Unidentified falling objects in the Large Hadron Collider : formation, charging mechanisms and dynamics of dust particulates in a high energy proton accelerator

Philippe Belanger
Micrometer-sized dust particulates present in the LHC beam pipe are known to be causing a large number of sporadic beam loss events all around the LHC, some of which are large enough to provoke protection dumps or induce magnet quenches. These so-called Unidentified Falling Objects (UFOs) remain one of the important unknowns related to LHC operation after several years of high intensity beam operation in the LHC. In this thesis, the current understanding of the...
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