332 Works

Do South African Consumers have an Appetite for an Origin-based Certification System for Meat Products? A Synthesis of Studies on Perceptions, Preferences and Experiments

Johann F. Kirsten, Hes Vermeulen, Karlien Van Zyl, Gerrie Du Rand, Henrietta Du Plessis & Tessa Weissnar
The introduction of Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) type certification schemes in countries outside Europe is a recent phenomenon as the philosophy of origin based foods obtains global traction. It is therefore interesting to understand whether consumers in these countries have a similar appreciation for these certification schemes and whether they are willing to pay a premium if the origin of the product is guaranteed. The Karoo Lamb case in South Africa provides an ideal...

Private Requirements by European Retailers : Impact on French Exporters

Karine Latouche, Emmanuelle Chevassus‐Lozza, Vanessa Persillet & Monique Harel
Based on recent development of international economics, this paper aims to evaluate in what extent private standards impact trade, and more precisely trade of French agri food firms. Our paper explores an original "handmade" database identifying French agri‐food firms which are certified with the International Food Standard – IFS– and/or the British Retail Consortium standard – BRC. From this dataset, one can analyse the characteristics and the export behaviour of certified firms compared to that...

Sustainable Relations in International Development Cooperation Projects: The Role of Human Resource Management and Organizational Climate

Cesare Zanasi & Cosimo Rota
The importance of organizational issues to assess the success of international development project has not been fully considered yet. An analysis of the literature on the project success definition, focused on the success criteria and success factors, was carried out by surveying the contribution of different authors and approaches. Traditionally projects were perceived as successful when they met time, budget and performance goals, assuming a basic similarity among projects (universalistic approach). However, starting from a...

Naturalness and Consumer Choices: The Case of Microfiltered Milk

Adele Coppola & Fabio Verneau
Food is a very sensitive area and the most intimate form of consumption. Consumer choice is known to be strongly affected by emotional factors usually not taken into account in economic analysis. At the same time it is clear that such emotional factors can affect consumer behaviour and market reactions above all when there are scandals and concerns. One of the emotional aspects that seems to dominate consumer behaviour in the food sector is so...

Value Creation Strategies in Credence Food Productions: The Case of Organic Farming in Italy

Stefano Pascucci, Fabian Capitano & Teresa Del Giudice
In this paper we analyse different strategies used by Italian organic farmers to create value from credence food production. More specifically, we consider the following strategies: participation in policy support programmes (i.e. rural development measures and agro environmental schemes), direct marketing (i.e. shortchains, onfarm businesses, agrotourism), onfarm processing and being a member of a marketing and/or processing cooperative. We use data from the 2006 Italian FADN (Farm Accountancy Data Network) related to 981 organic farmers....

Bioenergy and Food Security: Markets, Institutions and Regulation

Bernardo M.T. Reynolds S. Pacheco De Carvalho
The discussion about bioenergy solutions and respective interaction with food security concerns continues to be a difficult subject in the international arena. The academic efforts to address the issue should be based on facts and models that allow a sound decision process. However, beyond theoretical considerations and model implications, the facts based on case studies provide, probably, the most powerful arguments, mainly when they are supported by some rationalization and a chosen reference model. The...

Solvency and Performance of French Wineries in Times of Declining Sales: Co‐operatives and Corporations

Francis Declerck & Jean-Laurent Viviani
The paper assesses the ability of French wineries to prevail over the crisis of French wine in the years 2000. Corporations are distinguished from co operatives: Over the 2000/2006 period in spite of sales fluctuations, French wineries did not increase their financial debt level substantially. Such result supports the traditional static tradeoff theory (TOT). Cooperatives were able to absorb part of the impact of the wine crisis at the expense of their members, in increasing...

Networking in Meat Production Systems: The Influence of Cooperative Structures on Farmers’ Participation

Mark Deimel & Ludwig Theuvsen
Increasing competitive pressures as well as growing requirements with regard to quality and safety pose a continuous challenge for farmers in European agrifood netchains. Against this background, the significance of network ‐wide collaboration has been pointed out in recent years, especially for German livestock farming (Petersen et al., 2007). In the literature, it is generally agreed that participation in specialized networks can be beneficial to the competitiveness of individual farms and firms (Gellynck, Vermeire and...

