Angiotensin Inhibition and Gastrointestinal Bleeding Prevention in Patients with Left Ventricular Assist Devices

Phillip Weeks
Gastrointestinal bleeding remains a common complication in advanced heart failure patients following implantation of continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices. While the cause is likely multifactorial, development of arterial venous malformations in the gastrointestinal mucosa are a key factor. Inhibition of angiotensin II activity has been postulated to disrupt the signaling that promotes angiogenesis in these patients. We aim to review the theoretical basis for angiotensin receptor blockade, which has been proposed and explore the published...
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