149 Works

Collagenase clostridium histolyticum

Clayton Peimer
book chapter

Skin grafting in Dupuytren’s disease

David Warwick
book chapter

Author's preferred treatment

David Warwick
book chapter

Median nerve compression: Pronator and anterior interosseous syndromes

Anthony Barabas & Mark Pickford
Proximal compression or neuropathy of the median nerve is rare compared with carpal tunnel syndrome but recognition and management of these conditions is important. Pronator syndrome refers to compression of the median nerve around the elbow, which may present with pain in the forearm and paraesthesia in the hand. Anterior interosseous syndrome (palsy) can result from mechanical compression or inflammatory neuropathy causing significant impairment of dexterity in the hand. Clinical features and the place of...

Balanitis and related inflammatory conditions affecting the penis

Brian J. Morris & John N. Krieger
Inflammatory skin conditions of the glans (balanitis) and foreskin (posthitis) are common in uncircumcised males of all ages. Related conditions include: lichen sclerosus, psoriasis, lichen planus, schorrheic dermatitis, and Zoon (plasma cell) balanitis. These conditions often present with itching, tenderness and pain, cause significant morbidity, can be challenging to treat medically and add to the burden of health-care costs. Reducing the prevalence of penile inflammation is therefore important. In this chapter we present a systematic...

Etiology of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome – How animal models guide understanding of the syndrome

Stephen F Murphy & Praveen Thumbikat
There remains a limited understanding of the etiology of CPPS. Given the diffuse nature of the symptoms and the heterogeneous nature of the patient population this is not surprising. Of the information that exists it is possible that further subdividing the patient population based on certain inflammatory criteria might be useful in basic research on CPPS going forward. Our laboratory and others have begun to understand and regard CPPS as an underlying autoimmune defect that...

2.2.5. Kognition und Sprache

Josef Unterrainer
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

4. Arzt-Patienten-Beziehung und -Kommunikation

Renate Deinzer & Olaf von dem Knesebeck

Urinary tract infection in spina bifida

Yazan F. Rawashdeh & Gitte M. Hvistendahl
The urological consequences of spina bifida in children remain challenging for the paediatric urologist and nephrologist. And as the majority of these patients are born with normal urinary tracts and renal function the mainstay of modern management has been to preserve renal function by countering the effects of high bladder pressures, detrusor sphincter dyssynergia and urinary tract infection (UTI) by clean intermittent catheterization (CIC), combined with administering anticholinergics and at times prophylactic antibiotics. Solid evidence...

Urinary tract infections in children with chronic kidney disease

Katarzyna Kilis-Pstrusinska
Studies concerning urinary tract infection (UTI) in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are scarce. In CKD children a wide variety of underlying predisposing factors for UTI may be considered, such as age, gender, genetic factors, urinary obstruction, bladder, and bowel dysfunction, bladder catheterization, nephrolithiasis, altered local, and systemic immune status, frequent hospitalizations, and sexual activity in adolescents. General rules of UTI management in CKD children are similar to those used in children without CKD....

Ulnar nerve compression

Adam C. Watts & Raymond Anakwe
Although compression of the ulnar nerve is a common condition, many controversies remain in its management. Compression of the ulnar nerve around the elbow, cubital tunnel syndrome, is most common. This chapter reviews the relevant anatomy and the pathophysiology of ulnar nerve entrapment. Diagnosis depends on clinical examination and neurophysiology tests. Non-operative management includes activity modification and splintage. Surgery is recommended for patients with persisting symptoms. In situ decompression of the ulnar is adequate in...

3.3.2. Arztrolle

Timo-Kolja Pförtner & Holger Pfaff
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

2.6.1. Theoretische Ansätze der Soziologie

Nico Dragano
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste 2020

Living Textbook of Hand Surgery

Richarda Böttcher
book

Preface

Richarda Böttcher
book chapter

UTI in renal transplant patients

Valerie Huei Li Gan & Daniel A. Shoskes
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common infectious complication following kidney transplantation. The incidence in adults is about 20% in the first six months and 50% in the first three years, despite the common use of antibiotic prophylaxis. Risk factors include more intensive immunosuppression (especially the use of depleting induction antibodies and sirolimus), extremes of age, diabetes, prolonged time on dialysis, abnormal or reconstructed lower urinary tract and prolonged use of urinary catheters and...

