Pro-Democratic but Not Anti-Authoritarian? Understanding Ambivalent Attitudes Towards Democracy and Authoritarianism

Calvert Jones
Abstract. Does a preference for democracy imply a rejection of autocratic forms of government? An affirmative answer is intuitive, and much canonical work on regimes and popular support suggests a bipolar meaning structure. Yet, in terms of the structure of public attitudes, the assumption of bipolarity has not been systematically tested. To address this gap, we present broad-based evidence from the World Values Survey (WVS) showing that attitudes toward regimes may be more complex than...
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