542 Works

5.3.2. Psychodynamische Psychotherapie

Bernhard Strauß
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

5.4. Typische Tätigkeitsfelder für psychologische Interventionen und Psychotherapie in der Medizin

Bernhard Strauß
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

5.4.1. Psychotherapeutische und psychologische Tätigkeitsfelder in der Medizin: ein Überblick

Bernhard Strauß
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2.2. Allgemeinpsychologische Grundlagen

Renate Deinzer
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

HIV infection in urological practice

Seong-Heon Wie
The present review investigates the association between the presence of urological disorders and the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This study suggests that sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can increase the risk of infecting sexual partner or being infected with HIV. However, community-based STI control was not proved to be an effective HIV prevention strategy, although a few clinical trials revealed the possibility that aggressive treatment of STIs could decrease the transmission of HIV in...

2.6.6. Arbeit

Morten Wahrendorf, Thorsten Lunau & Nico Dragano
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Prevention of prematurity by early diagnosis and treatment of bacterial urogenital infections – The role of bacterial vaginosis

Udo B Hoyme
Bacterial vaginosis has a significant relative risk for miscarriage or prematurity of 1.4–6.9%. In the initial Erfurt trial 0.3% of the neonates with gestational age less than 32+0 weeks were seen in an intervention group vs. 3.3% (p less than .01) in the control group; in the Thuringia campaign the figures were 0.94% vs. 1.36% (p less than .01) for the entire state. The rate of newborns less than 1,000 g was reduced to 0.38%,...

5.3.4. Gesprächspsychotherapie als Beispiel für eine Methode der Humanistischen Therapie

Stefan Watzke
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

3.4.4. Qualitätssicherung medizinischen Handelns

Olaf von dem Knesebeck
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2.5.4. Die Perspektive der Sozialisation: Zur Entwicklung psychosozialer Faktoren

Stefanie Sperlich & Thomas von Lengerke

Formic acid methyl ester

Andrea Hartwig &
The German Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area has re-evaluated the maximum concentration at the workplace (MAK value), the Pregnancy Risk Group and the germ cell mutagenicity of formic acid methyl ester [107-31-3]. No neurobehavioral effects were observed in subjects exposed to 100 ml/m3 for 8 hours at rest. After taking the increased respiratory volume at the workplace into account because the blood:air partition coefficient of formic...

Lindane

Andrea Hartwig &

3.4.2. Ebenen der Qualitätssicherung

Hans-Joachim Hannich & Katharina Piontek
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Lista de valores MAK y BAT 2021

Carbon monoxide – Addendum for re-evaluation of the BAT value

Britta Brinkmann, Rüdiger Bartsch, Christoph van Thriel, Hans Drexler, Andrea Hartwig &
The German Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area has re-evaluated the biological tolerance value (BAT value) of carbon monoxide (CO) [630-08-0]. Exercising healthy test persons became statistically significantly faster exhausted at CO exposures resulting in a CO-Hb content of 3.35 to 5.1%. This was only observed with very high physical activity (minute volume of 100 l/min) which is much higher than that assumed to be realistic in...

Selen und seine anorganischen Verbindungen – Addendum zur Ableitung von BAR

Annette Greiner, Hans Drexler, Andrea Hartwig &
The German Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area has evaluated biological reference values (BAR) for selenium [7782-49-2] in plasma and in urine to characterise the internal exposure. Selenium is an essential trace element, which is incorporated in considerable amounts by nutrition. Occupational exposure can lead to an additional selenium uptake. Its metabolism and distribution behaviour are complex. In plasma most selenium is bound to proteins and demonstrates...

Gadolinium – Evaluierung von Untersuchungsergebnissen in biologischem Material

Bernhard Michalke, Hans Drexler, Andrea Hartwig &
The German Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area has evaluated the background concentration of gadolinium [7440-54-2] in occupationally not exposed persons of the general population without gadolinium application for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, MRT measurements). Available publications are described in detail. In total, only few publications on the background exposure to gadolinium could be found, some of which used different analytical methods and different sample matrices (urine,...

Cresyl glycidyl ethers (o-isomer, isomer mixture)

Andrea Hartwig &
The German Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area has evaluated cresyl glycidyl ethers (o-isomer [2210-79-9], mixture of isomers [26447-14-3]) considering all toxicological end points. The critical effect of cresyl glycidyl ethers is skin sensitization in humans and animals. In rats, local irritation is observed after inhalation. Cresyl glycidyl ethers are a direct mutagen in bacteria and the mutagenicity is considerably reduced by adding S9-mix. In Big Blue...

