72 Works

Land rights protection in the pulp and paper production system

Carolina Torres Graça & Décio Zylbersztajn
This article explores how the quality of institutions influences the strategic choice of agents in the pulp and paper production system based on the forest plantation sector. In order to proceed with the study, we employ the Economic Analysis of Property Rights (Barzel, 1982, 1989, 2002) as foundation, and test the proposition: in federative states where the institutional environment is fragile and therefore the State has a high cost to enforce property rights, private mechanisms...

Potato Breeding by Many Hands? Measuring the Germplasm Exchange Based on a Cultivated Potatoes Database

Lilian Cervo Cabrera, Edson Talamini & Homero Dewes
measured through the exchange of information and materials. In agriculture, potato late blight is still a challenge to the breeding programs. Accessing different materials, which can be used as sources of resistance, is the key to successful disease control. This article maps the germplasm exchanges carried out by potato breeding in the world as a way to measure collaboration between countries. Cultivars of potato resistant to late blight were selected based on a European database...

On Sustainability of a Dairy Sector in Crisis

Ioanna Pappa, Constantine Illiopoulos & Theofilos Massouras
The European milk crisis accentuated the importance of sustainability in the dairy sector. In achieving sustainable rural development, strategies focused on value chain creation, transparency and traceability are crucial. Sustainable relationships are needed to promote these aspects through collective action. This paper uses empirical evidence from Greece to contribute to the exploration of the sustainability concept within the agricultural sector and specifically the dairy sector. Based on empirical data, we analyse the overall sustainability of...

The Role of Inter‐Organisational Relations and Networks in Agribusiness: The Case for the Polish Fruit and Vegetable Industry

Joanna A. Wiśniewska‐Paluszak & Grzegorz T. Paluszak
This paper contributes to the ongoing discussions on the benefits of inter‐organisational networks (IONs) in agribusiness. It is based on the field of inter‐organisational relations (IORs) and network approaches that are applied in the framework of the Activities‐Resources‐Actors (ARA) model. The aim of this paper is to recognise and evaluate the distinguishing features of network relationships, which lead to better defined networks in agribusiness. Polish fruit and vegetable producers, processors and traders were investigated in...

The Fresh Index: A Real-Time Shelf Life Indicator

Ritter Eva & Richard Lehmann
The Fresh Index acts as a new shelf life indicator for food instead of or in addition to the static best-before date. It is based on the manufacturers’ hygiene data and the existing storage conditions and is implemented in a cloud application. By this, the Fresh Index helps to reduce food waste in food supply chains.

Effect of Information on Appreciation of Red Wines

Monia Saïdi & Georges Giraud
The aim of this study is to identify if consumers’ knowledge about wine is a factor which contribute to change wine appreciation. A consumer survey was carried-out in France in 2014 with 407 consumers. The test was focusing on sensory evaluation of 37 red wines from Bourgogne. Two ways of evaluation were used visual and smell-&-taste evaluation. This was done first, without any information about sample, second, with information about wine. Consumers were asked to...

Societal Perspectives on a Bio-economy in Germany: An Explorative Study Using Q Methodology

Corinna Hempel, Sabine Will & Katrin Zander
Bio-economy describes an economy based on renewable instead of fossil resources. To ensure the success of this transformation it is necessary to involve society into the process. Q methodology was used to empirically assess people’s perspectives on bio-economy in Germany. Using a Q-type factor analysis three perspectives were identified. “Sufficiency and close affinity to nature” focuses on natural/ecological relations, while “Technological Progress” favours technologies to become less dependent on fossil resources. The third perspective “Not...

Intercultural Challenges in Consumer Research in the Food Sector: The Case of Japanese Rice

Oliver Meixner, Magdalena Tresky, Parissa Haghirian & Rainer Haas
Within the study, we show that it is quite demanding to conduct consumer surveys abroad, in particular, if the targeted society differs in so many ways compared to the domestic market. This contribution presents results of a study analyzing consumer behavior in the Japanese rice market. The main focus was set on the evaluation of preferences of Japanese consumers when buying rice. Amongst others, one core attribute was origin which is actually a prominent attribute...

