13 Works

Recommendations for establishing global collaborative networks in soil ecology

Fernando T. Maestre & Nico Eisenhauer
The complexity and transnational nature of environmental issues our societies are facing, and the need to build scientific capacity building in many regions of the world, require the establishment of global collaborative research networks that include a diverse representation of scientists from multiple geographical, cultural and socio-economical backgrounds. This topic is currently gaining relevance in the field of soil ecology, as awareness is increasing that recognizing, addressing, and predicting the changes that soils are facing...

Enchytraeid assemblages at the foot of a talus slope in Skansbukta on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen

Jiří Schlaghamersky & Miloslav Devetter
Enchytraeids are an important component of Arctic ecosystems both as decomposers and part of the foodchain. Compared to other regions of the High Arctic, the enchytraeid fauna of Spitsbergen and some other islands of the Svalbard archipelago have been explored rather well but we still lack information from many areas and specific habitats. In August 2018, potworms (Annelida: Clitellata: Enchytraeidae) were sampled on the lower portion of a talus slope and in the flat area...

Soil fauna contribution to winter decomposition in subalpine grasslands

Sylvain Coq & Sébastien Ibanez
Cold biomes significantly contribute to the global carbon cycle, and decomposition in these ecosystems is expected to be affected by climatic change. Modifications of snow cover patterns are expected to affect litter decomposition, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we investigated whether soil meso- and microfauna significantly contribute to wintertime decomposition. Using litterbags with two mesh sizes (68 µm and 1500 µm), we found that small mesh litterbags reduced winter decomposition in...

Climate change effects on earthworms - a review

Jaswinder Singh , Martin Schädler, Wilian Demetrio, George G. Brown & Nico Eisenhauer
Climate change can have a plethora of effects on organisms above and below the ground in terrestrial ecosystems. Given the tremendous biodiversity in the soil and the many ecosystem functions governed by soil organisms, the drivers of soil biodiversity have received increasing attention. Various climatic factors like temperature, precipitation, soil moisture, as well as extreme climate events like drought and flood have been shown to alter the composition and functioning of communities in the soil....

Variations in trophic niches of generalist predators with plant community composition as indicated by stable isotopes and fatty acids

Odette González Macé, Anne Ebeling, Nico Eisenhauer, Simone Cesarz & Stefan Scheu
spider | Lycosidae | beetle | Carabidae | grassland | diet

Testing soil nematode extraction efficiency using different variations of the Baermann-funnel method

Simone Cesarz, Annika Eva Schulz, Rémy Beugnon & Nico Eisenhauer
soil organisms | comparability | reproducibility | extraction methods

Edaphobase Data Policy

David John Russell

A taxonomic revision of the members of the Camponotus lateralis species group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Europe, Asia Minor and Caucasia

Seifert Bernhard
numeric morphology-based alpha-taxonomy | nest centroid clustering | cryptic species | size dimorphism | color polymorphism

Soil Organisms – an international open access journal on the taxonomic and functional biodiversity in the soil

Nico Eisenhauer & Willi E.R. Xylander
Biodiversity change

Building a global database of soil microbial biomass and function: a call for collaboration

Gabriel R. Smith , Thomas W. Crowther , Nico Eisenhauer & Johan van den Hoogen
Global analyses are emerging as valuable complements to local and regional scale studies in ecology and are useful for examining many of the major environmental issues that we face today. Soil ecology has significantly benefited from these developments, with recent syntheses unearthing interesting, unexpected biogeographic patterns in belowground biotic communities. However, some questions still remain unanswered, and the accuracy of these studies is inevitably limited by the extent of the data they draw upon. This...

A peculiar new species of Scutisotoma Bagnall, 1949 (Collembola: Isotomidae) from Brazil

Maria Cleide de Mendonça & Tatiana Christina da Silveira
Biodiversity | Neotropic | springtail | taxonomy

A morphology-based identification key to the Cognettia species of the world (Clitellata: Enchytraeidae)

Svante Martinsson
Annelida | Chamaedrilus

Enchytraeus demutatus sp. nov. (Enchytraeidae, Oligochaeta) has characters hitherto unrecorded in the genus

Rüdiger M. Schmelz, Mårten J. Klinth, Christina Chalkia, Pelagia Anastasiadou & Evangelia Vavoulidou
A new species of enchytraeids with peculiar characters is described, Enchytraeus demutatus sp. nov. The species differs from all known species of Enchytraeus in features of the oesophageal appendages and the male efferent apparati. The oesophageal appendages insert ventro-laterally below the pharyngeal pad and not dorsally behind the pad, as is usual in the genus; furthermore, their histology is different. The male efferent apparati have each an unusually wide and short vas deferens, and accessory...

Registration Year

  • 2019
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Affiliations

  • Senckenberg Nature Research Society
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