Geraniol – Determination of 8‑carboxygeraniol, Hildebrandt acid, geranic acid, and 3‑hydroxycitronellic acid in urine by UPLC‑MS/MS

Thomas Jäger, Sandra Bäcker, Thomas Brodbeck, Michael Bader, Gerhard Scherer, Markus Stöckelhuber, Thomas Göen, Andrea Hartwig &
The working group “Analyses in Biological Materials” of the Permanent Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area developed and verified the presented biomonitoring method.The method described herein enables the selective and quantitative determination of geraniol metabolites in human urine into the concentration range relevant for environmental exposure. The following four metabolites can be determined using this method: 8‑carboxygeraniol, Hildebrandt acid, geranic acid, and 3‑hydroxycitronellic acid. Hildebrandt acid,...

Lysmeral – Determination of hydroxylysmerylic acid, 4-tert-butylbenzoic acid, tert-butylhippuric acid, lysmerylic acid, and lysmerol in urine by UPLC-MS/MS

Gerhard Scherer, Nadine Rögner, Gerhard Gilch, Dusan Krnac, Markus Stöckelhuber, Nikola Pluym, Max Scherer, Susanne Gerling, Katharina Blümlein, Thomas Göen, Andrea Hartwig &
The working group “Analyses in Biological Materials” of the Permanent Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area developed and verified the presented biomonitoring method.With the procedure described below, the following lysmeral metabolites are determined in urine: hydroxylysmerylic acid, 4‑tert‑butylbenzoic acid (TBBA), tert‑butylhippuric acid (TBHA), lysmerylic acid, and lysmerol. Following the addition of the deuterated internal standards (TBBA‑d 13 , lysmerylic acid‑d 8 , and lysmerol‑d 8 )...

Lysmeral – Bestimmung von Hydroxylysmerylsäure, 4-tert-Butylbenzoesäure, tert-Butylhippursäure, Lysmerylsäure und Lysmerol im Urin mittels UPLC-MS/MS

Gerhard Scherer, Nadine Rögner, Gerhard Gilch, Dusan Krnac, Markus Stöckelhuber, Nikola Pluym, Max Scherer, Susanne Gerling, Katharina Blümlein, Thomas Göen, Andrea Hartwig &
The working group “Analyses in Biological Materials” of the Permanent Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area developed and verified the presented biomonitoring method.With the procedure described below, the following lysmeral metabolites are determined in urine: hydroxylysmerylic acid, 4‑tert-butylbenzoic acid (TBBA), tert-butylhippuric acid (TBHA), lysmerylic acid, and lysmerol. Following the addition of the deuterated internal standards (TBBA‑d 13 , lysmerylic acid‑d 8 , and lysmerol‑d 8 )...

Triglyceride (Lardöl, Palmöl, Rapsöl, Sojaöl)

Andrea Hartwig &
The German Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area has evaluated oils consisting of triglycerides (lard oil [8016-28-2], palm oil [8002-75-3], rapeseed oil [8002-13-9], soybean oil [8001-22-7]) to derive a maximum concentration at the workplace (MAK value) considering all toxicological end points. Available publications are described in detail. The term “triglycerides” refers to mixtures of fatty acid triglycerides, i.e. oily extracts of plant or animal origin. These mixtures...

Ethylene – Addendum: withdrawal of EKA

Wobbeke Weistenhöfer, Hermann Maximilian Bolt, Hans Drexler, Andrea Hartwig &
In 1994, the German Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area has evaluated ethylene [74-85-1] and has derived exposure equivalents for carcinogenic agents (EKA) for ethylene in air and the parameter N-(2-hydroxyethyl)valine in blood. The EKA are essentially based on unpublished data and relevant studies had appeared since the last evaluation. Therefore, the EKA will be re-evaluated and are withdrawn in the meantime.

Changes in the Classification of Carcinogenic Chemicals in the Work Area

Andrea Hartwig &
According to the criteria of the MAK Commission, carcinogenic substances for which a MAK or BAT value can be derived are classified in Carcinogen Category 4 or 5 if their mechanism of action is known and their contribution to the cancer risk for humans is considered to be nonexistent or very low if the MAK or BAT value is observed. To date, substances that in general fulfill these criteria but for which there are not...

2-Ethylhexyloleat

Andrea Hartwig &
The German Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area has evaluated 2-ethylhexyl oleate [26399-02-0] to derive a maximum concentration at the workplace (MAK value), considering all toxicological endpoints. Available publications are described in detail. As with white mineral oil, inhalation of aerosols of the hardly water-soluble 2-ethylhexyl oleate could result in overload in the lung, inflammatory reactions and microgranulomas. To prevent this overload, a MAK value of 5...

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