Monthly Southern Oscillation Index from 1866 to 1997

R J Allan & Philip D Jones
The SOI is defined as the normalized pressure difference between Tahiti and Darwin. There are several slight variations in the SOI values calculated at various centres. Here we calculate the SOI based on the method given by Ropelewski and Jones (1987). The reader is also referred to Allan et al. (1991) and Können et al. (1998) for details of the early pressure sources and methods used to compile the series from 1866 onwards.
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