111 Works

2.2.5. Kognition und Sprache

Josef Unterrainer
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2.1. Psychobiologische Grundlagen

Ursula Stockhorst

2.5. Sozialpsychologische Grundlagen

Thomas von Lengerke, Siegfried Geyer & Stefanie Sperlich

Living Textbook of Hand Surgery

Richarda Böttcher
book

2.7. Soziodemografische Grundlagen

Andrea Budnick & Adelheid Kuhlmey

Treatment of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome – UPOINT

Aaron C. Shoskes, Dominic Tran-Nguyen & Daniel Shoskes
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common condition, however many common therapies used in practice fail to show benefit when subjected to large randomized controlled trials. This discrepancy may be because CP/CPPS is a heterogeneous syndrome rather than one specific disease, which can explain the prior failure of any one therapy for all patients. In order to direct appropriate therapy, a six-point clinical phenotyping system was developed to evaluate patients with CP/CPPS. The...

Male circumcision protects against urinary tract infections

Brian J. Morris & John N. Krieger
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common, debilitating and can have serious health consequences. UTI can present with severe local and systemic symptoms. Measures to reduce UTI occurrence deserve serious attention. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to evaluate data on the association between male circumcision (MC) and UTI. An extensive meta-analysis found that the lifetime risk of UTI in uncircumcised males is 32%, compared with 8.8% in circumcised males (relative risk reduction 3.7-fold)....

Quality of life and relationships in chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: models of self-regulation and psychosocial risk factors

Dean Tripp, Alison Crawford & J. Curtis Nickel
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a condition marked by persistent pain in the perineum, pelvic area, and/or genitalia. The etiology of CP/CPPS remains unknown, making it a difficult to diagnose and to treat. CP/CPPS should not be viewed solely as a physical phenomenon, as psychological and social factors impact the patient’s experience of the disease. Instead, examining CP/CPPS from a biopsychosocial perspective lets us understand illness as a dynamic process that integrates biological,...

4. Arzt-Patienten-Beziehung und -Kommunikation

Renate Deinzer & Olaf von dem Knesebeck

Introduction

Richarda Böttcher & Anita Eppelin
book chapter

2.5.4.1. Das Erlernen von sozialen Normen und Rollen

Stefanie Sperlich & Siegfried Geyer

MRSA in urology

Satoshi Takahashi
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the main pathogen in healthcare-associated infections (HAI) worldwide, especially in hospitals and long-term care facilities. In the field of urology, however, there is a lack of comprehensive studies on MRSA infections. Therefore, urological infections caused by MRSA need to be examined more carefully in clinical trials, because urinary tract infections (UTI) and surgical site infections (SSI) caused by MRSA are both important HAI. Treatment of MRSA infection is usually empirical,...

Infectious complications in penile prosthesis implant

Marco Cosentino & Eduard Ruiz-Castañé

2.3. Differentiellpsychologische Grundlagen

Margraf-Stiksrud Jutta
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

3.1. Das deutsche Gesundheitssystem

Nico Dragano

Which antibiotics are used in urology worldwide

Mete Çek & Truls Erik Bjerklund Johansen
A literature search of meta-analyses and reviews on the use of antibiotics in urology was made, and papers included were reviewed. The use of antibiotics in certain urological conditions and the clinical results obtained are discussed in light of these meta-analyses and reviews. The results of the Global Prevalence of Infections in Urology studies on usage of antibiotics for nosocomially acquired urinary tract infections and for prophylaxis before urological interventions are also reviewed and compared...

Tuberculosis as a reason for male and female sexual dysfunction

Ekaterina Kulchavenya & Victor Khomyakov
Tuberculosis (TB) is second only to HIV/AIDS as the greatest killer worldwide due to a single infectious agent. In 2016, 10.4 million people were affected by TB with more than 1.3 million deaths. One fifth of all TB related death were suffering of HIV. Eighty percent of male patients with pulmonary TB are young men. The problem of the influence of pulmonary TB on the sexual function in men has been covered in medical literature...

Bladder pain syndrome: differences in diagnostic strategies around the world

Philip Hanno
Nomenclature for the syndrome commonly referred to as bladder pain syndrome is in flux. In the United States the disorder is interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome reflecting one entity. This reflects the need to keep the term interstitial cystitis for health insurance purposes. In Europe bladder pain syndrome is now the well-accepted nomenclature. In Asia, the situation in more complex. The terms frequency/urgency syndrome, hypersensitive bladder syndrome, painful bladder syndrome, and interstitial cystitis all carry different...

Sex and other host factors influencing urinary tract infection pathogenesis

Patrick D. Olson & David A. Hunstad
Biological sex represents the most important host factor that influences urinary tract infections (UTIs), which are most commonly caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). UTI susceptibility varies by sex and age throughout the patient lifespan, although the disease disproportionally afflicts women throughout the middle ages. Substantial male patient populations are also affected, and morbidity in complicated UTI is higher in men. This review highlights sex-related discrepancies in the disease, and how sex may influence the...

Epidemiology, classification, clinical features, and diagnostics of urogenital tuberculosis

Ekaterina Kulchavenya, Mitsuru Yasuda & Magnus Grabe
Tuberculosis of the kidney, urinary tract and genital tracts (male and female) has followed mankind’s history. During the last century, the number of cases of tuberculosis, pulmonary as extra-pulmonary, has decreased with the social and economic developments. However, in low and middle income countries the trend is still to an increase in the incidence of the disease, especially in populations associated with immunocompromised conditions (e.g. HIV). Large migration of population over the world is also...

Median nerve compression: Pronator and anterior interosseous syndromes

Anthony Barabas & Mark Pickford
Proximal compression or neuropathy of the median nerve is rare compared with carpal tunnel syndrome but recognition and management of these conditions is important. Pronator syndrome refers to compression of the median nerve around the elbow, which may present with pain in the forearm and paraesthesia in the hand. Anterior interosseous syndrome (palsy) can result from mechanical compression or inflammatory neuropathy causing significant impairment of dexterity in the hand. Clinical features and the place of...

Microbiology and resistance in urogenital tuberculosis

Gernot Bonkat, N. M. Francisco, G. Müller & O. Braissant
Mycobacteria are less common than other infections but still represent a significant threat to patients. Their slow growing nature and the late appearance of symptoms of urogenital mycobacterial infections often result in a delayed diagnostic and more severe consequences. UGTB is mostly linked to an active or inactive lung tuberculosis, as a consequence a similar immune response is expected. Unfortunately, compared to TB, very little is known on specific response to urinary tract infection caused...

Dupuytren's disease - the role of hand therapy

Catherine Ball & Anna Pratt
book chapter

Etiology of Dupuytren's disease

Matthias Rab
book chapter

Antibiotic therapy in patients with renal impairment

Frieder Keller
Every second drug needs dose adjustment to kidney function. The Cockcroft and Gault formula gives an estimate of the individual kidney function whereas the CKD-EPI and other formulas state only the standardized GFR. Pharmacokinetics should be considered to avoid accumulation and toxic drug effects. Pharmacodynamics should be considered to avoid sub therapeutic under dosage. High peak concentrations are the target for antibiotics with a concentration-dependent action (gentamicin, amikacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxicin, daptomycin, linezolid, colistin and most...

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