Why do Animal Eyes have Pupils of Different Shapes? (Data Files)

Gordon Love
There is a striking correlation between terrestrial species' pupil shape and ecological niche (i.e., foraging mode and time of day they are active). Species with vertically elongated pupils are very likely to be ambush predators and active day and night. Species with horizontally elongated pupils are very likely to be prey and to have laterally placed eyes. Vertically elongated pupils create astigmatic depth of field such that images of vertical contours nearer or farther than...
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