112 Works

Infectious complications in penile prosthesis implant

Marco Cosentino & Eduard Ruiz-Castañé

2.3. Differentiellpsychologische Grundlagen

Margraf-Stiksrud Jutta
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Which antibiotics are used in urology worldwide

Mete Çek & Truls Erik Bjerklund Johansen
A literature search of meta-analyses and reviews on the use of antibiotics in urology was made, and papers included were reviewed. The use of antibiotics in certain urological conditions and the clinical results obtained are discussed in light of these meta-analyses and reviews. The results of the Global Prevalence of Infections in Urology studies on usage of antibiotics for nosocomially acquired urinary tract infections and for prophylaxis before urological interventions are also reviewed and compared...

Tuberculosis as a reason for male and female sexual dysfunction

Ekaterina Kulchavenya & Victor Khomyakov
Tuberculosis (TB) is second only to HIV/AIDS as the greatest killer worldwide due to a single infectious agent. In 2016, 10.4 million people were affected by TB with more than 1.3 million deaths. One fifth of all TB related death were suffering of HIV. Eighty percent of male patients with pulmonary TB are young men. The problem of the influence of pulmonary TB on the sexual function in men has been covered in medical literature...

Bladder pain syndrome: differences in diagnostic strategies around the world

Philip Hanno
Nomenclature for the syndrome commonly referred to as bladder pain syndrome is in flux. In the United States the disorder is interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome reflecting one entity. This reflects the need to keep the term interstitial cystitis for health insurance purposes. In Europe bladder pain syndrome is now the well-accepted nomenclature. In Asia, the situation in more complex. The terms frequency/urgency syndrome, hypersensitive bladder syndrome, painful bladder syndrome, and interstitial cystitis all carry different...

Sex and other host factors influencing urinary tract infection pathogenesis

Patrick D. Olson & David A. Hunstad
Biological sex represents the most important host factor that influences urinary tract infections (UTIs), which are most commonly caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). UTI susceptibility varies by sex and age throughout the patient lifespan, although the disease disproportionally afflicts women throughout the middle ages. Substantial male patient populations are also affected, and morbidity in complicated UTI is higher in men. This review highlights sex-related discrepancies in the disease, and how sex may influence the...

Epidemiology, classification, clinical features, and diagnostics of urogenital tuberculosis

Ekaterina Kulchavenya, Mitsuru Yasuda & Magnus Grabe
Tuberculosis of the kidney, urinary tract and genital tracts (male and female) has followed mankind’s history. During the last century, the number of cases of tuberculosis, pulmonary as extra-pulmonary, has decreased with the social and economic developments. However, in low and middle income countries the trend is still to an increase in the incidence of the disease, especially in populations associated with immunocompromised conditions (e.g. HIV). Large migration of population over the world is also...

Median nerve compression: Pronator and anterior interosseous syndromes

Anthony Barabas & Mark Pickford
Proximal compression or neuropathy of the median nerve is rare compared with carpal tunnel syndrome but recognition and management of these conditions is important. Pronator syndrome refers to compression of the median nerve around the elbow, which may present with pain in the forearm and paraesthesia in the hand. Anterior interosseous syndrome (palsy) can result from mechanical compression or inflammatory neuropathy causing significant impairment of dexterity in the hand. Clinical features and the place of...

Microbiology and resistance in urogenital tuberculosis

Gernot Bonkat, N. M. Francisco, G. Müller & O. Braissant
Mycobacteria are less common than other infections but still represent a significant threat to patients. Their slow growing nature and the late appearance of symptoms of urogenital mycobacterial infections often result in a delayed diagnostic and more severe consequences. UGTB is mostly linked to an active or inactive lung tuberculosis, as a consequence a similar immune response is expected. Unfortunately, compared to TB, very little is known on specific response to urinary tract infection caused...

