Synthesis of nano-titanium dioxide by sol-gel method for photocatalysis application

The purpose of this research was to develop nano-titanium dioxide (TiO₂) for photocatalytic application. The TiO₂ was synthesized by a sol-gel method from tetrabutyl orthotitanate solution in the presence of hydrochloric or nitric acid. Synthesis parameters such as concentration, water content, aging time, as well as the type and amount of hydrolysis catalyst were manipulated to optimum value in order to obtain desired phase structure and properties of the TiO₂ photocatalyst. It was found that...
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