Expectations, Experiences, Trust in the Case of Short Circuit Food Supply Networks

Gaetano Martino & Melanie Fritz
Farmers Markets are receiving an increasing attention by both food chains actors and social scientists. Economic and sociological studies are contributing to the comprehension of these forms of exchange. Both consumers and producers are fostering their expectations about the renewal of a mode of exchange which sustained local production/ consumptions linkages. The main economic function of these organizational structures seems to be the reduction of the price paid by the consumers and the enhancements of...

Customer Communication of Regional Quality Efforts: A Case From the Grain Sector

Christian H. Meyer, Melanie Fritz & Gerhard Schiefer
Usually, marketing communication efforts in the agrifood sector address the end consumers and concentrate on products that are processed and ready for consumption, thus quality efforts often concentrate on the final product. Moreover, there’s a widespread view that agricultural commodities like wheat aren’t suitable neither for product focused marketing nor branding. However, recent developments in the in agrifood sector challenge this view. The increasing use of biotechnology, the globalisation of markets and changing consumer demands...

Alternative Food Systems: The Case of Agri-food SMEs

Imene Kellou
Talking about food sustainability, including environmental, social and economic issues concerns the whole product life-cycle (i.e., from the production to the consumption as well as transportation, distribution, waste and losses). Thereby, new forms of food supply chain have emerged over the last decade such as farmers markets, Community Supported Agriculture (CSA), organics and Fairtrade stores, online sales. These different marketing channels are called Alternative Food Networks (AFN’s) and are considered as an alternative to conventional...

Children and School Meals: The New Party to Negotiations for Sustainability

Minna Mikkola & Anna Post
School meals, served free for young people at primary and secondary education in Finland and Sweden, imply the welfare state’s effort at being responsible for the wellbeing of young people. This aim is very concretely expressed by the provision of statutory school meals which satisfy about one third of daily nutritional needs, offer a broad food cultural selection of meals with different ingredients and are meant to introduce children to table manners (Finnish National Board...

Factors Influencing the Performance of German Food SME Formal Networks

Jivka Deiters, Esther Heuss & Gerhard Schiefer
The food sector in Europe can be characterised as a complex, global and dynamically changing network of trade streams, food supply network relations and related product flows and offers a big spectrum for economic output and employment. Innovation is important for the competitivenessof the food industry that is to a large extent comprised by small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Furthermore innovation has grown extremely subordinate to interaction in networks. Network initiatives that could provide...

How scary! An analysis of visual communication concerning genetically modified organisms in Italy

Vera Ventura & Dario G. Frisio
The 2010 Eurobarometer on life science and biotechnology reveals an overall suspicion of GM foods amongst the public: the 61% of Europeans agree that GM food makes them feel uneasy and a higher proportion, 70%, think that GM food is fundamentally unnatural. In the economics literature many studies investigate the factors that drive public resistance: ethical concerns, low public trust in regulatory institution, risk misperception, absence of perceived benefits and media bias. In particular, public...

Design Thinking and Food Innovation

Nina Veflen Olsen
This paper presents a new approach for food innovation—a Design Thinking approach that challenges the strong product orientation that still exists in the food industry. Consumer researchers widely believe that innovation in the food sector can be much more user oriented. Fork to Farm projects try to maximize value creation for the end user, but; unfortunately; many of these projects appeals to an undifferentiated mass market. The food industry needs to understand individual consumers and...

Worldwide Evidences in the Relationships between Agriculture, Energy and Water Sectors

Massimo Peri, Daniela Vandone & Lucia Baldi
Water, food and energy (WFE) are strongly interconnected: each depends on the other for a lot of concerns, spanning from guaranteeing access to services, to environmental, social and ethical impact issues, to price relations. The development, use, and waste generated by demand for these resources drive global changes and fears of resource scarcity. To date, a new approach to the concept of sustainable development is emerging and a joint analysis of these three areas is...

