836 Works

Business Collaboration in Food Networks: Incremental Solution Development

Harald Sundmaeker
The paper will present an approach for an incremental solution development that is based on the usage of the currently developed Internet based FIspace business collaboration platform. Key element is the clear segmentation of infrastructures that are either internal or external to the collaborating business entity in the food network. On the one hand, the approach enables to differentiate between specific centralised as well as decentralised ways for data storage and hosting of IT based...

Assessing the Impact of Sustainability Improvement Options on the Agri-food Supply Chain Governance Structures: Development of an Evaluation Tool

Cosimo Rota, Cesare Zanasi & Nikolai Reynolds
The competitiveness of a supply chain is driven by the ability of supply chain governance structures to adapt to the chains’ continuously changing technical and organizational characteristics. The present study addresses the adoption of sustainability improvement options in the area of organization and management in the agri-food sector; within this framework the study proposes a tool for assessing the impact of sustainability oriented processes on the supply chain governance structures, in turn influencing the competitiveness...

Harnessing indigenous knowledge for sustainable forest management in Ghana

Margaret Sraku-Lartey
This paper makes a case for harnessing indigenous knowledge (IK) for sustainable national development in Ghana. IK according to the World Bank is the basic component of any country’s knowledge system and it is upon this knowledge that scientific research builds. In Ghana the Government has recognized the need to harness IK for sustainable national development and has therefore incorporated it into the National Science, Technology and Innovation Development Programme. But there is no evidence...

Mergers & Acquisitions in the Food Business: How did the 2002 and 2008/2009 Economic Crises Impact Corporate Valuation?

Francis Declerck
Transaction market multiples are widely used as benchmarks for negotiation between buyers and sellers. This research focuses on financial performance expressed as transaction market multiples of sales, EBITDA and net profit for the 2002-2009 period. The number of transactions declined much more in 2002 than in 2008 and 2009, but the value of transactions displayed the opposite trend. The 2008-2009 economic crisis impacted the valuation of food companies more than the 2002 crisis. Market multiples...

Challenges and opportunities in South Africa’s indigenous plants industry: De Fynne Nursery

Edward Mabaya, Ankit Mandhania, Sarah Catherine Van Der Elst, Ke Xue, Hua Li & Sarah Grace Odell
De Fynne Nursery, a black-owned agribusiness, has cemented a unique position in South Africa’s indigenous plants industry against all odds. With an undying passion for the horticulture industry, Jacky Goliath and Elton Jefthas, De Fynne’s cofounders, continue to live the dream that began in their backyard. Today, they sit in their new 22-hectare farm and muse over strategic decisions as they navigate the challenges of doing business in an emerging economy. This case study focuses...

Strategic Preferences of Farm Supply and Grain Elevator Businesses: Empirical Evidence from Germany

Simon Gollisch, Barbara Hedderich & Ludwig Theuvsen
Against the background of profound structural changes of the agricultural sector during the last decades, the current paper examines an often neglected area in agricultural economics, namely the local farm supply and grain elevator (FSG) business. By using a discrete choice experiment, we examine strategic preferences of agricultural traders in Germany. For this purpose, we employ a Hierarchical Bayes Model and simulate shares of preferences for different strategic options. Since our study also reveals strategic...

“Actionable” critical success factors for supply chain information system implementations

Janne M. Denolf, Jacques H. Trienekens, , Verena Schütz, Jack G.A.J. Van Der Vorst &
Implementing a supply chain information system (SCIS) incurs organizational and technical complexities. For managing these complexities, information system researchers have identified generic critical success factors. However, CSFs are abstract and, therefore, difficult to use in practice. To maximize the chances of successfully implementing a SCIS in the food industry, we aim to identify “actions” linked to CSFs. We, consequently, investigated four German pork supply chains that implemented a SCIS. Fourteen critical success factors were made...

Revival of Rural Development: the Urban-Rural Continuum or the Thuenen Model Revisited

Gerhard Schiefer & Karen Hamann
Present trends towards urbanization are a challenge to rural development. However new opportunities in food markets, the use of renewable resources and the organization of ecosystem services, due to a.o. emerging developments in technology and logistics, may allow a (partial) reversal of the trend if supported by appropriate initiatives of research, policy and the business community.