Dupuytren's disease - the role of hand therapy

Catherine Ball & Anna Pratt
book chapter

Etiology of Dupuytren's disease

Matthias Rab
book chapter

Antibiotic therapy in patients with renal impairment

Frieder Keller
Every second drug needs dose adjustment to kidney function. The Cockcroft and Gault formula gives an estimate of the individual kidney function whereas the CKD-EPI and other formulas state only the standardized GFR. Pharmacokinetics should be considered to avoid accumulation and toxic drug effects. Pharmacodynamics should be considered to avoid sub therapeutic under dosage. High peak concentrations are the target for antibiotics with a concentration-dependent action (gentamicin, amikacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxicin, daptomycin, linezolid, colistin and most...

Patient contributions to treatment decisions in BPS/IC

Barbara Muendner-Hensen
BPS/IC patients are afflicted with a symptom complex consisting of increased micturition frequency, urinary urgency and bladder pain (frequency, urgency, pain). Because of the obscure aetiology it is important for patients to be involved in treatment decision concerning this condition. To achieve a satisfactory outcome out diagnosis and treatment, the ICA (Interstitial Cystitis Association) Germany e.V., www.ica-ev.de, has established an information platform for patients and physicians. This platform was designed to facilitate collaboration between clinicians...

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) – Updating a concise overview for urologists

Peter Schneede
Worldwide more than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired every day. Given the growing rate of antimicrobial resistance of STIs and otherwise the effective improvements in STD laboratory testing, in STI treatment, and in STI prevention in the last decades urologists need to be periodically updated in this field. This article straightforwardly continues an Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Working Group (EAU) STD review, 2003, which has been updated in 2010, and which now...

The cell biology of Dupuytren’s disease

Sarah Al-Himdani & Ardy Bayat
book chapter

3. Ärzte und Patienten im Gesundheitssystem

Olaf von dem Knesebeck & Renate Deinzer
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

3.4.1. Definition von Qualität

Hans-Joachim Hannich & Katharina Piontek
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2.2.1. Wahrnehmung

Jochen Kaiser
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2.5.4. Die Perspektive der Sozialisation: Zur Entwicklung psychosozialer Faktoren

Stefanie Sperlich & Thomas von Lengerke

Surgical treatment for Dupuytren’s disease: open fasciotomy and fasciectomy

Ian Edmunds
book chapter

Compression neuropathies of the radial nerve

Anthony Barabas & Mark Pickford
The commonest cause of radial nerve dysfunction is from extrinsic compressions of the radial nerve, such as against the shaft of the humerus in “Saturday night palsy”. However, this chapter focuses on the less common intrinsic compression neuropathies of the radial nerve. Intrinsic radial nerve compression neuropathies occur much less frequently than those of the median or ulnar nerves. The combined annual incidence of compressive neuropathies of the posterior interosseous nerve and the superficial radial...

2.3.1. Die Betrachtung wichtiger Eigenschaften

Margraf-Stiksrud Jutta
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Skin grafting in Dupuytren’s disease

David Warwick
book chapter

Balanitis and related inflammatory conditions affecting the penis

Brian J. Morris & John N. Krieger
Inflammatory skin conditions of the glans (balanitis) and foreskin (posthitis) are common in uncircumcised males of all ages. Related conditions include: lichen sclerosus, psoriasis, lichen planus, schorrheic dermatitis, and Zoon (plasma cell) balanitis. These conditions often present with itching, tenderness and pain, cause significant morbidity, can be challenging to treat medically and add to the burden of health-care costs. Reducing the prevalence of penile inflammation is therefore important. In this chapter we present a systematic...

Urinary microbiota analyzed by extended microbiology in subjects with and without urological disorders

Yulia Naboka & Michael Kogan
A healthy person’s urine is not a sterile environment, and its microbiota contain a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, with Gram-positive aerobic microorganisms predominating. There are significant differences between the urinary microbiota of healthy men and women. The composition of healthy women’s urinary microbiota depends on age and sexual activity. Non-clostridial anaerobic bacteria (NAB) predominate Enterobacteriaceae in case of acute obstructive pyelonephritis with bacteriuria of 104 CFU/ml and higher. Experiments...

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