112 Works

Etiology of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome – How animal models guide understanding of the syndrome

Stephen F Murphy & Praveen Thumbikat
There remains a limited understanding of the etiology of CPPS. Given the diffuse nature of the symptoms and the heterogeneous nature of the patient population this is not surprising. Of the information that exists it is possible that further subdividing the patient population based on certain inflammatory criteria might be useful in basic research on CPPS going forward. Our laboratory and others have begun to understand and regard CPPS as an underlying autoimmune defect that...

Prevention of catheter-associated UTI

Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Leyland Chuang & Edmund Chiong
We surveyed existing guidelines and literature on the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). Key principles include avoiding unnecessary urinary catheterization, maintaining a closed aseptic drainage system and minimizing duration of catheterization. Institutional guidelines on appropriate indications for catheterization, reminder and stop-order systems, and policies on restricted urinary catheterization and nurse-directed catheter removal are effective and recommended. Urinary catheter care bundles and infection control interventions described in various guidelines are summarized and should be...

Medical treatment for urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB)

Christian Wejse
Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) should in general be treated as pulmonary TB with a four-drug regimen of Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide for a total of 6 months, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide only the first two months. Some patients may need longer treatment (cavitary disease, kidney abscess/malfunction, HIV co-infection). Treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) requires use of long-term intravenous treatment with aminoglycosides and other drugs with considerable toxicity for 18–24 months. Complications such as urinary tract...

The history of the "Living Textbook of Hand Surgery"

Richarda Böttcher & Anita Eppelin
book chapter

Collagenase clostridium histolyticum

Clayton Peimer
book chapter

Dupuytren’s disease

David Warwick
book chapter

Pharmacotherapy, steroid injection, fat graft, PIP external fixators and other techniques

Maarten Van Nuffel & Ilse Degreef
book chapter

Polycystic renal disease

Tamara Perepanova & Oleg Apolikhin
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Urinary tract infections (UTI) occur in 21–75% of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and as high as 50% have been reported in patients with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) during their lifetime. Frequently UTI is the first presentation of the disease. The urinary tract, renal parenchyma and cysts may be involved in the inflammatory process. Renal infection is...

2.5.2. Die Perspektive der Umwelt: Soziale Normen und Rollen

Stefanie Sperlich & Siegfried Geyer
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Asymptomatic bacteriuria in hospitalized patients

Riccardo Bartoletti, Tommaso Cai, Florian M. E. Wagenlehner & Truls Erik Bjerklund Johansen
Asymptomatic Bacteriuria (ABU) in hospitalized patients is a relatively frequent event and is mainly seen in patients with co-morbidities. This chapter incorporates the 2016 Guidelines on Urological Infections of the European Association of Urology and the latest Guideline of the Infectious Diseases Society of America for the management of ABU. A systematic literature search in Medline, Cochrane and Embase was also carried out. The following keywords were used: ABU and hospitalized/inpatients, ABU and elderly institutionalized...

Urinary tract infections in children with chronic kidney disease

Katarzyna Kilis-Pstrusinska
Studies concerning urinary tract infection (UTI) in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are scarce. In CKD children a wide variety of underlying predisposing factors for UTI may be considered, such as age, gender, genetic factors, urinary obstruction, bladder, and bowel dysfunction, bladder catheterization, nephrolithiasis, altered local, and systemic immune status, frequent hospitalizations, and sexual activity in adolescents. General rules of UTI management in CKD children are similar to those used in children without CKD....

Response to “Commentary on Chapter 'Male circumcision protects against urinary tract infections'”

John N Krieger & Brian Morris
Chapter of Living Handbook Urogenital Infections and Inflammations

3.4.3. Qualitätssicherung wissenschaftlichen Arbeitens

Katharina Piontek & Hans-Joachim Hannich

Nerves

Timothy E. Hems
Chapter of Living Textbook of Hand Surgery

Evaluation of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome

Giuseppe Magistro & J. Curtis Nickel
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common condition defined as chronic (at least 3 months) pain or discomfort in the pelvic region, variably associated with lower urinary tract symptoms, sexual dysfunction and psychosocial consequences with considerable impact on quality of life. Since the exact pathophysiology underlying CP/CPPS is still unknown, no specific test for a definitive diagnosis is available. The main objectives for evaluation are to exclude differential diagnoses associated with pelvic pain...

Urinary tract infection in spina bifida

Yazan F. Rawashdeh & Gitte M. Hvistendahl
The urological consequences of spina bifida in children remain challenging for the paediatric urologist and nephrologist. And as the majority of these patients are born with normal urinary tracts and renal function the mainstay of modern management has been to preserve renal function by countering the effects of high bladder pressures, detrusor sphincter dyssynergia and urinary tract infection (UTI) by clean intermittent catheterization (CIC), combined with administering anticholinergics and at times prophylactic antibiotics. Solid evidence...

Collagenase clostridium histolyticum

Clayton A. Peimer
Chapter of Living Textbook of Hand Surgery

Author's preferred treatment

David Warwick
book chapter

2.3.3. Die Gesamtheit des individuellen Lebenslaufs: Biographie und Identität

Jutta Margraf-Stiksrud

Ulnar nerve compression

Adam C. Watts & Raymond Anakwe
Although compression of the ulnar nerve is a common condition, many controversies remain in its management. Compression of the ulnar nerve around the elbow, cubital tunnel syndrome, is most common. This chapter reviews the relevant anatomy and the pathophysiology of ulnar nerve entrapment. Diagnosis depends on clinical examination and neurophysiology tests. Non-operative management includes activity modification and splintage. Surgery is recommended for patients with persisting symptoms. In situ decompression of the ulnar is adequate in...

The stiff proximal interphalangeal joint

David Shewring
book chapter

Spectrum and antibiotic resistance of catheter-associated urinary tract infections

Béla Köves, András Magyar & Peter Tenke
Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are amongst the most common nosocomial infections and are also considered among the most common complications associated with indwelling urinary catheters. Most catheter associated infections are derived from the patient’s own perineal flora, however the presence of a catheter increases the chance of being colonised by cross transmission of nosocomial bacteria as well. Most episodes of short-term catheter-associated bacteriuria are asymptomatic and are caused by single organisms, while long-term...

2.5.3. Die Perspektive der Person: Gesundheitsrelevante psychische Variablen

Thomas von Lengerke
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Congenital urogenital abnormalities in children

Gitte M. Hvistendahl & Yazan F. Rawashdeh
Congenital urogenital abnormalities cover a wide range of conditions, both anatomically and functionally, which may cause UTI, renal scarring and end stage renal disease. Obstructive uropathy seems to be one of the more important disorders to diagnose and follow to prevent UTI and deterioration of kidney function. However, evidence of exactly which anomalies pose the greatest risk and stand to benefit from either prophylactic precautions or surgery is still sparse. The available data for UTI...

Cold chain conditions of meat and dairy products in Mexican retail food stores

Ema Maldonado, JL Zaragoza-Ramírez, PA Martínez-Hernández, CC González-Ariceaga & JL García-Méndez
Domestic and international markets show growing concern on food safety and shelf life of perishable animal products that can be affected by cold chain storage conditions in retail food stores. Official Mexican Norms (OMN) determine the official values applied to these animal food products under those conditions. The purpose of this study was to compare cold chain conditions of meat and dairy products among five retail food stores established in a local municipality of Mexico...

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