66 Works

Economic Effects of a Potential Foodborne Disease: Potential Relationship between Mycobacterium Avium Subs. Paratuberculosis (MAP) in Dairy and Crohn’s in Humans

Leslie J. Verteramo Chiu, Loren W. Tauer, Rebecca L. Smith & Yrjo T. Grohn
Welfare costs of a potential food shock were estimated by disseminating information to milk drinkers on the prevalence of Mycobacterium avium sub. paratuberculosis (MAP) in the U.S. milk supply, its potential linkage to Crohn’s disease in humans, and subsequent government intervention to minimize MAP in the milk supply. We found that 19.6% of milk consumers exposed to MAP information would stop milk consumption at current market prices, and that only 5% of those would return...

Consumers (Dis)Preference for Bitterness in Extra Virgin Olive Oil: A Field Experiment

Francesco Caracciolo, Carla Cavallo, Teresa Del Giudice, Teresa Panico, Riccardo Vecchio & Gianni Cicia
Globally, bitterness in food is not a preferred attribute by consumers, for several reasons. In the case of Extra Virgin Olive Oil its presence is fundamental as it is a healthiness indicator, being strictly linked to the antioxidant content. The current study aimed to assess the extent of Italian consumers’ preferences for bitterness taste of Extra Virgin Olive Oil. Real choices made by shoppers at the store shelf of a hypermarket were recorded and then...

Organic Farming as a Rural Development Factor in Poland – the Role of Good Governance and Local Policies

Ruta Śpiewak & Jakub Jasiński
The main goal of this article is to assess the conditions under which market-oriented and formally organised organic farming might become a factor for local development. The main question is: to what degree is the impact of this factor (organic farming) due to local policies and the quality of local governance? Based on research carried out in 2013 and in 2016 in various parts of Poland, the authors demonstrate when and under what conditions and...

Behavioural Differences among Educated Young Consumers in the Czech Republic: The Case of Organic Cheese Consumption

Renata Hrubá & Tomáš Sadílek
This study aims to identify behavioural differences between consumers who are driven by different sets of attitudes toward information related to food in their purchasing, including consumers who display rational behaviour. Although this study investigated “spill over” changes in attitude or behaviour (e.g. the use of information about food ingredients), the survey data were used to calculate the probability of behavioural differences between consumers. The survey involving 909 respondents from chosen Czech universities. Data were...

Bioceres S.A: Ag Biotechnology Expansion

Roberto Feeney & Silvia Novaira
In this case we present an investment decision-making situation in which a stockholder of an Argentine Agribusiness Biotechnology company has to analyze the company’s strategy and decide if he will further invest in the firm. The company name is Bioceres; it is a fully integrated crop productivity provider in the areas of seed traits, biologicals, molecular farming and metabolic engineering. It has annual revenues of around 150 million dollars, and net losses of 10 million...

Consumers’ Food Waste Knowledge in Austria

Oliver Meixner, Nicolina Eleonora Kolmhofer & Felix Katt
In times of increasing environmental awareness, the topic of food waste receives a lot of attention from practitioners and scholars alike. In this study, we analyze how well-informed Austrian consumers regard food waste and what factors might influence this knowledge. In a consumer survey (n = 470), we examined consumer food and food handling knowledge, cooking skills, place of residence, personal ties to agriculture, engagement in initiatives against food waste, and their effect on food...

Participation in Agricultural Extension and Labor Productivity: A Case Study of Smallholder Farmers in Ghana

Benjamin Tetteh Anang & Sylvester Nsobire Ayambila
Low agricultural productivity remains one of the main factors influencing poverty and food insecurity among smallholder farmers in many developing countries. Among the key interventions assumed to influence agricultural productivity of smallholders is the provision of agricultural extension services to farmers. Access to agricultural extension however remains low in most developing countries thus slowing down agricultural productivity growth. This study therefore sought to determine the labor productivity effects of agricultural extension in northern Ghana using...

Health Attitudes, Environmental Attitudes and Vegetable Consumption

Geir Wæhler Gustavsen
According to World Health Organization a diet high in vegetables may reduce the risk of coronary heart diseases, stroke, and certain types of cancer. In addition, vegetables have lower carbon footprints than most other foods. But what is the most important motivation to consume vegetables? Is it health or is it climate and the environment? The main objective in this paper is to find drivers behind vegetable consumption, with emphasis on health and environmental motivation....

Identifying Value Drivers in Organic Food Supply Chains

Samir Mili & Imen Arfa
Appropriate value creation processes play a key role in the success of organic food supply chains in terms of effective response to consumer requirements and sustainability goals. In this study, we explore key drivers for value creation in the organic food industry, taking the Spanish organic olive supply chain as a representative case study. A business model survey was conducted with the participation of a highly qualified panel of experts to provide innovative options for...

Personality traits of German livestock farmers: Are there differences according to the production system?

Iris Schröter & Marcus Mergenthaler
Decisions made by farmers can have large influences beyond the farm boundary because farmers are the first link in the food supply chain. For this reason, understanding their decision-making behaviour may be of interest to all stakeholders of food systems. Since there is considerable evidence that personality traits may affect decision-making behaviour, this paper investigates personality traits according to the HEXACO model of personality in a sample of 244 German livestock farmers. Our results indicate...

Food Waste Knowledge in Austria: A Consumer Perspective

Oliver Meixner
In times of increasing environmental awareness, the topic of food waste receives high attention from practitioners and scholars alike. In this study we analyze how well-informed Austrian consumers are regarding food waste and what factors might influence this knowledge. In a consumer survey (n = 470), we examined consumer food and food handling knowledge, cooking skills, place of living, personal ties to agriculture, engagement in initiatives against food waste, and their effect on food waste...