Operating on nerves: Surgical approaches, primary and secondary repair, nerve grafting and nerve transfer

Timothy Hems
Exploration and repair of nerves requires specialized equipment, detailed anatomical knowledge, and expertise in microsurgery. This chapter includes details of a primary and secondary repair of nerves. Nerve repairs are most often carried out using sutures, but alternative methods of coaptation are reviewed. The management of nerve defects is discussed and techniques for nerve grafting are described.

Vesicoureteral reflux: surgery versus medical treatment

Gundela Holmdahl & Sofia Sjöström
Vesicoureteral reflux is most often diagnosed after febrile urinary tract infection during childhood or at follow-up after a prenatal ultrasound showing dilated upper urinary tracts. The goal of any medical or surgical treatment is to prevent urinary tract infection, which can result in acquired renal damage and in the long run hypertension and chronic renal failure. The condition is heterogeneous and is usually regarded as a congenital urinary abnormality, but may just as well occur...

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) – Updating a concise overview for urologists

Peter Schneede
Worldwide more than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired every day. Given the growing rate of antimicrobial resistance of STIs and otherwise the effective improvements in STD laboratory testing, in STI treatment, and in STI prevention in the last decades urologists need to be periodically updated in this field. This article straightforwardly continues an Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Working Group (EAU) STD review, 2003, which has been updated in 2010, and which now...

Quality of life and relationships in chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: models of self-regulation and psychosocial risk factors

Dean Tripp, Alison Crawford & J. Curtis Nickel
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a condition marked by persistent pain in the perineum, pelvic area, and/or genitalia. The etiology of CP/CPPS remains unknown, making it a difficult to diagnose and to treat. CP/CPPS should not be viewed solely as a physical phenomenon, as psychological and social factors impact the patient’s experience of the disease. Instead, examining CP/CPPS from a biopsychosocial perspective lets us understand illness as a dynamic process that integrates biological,...

Compression neuropathies of the radial nerve

Anthony Barabas & Mark Pickford
The commonest cause of radial nerve dysfunction is from extrinsic compressions of the radial nerve, such as against the shaft of the humerus in “Saturday night palsy”. However, this chapter focuses on the less common intrinsic compression neuropathies of the radial nerve. Intrinsic radial nerve compression neuropathies occur much less frequently than those of the median or ulnar nerves. The combined annual incidence of compressive neuropathies of the posterior interosseous nerve and the superficial radial...

Spectrum and antibiotic resistance of catheter-associated urinary tract infections

Béla Köves, András Magyar & Peter Tenke
Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are amongst the most common nosocomial infections and are also considered among the most common complications associated with indwelling urinary catheters. Most catheter associated infections are derived from the patient’s own perineal flora, however the presence of a catheter increases the chance of being colonised by cross transmission of nosocomial bacteria as well. Most episodes of short-term catheter-associated bacteriuria are asymptomatic and are caused by single organisms, while long-term...

3.4.1. Definition von Qualität

Hans-Joachim Hannich & Katharina Piontek
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Male circumcision: Impact on human immunodeficiency virus and other sexually transmitted infections

John N. Krieger & Brian Morris
High-quality data show that male circumcision reduces the risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) infection by approximately 70% during heterosexual intercourse. Three major lines of evidence support this conclusion: biological data suggesting that this concept is plausible, data from observational studies supported by high-quality meta-analysis, and three randomized controlled trials involving more than 11,000 participants, also supported by high quality meta-analyses. The evidence from these biological studies, observational studies, randomized controlled clinical trials,...

Registration Year

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Resource Types

  • Text
    149

Affiliations

  • Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
    3
  • Düsseldorf University Hospital
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  • University of Cologne
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  • University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf
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  • Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo
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  • University of Giessen
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