400 Works

The concept of the \"Living Textbook of Hand Surgery\"

Richarda Böttcher & Anita Eppelin
book chapter

History of Dupuytren's disease

Clayton Peimer
book chapter

Etiology of Dupuytren's disease

Matthias Rab
book chapter

Surgical treatment for Dupuytren’s disease: open fasciotomy and fasciectomy

Ian Edmunds
book chapter

Prevention of catheter-associated UTI

Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Leyland Chuang & Edmund Chiong
We surveyed existing guidelines and literature on the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). Key principles include avoiding unnecessary urinary catheterization, maintaining a closed aseptic drainage system and minimizing duration of catheterization. Institutional guidelines on appropriate indications for catheterization, reminder and stop-order systems, and policies on restricted urinary catheterization and nurse-directed catheter removal are effective and recommended. Urinary catheter care bundles and infection control interventions described in various guidelines are summarized and should be...

Sex and other host factors influencing urinary tract infection pathogenesis

Patrick D. Olson & David A. Hunstad
Biological sex represents the most important host factor that influences urinary tract infections (UTIs), which are most commonly caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). UTI susceptibility varies by sex and age throughout the patient lifespan, although the disease disproportionally afflicts women throughout the middle ages. Substantial male patient populations are also affected, and morbidity in complicated UTI is higher in men. This review highlights sex-related discrepancies in the disease, and how sex may influence the...

Cold chain conditions of meat and dairy products in Mexican retail food stores

Ema Maldonado, JL Zaragoza-Ramírez, PA Martínez-Hernández, CC González-Ariceaga & JL García-Méndez
Domestic and international markets show growing concern on food safety and shelf life of perishable animal products that can be affected by cold chain storage conditions in retail food stores. Official Mexican Norms (OMN) determine the official values applied to these animal food products under those conditions. The purpose of this study was to compare cold chain conditions of meat and dairy products among five retail food stores established in a local municipality of Mexico...

Nerve injury: Classification, clinical assessment, investigation, and management

Timothy E. Hems
Seddon’s classification of nerve injuries into three categories, neurapraxia, axonotmesis, and neurotmesis provides a basis for assessment, prognosis, and management. The clinical history and examination are paramount in assessing the extent and severity of nerve injury. Investigations, including neurophysiology testing and imaging with MRI or ultrasound, may give extra diagnostic information. Open nerve injuries require exploration and repair within a few days. Closed stretch or compression injuries may warrant early exploration or can be managed...

Prostate biopsy related infection – Risk factors, prevention strategies and management approaches

Harrison Y. Bennett, Patrick N. Harris, Michael Holmes, Jeremy Grummet & Matthew Roberts
Infectious complications following prostate biopsy are reported to be increasing in incidence with associated individual and public health burden. Complication rates parallel a rise in antibiotic resistant colonisation of rectal flora in patients undergoing biopsy. Following systematic review, risk factors for post biopsy infection, preventative strategies, alternative sampling methods, and management of infectious complications are presented. Risk factors for infection should be identified; including urogenital infection or antibiotic use, international travel, hospital exposure, bacteriuria, or...

2. Grundlagen der Psychologie und Soziologie und ihre Bedeutung für die Medizin

Renate Deinzer & Olaf von dem Knesebeck
Kapitel des Online Lehrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie und Medizinischen Soziologie

Antibiotic therapy in patients with renal impairment

Frieder Keller
Every second drug needs dose adjustment to kidney function. The Cockcroft and Gault formula gives an estimate of the individual kidney function whereas the CKD-EPI and other formulas state only the standardized GFR. Pharmacokinetics should be considered to avoid accumulation and toxic drug effects. Pharmacodynamics should be considered to avoid sub therapeutic under dosage. High peak concentrations are the target for antibiotics with a concentration-dependent action (gentamicin, amikacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxicin, daptomycin, linezolid, colistin and most...

Benzotriazole. MAK Value Documentation, supplement – Translation of the German version from 2019

Andrea Hartwig &

Kresol (alle Isomere). MAK-Begründung, Nachtrag

Andrea Hartwig &

Ochratoxin A – Bestimmung von Ochratoxin A in Serum mittels CE-LIF. Biomonitoring-Methode

Gabor Köller, Ulrike Elisabeth Rolle-Kampczyk, Peter Popp, Olf Herbarth, Thomas Göen, Andrea Hartwig &

Acrylamide – Addendum for re-evaluation of the BLW and evaluation of EKA and BAR

Thomas Göen

Urogenital tuberculosis as a part of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in two epidemic regions

Ekaterina Kulchavenya & Mahmadzarif Merganov
Introduction: The role of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) in general and urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) in particular is under-estimated in official statistics, medical practice and by the population. The purpose of this report was to estimate the relative importance of UGTB in the spectrum of EPTB in two epidemic regions of central Asia (Siberia, Russian Federation, and the Republic of Tajikistan) and its relation to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) comorbidity, age and sex. Material and Methods: A...

Toluene

1,1,1-Trichloroethane – Addendum for re-evaluation of the BAT value. Assessment Values in Biological Material – Translation of the German version from 2019

Hermann Maximilian Bolt, Hans Drexler, Andrea Hartwig &

Azinphos-methyl. MAK Value Documentation, supplement - Translation of the German version from 2019

Andrea Hartwig &

Immunology of urinary tract infections

José Antonio Ortega Martell
The urinary tract is constantly exposed to different microorganisms that colonize the gastrointestinal tract and the urinary tract is normally well prepared to resist infections by these microorganisms. This resistance to infection is mainly accomplished by the versatility of the immune system in the urinary tract, with both innate and adaptive immune responses. With the increasing knowledge of how the immune system works in the urinary tract and also the recognition of the virulence attributes...

Hexachlorethan. MAK-Begründung, Nachtrag

Andrea Hartwig &

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