Utilization of Food Quality Labels Included in the European Union Quality Schemes

Tomáš Sadílek
The paper deals with European Union quality schemes of Protected Designation of Origin, Protected Geographical Indication and Traditional Speciality Guaranteed labels. This paper aims to analyse the share of PDO, PGI and TSG labels in EU countries, selected product categories and their structure, and explains the relationships between country of product origin and number of registered product names. Secondary data from the Database of Origin and Registration are used. As the results show, the highest...

Brewing a more Balanced Cup: Supply Chain Perspectives on Gender Transformative Change within the Coffee Value Chain

Alissa Bilfield, David Seal & Donald Rose
Shifts in global agriculture have led more women into formal roles in the coffee industry as small-holder producers and cooperative members. Inclusion of women in these institutions, however, does not guarantee a change in historical power relations, or the benefits that might flow from this. A transformative change in gender relations not only requires changes in women's attitudes and capacities and in the relationships between men and women, but also progress at the institutional and...

Evaluation of the Economic Impacts of the European Rural Development Program in Austria

Oliver Meixner, Franz Schlögl & Manfred Pichlbauer
The results of an ongoing evaluation process of EU subsidies of the European Rural Development Programme 2014-20 are presented (2nd intermediary report). By means of personal interviews of subsidised companies in the Austrian food and beverage sector, the impact of subsidies on profitability, competitiveness, and related variables are approximated. Data sources are, amongst others, conventional business data collected by personal face-to-face interviews, as well as financial statements of companies. The results show that subsidies in...

Exploring the Interplay of Risk Attitude and Organic Food Consumption

Elisa Giampietri, Giuseppe Bugin & Samuele Trestini
This exploratory study seeks to advance the research on consumers’ preference for organic food eating by investigating the potential association between organic food consumption (OC) frequency and the individual risk attitude. Moreover, inspired by the literature, we investigate also the association between OC and the perceived OC related health improvement (i.e. the avoidance of health risks), subjective trust toward the certification, social norms and several lifestyle factors. Based on a direct survey of 223 Italian...

Differences in Production Costs Across Compliance Scenarios for Canadian Cow-Calf Producers Accessing the EU Market

Mandy Gabruch & Eric T. Micheels
Using the 2016 Canada EU Trade Agreement as context, we develop a systems dynamics model to assess changes in the cost of production from a production system oriented toward the North American market where growth enhancing products are allowed, to a European market where these production practices are banned. We outline four different compliance scenarios and use data from western Canadian institutions to estimate how the cost of production for cow-calf producers changes in the...

FreshAnalytics – Developing a Platform for AI optimisation of the food supply chain

Richard Lehmann & Julian Rahn
Within the forerunner project of FreshAnalytics, referred to as FreshIndex, project partners dealt with the development of algorithms and the underlying models allowing for the seamless monitoring of storage and transport temperature as well as the analysis of transmitting sensor data via GS1 standards along the whole supply chain in order to allow for a dynamic best before date. The follow up project FreshAnalytics will work on a digital base system for uniform data management...

Prospective cultivation Area of Field Peas used in Animal Meat Substitutes in the EU

Marcus Mergenthaler, Bruno Kezeya Sepngang, Wolfgang Stauss & Frédéric Muel
Meat alternatives from leguminous raw materials are expected to play an increasing role in human nutrition. The US Company Beyond Meat entered the EU retail market in the UK, the Netherlands and Germany with a pea-based vegan burger patty in 2019 which is seen as accelerating the trend towards plant-based meat alternatives in the EU. Pea protein isolate is the protein basis of the Beyond Meat burger patty. The raw material basis for the protein...

Inter-organizational Trust and Authenticity in Supply Chain: Cross-national Research in Restaurants at Germany and Italy

Luciana Florêncio De Almeida
In the literature on contracts and hybrids forms, there is an established discussion of minimizing ex-post and ex-ante risks in trading between partners (Menard, 2004; Gullati, 1995; Williamson, 1996). There is a quest to align interests so that both parties can be winners. Specifically, inter-organizational trust in supply chain relationships is supported as a key element in this alignment which can lead to direct economic outcomes, indirect outcomes or relational outcomes such as loyalty, joint...

Elimination of Bottlenecks of Short Food Chains by Technological and Non-technological Innovations in Short Food Supply Chains

András Sebők, Kinga Varsányi, Viktoria Parrag, Susanne Braun, Ágnes Szegedyné Fricz & Javier Casado
The objective of this work is to identify the typical problems, barriers, needs of the Short Food Supply Chains (SFSCs), and the appropriate technological and non-technological innovations for improving their performance and to identify and characterize their applicability. With the analysis of these inventories of the typical needs of the SFSCs and the solutions, such patterns of strengths and weaknesses can be established, which can be used for the identification of the typical bottlenecks and...

Agribusiness Management Characterization and Performance of the Value Chain in the Production of the “Concha Prieta”

Carlos Rodríguez-Monroy, Eveligh Prado-Carpio, Moisés Martínez-Soto & Anne Morris-Díaz
The Anadara tuberculosa in Ecuador called "Concha Prieta", is a bivalve mollusk that is obtained manually on the shores of the American Pacific Ocean, from northern Peru to southern Mexico. This artisanal business economically and socially benefits thousands of fishing families but also contributes significantly to the preservation of the mangrove swamp, one of the main ecosystems that produce blue carbon. The objective of this research was to characterize the management of agribusiness and the...

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