An Analysis of Food Safety Private Investments Drivers in the Italian Meat Sector

Gaetano Martino & Miroslava Bavorovà
The general focus of this study is to investigate the decision to invest in food safety as a field of connection between public and private strategies. The objective if the study is to investigate how the legislation pressure influence the decision to invest in food safety systems. The basic idea is to conceptualize the allocation of the decision right to invest among the transaction party, counterparty and regulator as a source of drivers of investments....

Business Collaboration in Food Networks: Incremental Solution Development

Harald Sundmaeker
The paper will present an approach for an incremental solution development that is based on the usage of the currently developed Internet based FIspace business collaboration platform. Key element is the clear segmentation of infrastructures that are either internal or external to the collaborating business entity in the food network. On the one hand, the approach enables to differentiate between specific centralised as well as decentralised ways for data storage and hosting of IT based...

Efficiency of Milk Processing Companies – Parametric and non-Parametric Approaches

Sebastian Jarzębowski & Agnieszka Bezat-Jarzębowska
In the paper, the authors considered estimation of efficiency, which measures the ability of a company to obtain the maximum output from given inputs. The comparison of results obtained by using two approaches: parametric (on the example of the SFA method, Stochastic Frontier Analysis) and non-parametric (on the example of the DEA method, Data Envelopment Analysis) has been carried out. Data from the companies of a key food processing sector in Poland, namely the milk...

Shelf life extension and food waste reduction

Pegah Amani & Lars-Erik Gadde
Waste is a significant problem in food supply chains. There is potential for spoilage of food products at any stage of the supply chain when the products reach their “best before” or “salable date”. As a key to the food waste problem, there is a trend towards developing shelf life extension solutions that are intended to allow products not only to last longer but also to improve their quality and nutritional benefits. The objective of...

Analyzing Food Supply and Distribution Systems using complex systems methodologies

Vanessa Armendàriz, Stefano Armenia, Alberto Stanislao Atzori & Angelo Romano
This paper discusses how a complex-systems perspective can shed light on the analysis of complex food-systems meeting urban food needs. The common features between complex systems and Food Supply and Distribution Systems (FSDS) are explored. A brief review of the major approaches - agent-based models (ABM), social network analysis (SNA), and system dynamics (SD) - is developed in order to make an assessment on the analysis performance of different complex system methodologies while dealing with...

What is the benefit of organically-reared dairy cattle? Societal perception towards conventional and organic dairy farming

Inken Christoph-Schulz, Petra Salamon & Daniela Weible
During the last years, current systems in agriculture and food production have been topic in public discussions. Especially modern animal husbandry seems not to match consumers’ or societal needs any longer. This paper concentrates on the society’s perspective regarding dairy farming in general and diverting perceptions and expectations with respect to dairy cattle either reared organically or reared conventionally. It aims to give orientation to farmers as well as policymakers about the societal point of...

Price Transmission in Vertical Dairy Chains: The Italian Case

R. D. Weaver, F. Rosa & M. Vasciaveo
At a theoretic level, price transmission does not provide a clear signal of competitiveness as many conditions may induce stickiness and even asymmetry in the speed of adjustment to positive and negative changes. While evidence from past EU studies for the dairy sector is mixed, several studies have found evidence of asymmetry in particular countries. However, none to our knowledge have considered evidence for Italy. We examine price dynamics within the chain and test for...

Determinants of Job Search Success of German Agricultural Sciences Graduates

Birgit Schulze‐Ehlers
This paper shows how job search success, measured as search duration and entry salary, is affected directly or indirectly by personal and process as well as structural characteristics. A specific focus is on the relevance of practical experience which is claimed to be a key feature of employability. While self‐assessed practical and namely international experience is positively related to salary, but not to search duration, the number and duration of internships does not affect job...

Integration of the Food Supply Chain as a Factor of Sustainable Development

Agnieszka Bezat-Jarzębowska & Sebastian Jarzębowski
The aim adopted in the paper was to lead the scientific reasoning on sustainable development in context of economic entities and its integration in the supply chain. It is to be noticed that integration of supply chain is one of the factor for using or limiting the functional weaknesses of the market which are related to the three sustainability aspects as environmental, social and economic resources, as assumes the concept of sustainability. In the paper,...

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