Public Food Procurement: A Systematic Literature Review

Gianluca Stefani, Marco Tiberti, Ginevra Virginia Lombardi, Leonardo Cei & Giovanna Sacchi
Public food procurement (PFP) is a policy instrument that has been used to “link” different objectives at once. We undertake a first systematic review of the scientific literature that deals with PFP in order to 1.) assess the progress of the scientific literature concerning PFP in different areas of the world, 2.) look for differences among them and try to identify the topics on which these studies focuses the most. Accordingly, our research questions deal...

Grass Root Collective Action for Territorially Integrated Food Supply Chains: A Case Study from Tuscany

Gianluca Stefani, Ginevra Virginia Lombardi, Donato Romano & Leonardo Cei
The literature on environmental policy shows that institutional arrangements are key factors in designing effective environmental policies. Grass root collective action has been advocated as a possible solution for the provision of agro-environmental public goods. Building on this literature, we present a case study using a well-established theoretical framework emphasizing the role played by collective action in maintaining high quality production in a context of severe information asymmetries. We observed that several already known collective...

An Assessment of Consumer Satisfaction for Food Retail Chains: A Case Study from Turkey

M. Göksel Akpinar, Mevlüt Gul & Sinem Gulcan
Consumer oriented marketing concept appeared to be effective in accordance to the shift from the traditional marketing approach to the modern marketing approach. This process brings about the concept of customer value in retail food sector as it is the case in other sectors. The rise in number and variety of shopping units that operate in the retail market drives firms into value based marketing concept. Due to the positive effect on the relationship between...

Analyzing Households’ Fruit Juice Consumption and Purchasing Tendency: A Case Study From Isparta

Mevlüt Gul, M. Göksel Akpinar, Erdal Dagistan & Hilal Yilmaz
The investments of fruit juice industry had been begun in 1969 in Turkey and accelerated since 1983 in modern sense. 37 fruit juice firms are officially registered as trademark. The fruit juice consumption per head was increased in the beginning of 1970s by about 13 fold augmentation, however, this value is still considerably lower than the developed countries. Relatively high fresh fruit consumption is caused lower fruit juice consumption in Turkey. However, an increasing in...

Dynamic Markets – Dynamic Relationships: The Example of Grain Marketing in Germany

Birgit Schulze
Grain markets in Germany, as in the rest of the world, are becoming more and more volatile. At the same time, the consolidation process on the level of the first hand, buying the grain from farmers, is moving forward in a strong pace, leaving farmers with less local alternatives to sell their grain. This paper addresses the question of what these developments mean for farmers’ grain marketing decisions and for their relationships with local marketing...

Using Price Rigidities to Explain Pricing Strategies in the Organic Milk Chain

Anneke Hellberg-Bahr, Martin Pfeuffer, Achim Spiller & Bernhard Brümmer
The stickiness of prices and reasons for price changes are widely discussed in market analyses and marketing theory. Explanations and reasons of rigidities have shown that prices do not change as often in small retail stores and in markets with high concentration (Powers and Powers 2001, Hannan and Berger 1991). For organic products, until now there have been few clear results about pricing strategies and it can be assumed that consumers pay premium prices for...

A System Approach on Organizational Innovations in the Agro-Food Sector: The Case of AFSCs in Flanders

Valerie Vandermeulen, Anne Vuylsteke & Guido Van Huylenbroeck
Together with the evolution from the agro-industrial model to the sustainable rural development model (Roep and Wiskerke 2004), a part of the agro-food market has evolved from an anonymous, mass food market to a quality-food market. This shift is driven by factors, such as the changing relations between supply chain actors due to concentration in retail and processing, the growing importance of quality standards, considerable changes in consumer habits and preferences, the increasing attention for...

Supply Chain Response to Institutional Markets’ Demand for Healthy and Sustainable Food Options

Getachew Abate Kassa
Institutional food buyers in the U.S. are increasingly demanding food products that are safe, traceable, healthier, local/regional, or sustainably produced and supplied. These markets consist of schools, universities, hospitals, charities, correction facilities, clubs and other similar organizations that buy goods and services to meet demands of their end-customers (students, patients, prisoners, etc.). These institutions comprise a large portion of the U.S. population. In 2008, the total number of children and adults enrolled in schools throughout...

Learning by Doing – Farmers’ Specialized Cooperatives Development in China

Tursinbek Sultan, Karin Larsén & Zuhui Huang
In many of the developing (transition) countries, government is promoting the use of cooperatives as organizations that can help enhance the development of farmers and other communities. Agricultural cooperatives are believed to function as a tool for the government in promoting the economic and social development, in particular by creating employment, generating income, eradicating poverty and strengthen farmers’ (market) power within the modern value chain. As for most transitional countries, Chinese government played a primary...

