Testing and manipulating entanglement: nonlocality and purification

Daniel Salart Subils
The scope of this thesis is to present and discuss some experiments related to the quantum phenomenon of entanglement. We start by introducing the two forms of entanglement that we use: energy-time entanglement and single-photon entanglement. We explain how entanglement can be created through the process of spontaneous parametric down conversion in non-linear waveguides. We explain the importance of Bell inequalities and how we can use them to test the nonlocal nature of quantum correlations....
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