Psoas and paraspinous muscle measurements on computed tomography predict mortality in European Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus

B.M. Tucker , F.C. Hsu , T.C. Register , J. Xu , S.C. Smith , M. Murea , D.W. Bowden , B.I. Freedman & L. Lenchik
Background: Appendicular skeletal muscle mass index and muscle attenuation (density) are negatively associated with mortality in European-derived populations. Objectives: The present analyses assessed association between axial skeletal muscle density and muscle index with mortality in European Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Design: Single-center observational study. Setting: Diabetes Heart Study. Participants: 839 European Americans with T2D. Methods: Computed tomography-measured psoas and paraspinous muscle mass index (cross sectional area/height2) and radiographic density (Hounsfield Units) were...