Elevated Reaction Order of 1,3,5-tri-tert-butylbenzene Bromination as Evidence of a Clustered Polybromide Transition State: a Combined Kinetic and Computational Study

Henry Rzepa
Kinetics and mechanism of concurrent bromo-de-protonation and bromo-de-tert-butylation of 1,3,5-tri-tert-butylbenzene at different bromine concentrations were studied experimentally and theoretically. Both reactions have high order in bromine (experimental kinetic orders ~5 and ~7, respectively). According to quantum chemical calculations, such high reaction orders are caused by participation of clustered polybromide anions Br2n-1â in transition states. Bromo-de-tert-butylation has higher order due to its bigger reaction center demanding clusters of extended size.
1 citation reported since publication in 2018.
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