Measuring GHG Emissions Across the Agri‐Food Sector Value Chain: The Development of a Bioeconomy Input‐Output Model

Cathal O’Donoghue, Aksana Chyzheuskaya, Eoin Grealis, Kevin Kilcline, William Finnegan, James Goggins, Stephen Hynes & Mary Ryan
Increasing food production to meet rising global demand while minimising negative environmental impacts such as agricultural greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is one of the greatest challenges facing the agri‐food sector. Sustainable food production relates not only to primary production, but also has wider value chain implications. An input‐output (IO) model is a modelling framework which contains information on the flow of goods and services across a value chain at a regional or national economy level....

Intercultural Challenges in Consumer Research in the Food Sector: The Case of Japanese Rice

Oliver Meixner, Magdalena Tresky, Parissa Haghirian & Rainer Haas
Within the study, we show that it is quite demanding to conduct consumer surveys abroad, in particular, if the targeted society differs in so many ways compared to the domestic market. This contribution presents results of a study analyzing consumer behavior in the Japanese rice market. The main focus was set on the evaluation of preferences of Japanese consumers when buying rice. Amongst others, one core attribute was origin which is actually a prominent attribute...

Opportunities and Challenges in Export Horticulture as an Agro-industrial Food System: Case Study of Northwest Mount Kenya Region

Mariah Ngutu Peter, Salome A. Bukachi, Charles O. Olungah & Tobias Haller
Export horticulture in Kenya viewed as an agro-industrial food system is currently the fastest growing agricultural sub-sector in terms of foreign exchange earnings. Increased demand for horticulture products led to production spreading beyond the traditional mountainous high yielding areas into arid and semi-arid zones as in Northwest Mount Kenya. This food system competes with other food systems for common pool resources needed for the production of food. We argue that local actors, especially poorer households...

Composition of Collaborative Innovation Networks: An Investigation of Process Characteristics and Outcomes

Nina Veflen, Joachim Scholderer & Ingunn Elvekrok
In this study we test how different ways of composing collaborative action networks influence food innovation. Networks have received considerable attention in the literature and are perceived to enhance the likelihood of innovation success by overcoming resource and capability deficiencies. While previous studies of collaborate innovation in the food sector have been mostly qualitative case studies of one or a few networks, we compare 96 networks which were all structured according to the same network...

How Different Consumer Groups with Distinct Basic Human Values Gather, Seek and Process Information on Meat Topics: The Case of the German Animal Welfare Initiative

Darya Hirsch Hirsch, Christian H. Meyer, Cristina Massen & Wiltrud Terlau
In January 2015, German retail and industry jointly started a sector-wide initiative (“Initiative Tierwohl” - ITW) to improve animal welfare standards. The principle of the ITW is communicated mostly via the websites of ITW and its participating companies. However, uncertainty remained whether or not these websites provide the necessary information consumers need on the ITW products. Based on Schwartz's basic human values, different types of consumers were identified by a cluster analysis (ward-method, k-means). The...

Composition of Collaborative Innovation Networks: An Investigation of Process Characteristics and Outcomes

Nina Veflen, Joachim Scholderer & Ingunn Elvekrok
In this study we test how different ways of composing collaborative action networks influence food innovation. Networks have received considerable attention in the literature and are perceived to enhance the likelihood of innovation success by overcoming resource and capability deficiencies. While previous studies of collaborate innovation in the food sector have been mostly qualitative case studies of one or a few networks, we compare 96 networks which were all structured according to the same network...

How Different Consumer Groups with Distinct Basic Human Values Gather, Seek and Process Information on Meat Topics: The Case of the German Animal Welfare Initiative

Darya Hirsch Hirsch, Christian H. Meyer, Cristina Massen & Wiltrud Terlau
In January 2015, German retail and industry jointly started a sector-wide initiative (“Initiative Tierwohl” - ITW) to improve animal welfare standards. The principle of the ITW is communicated mostly via the websites of ITW and its participating companies. However, uncertainty remained whether or not these websites provide the necessary information consumers need on the ITW products. Based on Schwartz's basic human values, different types of consumers were identified by a cluster analysis (ward-method, k-means). The...