The Adoption of Quality Standards in Food SMEs: A Network Approach

Zam-Zam Abdirahman & Loïc Sauvée
The contemporary agrifood sectors have witnessed a rapid increase in the use of intangibles, i.e. inputs built upon information, knowledge and communication assets. Consequently firms, in their move towards competitiveness, try to innovate in line with these trends. Innovations in agrifood sectors were traditionally focused around new products and new technologies, and often seen as incremental. Innovations based upon intangibles need a broader view of what is innovation, especially in the context of food SMEs....

Strategic Capabilities and Performance: An Application of Resource-Based View in Italian Food SMEs

Laura Carraresi, Xhevrie Mamaqi, Luis Miguel Albisu & Alessandro Banterle
The characteristics of the EU and Italian food market, dominated by evolving regulations, rise of new emerging countries, globalisation, advances in ICT and technology sector, increase of retailers’ bargaining power, and changes in consumer patterns, affect especially SMEs, which are forced to develop successful strategies in order to survive on the market. Thus, it is useful to understand the potential sources of competitive advantage for SMEs. Following the theoretical model of Resource-based View, we analysed...

Innovative Logistics Concepts in the Floriculture Sector

Jack G.A.J. Van Der Vorst, Jacqueline M. Bloemhof & Marlies De Keizer
Today most flowers physically pass through the auction houses on their fixed routes from (inter)national growers to (inter)national customers. Physical presence is necessary to allow for physical inspection, quality control and break-bulk activities. Several developments, such as new markets in Eastern Europe and increased virtualization, stimulate the chain to become an efficient florticultural hub-network, in which cut flowers, plants and other products are delivered to customers taking different (direct) routes and using different logistics concepts....

Food labelled Information: An Empirical Analysis of Consumer Preferences

Alessandro Banterle, Alessia Cavaliere & Elena Claire Ricci
features. Nevertheless, the space available on packaging is limited and some indications are not used by consumers. This paper aims at analysing which kinds of currently labelled information are of interest and actually used by consumers, and which additional kinds could improve consumer choices. Moreover, we investigate the attitude of consumers with respect to innovative strategies for the diffusion of product information, considering in particular the development of a smart label for mobile phones. The...

Youths’ Preferences for Milk Products at School: How Product Attributes and Perceived Body Image Affect Choices

Inken Christoph-Schulz, Daniela Weible & Petra Salamon
Snacks and lunches offered at school can decisively influence children’s dietary habits. In order to counteract the current trends of increasing obesity in children, children’s preferences for foods with lower calorie content are becoming increasingly important. Based on the outcomes of an online survey with a choice experiment, we estimated the probability that young people benefit from different milk products as well as varying sugar and fat contents. The results suggest inter alia that young...

International Demand Shaping Governance Mechanisms in Brazilian Beef Agri-systems: The Case of the Three Main Processors

Fernanda K. Lemos & Decio Zylbersztajn
Drawing inspiration from international institutions and how they influence American organizations and their internal arrangements, this paper discusses the emergence of coordination between beef cattle producers and processors as a transition of neoclassic market transactions to a contractual form to participate in international trade. Three case studies from the largest Brazilian processors show the rise of strictly coordinated sub-systems to address new demands that rose from export requirements. The key finding from the case studies...

Preferences for Attributes of Halal Meat: Empirical Evidence from the Muslim Community in Vienna, Austria

Oliver Meixner, Raphael Friedl & Barbara Hartl
The aim of this contribution is to approximate Muslims’ preferences towards selected attributes of halal meat. A comprehensive literature review on the influence of religion was undertaken with special emphasis on Muslims, a significant and growing community in Austria. An empirical study was conducted to estimate part‐worth utilities. In particular, the attributes of halal label, price, slaughtering method, and country of origin were included in the empirical design. Based on the literature review, a conjoint...

Succession in Horticultural Family Businesses

Stefan Mair & Vera Bitsch
Succession is a persistent topic in recent family business research and garners attention from a wide range of research areas. Strategic and principal‐agent approaches discuss the subject from an organizational point of view; gender research takes a sociological viewpoint. The present study assesses the perspectives of those involved in the succession process through a qualitative research approach. Based on in‐depth interviews conducted in German horticultural businesses, a comparative analysis serves as the starting point for...

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