledge (e.g. the internet, newspapers and universities), judgements and motivations (e.g. taste and health effects credibility) are key elements in the acceptance of FFs. This...

Horizontal and Vertical Networks for Innovation in the Traditional Food Sector

Xavier Gellynck & Bianka Kühne
The locus of innovation is not the individual firm anymore but increasingly the network in which the firm is embedded. Hence, in this paper innovation is investigated in the broader context of networks and applied to the traditional food sector. Networking refers to a process of identifying and acting on complementary interests with or without formal means of cooperation and plays an important role for the diffusion and adoption of innovations, because they increase the...

Agribusiness Firm Reactions to Regulations: The Case of Investments in Traceability Systems

Matthias Heyder, Thorsten Hollmann-Hespos & Ludwig Theuvsen
The regulatory framework of food production has changed a lot in recent years. As a result, traceability of food products has become mandatory in the European Union, nonetheless leaving room for more advanced solutions. This study answers the question what exactly determines firms' investments in traceability systems by first developing a theoretical framework - the so-called Tracking and Tracing System Investment Model - and then analyzing empirical data from the German food industry that provide...

Governance Structure, Perception, and Innovation in Credence Food Transactions: The Role of Food Community Networks

Stefano Pascucci
Promoting transactions of more sustainable-oriented foods can be (socially and privately) complex and costly. New institutional economics (NIE) explains these dynamics by analyzing the choice of the "most cost-economizing" governance structure to carry out a transaction where credence attributes are involved. The way different governance structures can influence the change of consumers and producers perceptions and preferences for credence foods is completely neglected. On the other hand behavioral economics underlines the role of status quo...

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