Defining a Conceptual Model for Market Mechanisms in Food Supply Chains, and Parameterizing Price Functions for Coffee, Wheat, Corn, Soybeans, and Beef

Anna Hulda Olafsdottir & Harald Ulrik Sverdrup
The contribution of the study presented in this paper is twofold. Firstly, to add to the present body of knowledge of food supply and demand model dynamics and the associated economics, based on system analysis. It describes a new approach for dealing with price mechanisms in models based on causal links and dynamic feedbacks. It has been applied to some main global food commodities, but has also been used for metals and materials in a...

Pricing Perishables with Uncertain Demand, Substitutes, and Consumer Heterogeneity

Robert D. Weaver & Yongma Moon
Within the marketing window for perishables such as food products, demand uncertainty is complicated by price sensitivity and propensity to postpone purchase that is heterogeneous across consumers. These features pose substantial challenges to retailers when pricing multiple products over time and across consumer segments. Getting the dynamic profile of prices right has implications for performance of vertical food chains ranging from revenues to food waste. This paper proposes an approach to dynamic pricing that is...

Coffee and Health in The Perspective of Young Consumers

Roberta Prado Rodrigues & Luciana Florêncio De Almeida
Coffee consumption has expanded at continuous and increasing rates in Brazil and in the world, and at the same time the interest by young people aged 16 to 25 have been increasing due to category innovations and coffeehouses experiences. (Euromonitor, 2016). Previous studies on coffee consumption have addressed a number of issues (Schollenberg, 2012; Chen and Lee, 2015; Carvalho, Paiva and Vieira, 2016; Wang, Yu, 2016), but few explored the functional aspects of coffee in...

Responsible innovation in layer poultry farming: Are organic consumers sufficiently informed about the current situation of killing day-old male chicks to contribute to the innovation process?

Iris Schröter & Marcus Mergenthaler
Currently, there is no societal consensus on the handling of male chicks in layer poultry farming. When searching for responsible innovation in the face of ethical concerns due to the killing of these day-old male chicks, consumers as main stakeholders should be involved in the innovation process. However, participation in the innovation process requires sufficient knowledge of the current situation and its alternatives, since only this knowledge allows informed judgments. In order to gain insight...

Production and Business Results of Wine Producers in Continental and Adriatic Croatia

Tajana Čop, Josip Juračak & Mario Njavro
Currently, there is no societal consensus on the handling of male chicks in layer poultry farming. When searching for responsible innovation in the face of ethical concerns due to the killing of these day-old male chicks, consumers as main stakeholders should be involved in the innovation process. However, participation in the innovation process requires sufficient knowledge of the current situation and its alternatives, since only this knowledge allows informed judgments. In order to gain insight...

Delphi-Based Foresight of Global Olive Oil Market Trends

Samir Mili & Maria Bouhaddane
Forecasting of supply and demand in the olive oil value chain remains a hot topic partly due to the lack of comprehensive and consensual estimates at the international level. The aim of this study is to contribute to overcome this weakness by providing a foresight of global supply and demand for olive oil for the upcoming years, using an iterative consensus-building Delphi approach. Therefore, we estimate the expected annual growth rates in the olive oil...

Market failures in supplying animal welfare: some conceptual thoughts for future research

Marcus Mergenthaler & Iris Schröter
Providing adequate levels of farm animal welfare is a challenge in today’s societies. Economic research shows that neither market valuation for credence attributes in opaque markets, nor transparency improved market valuation with labelling schemes, nor non-market valuation in hypothetical markets to take account of non-use values, nor non-monetary valuation in an ethical context will suffice to provide adequate levels of farm animal welfare. Monetary and non-monetary valuation problems stem from the complex concept of farm...

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  • 2019
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